Anglish Wordbook

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Foreword

About the Wordbook

This Anglish wordbook was started in 2017 by Hurlebatte, and is now worked on by many. It follows Oxford spelling rules (armour, nationalize). You can also read the Wordbook on Google Sheets. This wordbook includes 'Anglish spellings' for words whose spellings are believed to be influenced by the Norman Invasion.

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Notation Key

᛫ = definition separator
᛭ = part of speech separator
[ᛏ] = transitive [ᚾ] = intransitive (neuter verb) [ᚹ] = widened (an expanded meaning given to a word for the sake of Anglish)

E = English | NE = New English | ANE = Archaic New English | ME = Middle English | OE = Old English
N = Norse | WF = West Frisian | LG = Low German | HG = High German | NL = Dutch | Þ = Proto-Germanic‍
C = Celtic | I = Italic | H = Hellenic | O = other

PST = past tense
PTCP = past participle
PL = plural

[OED] = Oxford English Dictionary
[MW] = Merriam-Webster
[CED] = Collins English Dictionary
[MEC] = Middle English Compendium
[EDD] = English Dialect Dictionary
[EB] = Encyclopædia Britannica
[ETY] = etymonline.com AKA Online Etymology Dictionary

Wordbook

WORD ANG. SPEL. MEANING KIND FOREBEAR FROM NOTES TAGS
a ᛫ per ᛫ P ~ NE
a ᛫ ( for verbs denotes away , out , up , on ) ᛫ ( for nouns denotes in , on , at ) ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE
aback ᛫ by surprise ᛫ backward ᛫ AV ~ NE
abaft ᛫ toward or at the stern ᛭ to the rear of ᛫ toward the stern ᛫ AV᛭P ~[beæftan] NE
abboten ᛫ an abbess ᛫ N abbot+en NE‹‹I‹H‹O+NE
abbotric ᛫ an abbacy ᛫ N ~ NE‹(O+E)
abbotship abbotscip ᛫ abbacy ᛫ N ~ NE‹(I+OE) [OED]
abide ᛫ to act in accordance with ᛫ to remain ᛫ to wait ᛫ to wait for ᛫ to await ᛫ to persist ᛫ to reside ᛫ to face ( in combat etc ) ᛫ V ~[abīden][ābīdan] NE
abiding ᛫ enduring ᛫ continuing ᛫ AJ ~ NE
abidinghouse abidinghuse ᛫ an almshouse ᛫ a poorhouse ᛫ N abiding house NE
abite ᛫ to bite to death ᛫ V abīten[abītan] OE
abode ᛫ a place of residence ᛫ residence ᛫ a stay ᛫ a sojourn ᛫ N ~ NE kin: abide
about abute ᛫ around ᛭ around ᛫ surrounding ᛫ in the vicinity of ᛫ approximately ᛫ regarding ᛫ concerned with ᛫ AV᛭PREP ~ NE [OED]
aboveboard abufboard ᛫ transparent ( as in not hidden ) ᛫ legitimate and in the open ᛭ openly and legitimately ᛫ AJ᛭AV aboveboard NE
abraid abragd ᛫ to move violently ᛫ to burst forth ᛫ to start up ᛫ to awake ᛫ V abraid&abreiden NE&ME
abreast ᛫ to make parallel ᛫ to inform ᛭ informed ᛫ up to speed ᛭ parallel ᛫ alongside ᛫ in touch ᛫ up with ᛫ V᛭AJ᛭P ~ NE takes: of
abreethe abreeðe ᛫ to degenerate ᛫ to deteriorate ᛫ V abrẹ̄then[abrēoþan] ME kin: brẹ̄þen
abrirdness ᛫ contrition ᛫ compunction ᛫ N onbrirdnesse ME kin: brord (OE)
abroad ᛫ in or to a foreign country ᛫ away from home ᛫ in different directions ᛫ AV ~ NE
abrothen abroðen ᛫ degenerate ᛫ AJ abroþen OE kin: brothel?
abrothenness abroðenness ᛫ degeneracy ᛫ N abroþenness OE
abuy abie ᛫ to suffer a penalty ᛫ to atone ᛫ to pay for something ᛫ V abye[abīen][ābycgan] NE PST: abought ᛫ PTCP: abought; aboughten
achar acear ᛫ ajar ᛫ AV ~ NE [OED]
ache ake ᛫ a continuous dull pain ᛭ to suffer from a dull pain ᛫ to yearn ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE [CED]
achesoothing akesooðing ᛫ anodyne ᛫ AJ ache+soothing NE×2
ack ᛫ but ᛫ however ᛫ except ᛫ C ac ME
ackle ackel ᛫ frightened ᛫ terrified ᛫ AJ acol OE
acknow acknoƿ ᛫ to recognize ᛫ to identify ᛫ V iknouen&gecnāwan ME&OE
acknowledge acknoƿledg ᛫ to recognize something's validity existence presence or standing ᛫ V ~ NE
acknowledging acknoƿledging ᛫ acknowledgement ᛫ N ~ NE
acornshell acornscell ᛫ a stalkless barnacle ᛫ N acorn-shell NE [OED]
acost ᛫ proven ᛫ tried and true ᛫ tested ᛫ AJ gecost OE
acover acofer ᛫ to regain something ᛫ to recover ᛫ to revive ᛫ to regain consciousness ᛫ V acoveren[acofrian] ME acover up = to rise again [OED]
acovering acofering ᛫ recovery ᛫ N acouerunge ME [OED]
acre aker ᛫ an English unit of land area ( 4840 square yards ) ᛫ N ~ NE
acrechurl akercerl ᛫ a farmer of the churl class ᛫ a ploughman of the churl class ᛫ N æcerceorl OE rare
acreman akerman ᛫ a husbandman ᛫ a ploughman ᛫ a farmer [ᚹ] ᛫ N akerman ME
acretilth akertilð ᛫ agriculture ᛫ N acre+tilth NE×2 calque: akkerbouw
addeem adeem ᛫ to declare or determine , esp judicially ᛫ to adjudge ᛫ V ~[adēman] NE [CED]
adder ᛫ a viper ᛫ N ~ NE corruption of: nadder
adderbiter ᛫ an ichneumon ᛫ an Egyptian mongoose ᛫ a mongoose [ᚹ] ᛫ N nǣderbita OE
adderbolt ᛫ a dragonfly ᛫ N ~ NE
adderkin ᛫ a Serpentes animal ? ᛫ N nǣdercynn OE
adderwort adderƿurt ᛫ a Persicaria bistorta plant ᛫ N ~ NE aka: snakeweed
addle addel ᛫ liquid filth ᛭ to confuse ᛫ to muddle ᛭ putrid ᛫ rotten ᛫ idle ᛫ vain ᛫ unsound ᛫ N᛭V᛭AJ ~[adela] NE
addle addel ᛫ to earn ᛫ to gain ᛫ to procure ᛫ to save up money ᛫ to grow ᛫ to thrive ᛫ to flourish ᛫ to yield fruit ᛫ V ~ NE‹ME‹N
addled addelled ᛫ confused ᛫ AJ ~ NE
adle adel ᛫ illness ᛫ ailment ᛫ disease ᛫ N ā̆dle ME
ado ᛫ to do away with ᛫ to take away ᛫ subtract ᛫ to remove ᛫ V ādōn&ādōn ME&OE equal to: do off?
ado ᛫ trouble ᛫ difficulty ᛫ fuss ᛫ bustling activity ᛫ N ~ NE
adread ᛫ frightened ᛫ terrified ᛫ scared ᛫ afraid ᛫ AJ ~ NE
adrench adrenc ᛫ to drown ᛫ to sink ᛫ to overwhelm ᛫ to suffocate ᛫ V adrenchen ME
adwash adƿasc ᛫ to extinguish ᛫ to blot out ᛫ to delete ᛫ to quench ᛫ V adweshen ME
afar ᛫ at a distance ᛫ AV ~ NE
afear ᛫ to frighten ᛫ to terrify ᛫ V ~ NE [CED]
afeared ᛫ frightened ᛫ terrified ᛫ afraid ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Affer ᛫ an African ᛫ N affer ME
afford aford ᛫ to be able to pay for ᛫ to provide ᛫ V ~ NE
afield afield ᛫ in a field ᛫ to a field ᛫ away from home ᛫ off-topic ᛫ AV ~ NE
afire ᛫ to castrate ᛫ V afȳran OE
afired ᛫ a eunuch ᛫ a castrated animal ᛫ N afȳrida{afȳrd} OE
afoot ᛫ in action ᛫ in process ᛫ in the area ᛫ AV ~ NE
afore ᛫ before ᛫ in front of ᛫ opposite ᛫ AV&P afore&afō̆rn NE&ME
aforesaid aforesaged ᛫ aforementioned ᛫ AJ ~ NE
aforetime ᛫ the past ᛭ past ᛫ previous ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE [OED]
aforetimes ᛫ in the past ᛫ previously ᛫ AV afortimes ME or: aforetime [OED]
afoul afule ᛫ into conflict or difficulty with ᛫ AV ~ NE
afrain afragn ᛫ to question ᛫ V afreyne ME [OED]
Africk ᛫ Africa ᛫ N(P) Affrīk&Affrica ME&OE
aft ᛫ a stern of a vessel ᛭ located at the back of a vehicle ᛭ at near or towards a vessel's stern ᛫ N᛭AJ᛭AV ~ NE
after ᛫ post- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE
afterbear ᛫ a descendant ᛫ N ~ NE
afterbirth afterbirð ᛫ a placenta ᛫ N ~ NE
afterborn ᛫ posthumous ( born after father's death ) ᛫ AJ ~ NE
afterbrain afterbragn ᛫ a myelencephalon ᛫ N ~ NE
aftercomer aftercummer ᛫ a successor ᛫ N aftercomer NE
aftercoming aftercumming ᛫ a sequel ᛫ a consequence ᛫ a result ᛭ succeeding ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
afterdeal ᛫ a disadvantage ᛫ N ~ NE
afterdeath afterdeað ᛫ post-mortem ᛫ AJ ~ NE
afterdoomsday afterdoomsdag ᛫ post-apocalyptic ᛫ AJ after+dooms+day NE×3
afterganger ᛫ a follower ᛫ a successor ᛫ N æftergenga OE
afterhand ᛫ subsequently ᛫ AV ~ NE
afterling ᛫ an after follower ᛫ a descendant ᛫ N ~ NE
Afterlithe Afterliðe ᛫ July ᛫ N(P) Æftera Liþa OE or: meadmonth (from mǣdmōnaþ)?
aftermath aftermað ᛫ consequences ( usually of something bad ) ᛫ N ~ NE
aftermidday aftermiddag ᛫ afternoon ᛫ N ~ NE
afters ᛫ dessert ᛫ sweets ᛫ the last course of a meal ᛫ N ~ NE [CED]
afterspeak ᛫ to claim ( possession ) ᛫ V æftersprecan OE
afterspeech afterspeec ᛫ a claim ( of possession ) ᛫ N æfterspræc OE
aftertime ᛫ the future ᛫ N ~ NE
afterword afterƿord ᛫ an epilogue ᛫ a postscript ᛫ N ~ NE
Afteryule Aftergeole ᛫ January ᛫ N(P) Æfterra Geola OE spelling analogy: lose; move; whose (avoids awkward "geool")
againbite agagnbite ᛫ remorse ᛫ N ayenbite ME un-Norse: ayenbite (AS: agenbite)
againbuy agagnbie ᛫ to ransom ᛫ V ayẹ̄nbīen ME calque: redimere ᛫ un-Norse: ayenbuy/agenbye
against agagnst ᛫ versus ᛫ contrary to ᛫ in opposition to ᛫ P ~ NE
agame ᛫ in jest ᛫ jestingly ᛫ playfully ᛫ AV agame ME
aghast agast ᛫ horrified ᛫ shocked ᛫ AJ ~ NE
agin ᛫ to commence ᛫ V aginnen[onginnan] ME in this word g = /g/ not /j/
ago ᛫ to proceed ᛫ to pass ( to go by ) ᛫ to pass away ᛫ to die ᛫ to elapse ᛫ to come to pass ᛫ to travel ᛫ to move ᛫ to depart ᛫ V agōn[āgān]&igōn[gegān] ME&ME PST: awent ᛫ PTCP: agone
agone ᛫ past ᛫ AJ agōn[āgān] ME
agraith agragð ᛫ to make ready ᛫ prepare ᛫ to dress a wound ᛫ to adorn ᛫ to embellish ᛫ V agraithen ME‹N
agraithing agragðing ᛫ embellishment ᛫ ornament ᛫ N agraithing ME‹N
ahap ᛫ fitting ᛫ suitable ᛫ AJ gehæp OE
aheave aheaf ᛫ to heave up ᛫ to raise ᛫ to erect ᛫ to elevate ᛫ to exalt ᛫ V ahebben ME
ahir ᛫ to imitate ᛫ to emulate ᛫ to simulate ᛫ V onhyrian OE
ahirring ᛫ imitation ᛫ emulation ᛫ simulation ᛫ N onhyringe OE
ail agl ᛫ ailment ᛭ to make suffer ᛫ to trouble ᛫ to pain ᛭ troublesome ᛫ painful ᛫ N᛭V᛭AJ ~[egle][eglan] NE
airt agert ᛫ a direction ᛫ a guidance ᛭ to direct ᛫ to guide ᛫ N᛭V airt[aird] NE‹ME‹C [CED]
ait agt ᛫ a small island ᛫ an eyot ᛫ an islet ᛫ N ~ NE
akin ᛫ related ᛫ AJ ~ NE
alack ᛫ alas ! ᛫ I ~ NE
albeit ᛫ though ᛫ C ~ NE
Albert Mere ᛫ Lake Albert ᛫ N(P) Albert+mere NE×2
alder ᛫ a parent ᛫ an ancestor ᛫ an elder ᛫ a chief ᛫ a leader ᛫ a ruler ᛫ N alder ME
alderbishop alderbiscop ᛫ an archbishop ᛫ N ealdorbiscop OE‹(E+H)
alderborough alderboroug ᛫ a metropolis ᛫ N ealdorburh OE
alderdeemer ᛫ a supreme court judge ᛫ N aldordēma OE
alderdom ᛫ authority ᛫ eldership ᛫ magistracy ᛫ principality ᛫ N ealdordōm OE
alderman ᛫ an elected member of a city council ᛫ a baillie ᛫ N ~ NE
aleater ᛫ an omnivore ᛫ N all+eater NE×2 inspired by: Allesfresser
aleconner alecunner ᛫ an official charged with tasting and testing ale and beer ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
alee ᛫ on the lee side of a ship ᛫ AV ~ NE
aleese alees ᛫ to save ᛫ to deliver ᛫ to redeem ᛫ V alese ME [OED]
aleesedness ᛫ salvation ᛫ deliverance ᛫ redemption ᛫ N alẹ̄sednesse[ālīsedness] ME
alehouse alehuse ᛫ a bar ᛫ a tavern ᛫ a pub ( public house ) ᛫ N ~ NE
aleknight aleknigt ᛫ a man who drinks alcohol ᛫ N ~ NE
alewife aleƿife ᛫ a woman who keeps an alehouse ᛫ N ~ NE
alfather alfaðer ᛫ an epithet used for a head god ᛫ N ~ NE
alight aligt ᛫ to descend ᛫ to exit ᛫ to dismount ᛫ to disembark ᛫ V ~ NE
alighten aligten ᛫ enlighten ᛫ illuminate ᛫ V ālīhtan OE
alike ᛫ similar ᛭ similarly ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE
alkin ᛫ of every kind ᛫ universal ᛫ AJ ~[eallcyn] NE
alknowing alknoƿing ᛫ omniscient ᛫ AJ ~ NE
alknowingness alknoƿingness ᛫ omniscience ᛫ N ~ NE
all ᛫ omni- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE
all ᛫ entirely ᛫ totally ᛫ completely ᛫ AV ~ NE
all told ᛫ in total ᛫ P ~ NE
allay alag ᛫ to calm down ᛫ to lull ᛫ to pacify ᛫ to alleviate ᛫ to abate ᛫ to mitigate ᛫ to subside ᛫ V ~ NE
allings ᛫ entirely ᛫ sufficiently ᛫ AV allinges ME
allness ᛫ totality ᛫ universality ᛫ N ~ NE
allot alot ᛫ to appoint ᛫ to assign ᛫ V ileoten/iloten[gehlēotan] ME
allow alloƿ ᛫ aloe ᛫ N alewe/alwe OE‹‹O rhyme: hallow ᛫ "aloe" is French
allow alloƿ ᛫ to defend ᛫ V ealgian OE rhyme: hallow?
ally allie ᛫ of all ᛫ universal ᛫ catholic ᛫ AJ eallic OE
Almannish Almannisc ᛫ Alemannic speech ᛭ Alemannic ᛫ N᛭AJ all+man+ish NE×3 calque: Alemannisch
almight almigt ᛫ omnipotence ᛫ N almighty NE
almighty almigtie ᛫ omnipotent ᛫ AJ ~ NE
almsful ᛫ charitable ᛫ AJ ælmesfull OE
almsman ᛫ a taker of alms ᛫ a beggar ᛫ a giver of alms ( an almoner ) ᛫ N ~ NE‹‹OE‹(I‹H+E)
aloft ᛫ at to or in the air ᛫ above ᛫ up ᛫ AV ~ NE
aloneness ᛫ solitude ᛫ N ~ NE
along of ᛫ because of ᛫ P ~[gelang]{ilong on} NE
aloom ᛫ frequently ᛫ AV ilōme[gelōme] ME
alow aloƿ ᛫ low down ᛭ below ᛫ AV᛭P ~ NE rhyme: a toe
alse als ᛫ totally ᛫ entirely ᛫ AV alles ME analogy: elles to else ᛫ rhyme: false
alseeing ᛫ omnipercipient ᛫ AJ allseeing NE
alsuch alsuc ᛫ exactly ᛫ just ᛫ exactly as ᛫ just as ᛫ AV alswich ME
altew alteƿ ᛫ sound ᛫ healthy ᛫ AJ æltæw/ealteaw OE
altheedish alþeedisc ᛫ international ᛫ AJ all+theedish NE×2 based on: alþjóðlegur
alther alðer ᛫ ( modifies an adjective's superlative form in a way similar to the " very " in " very best " ) ᛫ PREFIX alther ME or: alder, aller
altogether altogeðer ᛫ completely ᛫ totally ᛫ in total ᛫ in general ᛫ for the most part ᛫ overall ᛫ AV altogether NE
alway alƿag ᛫ perpetually ᛫ continually ᛫ AV ~[ealneg] OE or: always
alwhere alhƿere ᛫ everywhere ᛫ AV ~ NE [MW]
amain amagn ᛫ with all one's might ᛫ with full speed ᛫ in great haste ᛫ to a high degree ᛫ AV ~ NE
amaze amase ᛫ to astonish ᛫ V ~ NE
amazedness amasedness ᛫ amazement ᛫ N ~ NE
amber ᛫ a bucket ᛫ N ambre[amphora?] ME‹OE‹I
amid ᛫ during ᛭ in the middle of ᛫ AV᛭P ~ NE
amind ᛫ memory ᛫ a memory ᛫ a recollection ᛫ N imīnde[gemynd] ME
amiss ᛫ faulty ᛫ out of order ᛫ wrong ᛭ wrongly ᛫ astray ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE
anclee ᛫ an ankle ᛫ N ~ ME un-Norse form of "ankle"
and ᛫ an ampersand ( & or ⁊ ) ᛫ N and ME or: andstaff
and ᛫ ( denotes return action ) ᛫ PREFIX and/an ME the D gets dropped when convenient
and so forth forð ᛫ et cetera ᛫ N ~ NE abbreviation: asf
andestone ᛫ andesite ᛫ N Andes+stone NE‹I+NE calque: andesite
andet ᛫ to confess ᛫ V andettan OE
andetter ᛫ a confessor ᛫ N andettere OE
andeven andefen ᛫ a quality ᛫ a quantity ᛫ an extent ᛫ a capacity ᛫ an amount ᛫ a proportion ᛫ N andefn OE
anent ᛫ concerning ᛫ P ~ NE consider using "about" instead [MW]
anew aneƿ ᛫ to restore to an original state ᛫ V ineuen ME
ang ᛫ vexation ᛫ trouble ᛭ vexed ᛫ troubled ᛫ N᛭AJ ā̆nge[ange] ME
ang ᛫ ( denotes tightness and vexation ) ᛫ PREFIX ang OE
angbreast ᛫ a tight vexation of the breast ᛫ asthma ᛫ N angbreost OE
angetful ᛫ sensible ᛫ intelligible ᛫ AJ andgitfull OE
angetfully angetfullie ᛫ sensibly ᛫ intelligibly ᛫ AV andgitfullīce OE
angetless ᛫ senseless ( as in lacking sensation ) ᛫ senseless ( as in irrational , nonsensical , or foolish ) ᛫ AJ andgitlēas OE
angettle angettel ᛫ intelligent ᛫ sensible ᛫ discerning ᛫ AJ andgitol/andgyttol OE
angetty angettie ᛫ sensational ( as in sensory ) ᛫ sensible ᛫ AJ andȝet+y{andgitlic} ME+NE
angmood ᛫ anxiety ᛫ a vexed mood ᛫ N angmod OE
angness ᛫ anxiety ᛫ distress ᛫ N angnes OE
angsome andsum ᛫ troublesome ᛫ AJ angsum OE
anker ᛫ an anchorite ᛫ an anchoret ᛫ N āncor OE‹I‹H
ankerman ᛫ an anchorman ᛫ N āncor+man OE‹I+NE
anklebone ankelbone ᛫ a tarsal ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E) or: ancleebone
anlet ᛫ a face ᛫ an appearance ᛫ N anlē̆t[andwlita/andwlite] ME
anletbone ᛫ a facial bone ᛫ N anlet+bone ME+NE
anlikeness ᛫ an image ᛫ a figure ᛫ resemblance ᛫ a model ᛫ N anlīcnes OE
anneal aneal ᛫ to ignite ᛫ to inflame ᛫ to incite ᛫ to temper through heating ᛫ V anneal&onǣlan NE&OE
anon ᛫ instantly ᛫ immediately ᛫ AV ~[anōn][on ān] NE rhyme: a swan
anothergates anoðergates ᛫ a different kind of ᛫ AJ ~ NE "gate" here means "way"
anqueath ancƿeað ᛫ a response ᛫ an answer ᛫ a reply ᛭ to respond ᛫ to answer ᛫ to reply ᛫ N᛭V oncweþan OE
ansaker ᛫ a denier ᛫ a renouncer ᛫ an apostate ᛫ an opposer ᛫ N andsaca OE
ansen ᛫ a face ᛫ a countenance ᛫ an aspect ᛫ a form ᛫ a figure ᛫ an appearance ᛫ N ansẹ̄ne[ansȳn] ME
ansenstone ᛫ a fossil ᛫ N ansẹ̄ne+stone ME+NE calque: steingervingur
antem ᛫ an anthem ᛫ N antē̆me[antefen] ME‹OE‹I‹H anthem' is pseudo-classical alteration
antimber ᛫ matter ( mass noun ) ᛫ material ( mass noun ) ᛫ substance ( mass noun ) ᛫ a theme ? ᛫ a topic ? ᛫ a subject ? ᛫ N antimber&andtimber ME&OE
anvil anfel ᛫ an incus ( bone ) ᛫ N ~ NE
anward anƿard ᛫ present ᛫ current ᛫ contemporary ᛫ in one's presence ᛫ AJ andweard OE
anward tide anƿard ᛫ the present tense ᛭ of the present tense ᛫ N᛭AJ andwerd tīd OE
anwarden anƿarden ᛫ to make present ᛫ to update ᛫ to modernize ᛫ V andward+en OE+NE
anwardening anƿardening ᛫ an update ᛫ modernization ᛫ N andward+en+ing OE+NE×2
anword anƿord ᛫ an answer ᛭ to answer ᛫ V andwurden&andwyrde ME&OE
anwork anƿork ᛫ matter ᛫ material ᛫ substance ᛫ N andwork ME
anyet anget ᛫ perception ᛫ sensation ᛫ understanding ᛫ a sense ( such as sight ) ᛫ an explanation ᛫ sense ( as in make sense ) ᛫ N andȝet&andgit ME&OE or: anget (Norse)
anywise anieƿise ᛫ in any way or manner ᛫ AV ~ NE
ape ᛫ a Hominoid animal ( an ape ) ᛫ a Simian animal ( a monkey ) ᛭ to imitate ᛫ N᛭V ape&āpe[apa] NE&ME ape had a wider meaning in Middle English
apebear ᛫ a koala ᛫ N ape+bear ANE+NE calque: monkey-bear
apebreadtree ᛫ a baobab ᛫ N ape+bread+tree NE×3 calque: monkeybread tree ᛫ note: apenbroodboom
apefox ᛫ a Didelphimorphia animal ( a possum , an opossum ) ᛫ N ape-foxe ANE poorly attested [OED]
apely apelie ᛫ simian ᛫ AJ ~ NE
aper ᛫ a copycat ᛫ an imitator ᛫ N ~ NE
appleleaf appelleaf ᛫ a Viola plant ( a violet ) ᛫ N appelleaf ME [OED]
applewine appelƿine ᛫ apple cider ᛫ N æppelwīn OE
aquine acƿine ᛫ to dwindle away ? ᛫ V acwīnan OE
Araby Arabie ᛫ Arabia ᛫ N(P) Arabī[Arabia] ME‹OE‹O
arade ᛫ instructed ᛫ skilled ᛫ expert ᛫ educated ᛫ AJ irade[gerād] ME
aread ᛫ to guess ᛫ to conjecture ᛫ to form or render an opinion ᛫ to estimate ᛫ to interpret ᛫ V aread&arēden[ārǣdan] NE&ME [MW]
areading ᛫ an ordinance ᛫ a decree ᛫ N gerǣdnes OE
argh arg ᛫ timid ᛫ cowardly ᛫ pusillanimous ᛫ AJ argh/arow[earg] ME rhyme: scarf ᛫ or: arf; arch (Scots) [OED]
arghness argness ᛫ cowardice ᛫ N arghnes ME or: arfness
arise ᛫ to emerge ᛫ to become apparent ᛫ to come into being ᛫ V ~ NE
arisen ᛫ proper ᛫ fitting ᛫ seemly ᛫ AJ gerisene OE
arist ᛫ an arising ᛫ the rising of the sun ᛫ N arist ME
arkenstone ᛫ a precious stone ᛫ a jewel ᛫ N eorcanstān OE kin: Eorconbeorht
arm ᛫ poor ᛫ unwealthy ᛫ pitiful ᛫ indigent ᛫ AJ arm[earm] ME
armbigh armbige ᛫ a bracelet for wearing on an arm ᛫ an armlet ᛫ N earmbēah OE
armbone ᛫ a humerus ᛫ N ~ NE
armcary armceari ᛫ sad ᛫ miserable ᛫ AJ earmcearig OE
Armeny Armeni ᛫ Armenia ᛫ N(P) armenīe/armany/armonye ME or: Hayastan ᛫ should rhyme with "harmony"?
arming ᛫ a poor creature ᛫ a wretch ᛫ N erming ME
armth armð ᛫ poverty ᛫ N ermthe/armþe ME
arose ᛫ to lay open ᛫ to discover ᛫ to try ( to put to a test ) ᛫ V arāsian OE
arown arune ᛫ a mystery ᛫ a sacrament ᛫ mysterium ᛫ N gerȳne OE
arrowblaster arroƿblaster ᛫ an arbalest ( an arbalist , an arbelest ) N arowblaster{arbalest} ME eggcorn term ᛫ or: arrowblast
arrowmaker arroƿmaker ᛫ a fletcher ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
arse ᛫ a derrière ᛫ a posterior ᛫ N ~ NE or: ass
arsefoot ᛫ a Podicipedidae bird ( a grebe ) ᛫ N ~ NE
arseling ᛫ backwards ᛫ AV ~ NE
arsetril ᛫ an anus ᛫ N earsþerl OE
arveth arfeð ᛫ tribulation ᛫ affliction ᛫ trouble ᛫ labour ᛫ labour ( of pregnancy ) ᛫ toil ᛭ difficult ᛫ N᛭AJ arveþ&earfoþe ME&OE
arveth arfeð ᛫ ( denotes difficulty and toil ) ᛫ PREFIX earfoþ OE
arvethhield arfeðhield ᛫ ill-inclined ᛫ ill-natured ᛫ AJ earfoþhylde OE
arvethly arfeðlie ᛫ with difficulty ᛫ AJ arveþlīch ME
arvethness arfeðness ᛫ toil ᛫ hardship ᛫ N earfoþnes OE
arvethright arfeðrigt ᛫ hard to correct ᛫ AJ earfoþrihte OE
arvethrow arfeðþroƿ ᛫ a difficult time ᛫ a time of tribulation ᛫ N earfoþþrāg OE
arvethsithe arfeðsiðe ᛫ a laborious journey ᛫ misfortune ᛫ calamity ᛫ N earfoþsīþ OE
arvethteachy arfeðteacie ᛫ difficult to show ᛫ difficult to prove ᛫ AJ earfoþtǣcne OE
as an aside ᛫ in passing ᛫ en passant ᛫ PHRASE ~ NE×3
asake ᛫ to refuse to acknowledge a charge ᛫ to deny ᛫ V onsacan OE PST: asook ᛫ PTCP: asaken
aseen ᛫ evident ᛫ visible ᛫ apparent ᛫ AJ isẹ̄n ME
aset ᛫ to appoint ᛫ V aset ME
Asey Asie ᛫ Asia ᛫ N(P) Assye [Asia] ME‹O rhyme: crazy
ash asc ᛫ ash ᛭ to turn to ash ᛫ to incinerate ᛫ to cremate ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
ashen ascen ᛫ made from the ash tree ᛫ of or resembling ashes ᛫ pale ᛫ AJ ~ NE
asher ascer ᛫ an incinerator ᛫ a cremator ᛫ a crematory furnace ᛫ a cremation chamber ᛫ N ash+er NE+NE
ashes asces ᛫ cremains ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
ashgrey ascgreg ᛫ cinereous ᛫ AJ ash+grey NE×2 invented by William Barnes
ashhouse aschuse ᛫ a crematorium ᛫ a crematory ᛫ N ash+house NE+NE or: ashinghouse?
ashing ascing ᛫ incineration ᛫ cremation ᛫ N ash+ing NE+NE
ashpan ascpan ᛫ an ashtray ᛫ N ash-pan NE [OED]
aside ᛫ a digression ᛫ N ~ NE
asit ᛫ to oppress ᛫ to occupy ᛫ V asitten&onsittan ME&OE PST: asat
asithe asiðe ᛫ a comrade ᛫ N gesīþ OE
ask ᛫ a lizard ᛫ N ~ NE
ask ᛫ a question ᛫ an inquiry ᛫ a request ᛭ to request ᛫ to inquire ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
askeel ᛫ a Halosauridae fish ( a halosaur ) ᛫ N ask+eel NE×2 calque: Echsenaale
asker ᛫ a plaintiff ᛫ a prosecutor ᛫ a claimant ᛫ N askere ME [OED]
asker ᛫ a question mark ᛫ N ~ NE attested in the Cambridge Encyclopedia of the English Language
asking ᛫ questioning ᛫ inquiry ᛫ querying ᛫ petitioning ᛫ requesting ᛫ petition ᛫ N asking&asking NE&ME
askingly askinglie ᛫ interrogative ( grammar ) ᛫ AJ āsciendlīc OE from Ælfric's Grammar
aslake ᛫ to abate ᛫ to diminish ᛫ to moderate ᛫ to mitigate ᛫ to appease ᛫ to satisfy ᛫ V ~[āslacian] NE
asoothe asooðe ᛫ to prove ᛫ to confirm ᛫ to verify ᛫ V isōþien[gesōþian] OE
aspen ᛫ a Populus tree [ᚹ] ᛫ a poplar ᛫ a cottonwood ᛫ an aspen ᛫ N ~ NE
Assyrish Assyrisc ᛫ Assyrian ᛫ AJ(P) assyrisc OE
Assyry Assyrie ᛫ Assyria ᛫ N(P) assyria OE
astir ᛫ to activate ᛫ to put in motion ᛭ active ᛫ in motion ᛫ AJ astir&astiren NE&ME
astride ᛫ with legs on each side ᛭ with legs on each side of ᛫ AV᛭P ~ NE
asunder ᛫ apart ᛫ AV ~ NE
asunderhood ᛫ segregation ᛫ apartheid ᛫ N asunder+hood NE×2 calque: apartheid
asweeve asƿeefe ᛫ to calm down ᛫ to lull ᛫ to pacify ᛫ to appease ᛫ to put to rest ᛫ to soothe ᛫ V aswēve&aswebban ME&OE
at a braid bragd ᛫ in a moment ᛫ momentarily ᛫ AV at a breid ME phrase
at once ones ᛫ simultaneously ᛫ contemporaniously ᛫ equally ᛫ immediately ᛫ instantly ᛫ summarily ᛫ AV ~ NE [OED]
at unset steven stefen ᛫ unexpectedly ᛭ by chance ᛫ AV at unset steven ME rhyme: seven
atbraidingly atbragdinglie ᛫ ablative ( grammar ) ᛫ AJ ætbregdendlīc OE from Ælfric's Grammar
atburst ᛫ to break away ᛫ to escape ᛫ V atbresten[ætberstan] ME brest became burst
atease ᛫ to tear ᛫ to tease ( as in to pull apart ) ᛫ V ātǣsan OE kin: tease
atell ᛫ number ( grammatical term ) ᛫ a register ᛫ a catalogue ᛫ a catalog ᛭ to register ᛫ to catalog ᛫ to catalogue ᛫ N ȝetel&getæl/getel ME&OE
atew ateƿ ᛫ to appear ᛫ to display ᛫ to manifest ᛫ V atẹ̄wien{ēowan} ME kin: eye
atfang ᛫ to claim lost or stolen property ᛫ V ætfōn{fang} OE
atgo ᛫ to go away ᛫ to pass away ᛫ V atgon ME
Athabasca Mere ᛫ Lake Athabasca ᛫ N(P) Athabasca+mere NE‹O+NE
athel aðel ᛫ a noble ᛭ noble ᛫ N᛭AJ aþel ME
athelborn aðelborn ᛫ nobleborn ᛫ highborn ᛫ patrician ᛫ AJ aþelborn ME
athelen aðelen ᛫ to ennoble ᛫ V æþelian+en OE+NE
atheling aðeling ᛫ a noble ᛫ a prince ᛫ N atheling[æþeling] ME
athelingen aðelingen ᛫ a princess ᛫ N æþeling+en OE+NE a more historically sound term for "princess" is simply "lady"
athelkind aðelkind ᛫ of noble kind or origin ᛫ AJ æþelcund OE
athelly aðellie ᛫ nobly ᛫ elegantly ᛫ AV æþellīce OE
athelman aðelman ᛫ a nobleman ᛫ N athelman ME
athelness aðelness ᛫ nobility ᛫ N æþelnes OE
athelwhite aðelhƿite ᛫ a Leontopodium alpinum plant ᛫ edelweiss ᛫ N aþel+white ME+NE calque: Edelweiß
athelwield aðelƿield ᛫ aristocracy ( the political system ) ᛫ N athel+wield NE
atithe atiðe ᛫ to grant ᛫ to allow ᛫ V itīthien[getigþian] ME
atlast ᛫ finally ᛫ ultimately ᛫ AV ~ NE
atle atel ᛫ terrible ᛫ horrible ᛫ dire ᛫ repulsive ᛫ ugly ᛫ hideous ᛫ AJ ātel[atol] ME
atley atelie ᛫ hideous ᛫ ugly ᛫ AJ atelīch[atollīc] ME
atone ᛫ to make amends ᛫ V ~ NE equal to: at one
atsake ᛫ to deny ᛫ to abjure ᛫ to renounce ᛫ to repudiate ᛫ to disavow ᛫ to disown ᛫ V atsāken[ætsacan] ME PST: atsook ᛫ PTCP: atsaken [OED]
atsammen ᛫ together ᛫ AV atsomne[ætsomne] ME
atsit ᛫ to resist ᛫ to oppose ᛫ V atsitten ME
atstall ᛫ a station ᛫ a camp ᛫ N ætsteall OE
atter ᛫ poison ᛫ venom ᛫ pus ᛭ to poison ᛫ to envenom ᛫ N atter&ǣtrian NE&OE
attercop ᛫ a spider ᛫ N [āttercoppe/āttorcoppe] NE kin: cobweb
attercraft ᛫ the art of poisoning ᛫ wicked sorcery ᛫ N ātorcræft OE
atterdeer ᛫ a poisonous animal a venomous animal ᛫ N atter+deer NE×2
atterling ᛫ a malicious person ᛫ N atterling ME
atterloath atterloað ᛫ an antidote ᛫ N atterlothe ME
attern ᛫ poisonous ᛫ venomous ᛫ cruel ᛫ ill-natured ᛫ AJ attern ME
attery atterie ᛫ venomous ᛫ poisonous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Attle Attel ᛫ Lazio ? ᛫ Italy ? ᛫ N(P) Eatol OE kin: Italy
Attler Atteler ᛫ a Latin ? ᛫ an Italian ? ᛫ N(P) Eatolware OE
atwain atƿagn ᛫ in two parts ᛫ AV ~ NE
atween atƿeen ᛫ between ᛫ P atwēn ME
atwind atƿind ᛫ to escape ᛫ V ~[atwīnden] NE PST: atwound ᛫ PTCP: atwound
atwist atƿist ᛫ substance ᛫ N ætwist OE
atwite atƿite ᛫ to attribute to ᛫ to charge ᛫ to blame ᛫ V atwīten ME
aught augt ᛫ property ᛫ possession ᛫ N aughte[ǣht] ME
aught augt ᛫ anything ᛫ N ~[āht] NE
aught augt ᛫ deliberation ᛫ evaluation ᛫ meditation ᛭ to deliberate ᛫ to evaluate ᛫ to meditate on ᛫ N᛭V æht&eahtian OE&OE
Australia ᛫ Australia ᛫ N(P) ~ NE or: New Holland
avel afel ᛫ power ᛫ strength ᛫ N āvel[afol] ME rhyme: navel ᛫ kin: afl (ON)
aver afer ᛫ vehement ᛫ AJ afor OE rhyme: waver? ᛫ kin: æfur (Icelandic)?
awe aƿe ᛫ admiration tinged with fear ᛭ to inspire awe ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
awesome aƿesum ᛫ incredible ᛫ awe-inspiring ᛫ AJ ~ NE
awful aƿful ᛫ horrible ᛫ AJ ~ NE
awin aƿin ᛫ strife ᛫ struggle ᛫ war ᛫ conflict ᛫ N iwin[gewin] ME
awk aƿk ᛫ perverse ᛫ sinister ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹N
awn aƿn ᛫ one of the slender bristles that terminate the glumes of the spikelet in some cereal and other grasses ᛫ N ~ NE‹N
awork aƿork ᛫ a fortress ᛫ a fort ᛫ a castle ᛫ N geweorc OE
awortwale aƿurtƿale ᛫ to uproot ᛫ to eradicate ᛫ to exterminate ᛫ to extirpate ᛫ V āwyrtwalian OE
awrack aƿrack ᛫ wrecked ᛫ in ruins ᛫ AV ~ NE [CED]
awry aƿrie ᛫ contorted ᛫ twisted ᛫ bent ᛫ out of place ᛫ deviant ᛫ perverse ᛫ AJ ~ NE
axe ᛫ an axe ᛫ a hatchet ᛭ to strike with an axe ᛫ to cancel ᛫ to cut down ᛫ to remove something ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE or: ax
axle axel ᛫ an axis ᛫ a shoulder ᛫ N axle&axel[eaxl] NE&ME
axlespan axelspan ᛫ a crossbar ᛫ a crosspiece ᛫ N eaxlegespann OE
ay ag ᛫ eternal ᛭ always ᛫ ever ᛫ continually ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE‹ME‹N rhyme: day
ayen agen ᛫ re- ( in instances which denote a return to a person , place , state , or condition ) ᛫ PREFIX ayẹ̄n ME example: recall = ayencall
ayen agen ᛫ again ᛫ against ᛫ in opposition to ᛫ in return ᛫ in exchange ᛭ in front of ᛫ against ᛫ in opposition to ᛫ as protection against ᛫ AV᛭P ayẹ̄n[ongēn] ME
ayenst agenst ᛫ back again ᛭ against ᛭ facing ( an event ) ᛫ anticipating ᛫ expecting ᛫ in contrast with ᛫ AV᛭P᛭C ayẹ̄nes/ayẹ̄nest ME "unetymological -t mid-14c. standard by early 16c." - Etymonline
ayet aget ᛫ to perceive ᛫ V ayiten[āgitan/ongitan] ME
Babilon ᛫ Babylon ᛫ N(P) Babilōn OE
Babilony Babilonie ᛫ Babylonia ᛫ N(P) Babilony ME
babish babisc ᛫ infantile ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
babyhood babihood ᛫ infancy ᛫ N ~ NE
Babylonish Babylonisc ᛫ Babylonian ᛫ AJ(P) babilōnisc OE
back ᛫ to support ᛫ to sponsor ᛫ V ~ NE
backbite ᛫ to talk maliciously about someone who is not present ᛫ V ~ NE
backbone ᛫ the ridgebone ᛫ the spine ᛫ N ~ NE
backen ᛫ to delay ᛫ to retard ᛫ V ~ NE
backer ᛫ a supporter ᛫ a sponsor ᛫ N ~ NE
backfriend backfreend ᛫ a friend who is secretly an enemy ᛫ N ~ NE
backhanded ᛫ insincere ᛫ sarcastic ᛫ AJ ~ NE
backleech backleec ᛫ a physiatrist ᛫ N back+leech NE×2
backridgebone backridgbone ᛫ a thoracic vertebra ᛫ N back+ridgebone NE×2
backslide ᛫ to regress ᛫ to lapse morally or in the practice of religion ᛫ V ~ NE
backstab ᛫ to attack someone unfairly in a deceitful and treacherous way ᛫ to betray ᛫ V ~ NE
backstabber ᛫ a traitor ᛫ a betrayer ᛫ N ~ NE
backward backƿard ᛫ retrograde ᛫ socially unsophisticated ᛫ socially barbaric ᛫ AJ ~ NE
backwater backƿater ᛫ a remote place ᛫ water held back by an obstruction ᛭ to vacillate on a long-held position ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
backwoods backƿoods ᛫ a woody countryside ᛫ N ~ NE
badblood ᛫ feelings of ill will ᛫ a serious feud ᛫ an inherited immoral nature ᛫ a long-standing grudge ᛫ N ~ NE
baddle baddel ᛫ a hermaphrodite ᛫ an intersex person ᛫ N bæddel OE
badmouth badmuðe ᛫ to disparage ᛫ V ~ NE
badow badoƿ ᛫ battle ᛫ N beado/beadu/beadwe OE or: bade (like shadow and shade)
bag bagg ᛫ a sack ᛫ N ~ NE‹N?
Baikal Mere ᛫ Lake Baikal ᛫ N(P) Baikal+mere NE‹O+NE
bake ᛫ a baked good ᛫ a pie ᛫ pastry ᛭ to calcine ᛫ N᛭V bāke&bāken ME&ME
baked good ᛫ a piece of baked food ᛫ a pastry ᛫ N ~ NE
bakehouse bakehuse ᛫ a bakery ᛫ N ~ NE
Baker Mere ᛫ Baker Lake ᛫ N(P) baker+mere NE×2
bakern ᛫ a bakery ᛫ N bakern ME
Balaton Mere ᛫ Balaton Lake ᛫ N(P) Balaton+mere NE‹O+NE
bale ᛫ great evil ᛫ great woe ᛫ great sorrow ᛫ N ~[bealo] NE
balecraft ᛫ the craft of evil magic ᛫ N bealocræft OE
baleful ᛫ pernicious ᛫ forebodingly evil ᛫ AJ ~ NE
balk ᛫ a ridge ᛫ a mound ᛫ an archery butt ᛫ a ridge left between furrows accidently ᛫ a blunder ᛫ N balk[balca] ME
balk ᛫ a hindrance ᛫ a check ᛫ a failure ᛭ to pass over ᛫ omit ᛫ to suddenly refuse ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
Balkash Mere Balkasc ᛫ Lake Balkhash ᛫ N(P) Balkhash+mere NE‹O+NE
baller ᛫ a player of a ball game ( esp a basketball player ) ᛫ a wealthy and successful person who lives lavishly ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
ballock ᛫ a testicle ᛫ N ~ NE or: bollock
ballocks ᛫ testicles ᛫ nonsense ᛫ N ~ NE or: bollocks
ballockwort ballockƿurt ᛫ an Orchidaceae plant ( an orchid ) ᛫ N ballokwort ME lacks its own entry on MEC
Balt ᛫ a speaker of a Baltic language ᛫ a Lithuanian ᛫ a Latvian ᛫ N(P) ~ NE‹O
Baltland ᛫ the Baltic states ᛫ the Baltic land region ᛫ N(P) Balt+land NE‹O+NE
ban ᛫ a proclamation ᛫ an edict ᛫ a decree ᛫ an ordinance ᛭ to summon ᛫ to assemble people [ᛏ] ᛫ to muster [ᛏ] ᛫ to rally [ᛏ] ᛫ N᛭V ban&bannen ME&ME prohibit/prohibition meaning from French and/or Norse
bandog bandogg ᛫ a mastiff ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E) band-dog
bane ᛫ death ᛫ destruction ᛫ poison ᛫ a cause of misery ᛫ a murderer ᛫ a killer ᛫ a slayer ᛫ N ~[bana] NE
baneful ᛫ harmful ᛫ destructive ᛫ deadly ᛫ malignant ᛫ poisonous ᛫ venomous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
banewort baneƿurt ᛫ an Atropa belladonna plant ( deadly nightshade ) ᛫ N ~ NE
bangle bangel ᛫ to fritter away ᛫ to squander ᛫ to waste ᛫ V ~ ANE often used with "away" like "bangle away"
bank ᛫ an edge of a river lake or watercourse ᛫ an embankment ᛫ N ~ NE
bare ᛫ unclothed ᛫ devoid of ᛫ basic and simple ᛫ AJ ~ NE
barley moon barlie ᛫ a full moon in August ᛫ N ~ NE [CED]
barling ᛫ a pole ᛫ a beam ᛫ a rafter ᛫ a bar ᛫ N berling ME‹N kin: berlings-āss (Icelandic)
barm ᛫ a bosom ᛫ a lap ᛫ one's possession ᛫ N barm ME
barm ᛫ beer froth ᛫ yeast ᛫ leaven ᛫ beer head ( the froth from pouring beer ) ᛫ N barm&berm[beorma] NE&ME
barmcloth barmcloð ᛫ an apron ᛫ N ~ NE
barn ᛫ a child ᛫ a kid ᛫ N barn[bearn] ME found in Scots as "bairn"
barneken ᛫ pregnant ᛫ AJ bearnēacen OE
Barnick ᛫ the Bernicians ᛫ N(P) Beornice OE‹C?
Barnickrich Bernickric ᛫ the Kingdom of Bernicia ᛫ N(P) Beornice Rīce OE‹C?+OE‹C
barnteam ᛫ offspring ᛫ lineage ᛫ N barntem ME
barrow barroƿ ᛫ a mountain ᛫ a hill ᛫ a mound ᛫ N ~[beorg] NE
barrowlee barroƿlee ᛫ a Puma concolor animal ᛫ a cougar ᛫ a puma ᛫ a mountain lion ᛫ a catamount ᛫ a panther ᛫ N barrow+lēo NE+OE‹I calque: mountain lion
barrowmouse barroƿmuse ᛫ a marmot ᛫ N barrow+mouse NE×2 calque: mountain-mouse
barrowroose barroƿroos ᛫ a rhododendron ᛫ N barrow+roose NE+ENE calque: mountain rose
barton ᛫ a farmyard ᛫ N ~ NE equal to: barley town?
Baskon ᛫ a Basque person ᛫ N(P) Baskọ̄n ME‹I Basque is a reborrowing?
Baskonland ᛫ Basque Country ᛫ N(P) Baskọ̄n+land ME+NE calque: Baskenland
bass ᛫ a perch fish ᛫ N ~[bas][bærs] NE
bast ᛫ phloem ᛫ bast fiber ᛫ fiber ᛫ fibre ᛫ N ~ NE
bat ᛫ a mace ᛫ a club ᛫ a cudgel ᛫ a bludgeon ᛫ N bat&bat[batt] NE&ME
batch bac ᛫ a group of like things ( esp baked goods ) ᛭ to group like things ᛫ to sort ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE kin: bake
batch bac ᛫ a stream ? ᛫ a brook ? ᛫ a valley ? ᛫ N bach ME
bate ᛫ to get better ᛫ to recover ᛫ V batian OE
baxter ᛫ a baker ᛫ N baxter[bæcestre] ME
Bayer Bager ᛫ a Bavarian ᛫ N(P) Bægerum OE
Bayerland Bagerland ᛫ Bavaria ᛫ N(P) Bægerum+land OE+NE
baze base ᛫ crimson ᛫ scarlet ᛫ a monarchist ᛭ of crimson hue ᛫ of scarlet hue ᛫ N᛭AJ basu/baso OE rhyme: gaze [colour]
bazestone basestone ᛫ topaz ᛫ N baswa stān OE rhyme: gaze tone ᛫ or: bazestone
be ᛫ to exist ᛫ V ~ NE
beacon ᛫ a signal ᛫ an indication ᛭ to signal ᛫ to indicate ᛫ N᛭V beacon&bēacnian NE&OE
beaconer ᛫ a signaller ᛫ an indicator ᛫ N ~ NE
bead ᛫ a prayer ᛫ a request ᛫ N ~[gebed] NE
beadframe ᛫ an abacus ᛫ N bead-frame NE
beadful ᛫ prayerful ᛫ AJ beodeful ME [OED]
beadle beadel ᛫ prayerful ᛫ suppliant ᛫ AJ bēdul OE
beam ᛫ a long straight piece of timber ᛫ a tree ᛫ a ray ( of light etc ) ᛫ N beam&bēm&bēam NE&ME&OE
beamish beamisc ᛫ beaming with happy optimism ᛫ AJ ~ NE
bean curd ᛫ tofu ᛫ N ~ NE
bear ᛫ to carry ᛫ to endure ᛫ to give birth to ᛫ V ~ NE PST: bore ᛫ PTCP: borne
bearcat ᛫ a binturong ᛫ N ~ NE
beardtongue beardtung ᛫ a Penstemon plant ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
bearen ᛫ a she-bear ᛫ N biren OE
bearer ᛫ a carrier ᛫ a bearer ᛫ a porter ᛫ N berend OE
bearing ᛫ relevance ᛫ posture ᛫ demeanour ᛫ N ~{gebǣru} NE
bearings ᛫ a direction or a relative position ᛫ N ~ NE
bearly bearlie ᛫ ursine ᛫ AJ ~ NE
bearsear ᛫ a Primula auricula plant ( auricula ) ᛫ N bear's-ear NE [OED]
bearwort bearƿurt ᛫ a Meum athamanticum plant ( spignel , meum , baldmoney ) ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
beat ᛫ rhythm ᛫ a unit of rhythm ᛫ N ~ NE
beat ᛫ to curb ᛫ to rein in ᛫ to restrain ᛫ to keep in check ᛫ V bǣtan OE
beath beað ᛫ to foment ᛫ to heat ( esp unseasoned wood in order to straighten it ) ᛫ V ~[bēthen][beþian] ANE [CED]
beaver moon beafer ᛫ a full moon in November ᛫ N ~ NE [CED]
bebathe bebaðe ᛫ to suffuse ᛫ V ~ NE
bebid ᛫ to command ᛫ V bebēodan OE
becall ᛫ to accuse ᛫ V becall&bicallen NE&ME
beck ᛫ a commanding or summoning motion ᛫ N ~ NE
beck ᛫ a brook ᛫ a small stream ᛫ a rivulet ᛫ N ~ NE‹ME‹N
beckon ᛫ to invite ᛫ to invite over ᛫ to summon ᛫ to gesture someone for their presence ᛫ V ~ NE
beckoningly beckoninglie ᛫ indicative ( grammar ) ᛫ AJ gebīcnigendlīc OE from Ælfric's Grammar
beclepe ᛫ to accuse ᛫ to charge against ᛫ to plead or appeal in court ᛫ to apply a term to ᛫ V beclepen ME PST: beclept
beclip ᛫ to surround ᛫ to encircle ᛫ to embrace ᛫ to clasp ᛫ to enclose ᛫ to contain ᛫ to envelope ᛫ V biclippen ME
becloud beclude ᛫ to make obscure or muddled ᛫ V ~ NE
becoming becumming ᛫ looking good on someone ᛫ decorous ᛫ appropriate ᛫ AJ ~ NE
bedder ᛫ a bed fellow ᛫ N gebedda OE
bedeal ᛫ to remove from ᛫ to release from ᛫ to deprive of ᛫ V bedǣlan OE
bedelve bedelf ᛫ to inter ᛫ V bidelven ME
bedesman ᛫ one who prays for another ᛫ a petitioner ᛫ N ~ NE
bedfellow bedfelloƿ ᛫ a consort ᛫ N ~ NE‹(E+N)
bedight bedigt ᛫ to equip ᛫ V ~ NE
bedip ᛫ to submerge ᛫ V bedipan OE
bedizen bedisen ᛫ to dress ( often in a vulgar or gaudy way ) [ᛏ] ᛫ V ~ NE rhyme: risen; horizon
bedoven bedofen ᛫ drenched ᛫ submerged ᛫ AJ ~[bedōven][bedofen] NE
bedrock ᛫ a substratum ᛫ N ~ NE
beds ᛫ hopscotch ᛫ N ~ NE Scottish English [EDD]
bedsit ᛫ a one-room apartment serving as both bedroom and living room ᛫ N ~ NE or: bedsitter
bedwell bedƿell ᛫ to dwell in ᛫ to inhabit ᛫ V ~ NE [MW]
bee ᛫ a bracelet ᛫ a torque ᛫ an arm ring ᛫ an armlet ᛫ a finger ring ᛫ a collar ᛫ a necklace ᛫ a nose ring ᛫ N bee&bei[beah] NE&ME
bee ᛫ a social event ᛫ a gathering for a common purpose ᛫ N ~ NE
beebread ᛫ pollen ᛫ ambrosia ᛫ N ~ NE
beechurl beecerl ᛫ a beekeeper of the churl class ᛫ N bēoceorl OE
beechwheat beechƿeat ᛫ buckwheat ᛫ N ~ NE "buckwheat" is probably from Dutch. [OED]
beed ᛫ a table ᛫ N bēode[bēod] ME
beedland ᛫ a tableland ᛫ a plateau ᛫ N bēode ME+NE calque: tableland
beehouse beehuse ᛫ an apiary ᛫ N ~ NE
beek ᛫ to charter ᛫ to grant by book or by charter ᛫ V gebēcan OE
beekeeper ᛫ an apiarist ᛫ N ~ NE
beely beelie ᛫ apian ᛫ AJ ~ NE
beem ᛫ a trumpet ᛭ to sound with a trumpet ᛫ N᛭V bēme ME
beemwood beemƿood ᛫ a Cecropia peltata plant ( a trumpet-tree , a trumpet-bush , a bacano , a snakewood ) ᛫ N ~ NE calque: trumpetwood
beerlore ᛫ brewology ᛫ N beerlore NE
beership beerscip ᛫ a banquet with beer ᛫ convivium ᛫ N gebēorscipe OE
beestings ᛫ a colostrum ( esp of a cow ) ᛫ N ~[bẹ̄sting][bȳsting] NE [CED]
beet ᛫ a boast threat or pledge to do a glorious deed ᛫ N beot[bēot] ME
beet ᛫ to repair ᛫ to mend ᛫ to revive ᛫ to restore ᛫ to fix ᛫ to correct ᛫ to amend ᛫ V beet&bēten[bētan] NE&ME kin: boot
beetle beetel ᛫ to project ᛫ to overhang ᛫ V ~ ANE [OED]
beetle beetel ᛫ a mallet ᛫ mallet carried on a plow for breaking large clods ᛫ a mace ᛫ N bẹ̄tel ME
befall ᛫ to happen ᛫ to happen to someone ᛫ V ~ NE PST: befell ᛫ PTCP: befallen
befalling ᛫ a happening ᛫ an occurrence ᛫ an event ᛫ an instance of something ᛫ N befalling&bifallinge NE&ME
befasten ᛫ to fasten ᛫ to entrust ᛫ V befæstan OE
befile ᛫ to defile ᛫ to vandalize ᛫ to deflower ᛫ V ~[befȳlan] NE kin: befoul
befoe ᛫ to become a foe of ᛫ to make a foe of someone ᛫ V ~ NE
beforehand ᛫ in advance ᛫ AV ~ NE
befoul befule ᛫ to make foul or dirty ᛫ to pollute ᛫ V ~ NE kin: befile
begale ᛫ to enchant ᛫ to charm ᛫ V bigālen[begalan] ME
begang ᛫ a course ᛫ a passage ᛭ to commit ᛫ to practise a behaviour ᛫ N᛭V begang&begangan OE
beget ᛫ to produce ᛫ to create ᛫ to cause ᛫ to sire ᛫ to generate ᛫ to engender ᛫ to conceive ᛫ V ~ NE PST: begot/begat ᛫ PTCP: begotten
beget ᛫ to beget ᛫ V beyeten ME PST: begat ᛫ PTCP: begotten
begetter ᛫ a procreator ᛫ N ~ NE
begetting ᛫ conception ᛫ N ~[biyetinge] NE
beghast begast ᛫ to inspire ᛫ to amaze ᛫ to shock ᛫ to awe ᛫ V ~ NE
bego ᛫ to cover ᛫ to ornament ᛫ to overtake ᛫ V bigōn[begān] ME found in: woebegone
begod ᛫ to deify ᛫ V ~ NE
begone ᛫ avaunt! ᛫ I ~ NE
begreed ᛫ to blame ᛫ to charge ( with a crime ) ᛫ to accuse ( of a crime ) ᛫ V begrēden[grǣdan] ME
begripe ᛫ to grip ᛫ to seize ᛫ to rebuke ᛫ to reprehend ᛫ V bigrīpen ME
begriprown begriprune ᛫ a logographic rune ᛫ N be+grip+rown NE×3 calque: Begriffsrune
behalf ᛫ the interests of a person group or principle ᛫ a representative of ᛫ one's stead ᛫ N ~ NE
behaving behafing ᛫ behavior ᛫ behaviour ᛫ N ~ NE
behead ᛫ to decapitate ᛫ V ~ NE
beheart ᛫ to enamour ᛫ ravish ᛫ V ~ NE
Beheem ᛫ a Bohemian ᛫ N(P) behēmas{bēme} OE
Beheemland ᛫ Bohemia ᛫ N(P) behēmas+land OE+NE
beheeve beheefe ᛫ beneficial ᛫ AJ bihēve ME
behest ᛫ an order ᛫ a command ᛫ N ~ NE
behight behigt ᛫ to vow ᛫ to promise ᛫ V behight&beheten NE&ME
behirn ᛫ to put in a corner ᛫ to store away ᛫ V bihirnen ME
behither behiðer ᛫ on this side of ᛫ P ~ NE
behold ᛫ to see ( something ) ᛫ to observe ᛫ V ~ NE
beholden ᛫ owing obedience or a favour to something or someone ᛫ AJ ~ NE
beholder ᛫ an observer ᛫ N ~ NE
behoof ᛫ advantage ᛫ benefit ᛫ N ~ NE
behoove behoof ᛫ to benefit [ᛏ] ᛫ to suit [ᛏ] ᛫ to be proper for [ᛏ] ᛫ V ~ NE
behooveful behooful ᛫ expedient ᛫ beneficial ᛫ advantageous ᛫ profitable ᛫ suitable ᛫ proper ᛫ requisite ᛫ AJ behoveful&bihọ̄veful NE&ME
behoovely behooflie ᛫ expedient ᛫ beneficial ᛫ advantageous ᛫ profitable ᛫ suitable ᛫ proper ᛫ requisite ᛭ advantageously ᛫ profitably ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE
behote ᛫ a promise ᛫ a pledge ᛭ to promise ᛫ to pledge ᛫ N᛭V bihōt&bihōten ME&ME
being ᛫ existence ᛫ the nature of a being ᛫ an existing thing ᛫ essential nature ᛫ essence ᛫ N being&bẹ̄ing NE&ME
beingless ᛫ non-existent ᛫ AJ ~ NE
beknow beknoƿ ᛫ to know ᛫ to realize ᛫ to recognize ᛫ to acknowledge something as true ᛫ V biknouen ME
belap ᛫ to surround ᛫ to envelop ᛫ V ~ NE
belatch belac ᛫ to catch ( like in a trap ) ᛫ V belacchen ME
belate ᛫ to retard ᛫ to slow ᛫ to slow down ᛫ V ~ NE [CED]
belated ᛫ late ᛫ overdue ᛫ AJ ~ NE
belay belag ᛫ to stop ᛫ to cancel (nautical) ᛫ V ~ NE
belew beleƿ ᛫ to betray ᛫ V belǣwan OE kin: 𐌻𐌴𐍅𐌾𐌰𐌽
Belgia ᛫ Belgium ᛫ N(P) België NL [g] or maybe even [j] but not [dʒ]
belide ᛫ to cover ᛫ V behlīdan OE kin: lid?
belie ᛫ to misrepresent ᛫ to give a false impression of ᛫ V ~ NE
belight beligt ᛫ to illuminate ᛫ V ~ NE
belirt ᛫ to deceive ᛫ to beguile ᛫ to delude ᛫ to defraud ᛫ to cozen ᛫ V bilirten ME
belittle belittel ᛫ to denigrate ᛫ to disparage ᛫ V ~ NE
belive belife ᛫ to stay ᛫ to remain ᛫ V bilīven ME rhyme: drive
bell ᛫ a bellow ᛭ to bellow ( generally used for stag during rutting time ) ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
bellglass ᛫ a cloche ᛫ N bell-glass NE [OED]
bellhouse bellhuse ᛫ a belfry ᛫ N ~ NE
bellyache bellieake ᛫ to grumble ᛫ V ~ NE
beload ᛫ to exculpate ᛫ to absolve ᛫ to acquit ᛫ to pardon ᛫ V belādian OE
beltsaw beltsaƿ ᛫ a bandsaw ᛫ N belt saw NE [OED]
bemean ᛫ to demean ᛫ to debase ᛫ to degrade ᛫ V ~ NE [MW]
bemete ᛫ to compare ᛫ V bemetan OE
bemiddle bemiddel ᛫ to mediate ᛫ V be+middle NE×2 calque: bemiddelje
bemiddling bemiddeling ᛫ mediation ᛫ N be+middle+ing NE×3 calque: bemiddelje
bemoan ᛫ to complain ᛫ to complain about ᛫ V ~ NE
ben ᛫ an injury ᛭ to injure ᛫ N᛭V benn&bennian OE kin: bane
benchmark bencmark ᛫ a standard ( something others are compared to ) ᛫ N ~ NE
bend ᛫ a bond ᛫ a band ᛫ a binding commitment ᛫ an obligation ᛫ N bende ME
bendsome bendsum ᛫ flexible ᛫ pliable ᛫ AJ ~ NE
bene ᛫ a request to a god ᛫ an entreaty to a god ᛫ a prayer ᛫ N bene&bēne[bēn/bōn] N&ME
benetide ᛫ prayer time ᛫ N bēntīd OE
benim ᛫ to deprive ᛫ V binimen[beniman] ME
benorth benorð ᛫ north of ᛫ P ~ NE
benote ᛫ to use ᛫ to consume ᛫ V benōten[benotian] ME
bent ᛫ an inclination ᛭ sharply curved ᛫ dishonest ᛫ corrupt ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
Benthamish Benðamisc ᛫ of or pertaining to the utilitarianist doctrines of Jeremy Bentham ᛫ AJ(P) Bentham+ish NE×2 calque: Benthamian
Bentleyish Bentlegisc ᛫ of or relating to American political scientist and philosopher Arthur Fisher Bentley ᛫ AJ(P) Bentley+ish NE×2 calque: Bentleyan
bentmoon ᛫ a crescent moon ᛫ N bente mone ME
benumb ᛫ to deprive of physical or emotional feeling ᛫ V benumb NE
bequeath becƿeað ᛫ to give ( esp through a will ) ᛫ V becweþan OE
bequest becƿest ᛫ the act of giving through inheritance ᛫ a legacy ᛫ an inheritance ᛫ N ~ NE
bere ᛫ barley ᛫ N bēre[bere] ME barley comes from "bere-ly"
bere ᛫ -bearing ᛫ SUFFIX bere[bǣre] ME
bereave bereaf ᛫ to deprive ᛫ V ~ NE PTCP: bereft
beright berigt ᛫ to entitle ᛫ V be+right NE×2
berise ᛫ to befit ᛫ V birīsen ME
berman ᛫ a porter ᛫ a waiter ᛫ N berman[bǣrman] ME
bern ᛫ a man ᛫ a soldier ᛫ N bern[beorn] ME
bernet ᛫ arson ᛫ N bernet[bærnet] OE
berth berð ᛫ a position ( as in a rank job or role in a group esp in regards to ships ) ᛫ N ~ NE
berue bereƿ ᛫ to repent ᛫ to regret ᛫ to feel remorse ᛫ V bireuen ME
berun ᛫ to incur ᛫ V beirnan OE "berun" is a questionable modernization
beruse bereƿs ᛫ to repent ᛫ to feel remorse ᛫ V bireusen [behrēowsian] ME not akin to "ruse" as in "a trick"
berusing bereƿsing ᛫ repentance ᛫ penitence ᛫ N behrēowsung OE
berusingtide bereƿsingtide ᛫ a season for penitence ᛫ N behrēowsungtīd OE
besee ᛫ to attend to ᛫ to look after ᛫ to provide for ᛫ to furnish ᛫ V besee&bisēn NE&ME
beseech beseec ᛫ to implore ᛫ to plead ᛫ V ~ NE PST/PTCP= besought
beseecher beseecer ᛫ a petitioner ᛫ a supplicant ᛫ a suppliant ᛫ a suitor ᛫ a solicitor ᛫ a postulant ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
beseem ᛫ to be suitable for ᛫ V ~ NE
beset ᛫ to surround ᛫ to hem in ᛫ to trouble persistently ᛫ to be covered or studded with ᛫ to assail on all sides ᛫ to besiege ᛫ to siege ᛫ V ~ NE
beshine bescine ᛫ to illuminate ᛫ to enlighten ᛫ to dispel ignorance ᛫ V bishīnen ME
beshrew bescreƿ ᛫ to curse ( to invoke evil upon ) ᛫ V ~ NE [CED]
besight besigt ᛫ a legal provision ᛫ a legal disposition ᛫ N besight ME kin: besee ᛫ rare
besing ᛫ to sing about ᛫ to celebrate in song ᛫ to enchant ᛫ V besing&besingan NE&OE
besit ᛫ to sit around something ᛫ to besiege ᛫ V ~ NE PST: besat
besmite ᛫ to strike forcefully ᛫ to hit forcefully ᛫ to infatuate ᛫ to enamour ᛫ to charm ᛫ to fascinate ᛫ V ~ NE
besmitten ᛫ afflicted or troubled by something ᛫ infatuated ᛫ enamoured ᛫ charmed ᛫ fascinated ᛫ AJ ~ NE
besom ᛫ a broom ( esp one made of twigs tied to a handle ) ᛫ a bundle of rods or twigs used for flogging ᛫ N ~[bē̆sm] NE [CED]
besouth besuðe ᛫ south of ᛫ P ~ NE
bespeak ᛫ to decide upon something in conference ᛫ to plan ᛫ to order or reserve something in advance ᛫ to customize [ᚹ] ᛫ V bespeak&besprecan NE&OE
bespoke ᛫ custom ( as in customized ) ᛫ tailor-made ᛫ AJ ~ NE
bestead ᛫ situated ᛫ AJ ~ NE [MW]
bestir ᛫ to put into brisk or vigorous action ᛫ to move with life and vigour ᛫ to make active ᛫ to rouse oneself ᛫ V ~ NE
bestow bestoƿ ᛫ to endow ᛫ V ~ NE
bestrew bestreƿ ᛫ to cover with scattered objects ᛫ V ~ NE
bestride ᛫ to straddle ᛫ to dominate ᛫ V ~ NE
beswathe besƿaðe ᛫ to cover ( literally or figuratively ) ᛫ V ~ NE
beswink besƿink ᛫ to produce or acquire through labour ᛫ V beswinken ME
betake ᛫ to grant ᛫ to give a daughter in marriage ᛫ to entrust ᛫ to put in charge ᛫ V ~[bitāken] ME‹(E+N)
beteach beteac ᛫ to hand over ᛫ to commit ( like to an asylum ) ᛫ to deliver ᛫ to entrust ᛫ V bitēchen&betǣcan ME&OE
betee ᛫ to devote ᛫ to spend ᛫ V bitēn ME
beteem ᛫ to allow ᛫ to permit ᛫ to vouchsafe ᛫ V ~ NE [MW]
beteld ᛫ to cover ᛫ to surround ᛫ V biteldan OE
bethatch beþac ᛫ to bedeck ᛫ V ~ NE
bethew beþeƿ ᛫ to enthral ᛫ to enthrall ᛫ to enslave ᛫ to inslave ᛫ V be+thew NE×2
bethink beþink ᛫ to reflect ᛫ to meditate ᛫ to ponder ᛫ to meditate on [ᛏ] ᛫ to think about [ᛏ] ᛫ to devise ᛫ to plan ᛫ to contrive ᛫ V bethink&bethinken NE&ME
bethought beþougt ᛫ thought out ᛫ planned ᛫ premeditated ᛫ AJ bithought ME
bethrall beþrall ᛫ to enthral ᛫ to enthrall ᛫ V ~ NE‹(E+N)
bethring beþring ᛫ to throng around ᛫ to press around ᛫ V beþringan OE PST: bethrang ᛫ PTCP: bethrung
bethwack beþƿack ᛫ to thwack thoroughly ᛫ V ~ NE [MW]
betide ᛫ to happen ᛫ to happen to someone ᛫ V ~ NE [MW]
betightle betigtel ᛫ to accuse ᛫ to charge with a crime ᛫ V betīhtlian OE
betimes ᛫ on time ᛫ promptly ᛫ early ᛫ in due time ᛫ AV ~ NE
betly betlie ᛫ excellent ᛫ AJ betlīc OE
betoken ᛫ to indicate ᛫ to signify ᛫ to portend ᛫ V ~ NE [CED]
betroth betroð ᛫ to engage ( to be married ) ᛫ to affiance ᛫ V ~ NE
betrothed betroðed ᛫ a fiancé / a fiancée ᛭ engaged ( to be married ) ᛫ affianced ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
betrothing betroðing ᛫ an engagement ( to being married ) ᛫ an affiancing ᛫ a betrothal ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
better ᛫ a superior ᛭ to improve ᛫ to make better ᛫ to overcome ᛫ to defeat ᛭ superior ᛫ N᛭V᛭AJ ~ NE
betterhood ᛫ superiority ᛫ N ~ NE
between betƿeen ᛫ inter- ᛫ PREFIX betweon OE
betwixt betƿixt ᛫ between ᛫ AV&P ~[betwēox] NE
betwixtblin betƿixtblin ᛫ an intermission ᛫ N betweohblinness OE
betwixtfack betƿixtfack ᛫ an interval ᛫ N betweohsfæc OE
betwixtsend betƿixtsend ᛫ to intermit ᛫ V betwyxsendan OE
betwixtset betƿixtset ᛫ interposed ᛫ AJ betwyhgeset OE
betwixtwarp betƿixtƿarp ᛫ an interjection ( grammatical term ) ᛭ to interject ᛫ N᛭V betwyxaworpennyss OE
bever befer ᛫ to tremble ᛫ to shake ᛫ to quiver ᛫ to shiver ᛫ V ~ NE [MW]
bevering befering ᛫ trembling ᛫ vibrato [ᚹ] ᛫ N bevering NE calque: Bebung
bewean beƿean ᛫ to entertain ᛫ V bewenian OE
beweave beƿeaf ᛫ to wrap up ᛫ to envelop ᛫ to clothe ᛫ to entwine ᛫ V biwēven ME PST: bewove ᛫ PTCP: bewoven
beweep beƿeep ᛫ to lament ᛫ V ~ NE
bewest beƿest ᛫ west of ᛫ P ~ NE
bewilder beƿilder ᛫ to confuse ᛫ to befuddle ᛫ to disorientate ᛫ V ~ NE
bewitch beƿic ᛫ to cast a spell on ᛫ to enchant and delight ᛫ V ~ NE
bewray beƿrag ᛫ to disclose reveal or divulge a secret ᛫ to expose or rat out someone ᛫ to betray ᛫ V ~ NE [MW]
bewrayer beƿrager ᛫ a betrayer ᛫ a divulger ᛫ N ~ NE
bewrite beƿrite ᛫ to write about ᛫ V ~ NE
bid ᛫ to pray ᛫ to entreat ᛫ to request ᛫ to invite ᛫ V ~[bidden][biddan] ME PST: bade ᛫ PTCP: bidden ᛫ kin: bead
bid ᛫ to command ᛫ to order ᛫ to demand ᛫ to offer ᛫ V ~[bēodan] NE PST: bade ᛫ PTCP: bidden
bid ᛫ to make an offer at an auction ᛫ V ~[bēodan] NE PST: bid
bidden ᛫ a barrel ᛫ a tub ᛫ N byden OE
bidding ᛫ an order ᛫ a command ᛫ a commandment ᛫ an auction ᛫ N ~ NE
biddingly biddinglie ᛫ imperative ( grammar ) ᛫ AJ bebēodendlīc OE from Ælfric's Grammar
biddle biddel ᛫ an announcer ᛫ a warrant officer ᛫ a constable ᛫ a bailiff ᛫ a beadle ᛫ N bidel[bydel] ME kin: beadle (Frankish cognate?)
bide ᛫ to wait ᛫ to stay ᛫ to remain ᛫ V ~ NE
bidhouse bidhuse ᛫ a chapel ᛫ an oratory ᛫ N bēdhūs OE
bidword bidƿord ᛫ a motto ᛫ N bid+word NE×2 calque: biedwurd
Big Dipper ᛫ a bright circumpolar asterism of the northern sky which is part of Ursa Major ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
biggen ᛫ to enlarge ᛫ V ~ NE
bight bigt ᛫ a curve ᛫ a bend ᛫ a corner ᛫ a bay ᛫ N bight&byht NE&OE
bigwheel bigghƿeel ᛫ a ferris wheel ᛫ N big wheel NE [MW]
bile ᛫ an ulcer ᛫ a carbuncle ᛫ a boil ᛫ a pimple ᛫ a blister ᛫ a callus ᛫ N bīl[bȳl] ME
bilk ᛫ a cheater ᛫ a hoax ᛭ to cheat ᛫ to defraud ᛫ to deceive ᛫ to craft a hoax ᛫ V ~ NE
bill ᛫ a hooked polearm ᛫ a halberd ᛫ a gisarme ᛫ a falcastrum ᛫ a mattock ᛫ a pickaxe ᛫ a pickax ᛫ N bill&bil&bil NE&ME&OE
billwhite billhƿite ᛫ simple ᛫ innocent ᛫ AJ bilewhīt ME
billwhitely billhƿitelie ᛫ simply ᛫ sincerely ᛫ honestly ᛫ AV bilehwītlīce OE
bin ᛫ during ᛫ inside ᛫ within ᛫ P binne ME
bind ᛫ a restraint ᛫ a predicament ᛭ to restrain ᛫ to connect ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
binder ᛫ a determiner ( grammatical term ) ᛫ N binder NE calque: determiner
bindlestiff bindelstiff ᛫ a hobo ᛫ a tramp ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
bindstaff ᛫ a ligature ( writing ) ᛫ N bind+staf NE+ME inspired by: bindrune
bindword bindƿord ᛫ a compound word ᛫ N bind+word NE×2
bir ᛫ to behoove ᛫ ought to ᛫ should ᛫ must ᛫ to deserve to ᛫ to be fitting ᛫ to be likely to ᛫ V biren[gebyrian] ME NEEDS WORK ᛫ third person only, "it birs him" not "he birs"
bird ᛫ birth ᛫ N gebyrd OE
birdhouse birdhuse ᛫ a small house built for nesting birds ᛫ an aviary ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
birdlime ᛫ an adhesive substance used to trap birds ᛫ N ~ NE
birdling ᛫ turtle ᛫ tortoise ᛫ N byrdling OE
birdlore ᛫ ornithology ᛫ N ~ NE
birdly birdlie ᛫ avian ᛫ AJ ~ NE [1850, Thomas Lynch, Memorials of Theophilus Trinol, student:]
birdspider ᛫ any tarantula capable of preying on small birds ᛫ a tarantula ( spider in the Theraphosidae family ) [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~ NE equivalents Dutch "vogelspinnen" and German "Vogelspinnen" refer to any tarantula
bire ᛫ an opportunity ᛫ N bȳre OE
birl ᛫ to spin ᛫ to whirl ᛫ to twirl ᛫ V ~ NE coined in the 18th century
birl ᛫ to carouse ᛫ V ~[birlen][byrlian] NE [MW]
birler ᛫ a butler ᛫ a cupbearer ᛫ N birler ME
birr ᛫ energy ᛫ an impetus ᛫ a force ᛫ a strong wind ᛫ N birr&bir[byre?] NE&ME
birthfather birðfaðer ᛫ one's biological father ᛫ N birth father NE
birthleech birðleec ᛫ an obstetrician ᛫ N birth+leech NE×2
birthmother birðmoðer ᛫ one's biological mother ᛫ N birth mother NE
birthroot birðroot ᛫ a Trillium plant ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+N) non-norse: birdmore
birthstead birðstead ᛫ a birthplace ᛫ N birthsted ME
bisen ᛫ a model ᛫ an example to follow ᛭ to symbolize ᛫ to betoken ᛫ N᛭V bīsne[bȳsen]&bīsnen ME&ME
bishopdom biscopdom ᛫ episcopacy ᛫ episcopate ᛫ prelacy ᛫ prelature ᛫ N ~ NE‹(I+OE) [OED]
bishoply biscoplie ᛫ episcopal ᛫ N ~ NE‹‹OE‹I [OED]
bishopric ᛫ a diocese ᛫ N ~ NE‹(H+C)
bishoprich biscopric ᛫ a bishopric ᛫ N bishoprich ME‹(H+C)
bishopswort biscopsƿurt ᛫ a Stachys officinalis plant ( wood betony ) ᛫ N bishop's wort NE‹(H+E)
bist ᛫ are ( only for second person singular ) ᛫ V bist ME unrealistic/fanciful
bitter ᛫ resentful ᛫ AJ ~ NE
bitterness ᛫ resentment ᛫ N ~ NE
bittock ᛫ a small bit ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
bive bif ᛫ to tremble ᛫ V bivien ME rhyme: give
black ᛫ an anarchist [ᚹ] ᛭ anarchistic [ᚹ] ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
black gold ᛫ raw petroleum ᛫ crude oil ᛫ N ~ NE poetic
black horehound horehund ᛫ a Ballota nigra plant ᛫ N ~ NE
black nightshade nigtscade ᛫ a Solanum nigrum plant ᛫ a Solanum americanum plant ᛫ a Solanum ptychanthum plant ᛫ N ~ NE
Black Sheep Turkmen Sceep ᛫ Qara Qoyunlu / Kara Koyunlu ᛫ N(P) Black Sheep Turkomans NE
blacklead ᛫ graphite ᛫ N ~ NE [MW][CED]
blacksmith blacksmið ᛫ a worker in black metals ᛫ N ~ NE
blackthorn blackþorn ᛫ a Prunus spinosa plant ᛫ N ~ NE also called "sloe"
blackwort blackƿurt ᛫ a Symphytum officinale plant ( comfrey ) ᛫ N ~ NE also: knitback; knitwort
bladderwort bladderƿurt ᛫ an Utricularia plant ᛫ N ~ NE
blain blagn ᛫ an inflamed swelling or sore on the skin ᛫ N ~[blein][blegen] NE found in: chilblains [MW]
blake ᛫ to pale [ᚾ] ᛭ pale ᛫ pallid ᛫ wan ᛫ withered yellow ᛫ V᛭AJ ~[blāc] NE
blank ᛫ a horse ( originally a white one ) ᛫ N blank[blanca/blonca] ME
blast ᛫ an explosion ᛭ to explode ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
blastle blastel ᛫ explosive material ᛫ a bomb ᛫ N blast+le NE+ME
blatant ᛫ obvious ᛫ AJ ~ NE
blate ᛫ bashful ᛫ shy ᛫ sheepish ᛫ AJ ~ NE [MW]
blaze blase ᛫ a great fire ᛭ to burn fiercely ᛫ N᛭V blaze&blæse NE&OE
bleach bleac ᛫ to make lighter in hue ᛭ pale ᛫ bleak ᛫ V᛭AJ ~ NE kin: bleak [colour]
blead ᛫ fruit ᛫ vegetables ᛫ produce ᛫ vegetation ᛫ crops ᛫ N blead&blēd NE&ME
bleak ᛫ pale ᛫ wan ᛫ pallid ᛫ desolate ᛫ miserable ᛫ depressing ᛫ uncheery ᛫ AJ ~[bleik] NE‹N kin: bleach
bleat ᛫ a cry from a sheep goat or calf ᛫ V ~ NE
bleck ᛫ ink ᛫ N ~[blēk][blæc] NE vowel tended to shorten ᛫ dialectal word
bleckern ᛫ an inkstand ᛫ N blæcern OE
bleckfish bleckfisc ᛫ a cephalopod ᛫ N blēk+fish ME+NE calque: inkfish
bleckhorn bleckhorn ᛫ an inkhorn ᛫ N blæchorn OE
blee ᛫ colouration ᛫ colour ᛫ skin colour ᛫ complexion ᛫ N ~ NE [MW][colour]
bleefaw bleefaƿ ᛫ versicolour ᛫ particoloured ᛫ multicoloured ᛫ polychromatic ᛫ AJ blēofāg OE
bleered ᛫ of myrtle hue ( chestnut brown ) ᛫ AJ blēorēad OE [colour]
bleeth bleeð ᛫ timid ᛫ apprehensive ᛫ AJ blēþ[blēaþ] ME
blench blenc ᛫ a trick ᛫ a ruse ᛫ cheating ᛭ to trick ᛫ to cheat ᛫ to elude ᛫ N᛭V blench&blenchen&blencan ME&ME&OE
blend ᛫ a mix ᛫ a composite ᛭ to mix ᛫ to composite ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
bless ᛫ to sanctify ᛫ to give divine aid ᛫ V ~ NE
blessing ᛫ divine aid ᛫ a beneficial thing ᛫ one's sanction ᛫ N ~ NE
blike ᛫ to shine ᛫ to gleam ᛫ to twinkle ᛫ to glitter ᛫ to dazzle ᛫ to sparkle ᛫ V blīken&blīcan/blician ME&OE
bliket ᛫ a coruscation ᛫ a sparkle ᛫ a twinkle ᛫ N blīcettung OE
blin ᛫ cessation ᛭ to cease ᛫ to desist ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
blindgut ᛫ a caecum / a cecum ᛫ N blind gut NE
bliss ᛫ great happiness ᛫ great joy ᛫ N ~ NE
blissen ᛫ to make blissful or happy ᛫ fill with or impart bliss to ᛫ V ~ NE
blissful ᛫ extremely happy ᛫ extremely joyful ᛫ AJ ~ NE
blissome blissum ᛫ joyous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
blithe bliðe ᛫ joyful ᛫ cheerful ᛫ carefree ᛫ concernless ᛫ indifferent ᛫ heedless ᛫ AJ ~ NE
blithely bliðelie ᛫ carelessly ᛫ indifferently ᛫ gladly ᛫ joyfully ᛫ AV ~ NE
blithen bliðen ᛫ to make or become blithe ᛫ V ~ NE
blitheness bliðeness ᛫ joy ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
blither bliðer ᛫ to talk foolishly ᛫ blather ᛫ V ~ NE rhyme: wither
blithering bliðering ᛫ foolish talk ᛭ talking incoherently ᛫ jabbering ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
blithesome bliðesum ᛫ having a cheerful or careless disposition ᛫ AJ ~ NE [MW]
blive blife ᛫ actively ᛫ vigorously ᛫ copiously ᛫ rapidly ᛫ without delay ᛫ promptly ᛫ immediately ᛫ all at once ᛫ suddenly ᛫ as soon as possible ᛫ AD ~[blīve] NE [CED]
bloak ᛫ pale ᛫ wan ᛫ pallid ᛫ AJ blōk[blāc] ME kin: bleak
bloakern ᛫ a light place ᛫ a lamp ᛫ a lantern ᛫ N blācern&blācern ME&OE
bloat ᛫ livid ᛫ pale ᛫ ghastly ᛫ AJ blāt OE
blood attering ᛫ blood poisoning ᛫ septicemia ᛫ toxemia ᛫ N blood+attering NE+NE calque: blood poisoning
blood moon ᛫ a full moon that coincides with a full lunar eclipse and that has an unusually reddish appearance ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
blood thinner þinner ᛫ an anticoagulant ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
bloodbath bloodbað ᛫ a massacre ᛫ N ~ NE
bloodberry bloodberrie ᛫ a Rivina humilis plant ᛫ pigeonberry ᛫ rougeplant ᛫ coralito ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
bloodfear ᛫ hemophobia ᛫ N blood+fear NE+NE
bloodleech bloodleec ᛫ a haematologist ᛫ a hematologist ᛫ N blood+leech NE×2
bloodletter ᛫ a phlebotomist ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
bloodline ᛫ a line of descent ᛫ a pedigree ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
bloodsax ᛫ a fleam ( a tool used for bloodletting and such ) ᛫ N blōdseax OE
bloodsucker ᛫ a vampire ᛫ N ~ NE
bloodtale ᛫ a tale involving bloodshed and violence ( specifically a cheaply published story of a sensational kind ) ᛫ N ~ NE
bloodwite bloodƿite ᛫ a penalty for committing bloodshed ᛫ N ~ NE
bloom ᛫ a lump of metal ᛫ metal [ᚹ] ᛫ N blōme[blōma] ME
bloom ᛫ a flower ᛭ to produce flowers ᛫ to flourish ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE‹ME‹N
bloomcole ᛫ cauliflower ᛫ N bloom+cole NE×2 calque: Blumenkohl
bloomer ᛫ a serious or stupid mistake ᛫ a blunder ᛫ N ~ NE
blooming ᛫ ( used to express annoyance or for emphasis ) ᛫ AJ ~ NE
bloop ᛫ a low-pitched beeping sound ᛭ to make a bloop sound ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
blooper ᛫ an embarrassing public blunder ᛫ N ~ NE
bloot ᛫ sacrifice ᛭ to sacrifice ᛫ N᛭V blōt&blōtan OE
Blootmonth Blootmonð ᛫ November ᛫ N(P) Blotmonaþ OE
blossom ᛫ a flower ᛭ to flower ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
blossom moon ᛫ a full moon in April ᛫ N blossom+moon NE×2 calque: flower moon ᛫ or: bloom moon (Norse)
blossomdeer ᛫ an Anthozoa animal ( a coral , a sea anemone ) ᛫ N blossom+deer NE
blossomy blossomie ᛫ flowery ᛫ AJ ~ NE
blotter ᛫ something used to absorb excess ink or other liquid ( esp a sheet of blotting paper with a firm backing ) ᛫ a piece of blotting paper ᛫ N ~ NE
blotter ᛫ a book in which transactions or events are recorded as they occur ᛫ a piece of material for protecting a brittle object ( from shock , friction , etc ) ᛫ N ~ NE
blow bloƿ ᛫ a strike ᛫ a damaging occurrence ᛫ N ~[blēwe] NE
blow bloƿ ᛫ cocaine ᛭ to make air current ᛫ to fellate ᛫ N᛭V ~[blāwan] NE
blow bloƿ ᛫ the state or period of flowering ᛭ to produce flowers ᛫ N᛭V ~[blōwan] NE
blow up bloƿ ᛫ to explode ᛫ to make explode ᛫ V ~ NE
blower bloƿer ᛫ a telephone ᛫ a phone ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
blowth bloƿð ᛫ floruit ᛫ florescence ᛫ N ~ NE
blushworthy bluscƿorðie ᛫ embarrassing ᛫ AJ ~ NE
bo ᛫ both ᛫ N(PRO) ME "both" might be from Norse "báðir"
board ᛫ a plank ᛫ a sign board ᛫ a plate ᛫ a table ᛫ a desk ᛫ a group of officials ᛫ a bureau ᛫ a department ᛫ N ~ NE meaning inspired partly by Dutch "bord"
boatswain boatsƿagn ᛫ a Petty Officer charged with hull maintenance on a ship ᛫ N ~ NE or: bosun
boatswainbird boatsƿainbird ᛫ a Stercorariidae bird ( a jaeger ) ᛫ a Phaethontidae bird ( a tropicbird ) ᛫ N boatswain bird NE [OED]
boatward boatƿard ᛫ a ship's commander ᛫ N bātweard OE
bobcat ᛫ a Lynx rufus animal ᛫ a Lynx animal [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~ NE‹(C+E)
bode ᛫ a commandment ᛫ an edict ᛫ a command ᛫ a prescription ᛫ a request ᛫ a message ᛫ a report ᛫ N bōd[bod] ME
bode ᛫ to declare ᛫ to announce ᛫ to proclaim ᛫ to portend ᛫ to preach ᛫ V bode&bōden&bodian NE&ME&OE
bode ᛫ a messenger ᛫ ambassador ᛫ herald ᛫ apostle ᛫ angel ᛫ foreboder ᛫ N bōde[boda] ME
bodelock ᛫ a decree ᛫ an ordinance ᛫ N bodlac ME
bodeword bodeƿord ᛫ a commandment ( usually in a religious sense ) ᛫ N bodeword ME
bodice bodies ᛫ a corset ᛫ stays ᛫ the upper part of a dress ᛫ N ~[bodies] NE rhyme: rod diss ᛫ "originally plural of body" [OED]
bodily bodilie ᛫ corporal ᛫ material ᛫ corporeal ᛭ forcefully ᛫ in one mass ᛫ as a whole ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE
body bodie ᛫ to embody ᛫ to represent ᛫ to symbolize ᛫ V ~ NE or: inbody (calque of embody)
bodyward bodieƿard ᛫ a bodyguard ᛫ N body+ward NE×2
bog bogg ᛫ a stretch of unforested wetland with acidic peaty soil ᛫ N ~ NE‹C
bold ᛫ a house ᛫ a castle ᛫ a mansion ᛫ an abode ᛫ N bōld ME
bolden ᛫ to embolden ᛫ to take courage ᛫ V ~ NE
bolder ᛫ a hero ? ᛫ a prince ? ᛫ N bealdor/baldor OE
Boleyn ᛫ the city of Bologna ᛫ N Boleyn ME
bolster ᛫ a cushion ᛫ a pillow ᛭ to reinforce ᛫ to boost ᛫ N᛭V bolster&bolster NE&OE
bond ᛫ a connection ᛫ a tie ᛫ a commitment ᛫ a pledge ᛫ an obligation ᛫ a duty ᛫ a mutual agreement ᛫ a covenant ᛫ a contract ( in all senses ) ᛫ N bond&bond NE‹‹N&ME‹N
bonddom ᛫ servitude ᛫ bondage ᛫ N bondedom ME‹(N+E)
bondfolk ᛫ people in a state of bondage ᛫ serfs ᛫ N ~ NE
bondland ᛫ land held by tenure of bond service or rent ᛫ N bondelond ME
boneframe ᛫ a skeleton ᛫ N bone+frame NE×2
bonehead ᛫ a stupid person ᛫ N ~ NE
bonehouse bonehuse ᛫ a body ( poetic ) ᛫ a charnel house ᛫ an ossuary ᛫ N ~[bānhūs] NE
boneleech boneleec ᛫ an orthopaedist ᛫ an orthopedist ᛫ N bone+leech NE×2
bonen ᛫ to ossify ᛫ V bone+en NE×2
boner ᛫ an erection ᛫ a blunder ᛫ N ~ NE [informal]
bones ᛫ dice ᛫ N ~ NE
book ᛫ a tome ᛭ to charter ᛫ to get something reserved ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE PL: books; beech (archaic)
book of god ᛫ a holy book ᛫ the Bible ᛫ the Qur'an ᛫ N ~ NE or: god's book [OED]
bookcraft ᛫ the art of literature ᛫ N ~ NE
bookend ᛫ to occur or be located on either side of something ᛫ V ~ NE
booker ᛫ a writer a scribe an author ᛫ N bōcere OE
bookfell ᛫ a sheet of vellum parchment or paper ᛫ vellum ᛫ parchment ᛫ paper ᛫ N ~ NE
bookhoard ᛫ a library ( a collection of books ) ᛫ N ~ NE
bookhouse bookhuse ᛫ a library ( a building to house books ) ᛫ N ~ NE
bookkeeper ᛫ an accountant ᛫ N ~ NE
bookland ᛫ land held by charter or written title which is free from service and fines ᛫ N ~ NE
bookling ᛫ a booklet ᛫ N ~ NE
booklore ᛫ bibliology ᛫ N ~ NE
booklover booklufer ᛫ a bibliophile ᛫ N ~ NE
bookly booklie ᛫ literary ᛫ AJ ~ NE
bookman ᛫ a literary man ᛫ a scholar ᛫ N ~ NE
bookred ᛫ minium ᛫ cinnabar ᛫ vermilion ᛫ N bōcrēad OE
bookshop bookscop ᛫ a bookstore ᛫ N ~ NE
bookspeech bookspeec ᛫ literary language ᛫ N ~ NE
bookstaff ᛫ a letter ( like A B or C ) ᛫ N ~ NE
bookward bookƿard ᛫ a librarian ᛫ N book+ward NE+NE calque: bókavörður
bookwork bookƿork ᛫ literary work ᛫ study ᛫ N bōcweorc OE
bookwright bookƿrigt ᛫ an author of books ᛫ N ~ NE
boomer ᛫ a large male kangaroo ᛫ a kangaroo ᛫ N ~ NE
boon ᛫ a benefit ᛫ a favour ᛫ a request ᛫ a petition ᛫ N ~[bōn] NE‹N
boor ᛫ a peasant ᛫ an uncultured person ᛫ N ~ NE‹NL
boorish boorisc ᛫ rude ᛫ crude ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹NL
boose ᛫ a stall for an animal ( usually a cow ) ᛫ N ~ NE
boot ᛫ remedy ᛫ compensation ᛫ amends ᛫ redress ᛭ to avail ᛫ to profit ᛫ to benefit ᛫ to redress ᛫ N᛭V boot&bōt NE&OE found in: to boot
booten ᛫ to heal ᛫ to cure ᛫ to recover from illness ᛫ V botnen ME
bootet ᛫ to repair ᛫ V bōtettan OE
bootful ᛫ useful ᛫ AJ bōteful ME
bootless ᛫ profitless ᛫ pointless ᛫ unavailing ᛫ ineffectual ᛫ useless ᛫ AJ ~ NE
bootworthy bootƿorðie ᛫ pardonable ᛫ expiable ᛫ able to get atoned for ᛫ AJ bōtwyrþe OE
bore ᛫ a drill ᛭ to perforate ᛫ to pierce ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
borough boroug ᛫ a city ᛫ a municipality ᛫ a fortified settlement ( historical definition ) ᛫ N ~[burg/burh/buruh] NE or: burgh ᛫ may be "bury" in place names
borougher borouger ᛫ a citizen ᛫ N ~{burgware} NE
boroughership borougerscip ᛫ citizenship ᛫ N ~ NE
borougherwye borougerƿie ᛫ a civil war ᛫ N borough+er+wye NE×2+ME calque: boargeroarloch; Bürgerkrieg
boroughland borougland ᛫ city land ᛫ N burhland OE
boroughlaw borouglaƿ ᛫ civil law ᛫ N borough+law NE×2‹N calque: Bürgerliches Gesetz; Burgerlijk Wet
boroughman borougman ᛫ a citizen ᛫ N burhman OE
boroughreeve borougreefe ᛫ a mayor ᛫ a governor of a city ᛫ N burhgerefa OE could be shortened by analogy with sheriff (boriff? boroughiff?)
boroughward borougƿard ᛫ a city guard ᛫ N burhweard OE
boroughwit borougƿit ᛫ a city counsellor ᛫ a city counselor ᛫ N burhwita OE
boroughy borougie ᛫ urban ᛫ municipal ᛫ civil ( as in "having to do with cities" ) ᛫ AJ borough+y NE×2
borrow borroƿ ᛫ a guarantor ᛫ a surety ᛫ a piece of armour ᛭ to lend or borrow a surety or a loan ᛫ N᛭V borrow&borwen&borgh NE&ME&ME becomes -bour/-bor in compounds (harbour/harbor)
bosom ᛫ the front of the thorax ( the chest ) ᛫ a person's loving care and protection ᛫ N ~[bōsm] NE
botch boc ᛫ to misperform ᛫ V ~ NE
bothen boðen ᛫ a Rosmarinus officinalis plant ( rosemary ) ᛫ N bothen ME
bothhanded boðhanded ᛫ ambidextrous ᛭ ambidextrously ᛫ AJ᛭AV bothhanded NE
bottle bottel ᛫ an abode ᛫ a dwelling ᛫ a habitation ᛫ N botel[botl] ME
bough buge ᛫ a branch ᛫ N ~ NE rhyme: plough
bouk book ᛫ a bulging vessel such as a bottle jug pitcher or bulb ᛫ a belly ᛫ an abdomen ᛫ a torso ᛫ N bouk&būc ME&OE
boukwort bookƿurt ᛫ a Sarraceniaceae plant ( a pitcher plant ) ᛫ N bouk+wort NE×2 calque: pitcher plant
bound bund ᛫ going or ready to go towards a specified place ᛫ destined or very likely to have a specified experience ᛫ AJ ~[boun][N buinn] NE‹N [CED]
bounden bunden ᛫ obligatory ᛫ AJ ~ NE
bout bute ᛫ a period of intense activity which does not last long ᛫ an attack of illness or strong emotion ᛫ N ~ NE
bow bue ᛫ to dwell ᛫ to inhabit ᛫ to occupy ᛫ V būan/būgan OE kin: bold (dwelling)
bower bure ᛫ a bedroom ( esp a boudoir ) ᛫ a dwelling ᛫ a shady place ( like in a garden ) ᛫ N ~[būr] NE rhyme: tower
bower bure ᛫ a young hawk ᛫ N ~ NE rhyme: tower ᛫ literally: branch-er
bower bure ᛫ a farmer ᛫ a boor ᛫ a jack ( playing cards ) ᛫ a pawn [ᚹ] ᛫ N gebūr OE rhyme: tower
bower boƿer ᛫ a bowyer ᛫ N ~ ANE [OED]
bowerbird burebird ᛫ an Australasian ptilonorhynchidae bird ᛫ N bower bird NE
bowerland bureland ᛫ farmland ᛫ land of farmers ᛫ N būrlō̆nd ME
bowerthane bureþane ᛫ a chamberlain ᛫ N burþein[būrþegen] ME
bowman boƿman ᛫ an archer ᛫ N ~ NE
bowmanship boƿmanscip ᛫ archery ᛫ toxophily ᛫ N bowman+ship NE+NE modelled on swordsmanship
bown bune ᛫ to get ready ᛫ to get prepared ᛫ to get going ᛫ V bounen ME‹N
bowstring hemp boƿstring ᛫ a hemplike fibre obtained from a Sansevieria plant ᛫ N ~ NE
bowwood boƿƿood ᛫ a Maclura pomifera plant ( an osage orange tree , a bodark , a bodock ) ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
Bragman ᛫ a brahmin ᛫ an Indian ( erroneous ) ᛫ N Bragmā̆n ME‹I
braid bragd ᛫ a weave of strands ᛫ a sudden jerk ᛫ a moment ᛫ an instant ᛫ a second [ᚹ] ᛭ to intertwine ᛫ to move suddenly ᛫ to rush ᛫ to jump ᛫ N᛭V braid&breid&breiden NE&ME&ME PST: braided; braid ᛫ "at a braid" = "in a moment"
brainfire bragnfire ᛫ encephalitis ᛫ N brain+fire NE+ANE
brainleech bragnleec ᛫ a neurologist ᛫ N brain+leech NE×2
brainpan bragnpan ᛫ a skull ᛫ a brain ᛫ N ~ NE
brainwash bragnƿasc ᛫ to indoctrinate ( in the negative sense ) ᛫ V ~ NE calque: 洗腦
brake ᛫ a thicket ᛫ N ~ NE
brakestreeling ᛫ bremsstrahlung ( an electromagnetic radiation produced by the deceleration of a charged particle ) ᛫ N brake+streel+ing NE+ME+NE calque: Bremsstrahlung
brambleberry brambelberrie ᛫ a blackberry ᛫ N brǣmelberie OE
brand ᛫ a torch ᛫ a flame ᛫ a mark made with fire ᛫ a logo or reputation ᛫ a sword ᛫ a mark of disgrace ᛫ a stigma ᛫ N ~ NE supposedly means "sword" because swords shine kind of like fire
brandred ᛫ a trivet ᛫ N brandrād{brandred} OE various spellings (brandroad, brandrid, etc) seem plausible
brant ᛫ high ᛫ steep ᛫ erect ᛫ perpendicular ᛫ arched ( eyebrows ) ᛫ AJ brant ME‹N
brass ᛫ brass ( alloy of copper and zinc ) ᛫ bronze ( alloy of copper and tin ) ᛫ N brass&bras[bræs] NE&ME brass meant both brass and bronze in Middle English
brassy brassie ᛫ Kyphosus vaigiensis ᛭ resembling brass ᛫ impudent ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
brat ᛫ a cloak of coarse cloth ᛫ N brat[bratt] ME‹OE‹C
braze brase ᛫ to coat with brass ᛫ to harden like brass ᛫ V ~ NE meaning of "join metals by fire" is from a different etymology and from French [CED]
brazen brasen ᛫ made of brass ᛫ audacious ᛫ barefaced ᛫ harsh and loud sounding ᛫ resolute ᛫ AJ ~ NE
breach breac ᛫ a rupture ᛫ a fissure ᛫ N ~ NE kin: break
breadth breadð ᛫ an extent ᛫ a range ᛫ a measure of how broad something is ᛫ N ~ NE
breadthwise breadðƿise ᛫ in terms of breadth ᛫ horizontal ᛭ in a horizontal manner ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE
breakdown breakdune ᛫ a system's collapse ᛫ N ~ NE
breakneck ᛫ dangerously or extremely fast ᛫ AJ ~ NE
breakth breakð ᛫ brokenness ᛫ N brecþ OE
breakwater breakƿater ᛫ a jetty ( as in a barrier which protects from waves ) ᛫ N ~ NE
breast ᛫ a thorax ᛫ a chest of a creature ᛫ N ~[brẹ̄st][brēost] NE
breastband ᛫ a brassiere ᛫ a bra ᛫ N brẹ̄st band/brestbande ME
breastbone ᛫ a sternum ᛫ N ~[brẹ̄stbōn] NE
breastbour breastbor ᛫ a breastplate ᛫ a piece of breast armour ᛫ N brēostbeorh OE
breastfire ᛫ mastitis ᛫ garget ᛫ N breast+fire NE+ANE
breastgirdle breastgirdel ᛫ a brassiere ᛫ N brẹ̄st girdel ME
breathlessness breaðlessness ᛫ dyspnea ᛫ N ~ NE
bred ᛫ a surface ᛫ a table ᛫ a tablet ᛫ a board ᛫ a plank ᛫ a log ᛫ N bred[bred] ME
bredheel ᛫ a platform heel ᛫ N bred+heel OE+NE
bree ᛫ to fear ᛫ to frighten ᛫ to terrify ᛫ V breen[brēgan] ME kin: braid ?
bree ᛫ porridge ᛫ pulse ( edible leguminous seeds ) ᛫ meat broth ᛫ vegetable liquor ᛫ aleberry ( ale boiled with spices and sugar ) ᛫ N brẹ̄ ME kin: brew
breeches breeces ᛫ pants ᛫ trousers ᛫ N ~ NE or: britches, breeks
breed ᛫ roasted meat ᛫ grilled meat ᛫ a roast ᛫ barbecue ᛭ to roast ᛫ to fry ᛫ to grill ᛫ to roast ᛫ to barbecue ᛫ N᛭V brēde&brēden ME&ME
breed ᛫ a sub-type within a species ᛫ N ~[brēdan] NE kin: brood
breem ᛫ to celebrate someone ᛭ celebrated ᛫ illustrious ᛫ splendid ᛫ vigorous ᛫ fierce ᛫ savage ᛫ ferocious ᛫ tempestuous ᛫ V᛭AJ brēme&brēman ME&OE
breer ᛫ a briar ᛫ N brēr ME "briar" may be French influenced
breet ᛫ to break ᛫ to bruise ᛫ to destroy ᛫ to degenerate ᛫ V brēotan OE
brerd ᛫ a rim ᛫ a brim ᛫ a brink ᛫ an edge ᛫ N brērd[brerd/breord] ME
brewhouse breƿhuse ᛫ a brewery ᛫ N brewhouse NE
brey breg ᛫ a ruler ᛫ N brego[bregu/brege] OE
brich bric ᛫ useful ᛫ advantageous ᛫ AJ brīce&brȳce ME&OE
bridal ᛫ a nuptial ᛭ nuptial ᛫ N᛭AJ ~[brȳdealo] NE the "-al" at the end isn't from Latin
bridelock ᛫ nuptials ᛫ N brūdlāc ME
bridewort brideƿurt ᛫ meadowsweet ( Filipendula ulmaria ) ᛫ Spiraea salicifolia ᛫ Spiraea alba ᛫ N ~ NE
bridgeask bridgask ᛫ a tuatara ᛫ N bridge+ask NE×2 calque: Brückenechse
bridle bridel ᛫ the headgear used to control a horse ᛫ N ~ NE
brightness brigtness ᛫ luminance ᛫ AJ ~ NE
brightom brigtom ᛫ glittering ᛫ scintillation ᛫ twinkling ᛫ N bearhtm{bearhtmhwīl} OE "moment" by association with the twinkling of an eye
brightomwhile brigtomhƿile ᛫ a moment ᛫ an instant ᛫ N bearhtmhwīl OE
brim ᛫ a sea ᛫ an ocean ᛫ water ᛫ a flood ᛫ an edge of water ᛫ N ~ NE
brimguest brimgest ᛫ a mariner or a sailor ( poetic ) ᛫ N brimgǣst OE
brimhinx brimhinx ᛫ a ship ( poetic ) ᛫ N brimhengest OE
brimstone ᛫ sulphur ᛫ sulfur ᛫ N ~ NE
brindled brindelled ᛫ tabby ᛫ AJ ~ NE [MW]
brine ᛫ salt water ᛫ water saturated with salt ᛫ saline solution ᛫ N ~ NE
brinetree ᛫ a mangrove tree ᛫ N brine+tree NE×2 mangroves grow in brackish water
brinewort brineƿurt ᛫ a mangrove plant ᛫ N brine+wort NE×2 mangroves grow in brackish water
bring about abute ᛫ to produce ᛫ to cause ᛫ V ~ NE
bring forth forð ᛫ to produce ᛫ to cause ᛫ V ~ NE
bring to mind ᛫ to remind one of ᛫ to evoke ᛫ V ~ NE [OED]
bring up ᛫ to mention ᛫ V ~ NE
brird ᛫ to prick ᛫ V bryrdan OE kin: brord (OE)
brise brise ᛫ to bruise ᛫ V brī̆sen[brȳsan] ME
brist ᛫ damage ᛫ N brist[byrst] ME
bristle worm bristel ƿurm ᛫ a Polychaete animal ᛫ N ~ NE
bristly oxtongue bristli oxtung ᛫ a Helminthotheca echioides plant ᛫ a Picris echioides plant ᛫ N ~ NE
brit ᛫ to fragment ᛫ to divide ᛫ to bruise ᛫ to indent ᛫ to shatter ᛫ V ~[brittian/bryttian] NE kin: brittle; brytja (Icelandic)
Brit ᛫ a Briton ᛫ N ~ NE
britch bric ᛫ a breach ᛫ N bruche ME "breach" may be French influenced
Britenwielder Britenƿielder ᛫ a great king ᛫ a ruler of dispersed lands ᛫ N(P) brȳtenwalda OE
Britten ᛫ Britain ᛫ N(P) bryten OE‹C
britter ᛫ a dispenser ᛫ a distributor ᛫ N brytta OE
Brittish Brittisc ᛫ British ᛫ AJ ~ NE single 't' form forms like 'Britannia'?
brittle brittel ᛫ fragile ᛫ unable to bend without breaking ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Britwales Britƿales ᛫ Britons ( in the old non-Anglo-Saxon sense ) ᛫ N(P) bretwalas/brytwalas OE
Britwelsh Britƿelsc ᛫ Brythonic language ᛭ Brythonic ᛫ N(P)᛭AJ(P) bretwilisc OE
broadcast ᛫ a transmission ᛭ to transmit ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE‹(E+N)
broadly broadlie ᛫ generally ᛫ AV ~ NE
brock ᛫ a badger ᛫ N ~ NE‹C?
brogue brog ᛫ a fraud ᛫ a wile ᛫ a trick ᛫ a prank ᛫ N ~ NE‹? chiefly: Scotland
brogue brog ᛫ a strong accent ( esp Scottish or Irish ) ᛫ a kind of shoe ᛫ N᛭V ~[bróg] NE‹C
broken rime ᛫ a fraction ᛫ N broken+rime NE+ME calque: broken number
Bronding ᛫ one of the Brondings ᛫ someone from Brännö in Sweden ᛫ N(P) Brondingum&Brondingas OE
brood ᛫ the young of an animal ᛭ to sit on eggs to hatch them ᛫ to dwell on something that sours one's mood ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
brook ᛫ to use ᛫ to enjoy ᛫ to consume food or drink ᛫ to stomach ᛫ to tolerate ᛫ V brook&brouken[brūcan] NE&ME
broom ᛫ a Cytisus scoparius plant ᛫ a sweeping tool ᛫ N broom&brọ̄m[brōm] NE&ME
broomcorn ᛫ millet ᛫ sorghum ᛫ N broom corn NE [OED]
brord ᛫ a point ( like of grass or a spear ) ᛫ a prick ᛫ N brord OE ᛫ glosses Latin "punctus" ᛫ kin: broddr
brosen ᛫ to decay ᛫ to erode ᛫ V brosnian OE
brot ᛫ a fragment ᛫ N gebrot OE kin: brittle?
brothel broðel ᛫ a degenerate ᛫ N ~ NE
brothelhouse broðelhuse ᛫ a whorehouse ᛫ N ~ NE often shortened to "brothel"
brother broðer ᛫ a friar ᛫ a male member of a religious order ᛫ N ~ NE
brotherbane broðerbane ᛫ a fratricide ᛫ N brōþorbana OE
brotherhood broðerhood ᛫ a fraternity ᛫ N ~ NE
brotherly broðerlie ᛫ fraternal ᛫ AJ ~ NE
brotherslayer broðerslager ᛫ a fratricide ᛫ N brotherslayer NE
brotherwife broðerƿife ᛫ a brother's wife ᛫ N brōþorwīf OE
brow broƿ ᛫ terror ᛫ dread ᛫ horror ᛫ N brōga OE rhyme: grow
brown brune ᛫ a fascist [ᚹ] ᛭ fascistic ᛫ fascist ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
brown coal brune coal ᛫ lignite ᛫ N ~ NE
browned bread bruned ᛫ toast ᛫ N ~ NE https://www.wordplays.com/crossword-solver/browned-bread
buck ᛫ a male animal ᛫ N ~ NE
bud ᛫ a bribe ᛫ N bud ME believed to be an offshoot of "bode"
bugbear ᛫ an ongoing problem obstacle or adversity ᛫ N ~ NE
build bild ᛫ a physique ᛫ a structure ᛭ to construct ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
buildcraft bildcraft ᛫ the art of architecture ᛫ N build+craft NE×2
builder bilder ᛫ a construction worker ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
Bulgar ᛫ a Bulgarian ᛫ N(P) Bulgarisc OE or: Pulgar (from OE Pulgare)
Bulgaria ᛫ Bulgaria ᛫ N(P) Bulgaria ME
bulk ᛫ mass ᛫ N ~ NE
bull fiddle fiddel ᛫ a double bass ᛫ N ~ NE
bullhead ᛫ a Cottidae , Ameiurus, or Ictalurus fish with a large head ᛫ a Scorpaena guttata fish ᛫ N ~ NE [CED]
bulwark bulƿark ᛫ a defensive wall ᛫ a safeguard ᛭ to fortify ᛫ to provide protection ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE‹NL? equivalent to "bole"+"work"
bunch bunc ᛫ a multitude ᛫ N ~ NE
burden ᛫ a heavy load ᛫ duty ᛫ responsibility ᛫ onus ᛫ N ~[birthen][byrþen] NE
burdensome burdensum ᛫ arduous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
burdock ᛫ an Arctium plant ᛫ N ~ NE
bure ᛫ a son ᛫ child ᛫ descendant ᛫ N byre OE
burial berriel ᛫ entombment ᛫ N burial NE
burly burlie ᛫ stout ᛫ brawny ᛫ sturdy ᛫ AJ ~[borlīch] NE
burn ᛫ a small stream ᛫ N ~ NE or: bourn (southern England version?)
burn ᛫ a coat of mail ᛫ a hauberk ᛫ a cuirass [ᚹ] ᛫ a corslet [ᚹ] ᛫ a lorica [ᚹ] ᛫ a breastplate [ᚹ] ᛫ N byrne{brinie/burn} OE
burstness ᛫ hernia ᛫ rupture ᛫ N ~ ANE [OED]
burstwort burstƿurt ᛫ a Herniaria plant ( a rupturewort ) ᛫ N burst-wort ANE [OED]
buryleeth burieleeð ᛫ an epitaph ᛫ a eulogy ᛫ N byrglēoþ OE
bushwhack buschƿack ᛫ to ambush ᛫ V ~ NE
business bisiness ᛫ affairs ᛫ N ~ NE
busk ᛫ to ready ᛫ to prepare ᛫ to furnish ᛫ to provide ᛫ to adorn ᛫ to clothe ᛫ V busken ME‹N
busy busie ᛫ active ᛫ preoccupied ᛫ elaborate ᛫ intricate ᛫ AJ ~[bisī][bisig] NE
busybody bisiebodie ᛫ a meddling or prying person ᛫ N ~ NE
but ᛫ just ᛫ only ᛫ no more than ᛭ except ᛫ other than ᛫ AV᛭P ~ NE
butterfish butterfisc ᛫ a gunnel ( fish ) ᛫ N ~ NE‹(NE‹‹I+NE) gunnel is of unknown, possibly Celtic origin
butterfly cod butterflie ᛫ a Pterois volitans fish ( a red lionfish ) ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
butterflytree butterflietree ᛫ a Colophospermum mopane tree ᛫ a mopane ᛫ a turpentine tree ᛫ N butterfly-tree NE source: United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service
butterpear ᛫ an avocado ᛫ N butter pear NE
buxom buxum ᛫ voluptuous ᛫ flexible ᛫ pliant ᛫ compliant ᛫ submissive ᛫ obedient ᛫ meek ᛫ AJ ~ ANE kin: bow
by dint of bie ᛫ by means of ᛫ by force of ᛫ P ~ NE
by heart bie ᛫ from memory ᛫ AV ~ NE
by hook or by crook bie ᛫ by any means necessary ᛫ AV ~ NE
by the rood bie þe ᛫ by the cross ! ( a phrase used in oath making ) ᛫ I ~ NE
bye bie ᛫ to bow ᛫ to bend ᛫ to turn ᛫ to inflect ( grammatical term ) ᛫ V gebīgan OE
bye bie ᛫ to bend ᛫ to curve ᛫ to bow ᛫ V bȳgan OE
byedness biedness ᛫ curvature ᛫ AJ gebīgednys OE
byedness biedness ᛫ case ( grammatical term ) ᛫ N gebīgednys OE
byfare bifare ᛫ to pass ( as in to go by, not to hand over ) ᛫ V by+fare NE×2
bygirdle biegirdel ᛫ a purse worn at the belt ᛫ N bīgirdel[bīgyrdel] ME
bygone biegone ᛫ a thing dating from an earlier time ᛭ belonging to an earlier time ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
byland bieeland ᛫ a peninsula ᛫ N ~ NE
bylaw bielaƿ ᛫ an ordinance from a local authority ᛫ a rule made by a society to control the actions of its members ᛫ N ~ NE‹(E+N)
byquid biecƿid ᛫ a proverb ᛫ a fable ᛫ N bīcwide OE
byre bire ᛫ a barn ( esp one for cattle ) ᛫ N ~ NE
byrlady birladie ᛫ ( an exclamation of surprise ) ᛫ I ~ NE [MW]
byspel biespel ᛫ a parable ᛫ a fable ᛫ a proverb ᛫ N bīspel&bigspell ME&OE SEE NOTE
bystander biestander ᛫ one who is present but not taking part in a situation or event ᛫ N ~ NE
bytime bietime ᛫ leisure time ᛫ N ~ NE
bytongue bietung ᛫ a dialect ᛫ N by+tongue NE×2
bytonguelore bietunglore ᛫ dialectology ᛫ N by+tongue+lore NE×3
byway bieƿag ᛫ a side road ᛫ N ~ NE
byword bieƿord ᛫ a proverb ᛫ a proverbial saying ᛫ an epithet ᛫ an adverb ᛫ N byword&bijwoord NE&NL
cack ᛫ excrement ᛫ faeces ᛫ poop ᛫ crap ᛫ dung ᛭ to poop ᛫ to crap ᛫ to shit ᛫ N᛭V ~[cac] NE
cackhouse cackhuse ᛫ a privy ᛫ a latrine ᛫ N cachūs OE
calfbone ᛫ the fibula ᛫ N ~ NE
calfbone ᛫ a fibula ᛫ N calf+bone NE‹N+NE or: sparlirebone
calfflesh calfflesc ᛫ veal ᛫ N ~ NE
caliphdom califdom ᛫ a caliphate ᛫ N caliph+dom{caliphate} O+NE
call ᛫ a hair net ᛫ a kind of headdress ᛫ N calle ME
called for ᛫ warranted ᛫ AJ ~ NE
callow calloƿ ᛫ inexperienced ᛫ bald ᛫ unfledged ᛫ unfeathered ᛫ immature ᛫ AJ ~ NE
camp ᛫ a battle ᛫ battle ᛫ combat ᛫ armed conflict ᛭ to fight ᛫ to combat ᛫ to battle ᛫ N᛭V camp&campen[gecamp] ME‹OE‹I
candletree candeltree ᛫ a candelabrum ᛫ a chandelier ᛫ N candeltrēow OE the candle element is ultimately from Latin
canker ᛫ cancer ᛫ a plant disease characterized by cankers ᛫ N ~ NE‹OE‹I
cankerleech cankerleec ᛫ an oncologist ᛫ N canker+leech NE‹I+NE
cannel ᛫ cinnamon ᛫ a Cinnamomum zelanicum tree ᛫ N canē̆l ME‹I
canny cannie ᛫ pleasant ᛫ fair ᛫ shrewd or astute ( esp in business matters ) ᛫ AJ ~ NE
capittle capittel ᛫ a chapter ( in all senses ) ᛫ N capitle[capitol] ME‹OE‹I
caple capel ᛫ an Equidae animal ( esp a horse , esp an adult male horse ) ᛫ N ~[kapall][caballus] NE‹N‹I
careful ᛫ cautious ᛫ AJ ~ NE
careless ᛫ negligent ᛫ inattentive ᛫ perfunctory ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
carelessness ᛫ negligence ᛫ inattention ᛫ inattentiveness ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
carer ᛫ a nurse ᛫ N ~ NE
caretaker ᛫ a custodian ᛫ N ~ NE
careworn careƿorn ᛫ tired and unhappy because of prolonged worry ᛫ AJ ~ NE
cart ᛫ a paper ᛫ a treatise ᛫ N carte ME‹OE‹I
Cartain ᛫ Carthage ᛫ N(P) Cartaina OE‹O
castle castel ᛫ a castle ᛫ N ~ NE‹‹OE‹I
catbear ᛫ a panda ᛫ N ~ NE calque of Chinese? [MW]
Cathom Caðom ᛫ Caen ( city in Normandy ) ᛫ N(P) Caþum OE From the Anglo Saxon Chronicle
catlore ᛫ felinology ᛫ N ~ NE
catly catlie ᛫ feline ᛫ AJ ~ NE
chafer ceafer ᛫ a Scarabaeidae insect ( scarab beetles ) ᛫ N ~[ceafor] NE rhyme: wafer ᛫ kin: chaff (probably)
chaff ceaf ᛫ grain husks ( collective ) ᛫ something worthless ᛫ refuse ᛫ garbage ᛫ trash ᛫ N ~ NE
chaffer ceafer ᛫ trade ᛫ commerce ᛫ merchandise ᛫ a commodity ᛭ to trade ᛫ to do business ᛫ N chaffer&chaffā̆re NE&ME‹(I+E) equal to: cheap fare
chapbook ceapbook ᛫ a pamphlet ᛫ a tract ᛫ a small book ᛫ N ~ NE‹(‹‹I+E)
chapman ceapman ᛫ a merchant ᛫ a trader ᛫ a peddler ᛫ a bargainer ᛫ N chapman ME or: cheapman (from variant)
char cear ᛫ a turn ( one's allotted time ) ᛫ a shift ( of work or such ) ᛭ to turn ᛫ to change beliefs or allegiance ᛫ to convert ᛫ N᛭V char&chāren&cyrran NE&ME&OE kin: chare
charlady cearladie ᛫ a maid ( a cleaning lady ) ᛫ N ~ NE or: charwoman
charlock cearlock ᛫ a Cruciferae plant ᛫ N ~ NE
chary cearie ᛫ wary ᛫ hesitant ᛫ reluctant ᛫ cautiously or suspiciously reluctant to do something ᛫ anxious about doing something ᛫ AJ ~ NE kin: care ᛫ rhyme: cherry (for some at least)
chavel ceafel ᛫ a jowl ᛫ a jaw ᛫ N chavel[ceafl] ME "jowl" has French influence?
cheap ceep ᛫ bargaining ᛫ a bargain ᛭ to bargain ᛭ inexpensive ᛫ inexpensive and of poor quality AJ cheap&chēp&chēpen NE‹I&ME‹I terms like "good cheap" simplified to just "cheap"
cheaping ceeping ᛫ marketing ᛫ trading ᛫ bargaining ᛫ N chẹ̄pinge ME‹OE‹I
cheapstow ceepstoƿ ᛫ a market place ᛫ N ceapstōw OE‹(I+E)
cheast ceast ᛫ strife ᛫ contention ᛫ quarreling ᛫ N chest[cēast][causa] ME‹OE‹I
chedder cedder ᛫ cedar ᛫ N cederbēam/cedertrēow OE‹I‹H or: cader (from cæderbēam)
chee cee ᛫ a chough ᛫ N cēo OE chough "probably related to O. French cauwe, O. English cēo" -etymonline
cheed ceed ᛫ a pouch ᛫ a bag ᛫ a sack ᛫ N cēod OE
cheek ceek ᛫ a side of a face ᛫ a side of a window ᛫ a doorjamb ᛫ a doorpost ᛫ N ~[chẹ̄ke][cēoce/cēace] NE [OED]
cheekbone ceekbone ᛫ a zygomatic bone ᛫ N ~ NE
cheeky ceekie ᛫ impudent ᛫ insolent ᛫ impertinent ᛫ presumptuous ᛫ risqué ᛫ provocative ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
cheel ceel ᛫ a small flat-bottomed kind of ship or boat ᛫ N cēol OE "keel" seems to be Norse
cheen ceen ᛫ a torch ( of a particular kind? ) ᛫ N cēn OE
Cheese Week Ceese Ƿeek ᛫ the last week of eating cheese before Lent ᛫ N(P) cȳswuce OE
cheet ceet ᛫ a cabin ᛫ a cottage ᛫ N chẹ̄te[cēte] ME
chell cell ᛫ a gullet ᛫ a front of a neck ᛫ N chelle/cholle[ceole] ME
chellender cellender ᛫ a Coriandrum sativum plant ( coriander , cilantro ) ᛫ N cellendre OE‹I
chester cester ᛫ a city ( especially one which was formerly a Roman castrum ? ) ᛫ N ceastre OE‹I
chettle cettel ᛫ a kettle ᛫ N chetel[cetel] ME kettle is Norse?
cheves ceefes ᛫ a concubine ᛫ a paramour ᛫ N cheves[ciefes/cefes/cyfes] ME ANG: ceefs?
chevesborn ceefesborn ᛫ born of a concubine ᛫ bastard ᛫ AJ cheves boren ME
chew ceƿ ᛫ to masticate ᛫ V ~ NE [OED]
chide cide ᛫ to admonish ᛫ to rebuke ᛫ to reproach ᛫ V ~ NE
child cild ᛫ a juvenile ᛫ N ~ NE PL: children; childer
Childermas cildermas ᛫ Holy Innocents' Day ᛫ N ~ NE‹(E+I)
childleech cildleec ᛫ a pediatrician ᛫ N child+leech NE×2 or: barnleech
childrearing cildrearing ᛫ the bringing up of a child ᛫ parenting ᛫ N ~ NE
chilver cilfer ᛫ a ewe lamb ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
chine cine ᛫ a fissure ᛫ a chasm ᛭ to crack ᛫ to fissure ᛫ N᛭V ~[cīnu/cīnan] NE
Chinish Cinisc ᛫ Chinese ᛫ N Chinish ANE
chink cink ᛫ a narrow opening ᛫ N ~ NE
chirk cirk ᛫ to cheer up ᛫ V ~ NE
chirkel cirkel ᛫ the circle of the Zodiac ᛫ N circul OE‹I
chirm cirm ᛫ noise ᛫ din ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
chirse cirs ᛫ a cherry ᛫ N ciris/cyrs OE‹I‹H
chirten cirten ᛫ beautiful ᛫ AJ cyrten OE
chirtenledge cirtenledg ᛫ to beautify ᛫ V cyrtenlǣcan OE
chise cise ᛫ choosy ᛫ choice ᛫ picky ᛫ petty ᛫ overly critical ᛫ AJ chīs ME
chisel cisel ᛫ gravel ᛫ N chisel/chysel/chesel ME
chit cit ᛫ a young beast ( such as a whelp or a cub or a kitten ) ᛫ a brat ᛫ N ~ NE
chokelew ceokeleƿ ᛫ apt to choke or suffocate someone ᛫ AJ chokeleu ME
choose ceose ᛫ to pick ᛫ to decide ᛫ to elect ᛫ V chēsen ME spelling analogy: lose; move; whose (avoids awkward "ceoos")
chooseling ceosling ᛫ one of the elect ( of Christian myth ) ᛫ N chōsling ME spelling analogy: lose; move; whose (avoids awkward "ceoos")
chooser ceoser ᛫ an elector ᛫ a connoisseur ᛫ N chēsere ME spelling analogy: lose; move; whose (avoids awkward "ceoos")
chophouse ceophuse ᛫ a steakhouse ᛫ a restaurant that specializes in steaks , chops , and similar fare ᛫ N ~ NE
chor ᛫ a choir ᛫ a chorus ᛫ N chor[chorus][χορός] OE‹I‹H
chore ceore ᛫ a task ( esp a habitual one ) ᛫ N ~ NE
chorely ᛫ choral ᛫ AJ chor+-ly OE‹I‹H+NE
Christendom Cristendom ᛫ Christianity ᛫ the Christian world ᛫ N ~ NE
church circ ᛫ a building for worship ᛫ a congregation ᛫ a communion ᛫ N ~ NE&ANE‹‹H can be used of many religions (and was more often in the past) [OED]
churchly circlie ᛫ ecclesiastical ᛫ AJ ~[cyriclīc] NE
churchman circman ᛫ a cleric ᛫ a member of the clergy ᛫ N ~ NE‹(H+E)
churchward circƿard ᛫ a custodian of a church ᛫ a sacristan ᛫ N chircheward ME‹(H+E)
churl cerl ᛫ a commoner ᛫ a peasant ᛫ a boor ᛫ N ~[chē̆rl] NE
churlborn cerlborn ᛫ low-born ᛫ AJ ceorlboren OE
churlfolk cerlfolk ᛫ the common people ᛫ N ceorlfolc OE
churlish cerlisc ᛫ servile ᛫ rustic ᛫ rude ᛫ villainous ᛫ unlearned ᛫ AJ cherlish ME
churlishness cerliscness ᛫ rudeness ᛫ vulgarity ᛫ N ceorliscnes OE
Churlwain Cerlƿagn ᛫ the Big Dipper ᛫ Ursa Major ᛫ the constellation Boötes ᛫ N carlewain ME
churly cerlie ᛫ vulgarly ᛫ in the manner of commoners ᛫ AV ceorllīce OE
chy cie ᛫ to call ᛫ to call upon ᛫ to invoke ᛫ to summon ᛫ V cīgan OE
chyingly ciendlie ᛫ vocative ( grammar ) ᛫ AJ gecēgendlīc{cīgan} OE from Ælfric's Grammar
cinder sinder ᛫ slag ᛫ dross ᛫ impurity of metal ᛫ N ~ NE
clad ᛫ dressed ᛫ AJ ~ NE
clammy clammie ᛫ cold and damp ᛫ AJ ~ NE
clash clasc ᛫ a conflict ᛭ to conflict ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE onomatopoeic origin
clauster ᛫ a cloister ᛫ N clauster OE‹I
cleam ᛫ to plaster ᛫ to smear ᛫ to anoint ᛫ V clēmen[clǣman] ME kin: cloam
Clean Lent ᛫ Lent ( esp as extending from Quadragesima Sunday to Easter and not including the preceding four days from Ash Wednesday to Quadragesima Sunday ) ᛫ N(P) Clēne Lent(en ME [MEC]
cleancut ᛫ sharply defined ᛫ unambiguous ᛫ of wholesome appearance ᛫ AJ cleancut NE‹(E+N)
cleanhearted ᛫ pure in heart ᛫ innocent of heart ᛫ AJ clǣnheort+ed OE+NE
cleanly cleanlie ᛫ habitually clean ᛫ AJ ~ NE
cleanness ᛫ moral purity ᛫ innocence ᛫ cleanliness ᛫ integrity ᛫ chastity ᛫ celibacy ᛫ N cleaness NE&ME
cleanse ᛫ to purge ᛫ to purify ᛫ V ~ NE
cleat ᛫ a wedge ᛫ N ~ NE
cleave cleaf ᛫ to sever ᛫ V ~ NE PST: clove; cleft ᛫ PTCP: cloven; cleft
cleavers cleafers ᛫ a Galium aparine plant ᛫ N ~ NE or: clivers
cleaving cleafing ᛫ cleavage ᛫ N ~ NE
cleeve cleefe ᛫ a dwelling ᛫ N clēve[cleofa] ME
cleft ᛫ a fissure ᛫ N ~ NE kin: cleave
clepe ᛫ to name ᛫ to summon ᛫ to invoke ᛫ to speak ᛫ to utter ᛫ to vocalize ᛫ V clēpen[cleopian] ME PST: clept
clepend ᛫ a vowel ᛫ N cleopigend OE
clependy clependlie ᛫ vocalic ᛫ AJ cleopigend+ly OE+NE
clept ᛫ called ᛫ named ᛫ AJ yclept NE
clerk ᛫ a cleric ᛫ an office worker ᛫ one who works with records or accounts ᛫ N ~ NE‹‹OE‹I kin: cleric
clerkly clerklie ᛫ clerical ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹(E‹I+E)
clinch clinc ᛫ to secure a nail by bending its point ᛫ to settle a matter decisively ᛫ V ~[clench] NE [CED]
cling ᛫ to adhere ᛫ V ~ NE
cling wrap ƿrap ᛫ saran wrap ᛫ N ~ NE
clingy clinglie ᛫ sticky ᛫ adhesive ᛫ tenacious ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
clip ᛫ a flexible or spring-loaded device for holding objects ᛫ a metal holder containing firearm cartridges ᛫ N ~ NE
clip ᛫ to hug ᛫ to embrace ᛫ V clippen ME same word as "clip" meaning "binding device"
clise ᛫ to close ᛫ V clūsen[beclȳsan] ME "ū" is /yː/ ᛫ rhyme: rise
clising ᛫ a cell ᛫ N clȳsing OE‹I kin: clūsen (ME)
clithe cliðe ᛫ a plaster ᛫ a salve ᛫ a poultice ᛫ N clithe[cliþa] ME
cloam ᛫ earthenware ᛫ crockery ᛭ to plaster with clay [ᛏ] ᛫ to daub ᛭ made of clay or earthenware ᛫ N᛭AJ cloam[clām]&clōmen NE&ME [CED][MW]
clod ᛫ a lump of something ( esp clay or earth ) ᛫ N ~ NE
clog clogg ᛫ a log ᛫ a block of wood to impede an animal's movement ᛫ a block ᛫ a lump that causes a block ᛫ a lump ᛫ N ~ NE
clot ᛫ a mass ᛫ a gobbet ᛫ a coagulation ᛫ a congelation ᛫ a concretion ᛭ to coagulate ᛫ to congeal ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE [OED]
clote ᛫ the burdock ᛫ the clotbur ᛫ N clote ME
clothe cloðe ᛫ to dress ᛫ to give someone clothes ᛫ to endow ᛫ V ~ NE PTCP: clad
clother cloðer ᛫ a person who makes or sells cloth or clothing ᛫ N ~ NE
clotted ᛫ coagulated ᛫ congealed ᛫ concentrated ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
clough cluge ᛫ a steep valley ᛫ a ravine ᛫ N ~ NE rhyme: tough
clout clute ᛫ a patch ( of leather cloth metal or code ) ᛫ a blotch ᛫ a heavy blow ᛫ influence ᛭ to patch ( to mend with a patch ) ᛫ N clout&clout[clūt] NE&ME
clove clofe ᛫ a duplicate charter ᛫ a copy ᛫ a duplicate [ᚹ] ᛭ to copy [ᚹ] ᛫ to duplicate [ᚹ] ᛫ N᛭V iclova&geclofa ME&OE
clove clofe ᛫ something which is cleft ᛫ a den ᛫ a chasm ᛫ a hollow ᛫ a bulbil ᛫ a bit of garlic ᛫ a celler ᛫ N clove&clēofa NE&OE
cloven clofen ᛫ divided ᛫ AJ ~ NE
clue cleƿ ᛫ a ball of thread ᛫ a ball of yarn ᛫ a sphere ᛫ a globular thing ᛫ N clue&cleue&cliwen NE&ME&OE
clueless cleƿless ᛫ oblivious ᛫ ignorant ᛫ perplexed ᛫ confused ᛫ puzzled ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
clutchfist clucfist ᛫ a miser ᛫ N ~ NE
coaf ᛫ courageous ᛫ AJ cōf[cāf] ME
coalfish coalfisc ᛫ a Pollachius virens fish ( a pollock , a saithe ) ᛫ N ~ NE AKA: pollock; saithe
coalman ᛫ a collier ᛫ N ~ ANE [OED]
coalmouse coalmuse ᛫ a Periparus ater bird ᛫ N coalmouse NE
coaser ᛫ an emperor ᛫ an imperator ᛫ a caesar ᛫ N cāsere OE‹I
coaserdom ᛫ imperium ᛫ N cāserdōm OE‹(I+E)
coaserly coaserlie ᛫ imperial ᛫ AJ cāserlīc OE‹(I+E)
coasern ᛫ an empress ᛫ N cāsern OE‹(I+E)
coaserrich coaserric ᛫ an empire ᛫ N cāsere+rīche OE+ME calque: Kaiserreich
coath coað ᛫ disease ᛫ illness ᛫ sickness ᛫ N coathe[cothe][coþu] ANE used only for sheep in Modern English?
coathed coaðed ᛫ diseased ᛫ AJ ~ NE
cobweb cobƿeb ᛫ a spider's web ᛫ N ~ NE
cock ᛫ a male bird ᛫ N ~ NE
cocker ᛫ a quiver ᛫ N coker ME
cocker ᛫ to coddle ᛫ to spoil ᛫ to indulge ᛫ V ~ NE [OED]
cocksfoot ᛫ an Aquilegia plant ( columbine ) ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
cockshead ᛫ an Onobrychis plant ( a sainfoin ) ᛫ N cock's head NE
cockstone ᛫ an alectory ᛫ N cock-stone NE [OED]
cocky cockie ᛫ arrogant ᛫ brash ᛫ overconfident ᛫ self-important ᛫ conceited ᛫ officious ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
cod ᛫ a bag ᛫ a sack ᛫ a pouch ᛫ integument ᛫ a scrotum ᛫ N ~ NE
codapple codappel ᛫ a quince ? ᛫ N codæppel OE
codtree ᛫ a Ceratonia siliqua plant ( a carob or a locust tree ) ᛫ a Prosopsis plant ( an algarroba ) ᛫ N ~ NE
coffeehouse coffeehuse ᛫ a cafe ᛫ N ~ NE‹(O+NE)
cold moon ᛫ a full moon in December ᛫ N ~ NE [CED]
coldbloodedness ᛫ ectothermy ᛫ emotionless ᛫ N ~ NE
coldrife ᛫ cold ᛫ chilling ᛫ gelid ᛫ frigid ᛫ AJ ~ NE
cole ᛫ any Brassica oleracea plant ( broccoli , kale , brussels sprouts , cabbage , cauliflower , kohlrabi , gai lan ) N ~[cāl]{cawel}{caulis} NE‹OE‹I kin: kale
coleneep ᛫ kohlrabi ᛫ N cole+nep NE+ME‹I calque: Kohlrabi
Coleyn ᛫ the city of Cologne ᛫ N Coleyn ME
colk ᛫ an apple core ᛫ an onion heart ᛫ a core [ᚹ] ᛫ N colk{hertecolk} ME kin: kolk (Middle Dutch); kälk (Swedish dialectal)
coltsfoot ᛫ a Tussilago farfara plant ᛫ N ~ NE see: foalfoot
comeback cumback ᛫ a retort ᛫ a return to former and higher status ᛫ N ~ NE
comeliness cumliness ᛫ beauty ᛫ attractiveness ᛫ AJ ~ NE
comeling cumling ᛫ a foreigner ᛫ a stranger ᛫ an intruder ᛫ a newcomer to a religious faith ᛫ a new convert ᛫ an import ( from abroad ) ᛫ N cǒmeling ME
comelithe cumliðe ᛫ hospitable ᛫ AJ cumlīþe OE
comelitheness cumliðeness ᛫ hospitality ᛫ N cumlīþness OE
comely cumlie ᛫ attractive ᛫ agreeable ᛫ suitable ᛫ proper ᛫ AJ ~ NE
comendliness cummendliness ᛫ possibility ᛫ N acumendlīcness OE
comenly cummenlie ᛫ possible ᛫ AJ ācumendlic OE or: comingly; camely
comer cummer ᛫ a guest ᛫ a stranger ᛫ N cǒmere{cuma} ME
con cun ᛫ to study attentively ᛫ to study ᛫ V ~[cunnan] NE
conned cunned ᛫ educated ᛫ having studied ᛫ AJ ~ NE
conner cunner ᛫ a student ᛫ N con+er NE×2
cook up ᛫ to fabricate ᛫ to make ( usually in a shady or rushed way ) ᛫ V ~ NE
cookiecutter ᛫ generic ( usually in a bad way ) ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹(NL+E)
cookshop cookscop ᛫ a small or informal restaurant ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
cooler ᛫ a refrigerator ᛫ N ~ NE
coomb ᛫ a short valley or hollow on a hillside or coastline ᛫ N ~ NE‹C
cop ᛫ a spider ᛫ N ~ NE shortened from "atorcoppe" ᛫ kin: cobweb
cop ᛫ the top summit or crest of something ᛫ N ~[copp] NE [MW]
coppen ᛫ to eagerly await ᛫ V copnen ME
copper ᛫ copper ᛫ N ~[cō̆per][coper][cuprum] NE‹‹OE‹I‹H
core ᛫ discrimination ᛫ a decision ᛫ a choice ᛫ N core&gecor ME&OE
corf ᛫ a basket ᛫ a cart ( for mining ) ᛫ a container for storing live fish ᛫ N ~ NE‹(NL&LG) PL: corves [OED]
corn ᛫ a grain ᛫ maize ( grain from the Zea mays plant ) ᛫ N ~ NE
cornhouse cornhuse ᛫ a granary ᛫ N corne house ANE [OED]
Cornish Cornisc ᛫ Cornish language ᛭ Cornish ᛫ Cornubian ᛫ N(P)᛭AJ(P) ~ NE or: Cornwelsh; Westwelsh (from OE Westwealas)
cornstone ᛫ granite ᛫ N corn+stone NE×2 calque: granite
Cornwales Cornƿales ᛫ Cornishmen ᛫ N(P) cornwealas OE or: Cornishman; Westwale (from OE Westwealas)
Cornwall Cornƿall ᛫ Cornubia ᛫ N(P) cornwealas OE or: Westwales; Cornwales
Corsick ᛫ Corsica ᛫ N(P) Corsicam OE or: Corsica
cost ᛫ a trait ᛫ a property ᛫ an attribute ᛫ a disposition ᛫ a way of doing things ᛫ a procedure [ᚹ] ᛫ a process [ᚹ] ᛫ a method [ᚹ] ᛫ N cost ME‹N
cost ᛫ a Tanacetum balsamita plant ( costmary , alecost ) ᛫ N cost[cost] ANE‹‹OE‹I‹H [OED]
costen ᛫ to tempt ᛫ V costnien[costnian] ME
costning ᛫ temptation ᛫ N costning[costnung] ME
cot ᛫ a cottage ᛫ N cot OE
cote ᛫ a cottage ᛫ a cottage's plot of land ᛫ a coop ᛫ N cō̆t[cote] ME
cotman ᛫ a cottager ᛫ N cotman ME
cotset ᛫ a cottager ᛫ N cotsēt[cotsǣta] ME
couth cooð ᛫ known ᛫ well known ᛫ familiar ᛫ sophisticated ᛫ refined ᛫ AJ couth&couth NE&ME
couther cooðer ᛫ an acquaintance ᛫ N cuþa OE
couthledge cooðledg ᛫ to befriend ᛫ to make known to yourself ᛫ V cūþlǣcan OE
couthly cooðlie ᛫ surely ᛫ certainly ᛫ familiarly ᛫ courteously ᛫ AV cūþelīce OE
couthness cooðness ᛫ acquaintance ᛫ N cūþnes OE
couthred cooðred ᛫ intimacy ᛫ N cuþreden ME
cove cofe ᛫ a small coastal inlet ᛫ N ~[cōfa] NE
covegod cofegod ᛫ a household god ᛫ penates ᛫ N cōfgod OE
cow cue ᛫ a Bos taurus animal ᛫ N ~ NE PL: cues; kine
cowberry cueberrie ᛫ a berry from a Vaccinium vitis-idaea plant ᛫ a lingonberry ᛫ a mountain cranberry ᛫ N ~ NE
Crab ᛫ Cancer ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
crack ᛫ highly trained and competent ᛫ AJ ~ NE
cradlehood cradelhood ᛫ infancy ᛫ N ~ NE or: babehood; babyhood [OED]
craft ᛫ an art ᛫ a vehicle ᛫ a trade ( as in a profession ) ᛭ to construct ᛫ to develop ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
crafted tongue tung ᛫ a constructed language ᛫ a conlang ᛫ N crafted+tongue NE×2
crafter ᛫ an architect ᛫ an artifex ᛫ N cræftiga NE&OE
craftless ᛫ artless ᛫ inexpert ᛫ AJ ~ NE
craftschild craftscild ᛫ an apprentice ᛫ N NE ~ [OED]
craftsman ᛫ an artisan ᛫ N ~ NE
craftspeech craftspeec ᛫ a craft's jargon ᛫ N cræftspræc OE
crafty craftie ᛫ relating to a craft ᛫ technical ᛫ wily ᛫ skillful ᛫ innovative ᛫ AJ ~ NE
cram ᛫ to stuff ᛫ to fill to capacity ᛫ V ~[crammen][crammian] NE
cranesbill ᛫ a Geranium plant ᛫ N ~ NE
crank ᛫ a device which moves something when turned ᛫ methamphetamine ᛭ to turn a crank ᛫ N᛭V ~{crancstæf} NE
crat ᛫ a chariot ᛫ a cart ᛫ N cræt OE
cratwain cratƿain ᛫ a chariot ᛫ N crætwǣn OE wǣn = wægn
craw craƿ ᛫ the stomach of an animal ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
creepdeer ᛫ a reptile ᛫ N creep+deer NE×2 calque: Kriechtier
Crete ᛫ Crete ᛫ Cretan wine ᛫ N(P) Crete&Crēte NE&ME
cringe ᛫ to shudder from embarrassment fear or disgust ᛫ V ~ NE
cringeworthy cringeƿorðie ᛫ embarrassing ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Cristen ᛫ Christian ᛫ AJ cristen OE
cristle cristel ᛫ a crystal ᛫ N cristalla OE pronunciation: 'crissel' (bustle, listen, and blossom)
Croatish Croatisc ᛫ Croatian ᛫ AJ Croat+ish NE×2
crock ᛫ a pot or a jar of earthenware ᛫ something considered to be complete nonsense ᛫ N ~ NE
crockwright crockƿrigt ᛫ a potter ᛫ N crocwyrhta OE
croft ᛫ a small rented farm comprising of a plot of arable land attached to a house ᛫ N croft NE
croft ᛫ an underground vault ᛫ a crypt ᛫ a basement ᛫ N ~ NE‹Þ‹I
crook ᛫ a hooked staff ᛫ one who engages in fraudulent or criminal practices ᛫ a bend ᛫ a curve ᛭ to bend ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
crooked ᛫ bent ᛫ twisted ᛫ illegal ᛫ fraudulent ᛫ AJ ~ NE
cropland ᛫ farmland ᛫ N ~ NE
cropper ᛫ one who raises a crop ᛫ N ~ NE
crough croug ᛫ saffron ᛫ a crocus ᛫ N croh ME
crud ᛫ clabber ᛫ curds ᛫ cottage cheese ᛫ rennet ᛫ junket ᛫ a coagulated substance ᛭ to coagulate ᛫ to congeal ᛫ to curdle ᛫ N᛭V crud&crud&crudden NE&ME&ME doublet: curd
crundle crundel ᛫ a mound raised over graves to protect them ᛫ a barrow ᛫ a tumulus ᛫ a burial mound ᛫ N crundel OE
cud ᛫ gum ᛫ resin ᛫ mastic ᛫ quid ᛫ N cud[cudu] ME
cuddy cuddie ᛫ gummy ᛫ resinous ᛫ AJ cud+y ME+NE
cudgel ᛫ a club ᛫ N ~[cycgel]{kycglum/kigclas} NE "club" is Norse
culver culfer ᛫ a dove ᛫ a pigeon ᛫ N ~[culfre][columba] NE‹I
Cumberland ᛫ Cumbria ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
cumble cumbel ᛫ a sign ᛫ a standard ᛫ an ensign ᛫ a banner ᛫ N cumbol OE
cun ᛫ to be able to ᛫ V cunnen ME PST: could ᛫ PTCP: cunnen ᛫ PRES: can ᛫ PPR: cunning
cund ᛫ ( denotes kind , nature , origin ) ᛫ SUFFIX cund ME kin: kind
cunning ᛫ ability ᛫ knowledge ᛫ information ᛫ a science ᛫ a field of knowledge ᛫ an art ᛭ experienced ᛫ able ᛫ crafty ᛫ sly ᛫ clever ᛫ guileful ᛫ N᛭AJ cunning&cǒnninge NE&ME
cunt ᛫ a vulva ᛫ a vagina ᛫ N ~ NE
cur ᛫ a mutt ᛫ a mongrel ᛫ an inferior dog ᛫ N ~ NE‹N [MW]
cutthroat cutþroat ᛫ a murderer ᛫ a ruthless person ᛭ ruthless ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
cutwater cutƿater ᛫ Rynchops niger ᛫ the forward curve of a ship's stern ᛫ the wedge of a bridge pier ᛫ N ~ NE
daft ᛫ silly ᛫ insane ᛫ crazy ᛫ mad ( crazy ) ᛫ stupid ᛫ AJ ~ NE
dale ᛫ a valley ᛫ N ~ NE
dalk ᛫ a clasp ᛫ a buckle ᛫ a brooch ᛫ a fibula ᛫ N dalk[dalc] ME
dall ᛫ eminent ᛫ AJ deal/deall OE
Damask ᛫ Damascus ᛫ a kind of cloth from Damascus ᛫ N(P) damask ME‹I?‹O
damp ᛫ moisture ᛫ humidity ᛫ dampness ᛭ moist ᛫ humid ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE‹LG
dapper ᛫ neat ᛫ spiffy ᛫ stylish ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹NL?
dare ᛫ a challenge ᛫ a defiance ᛭ to challenge ᛫ to defy ᛫ to venture ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE PST: dared; durst [OED]
daring ᛫ adventurous courage ᛭ adventurous ᛫ audaciously bold ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
dark ᛫ aphotic ᛫ atramentous ᛫ caliginous ᛫ cimmerian ᛫ crepuscular ᛫ somber ᛫ solemn ᛫ AJ ~ NE
darkling ᛫ in the dark ᛭ darkly ᛫ done or taking place in the dark ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE
darkly darklie ᛫ obscurely ᛫ vaguely ᛫ allusively ᛫ AD darkly&derklī NE&ME
darling ᛫ a beloved one ᛭ beloved ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
darst ᛫ leaven ᛫ N dærst OE
darth darð ᛫ a dart ᛫ a javelin ᛫ N daroþ OE "dart" is French, from Frankish cognate of "daroþ"
dash dasc ᛫ a hyphen ᛫ N ~ NE‹N
daughterdaughter daugterdaugter ᛫ a maternal granddaughter ᛫ N daughter+daughter NE×2 based on: sunsunu; dohtorsunu
daughterson daugtersun ᛫ a maternal grandson ᛫ N dohtorsunu OE
daven dafen ᛫ to suit ᛫ to be fitting ᛭ becoming ᛫ suitable ᛫ proper ᛫ convenient ᛫ V᛭AJ dafenian&dafen OE&OE
daw daƿ ᛫ a Coloeus monedula bird ᛫ N ~ NE
daw daƿ ᛫ to dawn ᛫ V dauen ME kin: day
daws daƿs ᛫ days ᛫ N dawes ME archaic plural form
day dag ᛫ a meeting ᛫ an assembly ᛫ a diet ᛭ to summon to a meeting ᛫ to submit to arbitration ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE [OED]
dayblindness dagblindness ᛫ hemeralopia ᛫ N ~ NE
daybook dagbook ᛫ a journal ᛫ a log ᛫ a logbook ᛫ a diary ᛫ N ~ NE
daying daging ᛫ arbitration ᛫ settlement of a dispute ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
dayish dagisc ᛫ diurnal ᛫ AJ daiish ME
dayman dagman ᛫ a journeyman ᛫ N NE ~ [OED]
daymeal dagmeal ᛫ a clock ᛫ a sundial ᛫ a waterclock ᛫ a clepsydra ᛫ N dægmǣl OE
daysman dagsman ᛫ an arbitrator ᛫ a mediator ᛫ an umpire ᛫ an arbiter ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
daystar dagstar ᛫ Lucifer ( as in the morning star ) ᛫ N dægsteorra OE
dayworker dagƿorker ᛫ a journeyman ᛫ N NE ~ [OED]
dead ᛫ to kill ᛫ to die ᛫ V dēden[dēadian] ME
deaden ᛫ to deprive of vitality or force ᛫ to numb ᛫ to muffle ᛫ to mute ᛫ V ~ NE [OED]
deadliness ᛫ lethality ᛫ mortality ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
deadlock ᛫ a stalemate ᛫ an impasse ᛫ N ~ NE
deadly deadlie ᛫ fatal ᛫ lethal ᛭ fatally ᛫ mortally ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE
deadly nightshade deadlie nigtscade ᛫ an Atropa belladonna plant ᛫ N ~ NE
deadname ᛫ a necronym ᛫ N dead+name NE
deadpan ᛫ stolid ᛫ impassive ᛫ expressionless ᛫ inexpressive ᛫ neutral ᛫ detached ᛫ impersonal ᛫ dispassionate ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
deadshot deadscot ᛫ a highly accurate marksman ᛫ N dead shot NE
deal ᛫ a part ᛫ a component ᛫ a portion ᛫ an agreement ᛫ a pact ᛭ to distribute ᛫ to part ᛫ to divide ᛫ to separate ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
dealer ᛫ a divider ᛫ a distributor ᛫ N ~ NE
dealing ᛫ a business transaction ᛫ an interaction ᛫ N ~ NE
dealnim ᛫ to take part ᛫ to participate ᛫ V dǣlniman OE
dealnimmend ᛫ a participant ᛫ a participle ( grammatical term ) ᛫ N dǣlnimend OE
dealnimmenly dealnimmenlie ᛫ sharing ᛫ participating ᛫ participal ᛫ AJ dǣlnimendlīc OE
dealth dealð ᛫ a portion ᛫ N ~ NE rhyme: wealth
dealy dealie ᛫ partial ᛫ AJ deal+y NE×2
dean ᛫ a valley ᛫ a vale ᛫ a dale ᛫ N [dēne][denu/dænu] NE [OED]
dear ᛫ expensive ᛫ costly ᛫ cherished ᛫ AJ ~ NE
dearest ᛫ a favourite ᛫ a beloved one ᛭ favourite ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
dearness ᛫ expensiveness ᛫ costliness ᛫ affection ᛫ fondness ᛫ N ~ NE
dearsome dearsum ᛫ precious ᛫ AJ ~ NE
dearth dearð ᛫ a famine ᛫ scarcity ᛫ paucity ᛫ N ~ NE rhyme: birth
dearworthy dearƿorðie ᛫ precious ᛫ beloved ᛫ precious ᛫ prized ᛫ AJ dereworthi ME
deathknell deaðknell ᛫ a sign foretelling the death of something ᛫ N ~ NE
deathless deaðless ᛫ immortal ᛫ AJ ~ NE
deathlessness deaðlessness ᛫ immortality ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
deathling deaðling ᛫ a mortal ᛫ a being subject to death ᛫ N ~ NE
deathlore deaðlore ᛫ thanatology ᛫ N ~ NE
deathraked deaðraked ᛫ a sepulchre ᛫ N dēaþræced OE
deathshild deaðscild ᛫ a capital crime ᛫ N dēaþscyld OE
deathshildiness deaðscildiness ᛫ mortality ᛫ N dethshildiȝnesse ME
deathshildy deaðscildie ᛫ mortal ᛫ liable to death ᛫ AJ dethshildiȝ ME
deathsman deaðsman ᛫ an executioner ᛫ N ~ NE
deathsong deaðsong ᛫ a requiem ( in the musical sense ) ᛫ N death+song NE×2
deathstiffness deaðstiffness ᛫ rigor mortis ᛫ N death-stiffness NE
deech deec ᛫ to smear ᛫ to daub ᛫ to plaster ᛫ V dēchen ME
deed ᛫ an action ᛫ an act ᛫ a legal document showing bond ᛫ N ~ NE
deedbane ᛫ an evildoer ᛫ N dǣdbana OE
deedbeet ᛫ to make amends ᛫ to be penitent ᛫ to repent ᛫ V dǣdbētan OE
deedbeeter ᛫ a deed amender ᛫ a penitent ᛫ N dǣdbēta OE
deedboot ᛫ repentance ᛫ penitence ᛫ penance ᛫ N dǣdbōt OE
deedfrom deedfrum ᛫ a deed-doer ᛫ an actor ᛫ a causative agent ᛫ N dǣdfruma OE
deedlate ᛫ slow to act ᛫ slothful ᛫ AJ dǣdlæt OE
deedlater ᛫ a lazy person ᛫ a sluggard ᛫ N dǣdlata OE
deedlean ᛫ a reward ᛫ recompence ᛫ recompense ᛫ N dǣdlēan OE
deem ᛫ to regard ᛫ to judge ᛫ V ~ NE
deemer ᛫ a judge ᛫ N dēma OE
deemster ᛫ one of the two justices of the common-law courts of the Isle of Man ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
deer ᛫ an animal ᛫ a beast ᛫ N deer ANE PL: deer; deers (huntien after deores)
deerkind ᛫ the animal kingdom ᛫ N deer+kind NE×2
deerleech deerleec ᛫ a veterinarian ᛫ N deer+leech NE+ANE
deerlife ᛫ fauna ᛫ N deer+life NE+NE calque: animal life
deerlore ᛫ zoology ᛫ N ~ NE×2
deeryard deergeard ᛫ a zoo ᛫ a zoological garden ᛫ N deer+yard NE×2 calque: diergaarde; Tiergarten
deeve deefe ᛫ proper ᛫ AJ idẹ̄fe&gedēfe ME&OE kin: 𐌲𐌰𐌳𐍉𐍆
deft ᛫ neatly skillful and quick in one's movements ᛫ demonstrating skill and cleverness ᛫ AJ ~ NE
delf ᛫ digging ᛫ the act of digging ᛫ an excavation ᛫ a quarry ᛫ a mine ᛫ N delf[gedelf] ME
delfine ᛫ a dolphin ᛫ N delfīn ME‹I
dell ᛫ a secluded hollow or small valley usually covered with trees or turf ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
delve delf ᛫ to dig ᛫ to mine to ᛫ V ~ NE PTCP: dolven
delver delfer ᛫ a digger ᛫ a tiller ᛫ an excavator ᛫ a miner ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
demmerlake ᛫ magic ᛫ sorcery ᛫ the art of magic ᛫ N dweomerlāk/demerlayke ME NEEDS WORK
Den ᛫ a Dane ᛫ N Dene OE or: Deen?
Denlaw Denlaƿ ᛫ the region in Britain which was governed by Danish law ᛫ the Danelaw ᛫ N(P) denelage OE
Denmark ᛫ Denmark ᛫ N(P) ~ NE or: Denmarch
Dennish Dennisc ᛫ Danish language ᛭ Danish ᛫ N(P)᛭AJ(P) Dennish[Denisc] ME or: Dench (from variant)
Deprobane ᛫ Sri Lanka ᛫ Ceylon ᛫ Taprobana ᛫ N(P) Dēprobane OE
Der ᛫ a Deirian ᛫ N(P) Dere OE‹C
dere ᛫ hurt ᛫ harm ᛫ injury ᛭ to hurt ᛫ to harm ᛫ to injure ᛫ N᛭V dēre ME
Dere ᛫ Deirians ᛫ N(P) dere OE
derf ᛫ tribulation ᛫ affliction ᛫ trouble ᛫ torture ᛫ labour ᛫ N derf&deorf ME&OE
dern ᛫ to hide ᛫ to conceal ᛭ secret ᛫ hidden ᛫ underhanded ᛫ N᛭V᛭AJ ~ NE
derning ᛫ camouflage ᛫ a disguise ᛫ N dern+ing NE×2 calque: Tarnung (HG)
dernship dernscip ᛫ secrecy ᛫ N derneshipe ME
Derrich Derric ᛫ the Kingdom of Deria ᛫ N(P) Dera rīce OE‹(C+C)
derringdo ᛫ action displaying heroic courage ᛫ N derringdo NE
derve derf ᛫ to trouble ᛫ to labour ᛫ V deorfan OE kin: derf
devilcraft defelcraft ᛫ the art of the devil ᛫ N dēofolcræft OE(I‹H+E)
devilfish defelfisc ᛫ an octopus ᛫ any cephalopod ᛫ a devil ray ᛫ N ~ NE‹(E‹I‹H+E)
devilish defelisc ᛫ diabolical ᛫ AJ develissh ME‹(I‹H+E)
devilreigh defelreig ᛫ a devil ray ᛫ N devil ray NE‹(E‹I‹H+E)
devilsdung defelsdung ᛫ asafoetida ᛫ N ~ NE Compare: HG Teufelsdreck; NL duivelsdrek
dewsnail deƿsnagl ᛫ a slug ᛫ N dew-snail NE "slug" is Norse
dight digt ᛫ to prepare ᛫ to ready ᛫ to polish ᛫ to ornament ᛫ to make preparations ᛫ to arrange ᛫ to order ᛫ to organize ᛫ to direct ᛫ V dighten[dihtan][dictare] ME‹OE‹Þ‹I?
dighting digting ᛫ preparation ᛫ an arrangement ᛫ an ordering ᛫ repairing ᛫ furbishing ᛫ adorning, arraying ᛫ preparing ᛫ treating of a patient ᛫ N dighting[dihtung] ME
dile ᛫ hidden ᛫ secret ᛫ furtive ᛫ cryptic ᛫ AJ dīȝel[dīegel] ME
dill ᛫ an Anethum graveolens plant ᛫ N ~ NE
dimhouse dimhuse ᛫ a lautumia ᛫ a dungeon ᛫ N dimhūs OE
din ᛫ a loud noise ᛫ a loud sound ᛭ to sound loudly ᛫ resound ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
ding ᛫ a dent ᛫ a blow ᛭ to dent ᛫ to hit ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
dingle dingel ᛫ a valley which is small and wooded ᛫ a cleft which is deep and narrow ᛫ N ~ NE kin: Tunc (HG); dyngja (N) [CED]
dingy dingie ᛫ dull ᛫ drab ᛫ dreary ᛫ discoloured ᛫ dirty ᛫ tarnished ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
dint ᛫ a blow or stroke ( typically one made with a weapon ) ᛫ force of attack ᛫ an impact ᛫ N ~ NE
dip ᛫ to baptize ᛫ V ~ NE
dishbearer discbearer ᛫ a waiter ᛫ a waitress ᛫ a server of food ᛫ N ~ NE also: disher (which can also mean dishmaker)
dishthane discþane ᛫ an officer in charge of dishes or food ᛫ a dish-bearer ᛫ N discþegn{discþēn} OE
distaff ᛫ a staff for spinning thread ᛫ the domain or work of women ᛭ maternal ᛫ female ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
distaff side ᛫ the female side of a family ᛫ N ~ NE
dit ᛫ to seal ᛫ to close ᛫ to shut ᛫ to block ᛫ to shut up ᛫ to plug ᛫ V ditten[dyttan] ME
dither diðer ᛫ to act nervously or indecisively ᛫ vacillate ᛫ V ~ NE
divedopper difedopper ᛫ a pelican ᛫ N dūfedoppa OE
divingboat difingboat ᛫ a submarine ᛫ a submersible ᛫ N divingboat NE [OED]
dizen disen ᛫ to dress [ᛏ] ᛫ to attire ᛫ to deck out ᛫ to adorn ᛫ V ~ NE rhyme: risen; horizon
dizziness disiness ᛫ giddiness ᛫ vertigo ᛫ folly ᛫ stupidity ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
dizzy disie ᛫ giddy ᛫ vertiginous ᛫ foolish ᛫ stupid ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
doall ᛫ a factotum ᛫ N ~ NE
dock ᛫ a Rumex plant ᛫ N ~ NE
doe ᛫ a female animal ᛫ N ~ NE
doff ᛫ to take off ᛫ to remove an item of clothing ᛫ V ~ NE from "do off"
dogbane doggbane ᛫ an Apocynum plant ᛫ N ~ NE
dogdays doggdags ᛫ a period of stagnation or inactivity ᛫ the period between early July and early September ᛫ N dog days NE [MW]
dogged ᛫ marked by stubborn determination ᛫ AJ ~ NE
doglore dogglore ᛫ cynology ᛫ N ~ NE
dogly dogglie ᛫ canine ᛫ AJ ~ NE
dogmad doggmad ᛫ rabid ᛫ AJ dog-madness NE
dogmadness doggmadness ᛫ rabies ᛫ N dog-madness NE
dogsbody doggsbodie ᛫ a menial worker ᛫ N ~ NE
dole ᛫ a share ᛫ something given as charity ᛫ a donation ᛫ N ~[dāl][gedāl] NE kin: deal
doleland ᛫ an allotted share of commonly held land ᛫ N ~ NE Lands of Doura in Scotland may be contraction of "Doleland"
dolk ᛫ a wound ᛫ N dolc/dolh[dolg/dolh] ME
dolt ᛫ an idiot ᛫ N ~ NE
dom ᛫ ( shows a state or condition ) ᛫ -cracy ᛫ -archy ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE
Dominica ᛫ Dominica ᛫ N(P) ~ NE‹O+NE
don ᛫ to put on ᛫ to dress in ᛫ V ~ NE from "do on"
Donnow Donnue ᛫ the river Danube ᛫ PN Donua OE
donothing donoþing ᛫ a slacker ᛭ idle ᛫ N᛭AJ donothing NE
dook ᛫ a bastard ᛫ N dōc OE
dooken ᛫ to bastardize ᛫ to bastardise ᛫ V dōc+en OE+NE
doom ᛫ judgment ᛫ legal decision ᛫ legal ruling ᛭ to sentence ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
doombook ᛫ a book of decrees or laws ᛫ N dōmbōc OE
doombough doombuge ᛫ a judicial branch ᛫ N doom+bough NE×2
doomed ᛫ judged ᛫ ill-fated ᛫ AJ ~ NE
doomern ᛫ a court where judgments take place ᛫ a tribunal ᛫ N dōmern OE
doomful ᛫ full of judgement ᛫ ominous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
doomhouse doomhuse ᛫ a courthouse ᛫ N dome howse[dōmhūs] ME
doomladen ᛫ conveying a sense of tragedy ᛫ AJ doomladen NE
doomly doomlie ᛫ judicial ᛫ AJ dōmlīc OE
doomsday doomsdag ᛫ judgment day ᛫ N ~ NE
doomsettle doomsettel ᛫ a judgment seat ᛫ a tribunal ᛫ N dōmsetl OE
doomsman ᛫ a judge ᛫ an umpire ᛫ N ~ NE
doorthane doorþane ᛫ a door-keeper ᛫ a janitor ( as in a doorman ) ᛫ N dūruþegn OE
doppet ᛫ to immerse ᛫ V doppettan OE
dor ᛫ an insect that buzzes when flying ᛫ N ~[OE dora] NE found in "dumbledore"
dote ᛫ to exhibit mental decline of or like that of old age ᛫ V ~ NE
dought dugt ᛫ courage ᛫ valour ᛫ bravery ᛫ N ~ NE rhyme: doubt
doughty dugtie ᛫ brave ᛫ courageous ᛫ valiant ᛫ intrepid ᛫ dauntless ᛫ AJ ~[dyhtig] NE rhyme: doubty
douse duse ᛫ to immerse ᛫ to dunk or sink into liquid ᛫ to extinguish something like fire ᛫ V ~ NE‹N?
dout dute ᛫ to extinguish ᛫ V ~ NE
douth duðe ᛫ a troop of retainers ᛫ a retinue ᛫ virtue ᛫ N ~[douthe][duguþ] NE semantic shift: virtue › virtue of retainers › a troop of retainers
dove duf ᛫ a pigeon ᛫ N ~[douve][dufe?] NE
dovehouse dufhuse ᛫ a dovecote ᛫ a columbary ᛫ a columbarium ᛫ a pigeon house ᛫ a pigeonry ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
dow due ᛫ to have use ᛫ to matter ᛫ to be helpful ᛫ to be effective ᛫ V douen[dugan/dēah/dēag] ME rhyme: plough ᛫ PST: dought
down dune ᛫ a hill ᛫ N ~[dūn] NE "down" as in "netherwards" comes from this word
down to earth dune earð ᛫ practical ᛫ realistic ᛫ pragmatic ᛫ N ~ NE
downbeat dunebeat ᛫ the accented beat at the beginning of a bar ᛭ sad and pessimistic ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
downelf duneelf ᛫ a mountain elf ᛫ a mountain fairy ᛫ a mountain nymph ᛫ N dūnælf OE
downfall dunefall ᛫ a collapse ᛫ a loss of power prosperity or status ᛫ N ~ NE
downgang dunegang ᛫ a descent ᛫ a way down ᛫ N ~ NE
downlink dunelink ᛫ a transmission or link to the earth from an airborne terminal ᛭ to transmit to the earth ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
downplay duneplag ᛫ to de-emphasize ᛫ V ~ NE
downputting duneputting ᛫ denigrating ᛫ pejorative ᛫ derogatory ᛫ AJ ~ NE
downright dunerigt ᛫ unambiguous ᛫ utter ᛭ unambiguously ᛫ utterly ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE
downside duneside ᛫ a con ᛫ a negative feature of something ᛫ N ~ NE
draff ᛫ swill ᛫ dregs ᛫ refuse ᛫ the damp remains of malt ᛫ N ~ NE
drake ᛫ trouble ᛫ N dracu OE kin: dretch
drake ᛫ a dragon ᛫ N ~ NE‹‹I
drakeovet drakeofet ᛫ a dragonfruit ᛫ a pitaya ᛫ a pitahaya ᛫ N drake+ovet NE+ME calque: dragonfruit
drast ᛫ dregs ᛫ sediment ᛫ scum ᛫ N drast ME
draught draugt ᛫ a preliminary version ᛫ a plan ᛫ a map ᛫ a concscription ᛫ a scheme ᛫ a devised thing ᛫ a move ( gaming ) ᛭ to make a draught ᛫ to conscript ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE or: draft
draughthouse draugthuse ᛫ an outhouse ᛫ a privy ᛫ N ~ NE
draughts draugts ᛫ checkers ( the game ) ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
draughtsman draugtsman ᛫ a maker of engineering or architectural plans ᛫ an illustrator ᛫ N ~ NE or: draftsman
draughty draugtie ᛫ gusty ( of wind ) ᛫ AJ ~ NE or: drafty [CED]
draw draƿ ᛫ a lottery ᛫ a raffle ᛭ to attract ᛫ to derive ᛫ to pull ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE PST: drew ᛫ PTCP: drawn
drawback draƿback ᛫ a negative feature ᛫ N ~ NE
drawdown draƿdune ᛫ a depletion ᛫ a reduction ᛫ a lowering of a water level ᛭ to deplete by using or spending ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE [CED][MW]
drawingroom draƿingroom ᛫ a room where visitors may be entertained ᛫ a lounge ᛫ N drawing room NE
drawlatch draƿlac ᛫ a thief ᛫ a burglar ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
drawn to ᛫ interested in ᛫ attracted to ᛫ V ~ NE
dray drag ᛫ a band ᛫ a multitude ᛫ N gedræg OE kin: draw (this word essentially means "what is drawn together")
dreadbird ᛫ a Phorusrhacidae bird ( a terror bird , a phorusrhacid ) ᛫ N dread+bird NE calque: terror bird
dreadless ᛫ intrepid ᛫ dauntless ᛫ AJ ~ NE
dreap ᛫ to kill ᛫ to strike down ᛫ V drēpen[drepan] ME
drear ᛫ blood ᛫ gore ᛫ N dreor OE
dreary drearie ᛫ gloomy ᛫ cheerless ᛫ AJ ~ NE
dreeve dreefe ᛫ to disturb ᛫ to trouble ᛫ to vex ᛫ V drẹ̄ven[drēfan] ME
dreeze drees ᛫ to fall ᛫ to perish ᛫ V drēsen[dreosan] ME
dreg ᛫ sediment ᛫ N ~ NE
drench drenc ᛫ a drink ᛫ a poisonous or medicinal drink ᛫ a potion ᛭ to soak ᛫ to make drink ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE kin: drink
dretch drec ᛫ to injure ᛫ to damage ᛫ to trouble ᛫ to delay ᛫ to hesitate ᛫ V drecchen[dreccan] ME
drib ᛫ to do by little and little ᛫ to appropriate unlawfully ᛫ to filch ᛫ to defalcate ᛫ V ~ NE [MW]
drie ᛫ annoyance ᛫ trouble ᛫ grief ᛫ N drī ME dreigh and dreich in Scots?
drifter ᛫ a transient ᛫ a vagrant ᛫ a vagabond ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
dright drigt ᛫ a host ᛫ a body of retainers or warriors ᛫ a group of people ᛫ a people ᛫ a multitude ᛫ N driht ME
drighten drigten ᛫ a lord ᛫ a ruler ᛫ a chief ᛫ a leader ᛫ a god ( pagan or otherwise ) ᛫ N drihten ME
drightenly drigtenlie ᛫ lordly ᛫ noble ᛫ AJ dryhtlīc OE
drightenship drigtenscip ᛫ rulership ᛫ lordship ᛫ domination ᛫ N dryhtscipe OE
drightly drigtlie ᛫ of high rank ᛫ noble ᛫ excellent ᛫ AJ drihtlīche[dryhtlīc] ME
dring ᛫ a warrior ᛫ a soldier ᛫ N dring/dreng[dreng] ME‹N? or: dreng
drink hail hagl ᛫ a salutation given in response to the toast wes hail ᛭ drink to your health ! ᛫ N᛭I drink heil ME‹(E+N)
drinkshop drinkscop ᛫ a shop which sells alcoholic beverages or liquor ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
drite ᛫ to shit ᛫ to poop ᛫ to defecate ᛫ V ~ NE [MW]
drivel drifel ᛫ saliva ᛫ nonsense ᛭ to slobber ᛫ to talk nonsense ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
drone ᛫ a male bee ᛫ a menial worker ᛫ a remote-controlled or autonomous vehicle ᛫ a robot [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~ NE
droof ᛫ turbid ᛫ disturbed ᛫ sorrowful ᛫ troubled ᛫ AJ drōf[drōf] ME
droovy droofie ᛫ stirred up ( of water ) ᛫ muddy murky ᛫ AJ drōvi[drōfig] ME
dropmeal ᛫ one drop at a time ᛫ AV ~ NE
dropstone ᛫ a stalactite ᛫ a stalagmite ᛫ a stalagnate ᛫ N ~ NE or: dripstone
dropwort dropƿurt ᛫ Filipendula vulgaris ᛫ N ~ NE
dross ᛫ waste ᛫ something that is base trivial or inferior ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
drought drugt ᛫ a water shortage ᛫ a paucity ( semi-poetic ) ᛫ N ~[drūgaþ] NE
drove drofe ᛫ a herd or flock of animals being driven ᛫ a bunch of something ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
drowse druse ᛫ a state of sleepiness or inactivity ᛭ to be inactive ᛫ to fall into a light slumber ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE [MW]
drub ᛫ to beat severely ᛫ V ~ NE [MW]
drudge drudg ᛫ menial or tedious labour ᛭ to do menial or tedious labour ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE [MW]
drunken ᛫ intoxicated ᛫ caused by intoxication ᛫ saturated with liquid ᛫ AJ ~ NE
drunkenness ᛫ intoxication ᛫ N ~ NE
drunklew drunkleƿ ᛫ a drunkard ᛫ an alcoholic ᛭ addicted to drink habitually drunk ᛫ N᛭AJ dronkeleu ME
druthers druðers ᛫ wishes ᛫ preferences ᛫ one's own way , choice , or preference ᛫ N ~[I'd rather] NE [dialect][informal]
dry drie ᛫ a druid ᛫ a magician ᛫ a sorcerer ᛫ a wizard ᛫ a magus ᛫ a mage ᛫ N drī[drȳ] ME‹OE‹C kin: druid
drycraft driecraft ᛫ druidcraft ᛫ sorcery ᛫ the art of magic ᛫ N drȳcræft OE
drycrafty driecrafti ᛫ skilled in magic ᛫ skilled in druidic magic ᛫ magical ᛫ AJ drȳcræftig OE
Dubawnt Mere ᛫ Dubawnt Lake ᛫ N(P) Dubawnt+mere NE‹O+NE
duckbill ᛫ a platypus ᛫ a hadrosaur ᛫ N ~ NE
duckmole ᛫ a platypus ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
duff ᛫ boiled or steamed sweet pudding ᛫ N ~ NE dialectal form of "dough" [OED]
dull ᛫ to blunt ᛫ to stupefy ᛫ to tarnish ᛭ blunt ᛫ stupid ᛫ obtuse ᛫ tarnished ᛫ tedious ᛫ boring ᛫ sluggish ᛫ inactive ᛫ stagnant ᛫ V᛭AJ ~ NE [OED]
dumb ᛫ stupid ᛫ mute ᛫ AJ ~ NE
dumbness ᛫ stupidity ᛫ N ~ NE
dumpster ᛫ a large trash receptacle ᛫ N ~ NE of note: deemster [MW]
dun ᛫ tan ( the hue ) ᛭ tan coloured ᛫ N᛭AJ ~[dun/dunn] NE [MW][colour]
dun ᛫ to make persistent demands for payment ᛫ V ~ NE [MW]
dung ᛫ a dungeon ᛫ a subterranean chamber ᛫ N dung/donge[dung] ME
dunnock ᛫ a Prunella modularis bird ᛫ N ~ NE
dusk ᛫ the night's twilight ( as opposed to the morning's twilight ) ᛭ to darken ᛫ to make gloomy ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
dusky duskie ᛫ dark in colour ᛫ dim ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Dutch Duc ᛫ the Dutch language ᛫ mainland West Germanic language ᛭ of the Netherlands ᛫ of mainland West Germanic ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
Dutchland Ducland ᛫ the part of Europe where continental West Germanic languages are spoken ᛫ N(P) Dū̆chelōnd ME
dwale dƿale ᛫ an error ᛫ incorrectness ᛫ N dwale[dwola] ME
dwale dƿale ᛫ an Atropa belladonna plant ᛫ N ~ NE
dwalegod dƿalegod ᛫ an idol ᛫ a false god ᛫ N gedwolgod OE
dwalesome dƿalesum ᛫ erroneous ᛫ incorrect ᛫ wrong ᛫ AJ gedwolsum OE
dwarf dƿarf ᛫ a mythological humanoid usually depicted as short stout mountain dwelling and skilled in certain crafts ᛫ N ~ NE PL: dwarfs; dwarves
dwarfdwostle dƿarfdƿostel ᛫ a Mentha pulegium plant ( pennyroyal ) ᛫ N dweorgedwostle[dwosle] OE
dwease dƿease ᛫ foolish ᛫ stupid ᛫ dumb ᛫ AJ dwǣs OE
dwell dƿell ᛫ a sojourn ᛫ a stay ᛫ a delay ᛭ to live in a place ᛫ to reside ᛫ to remain ᛫ to stay ᛫ to wait ᛫ to procrastinate ᛫ to delay in doing something ᛫ N᛭V dwell&dwel NE&ME
dwelling dƿelling ᛫ a place of residence ᛫ a habitation ᛫ N ~ NE
dwelse dƿels ᛫ to stray in a stupor ᛫ V dwelsian OE
dwelsing dƿelsing ᛫ a stupor which leads one astray ᛫ N dwelsinge{dwelsian} ME
dwere dƿere ᛫ doubt ᛫ perplexity ᛫ uncertainty ᛫ N dwẹ̄re ME
dwild dƿild ᛫ error ᛫ heresy ᛫ N dwild&gedwild OE
dwildman dƿildman ᛫ a heretic ᛫ N gedwildmann OE
dwildy dƿildie ᛫ erroneous ᛫ heretical ᛫ AJ dwild+y ME+NE
dwimmer dƿimmer ᛫ illusion ᛫ delusion ᛫ an apparition ᛫ a phantom ᛫ a mirage [ᚹ] ᛫ N dwimor OE resurrected by Tolkien?
dwimmerly dƿimmerlie ᛫ as an illusion ᛫ deceptively ᛫ AV dwimorlīce ME
dwimmery dƿimmerie ᛫ illusory ᛫ AJ dwimorlīc OE
dwindle dƿindel ᛫ to become steadily less ᛫ V ~ NE
dwine dƿine ᛫ to waste or pine away ᛫ to languish ᛫ V ~ NE [MW]
dwolen dƿolen ᛫ erroneous ᛫ wrong ᛫ perverse ᛫ AJ gedwolen OE
dwolm dƿolm ᛫ chaos ᛫ a chasm ᛫ N dwolma OE
e ᛫ a horse ᛫ a steed ᛫ N eh OE SEE COMMENT FOR PRONUNCIATION
ea ᛫ a law ᛫ a statute ᛫ a custom ᛫ a rule ᛫ N ē/eu-/ewe-/eaw-[ǣ] ME becomes: ew in compounds
ea ᛫ a river ᛫ N ē ME
eace ees ᛫ a bait ᛫ a lure ᛫ N ēs ME found in: eaceworm
eaceworm eesƿurm ᛫ an earthworm ᛫ N ~ NE
each eac ᛫ eternal ᛫ everlasting ᛫ perpetual ᛫ AJ ēche[ēce/ǣce] ME
ead ᛫ prosperity ᛫ happiness ᛫ bliss ᛫ N ēad{ME ednesse} OE kin: auður
eady eadie ᛫ prosperous ᛫ fortunate ᛫ AJ ēdī [ēadig] ME
eal ᛫ oil ᛫ N ēle/eal/eale[ele] ME‹OE‹I
eal ᛫ to kindle ᛫ to burn ᛫ V ǣlan OE
Ealand ᛫ Åland ᛫ N ea+land ME+NE calque: Åland
ealberry ealberri ᛫ an olive ᛫ N eleberge OE
ealtree ᛫ an olive tree ᛫ N eletreow OE
eam ᛫ an uncle ᛫ N eame/eme[ēam] NE
eamdaughter eamdaugter ᛫ a paternal female cousin ᛫ N eam+daughter NE×2 built on analogy with "modry sune" ᛫ see: needmay
eamson eamsun ᛫ a paternal male cousin ᛫ N eam+son NE×2 built on analogy with "modry sune" ᛫ see: needmay
ean ᛫ to give birth to a lamb or a goat ᛫ V ēnen[ēanian] ME
eanling ᛫ a young lamb ᛫ N ~ NE [CED]
ear ᛫ to plow ᛫ V ~[erian] NE
eard ᛫ one's character ᛫ a disposition ᛫ a personality [ᚹ] ᛫ N ērd[eard] ME kin: aard (Dutch)
earl ᛫ a count ᛫ N ~ NE
earlap ᛫ an earlobe ᛫ an ear lobe ᛫ the outer ear ᛫ N ~ NE
earldom ᛫ a county ( in the sense of " a count's domain " ) ᛫ N ~ NE
earlen ᛫ a countess ᛫ N earl+en NE×2
earmark ᛫ a distinguishing mark ᛫ a provision in legislation that allocates a specified amount of money towards something ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
earn ᛫ to gain through work ᛫ to deserve ᛫ V earn&earnian NE&OE
earnest ᛫ seriousness ᛭ serious ᛫ urgent ᛫ intent ᛫ diligent ᛫ important ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
earp ᛫ brown ( esp dark brown ? ) ᛫ AJ eorp OE kin: jarpr (Icelandic)
earsh earsc ᛫ a vivarium ( an animal preserve ) ᛫ N ersc OE
earshhen earschen ᛫ a quail ᛫ N erschenn OE
earshrift earscrift ᛫ auricular confession ᛫ N ~ NE
earstone ᛫ an otolith ᛫ an otolite ᛫ a statoconium ᛫ an otoconium ᛫ a statolith ᛫ N ear stone NE [OED]
earthapple earðappel ᛫ a potato ᛫ N earthapple NE
earthberry earðberrie ᛫ a strawberry ᛫ N eorþberige OE
earthbiving earðbifing ᛫ earthquake ᛫ N eorþbifung OE
earthcarving earðcarfing ᛫ a geoglyph ᛫ N earth+carving NE×2 formed by analogy with stonecarving for petroglyph and as a calque of geoglyph
earthcraft earðcraft ᛫ geometry ᛫ N eorþcræft OE
eartheal earðeal ᛫ petroleum ᛫ N earth+eal NE+ME‹OE‹I calque: earth-oil [OED]
earthenware earðenƿare ᛫ pottery ᛫ ceramics ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
earther earðer ᛫ an inhabitant of Earth ᛫ N eorþwaru OE
earthern earðern ᛫ a tomb ᛫ a sepulcher ᛫ N eorþærn OE
earthflax earðflax ᛫ asbestos ᛫ N earth-flax ANE [OED]
earthgall earðgall ᛫ centaury ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
earthhog earðhogg ᛫ an aardvark ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
earthhouse earðhuse ᛫ an underground chamber ᛫ a basement ᛫ a cellar ᛫ a souterrain ᛫ N ~ NE
earthivy earðifie ᛫ Glechoma hederacea ( ground-ivy ) ᛫ N eorþifig OE
earthline earðline ᛫ the horizon ᛫ N earth-line NE‹(NE+NE‹‹Þ‹I) [OED]
earthling earðling ᛫ a plowman ᛫ an inhabitant of Earth ᛫ a worldling ᛫ N earthling&irþling NE&OE
earthlore earðlore ᛫ geology ᛫ N ~ NE
earthly earðlie ᛫ terrestrial ᛫ tellurian ᛫ AJ ~ NE
earthman earðman ᛫ a human resident or inhabitant of the planet Earth ᛫ N ~ NE
earthnavel earðnafel ᛫ asparagus ᛫ N eorþnafela OE
earthpear earðpear ᛫ a Jerusalem artichoke ᛫ an artichoke [ᚹ] ᛫ N earth+pear NE×2 calque of Dutch aardpeer and German Erdbirne
earthtar earðtar ᛫ asphalt ᛫ N eorþtyrewa OE
earthtilth earðtilð ᛫ agriculture ᛫ N earthtilth NE
earthwave earðƿafe ᛫ a seismic wave ᛫ N earth-wave NE [OED]
earthwax earðƿax ᛫ ozokerite ᛫ paraffin wax ᛫ N earth-wax NE [OED]
earthweal earðƿeal ᛫ earthly wealth ᛫ N eorþwēla OE
earthwhate earðhƿate ᛫ geomancy ᛫ N earth+whāte NE+ME
earthwolf earðƿulf ᛫ an aardwolf ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
earthy earðie ᛫ natural ( the way of the world ) ᛫ AJ ~ NE
earwax earƿax ᛫ cerumen ᛫ N ~ NE
earwig earƿigg ᛫ a prying informer ᛭ to gain the influence of someone through covert statements ᛫ N᛭V ~[earwicga] NE
easel ᛫ a donkey ᛫ an ass ᛫ N esol OE
East Englerich Engelric ᛫ the Kingdom of East Anglia ᛫ N(P) ēast Engla Rīce OE or: East Engles
East Timor ᛫ East Timor ᛫ Timor-Leste ᛫ N(P) ~ NE‹(E+O)
easten ᛫ from the east ᛫ AV ēastan OE
Easterling ᛫ a native of the Hanseatic region of the Netherlands , Northern Germany , and the Baltic coast ᛫ N ēsterling ME
Eastermonth Eastermonð ᛫ April ᛫ N(P) Eastermonaþ OE
Eastern ᛫ Oriental ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Easterner ᛫ an Oriental ᛫ N ~ NE
eastle eastel ᛫ a table for notes ᛫ a tablet ᛫ N ǣstel OE
Eastrich Eastric ᛫ Austria ᛫ N(P) estrich ME
eath eað ᛫ ease ᛭ to ease ᛭ easy ᛭ easily ᛫ N᛭V᛭AJ᛭AV eathe[eaþe]; ēthen ME
eathfully eaðfullie ᛫ easily ᛫ AV ethefulli ME
eathhield eaðhield ᛫ satisfied ᛫ contented ᛫ AJ ēþhylde OE
eathly eaðlie ᛫ insignificant ᛫ trivial ᛫ of little worth or value ᛫ AJ ēthelich ME
eathmood eaðmood ᛫ humble ᛫ lowly ᛫ obedient ᛭ to be humble ᛫ to obey ᛫ to make humble ᛫ to humble ᛫ AJ ēaþmōd&ēaþmōdgian OE
eathmoodly eaðmoodlie ᛫ humble ᛭ humbly ᛫ AJ᛭AV ēaþmōdlic&ēaþmōdlice OE
eathmoodness eaðmoodness ᛫ humility ᛫ N ēaþmōdnis OE
eathness eaðness ᛫ easiness ᛫ facility ᛫ favour ᛫ N ēþnes OE
eathom eaðom ᛫ (a) breath ᛫ breathing ( esp violent ) ᛫ a puff ᛫ a blast ᛫ a blast or an exhalation of fire or smoke ᛫ (a) vapour ᛫ N ēþem[ǣþm/ēþm] ME kin: Atem (HG)
eatinghouse eatinghuse ᛫ a restaurant ᛫ an eatery ᛫ N eating house NE
eatingroom ᛫ a dining room ᛫ N ~ NE
eattle eattel ᛫ gluttonous ᛫ AJ etol OE
eattleman eattelman ᛫ a glutton ᛫ N ettulman OE
eattleness eattelness ᛫ gluttony ᛫ N etolness OE
eaver eafer ᛫ a boar ᛫ N eauer[eofor] ME
eaverthring eaferþring ᛫ the constellation Orion ? ᛫ N(P) eoforþring OE literally: boar crowd
eaves eafs ᛫ the part of a roof that meets or overhangs the walls of a building ᛭ to prune ᛫ N eaves[efes]&ē̆vesen NE&ME
eavesdrop eafsdrop ᛫ to secretly listen to a conversation ᛫ V ~ NE
eavestrough eafstroug ᛫ a rain gutter for a building ᛫ N ~ NE rhyme: weaves scoff
ebb ᛫ receding tide ᛭ to recede ᛫ to decline ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
ebber ᛫ laid bare ᛫ revealed ᛫ manifest ᛫ obvious ᛫ unconcealed ᛫ AJ ē̆bere[ǣbær] ME
Ebrish Ebrisc ᛫ Hebrew speech ᛭ Hebrew ᛫ N(P)᛭AJ(P) Ebrēisc{ebrisc} OE Old English seems to have usually dropped the H
ed ᛫ re- ᛫ PREFIX ed- ME
edbrookenly edbrookenlie ᛫ reusable ᛭ reusably ᛫ AJ᛭AV ed+brook+end+ly E×4
edder ᛫ a blood vessel ᛫ N edre ME
edder ᛫ a hedge ᛫ a fence ᛫ an enclosure ᛫ N eodor OE
edderbreach edderbreac ᛫ trespassing by means of breaching a fence of hedge ᛫ N eodorbrice OE
edfleshhame edfleschame ᛫ to reincarnate ᛫ V ed+flǣschamian ME+OE
edhew edheƿ ᛫ a reform ᛭ to reform ᛫ N᛭V ed+hew NE×2 PST: edhewn
edledge edledg ᛫ to repeat ᛫ V edlǣcan OE
ednew edneƿ ᛫ to renew ᛫ to renovate ᛫ to furbish ᛫ V edniwe OE
edstaddle edstaddel ᛫ to restore ᛫ to refound ᛫ V edstaþelian OE
edwend edƿend ᛫ to return ᛫ to turn back ᛫ to reverse ᛫ V edwendan{edwenden} OE
edwent edƿent ᛫ reverse ᛫ AJ edwendan+ed OE+NE
edwharft edhƿarft ᛫ a return ᛫ N edhwyrft OE
edwist edƿist ᛫ sustenance ᛫ being ᛫ existence ᛫ N edwist OE
edwistly edƿistlie ᛫ existing ᛫ subsisting ᛫ substantial ᛫ substantive ᛫ AJ edwistlīc OE
edwite edƿite ᛫ to censure ᛫ reproach ᛫ reprove ᛫ to criticize ᛫ N᛭V edwīten ME
edwiteful edƿiteful ᛫ shameful ᛫ disgraceful ᛫ ignominious ᛫ AJ edwītfull OE
edwitespeaker edƿitespeaker ᛫ a caviller / caviler ᛫ a faultfinder ᛫ N edwītspreca OE
edword edƿord ᛫ to rephrase ᛫ to reword ᛫ V ed+word OE+NE
eelgrass ᛫ a Zostera marina plant ᛫ N ~ NE
eelpout eelpute ᛫ a Zoarcidae fish ᛫ N ~ NE
eerie ᛫ strange in a frightening or worrying way ᛫ AJ ~[earg?] NE
eest ᛫ favour ᛫ delight ᛫ pleasure ᛫ gratification ᛫ a delicacy ᛫ dainties ᛫ N ēste&ēst ME&OE
eestful ᛫ pleasure-seeking ᛫ fastidious ᛫ palatable ᛫ delicious ᛫ AJ ēstful ME
eesty eestie ᛫ gracious ᛫ AJ ēstig OE
eft ᛫ to repeat ᛫ to iterate ᛭ again ᛫ back ( back to where it was ) ᛫ V᛭AV eft&eftgian ME&OE
eft ᛫ a newt ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
eft ᛫ re- ᛫ PREFIX eft OE
eftbook ᛫ to reschedule ᛫ V eft+book ME+NE or: edbook
eftboot ᛫ a restoration of health ᛫ restitution ᛫ reparation ᛫ N eftbōt OE
eftcome eftcum ᛫ to return ᛫ V eftcuman OE
eftgive eftgif ᛫ to give back ᛫ to return ᛫ V eftagyfan OE un-Norse: eftyeaf/eftgeef
eftleesing ᛫ redemption ᛫ N eftlēsing OE
eftnewing eftneƿing ᛫ renewal ᛫ N eftnīwung OE
eftrun ᛫ a running back ᛫ a rerun ᛫ N eftryne OE
eftsithe eftsiðe ᛫ a journey back ᛫ a return journey ᛫ N eftsīþ OE
eftsoons ᛫ once again ᛫ another time ᛫ AV ~ NE
eftspelling ᛫ a recapitulation ᛫ N eftspellung OE
eftwharve efþƿarf ᛫ to turn back ᛫ to return ᛫ V efthweorfan OE
egg moon ᛫ a full moon in May ᛫ N ~ NE un-Norse: ey moon [CED]
Egypt ᛫ Egypt ᛫ N(P) egipte[egypt] ME G as in GOAT not as in GEORGE
Egyptish Egyptisc ᛫ Egyptian ᛫ AJ egiptish ME G as in GOAT not as in GEORGE
eight eigt ᛫ persecution ᛭ to persecute ᛫ to pursue ᛫ N᛭V ǣht&ēhtan OE&OE kin: ōht ᛫ rhyme: height
eightfold eigtfold ᛫ octuple ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE [OED]
eighth eigð ᛫ an octave ᛫ an ottava ᛫ a diapason ᛫ an octachord ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
eightsome eigtsum ᛫ an octet ᛫ an octad ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
eke ᛫ an addition ᛫ an increase ᛭ to add ᛫ to increase ᛫ to enlarge ᛫ to extend ᛫ to expand ᛭ plus ᛭ also ᛫ plus ᛫ N᛭V᛭AV᛭P eke&ēke&ēken NE&ME&ME
eke out ute ᛫ to supplement ᛫ to augment ᛫ to obtain with difficulty ᛫ V ~ NE
ekemote ᛫ a proton ᛫ N eke+mote NE×2
eken ᛫ to increase ᛫ to be augmented ᛫ to become pregnant ᛫ V ēknen&ēacnian ME&OE
ekename ᛫ an epithet ᛫ a nickname ᛫ a surname ᛫ a title ᛫ N ēkenāme ME "nickname" comes from this word?
ekend ᛫ an adjective ( grammar ) ᛫ N īcend OE calque: adjective
ekenly ekenlie ᛫ adjective ᛫ additive ᛫ AJ geīcendlic OE
ekenoosle ekenoosel ᛫ to degenerate ᛭ degenerate ᛫ V᛭AJ geǣcnōslian&ǣcnōsle OE
eking ᛫ an augment ᛫ N ~ NE
el ᛫ ( denotes strangeness or foreignness ) ᛫ PREFIX el OE kin: else?
elbone ᛫ an ulna ᛫ N elbow+bone NE×2 calque: ellepijp
elbowbour elboƿbor ᛫ a couter ᛫ a cowter ᛫ N elbow+beorg{healsbeorg} NE+OE
eld ᛫ to put off ᛫ to delay ᛫ to deter ᛫ V ēlden ME
eld ᛫ age ᛫ an age ᛫ a time period ᛫ an epoch ᛫ an era ᛭ to age ᛫ N᛭V eld&ēlde&ēlden NE&ME both "what is your eld?" and "the dark eld" would be alright
elder ᛫ a senior ᛫ AJ ~ NE
elder ᛫ a Sambucus nigra plant ( on which the elderberry grows ) ᛫ N ~[ellern/eller] NE kin: æld (fire)?
elderless ᛫ deprived of parents ᛫ orphaned ᛫ AJ ealdorlēas OE
elderthane elderþane ᛫ a principal servant or officer ᛫ N ealdorþegn OE
eldfather eldfaðer ᛫ a grandfather ᛫ N ~ NE
eldmother eldmoðer ᛫ a grandmother ᛫ N ~ NE
eldritch eldric ᛫ supernatural ᛫ unearthly ᛫ otherworldly ᛫ strange ᛫ AJ ~ NE
elevenfold elefenfold ᛫ undecuple ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE [OED]
elfen ᛫ a fairy ᛫ a nymph ᛫ a female elf ᛫ N ælfen OE
elfkin ᛫ the race of elves ᛫ N ælfcynn OE
elflocks ᛫ a tangled mess of hair ᛫ N ~ NE
elfsheen elfsceen ᛫ beautiful like an elf ᛫ AJ ælfsciēne OE
elksand ᛫ amber ᛫ N eolhsand OE etymology of "elk" is disputed, perhaps "ellsand" would be more Anglish
ell ᛫ an elk ᛫ a moose ᛫ a wapiti ᛫ N eolh OE "elk" seems to be foreign or foreign influenced
ell ᛫ a unit of length equal to 45 inches ᛫ N ~[eln] ANE supposedly there was a Flemish ell which was 27 inches long
elland ᛫ a foreign land ᛫ N elland OE
ellandish ellandisc ᛫ of another land ᛫ foreign ᛫ AJ ellendish ME
ellen ᛫ vigour ᛫ valour ᛫ zeal ᛫ N elne[ellen] ME
ellen ᛫ to comfort mentally ᛫ to uplift mentally ᛫ V elnen[elnian] ME
ellenly ellenlie ᛫ valiant ᛭ daringly ᛫ AJ᛭AV ellenlīc&ellenlīce OE
ellenmearth ellenmearð ᛫ glory of valour or courage ᛫ N ellenmǣrþ OE
ellenwood ellenƿood ᛫ to rage with zeal ᛭ furiously zealous ᛫ V᛭AJ ellenwōdian&ellenwōd OE rhyme: ellenmood
eller ᛫ elsewhere ᛫ AV ellor OE
ellerfouse ellerfuse ᛫ ready to go elsewhere ᛫ AJ ellorfūs OE
ellersithe ellersiðe ᛫ a departure ᛫ a journey to elsewhere ᛫ N ellorsīþ OE
elning ᛫ zeal ᛫ N elnung/ellung OE
elp ᛫ an elephant ᛫ N elp[elp/elpend] ME‹I‹H‹O
elpbird ᛫ an Aepyornithidae bird ( an elephant bird ) ᛫ N elp+bird ME‹I‹H‹O+NE calque: elephant bird
elpsbone ᛫ elephant bone ᛫ ivory ᛫ N elpes bon{elpendbǣnen} ME‹OE‹(O+E)
Elpsbone Shore Score ᛫ Cote d'Ivoire ᛫ Ivory Coast ᛫ N(P) elpes bon+shore ME+NE calque: Ivory Coast
elpsear ᛫ a Begonia plant ( a begonia ) ᛫ N elp+s+ear ME‹I‹H‹O+NE+NE calque: elephant's-ear
elreardiness ᛫ barbarousness ( as in foreign-speakingness ) ᛫ N elreordignes OE literally: foreign-voice-y-ness
elreardy elreardie ᛫ barbarous ( as in foreign-speaking ) ᛫ AJ elreordig OE literally: foreign-voice-y
elsewhen elshƿen ᛫ at some other time ᛫ AV ~ NE attested
elsewhence elshƿense ᛫ from elsewhere ᛫ aliunde ᛫ AV ~ NE
elsewhither elshƿiðer ᛫ in another direction ᛫ to another place ᛫ toward a different place or goal ᛫ AV ~ NE [CED]
Elsinore ᛫ Helsingør ( city in Denmark ) ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
eltheed elþeed ᛫ a foreign nation ᛫ N elþēod OE
eltheedy elþeedie ᛫ foreign ᛫ of a foreign nation ᛫ AJ elþeodig OE
emb ᛫ around ᛫ in the vicinity of ᛭ around ᛫ concerning ᛫ surrounding ᛫ AV᛭P embe ME "umb" might be Norse [OED]
emb ᛫ circum- ᛫ PREFIX embe- ME "umb" might be Norse
emberwood emberƿood ᛫ a Caesalpinia echinata plant ( a brazilwood ) ᛫ N ember+wood NE×2 calque: brazilwood
emforth emforð ᛫ to the extent of ᛫ in proportion to ᛫ P emforth[evenforth] ME
emirdom ᛫ an emirate ᛫ N emir+dom{emirate} O+NE
emnet ᛫ a plain ᛫ level ground ᛭ to make level ᛫ N emnett&emnettan OE
emptiness ᛫ an empty space ᛫ a void ᛫ a vacuum ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
en ᛫ -ize ᛫ -ise ᛫ -ify ᛫ -fy ᛫ -ate ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE found in: "fatten"
en ᛫ ( denotes a sense of pertaining to , or of being made of ) ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE found in: "wooden"
en ᛫ -ess ᛫ SUFFIX -en[-en] ME unproductive in Modern English ᛫ see: she-/sce-
end ᛫ a duck ᛫ N ende[ened/æned] ME
end ᛫ ( present participle suffix ) ᛫ ( agent suffix ) ᛫ SUFFIX -end/-and/-ant[-ende] ME ARCHAIC & NOT RECOMMENDED OUTSIDE SPECIAL USE
end ᛫ an objective ᛫ an aim of an action ᛫ a goal ᛫ a purpose for an action ᛫ N ~ NE
endbird ᛫ an order ( as in arrangement ) ᛭ to set in order ᛫ N᛭V endebyrd&endebyrdan OE literally end-birth
endbirdly endbirdlie ᛫ ordinally ᛫ in accordance with prescribed or requisite order ᛫ AV endebyrdlīce OE
endbirdness ᛫ row ᛫ series ᛫ rank ᛫ order of nature ᛫ N endebyrdnes OE
endbirdy endbirdie ᛫ ordinal ᛫ in accordance with prescribed or requisite order ᛫ AJ endebyrdlīc OE
endbrain endbragn ᛫ the telencephalon ᛫ N ~ NE
ending ᛫ a conclusion ᛫ a finale ᛫ N ~ NE
endless ᛫ infinite ᛫ countless ᛫ AJ ~ NE
endly endlie ᛫ final ᛫ terminal ᛫ conclusive ᛭ finally ᛫ at last ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE
endsay endsag ᛫ a conclusion ( as in the closing words of something ) ᛫ N ~ NE
endtime ᛫ apocalyptic ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Engledom Engeldom ᛫ the Anglosphere ᛫ the domain of Englishness ᛫ N Engle+dom ME+NE
Englekin Engelkin ᛫ the English people ᛫ N Angelcynn OE
Engles Engels ᛫ Anglos ᛫ Englishmen ᛫ N(P) Engles ME singular form not attested?
Engley Engelie ᛫ angelic ᛫ AJ englelīc OE
Englishen Engliscen ᛫ to translate into English ᛫ to express in English ᛫ to Anglicize ᛫ V Englishen ME
enly enlie ᛫ -capable ( active ) ᛫ -able (passive ) ᛫ -ably ( passive ) ᛫ SUFFIX enlīc/enlīce/endlīce/enndliȝ ME SEE NOTE ᛫ see: -bere ᛫ or: -endly
enough enuge ᛫ sufficient ᛫ AJ ~ NE
ent ᛫ an ettin ᛫ a giant ᛫ an intelligent walking tree ( modern fantasy ) ᛫ N ent OE the tree meaning comes from Tolkien
entask ᛫ a dinosaur ᛫ N ent+ask NE×2 risaeðla
entish entisc ᛫ gigantic ᛫ AJ entisc OE
entish groundsloth entisc grundsloð ᛫ a Megatherium americanum animal ( a giant ground sloth , a megathere ) ᛫ N entish+ground+sloth OE+NE×2 calque: giant ground sloth
er ᛫ anger ᛫ wrath ᛫ ire ᛫ rage ᛭ angry ᛫ wrathful ᛫ ireful ᛫ N᛭AJ erre ME
erd ᛫ a region ᛫ a dwelling place ᛫ N ē̆rd ME
erdenly erdenlie ᛫ habitable ᛫ AJ eardigendlīc OE
erdfast ᛫ settled ᛫ established in a place ᛫ abiding ᛫ earthfast ᛫ AJ eardfæst OE
erdghost eardgoast ᛫ an ethos ( a characteristic spirit of a group period movement etc ) ᛫ N ē̆rd+ghost ME+NE
erding ᛫ habitation ᛫ a habitation ᛫ a habitat ᛫ a tabernacle ᛫ N ē̆rding&eardung ME&OE
erdshrew erdscreƿ ᛫ Sorex araneus ( a kind of shrew ) ᛫ N ~ NE
ere ᛫ pre- ᛫ ante- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE see fore (prefix)
ere ᛫ earlier ᛫ formerly ᛭ before ᛫ sooner than ᛭ before in time ᛫ AV᛭P᛭C ere&ǣr NE&OE rhyme: air
Erelithe Ereliðe ᛫ June ᛫ N(P) Ærra Liþa OE
erelong ᛫ before long ᛫ soon ᛫ AV ~ NE
erenow erenue ᛫ before now ᛫ prior to this point of time ᛫ AV ~ NE
erer ᛫ more ere ᛫ earlier ᛫ AV ǣror OE
erewhile erehƿile ᛫ a while before ᛫ some time ago ᛫ AV ~ NE
ereyesterday eregesterdag ᛫ the day before yesterday ᛭ on the day before yesterday ᛫ N᛭AV ~ NE
Ereyule Eregeole ᛫ December ᛫ N(P) Ærra Geola OE spelling analogy: lose; move; whose (avoids awkward "geool")
erf ᛫ inheritance ᛫ patrimony ᛫ cattle ᛫ heritage ᛫ N erve&irfe ME&OE&OE or: erve
erf ᛫ an heir ᛫ an inheritor ᛭ to inherit ᛫ N᛭V irfa&irfan OE&OE
erfdeal ᛫ a division of an inheritance ᛫ N irfegedāl OE
erfland ᛫ land that passes as an inheritance ᛫ heritable land ᛫ N irfeland OE
erflove erflofe ᛫ an heirloom ᛫ N irfelāf OE
erfnum ᛫ an heir ᛫ an inheritor ᛫ a heritor ᛫ N ervenāme[yrfenuma] ME
erfward erfƿard ᛫ an heir ᛫ an inheritor ᛫ a heritor ᛫ N ervward[erfeweard] ME
erfwrit erfƿrit ᛫ a will ( as in a legal testament ) ᛫ N irfegewrit OE
erfwriter erfƿriter ᛫ a testator ᛫ N irfewrītend OE
erm ᛫ to grieve ᛫ V ermen ME
ermen ᛫ (denotes universality , immensness , or totality ) ᛫ AJ eormen- OE
ern ᛫ a building ᛫ N ern[ærn] ME found in: barn (which means "barley-ern"); saltern
ern ᛫ ( shows the noun is a location ) ᛫ -ery ᛫ SUFFIX ern OE
erne ᛫ an eagle ᛫ N earne&earn/ern[earn] NE&ME broad meaning has been restored
errand ᛫ a task ᛫ a mission ᛫ a commission ᛫ a message ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
errander ᛫ a messenger ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
errandghost errandgoast ᛫ a spiritual messenger ᛫ an angel ᛫ N ~ NE
errandrake ᛫ an ambassador ᛫ diplomat ᛫ N erendrāke[ǣrendraca] ME
errandsman ᛫ an ambassador ᛫ N erendesmon ME [OED]
errandwrit errandƿrit ᛫ a letter ᛫ a message ᛫ a report ᛫ N ǣrendgewrit OE
erst ᛫ first ᛭ first of all ᛫ sooner than ᛫ before ᛫ once ᛫ erstwhile ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE
erstwhile ersthƿile ᛫ previous ᛫ former ᛭ previously ᛫ formerly ᛫ AJ ~ NE
esen ᛫ a man of the servile class ᛫ N esne OE
Estland ᛫ Estonia ᛫ N Estland{ēstland} NL
et ᛫ -ize ᛫ -ise ᛫ -ify ᛫ -fy ᛫ -ate ᛫ SUFFIX ettan OE like "bōt" (assistance, remedy) to "bōtettan" (to repair)
et ᛫ ( forms nouns from adjectives , verbs , and other nouns ) ᛫ SUFFIX et OE found in: thicket
etched eced ᛫ vinegar ᛫ N eced[acētum] OE‹‹I
ethe eðe ᛫ to breathe ᛫ V ēthien[ēþian] ME
ethel eðel ᛫ a homeland ᛫ an ancestral land ᛫ a native land ᛫ a fatherland ᛫ an estate ᛫ patria ᛫ N ethel ME
ethel eðel ᛫ native- ᛫ domestic- ᛫ PREFIX eþel OE
ethelward eðelƿard ᛫ a ward of one's ancestral land ᛫ N eþelweard OE
ettenish ettenisc ᛫ giant ᛫ gigantic ᛫ AJ ēotenisc OE
ettin ᛫ an ent ᛫ a giant ᛫ N ~[eoten] NE kin: jǫtunn (Norse)
ettle ettel ᛫ intention ᛫ intent ᛭ to intend ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE‹N kin: eahtian [CED]
Eufrate ᛫ the Euphrates ᛫ N(P) eufrate OE
Europish Europisc ᛫ European ᛫ AJ Europe+ish NE‹I+NE
eve efe ᛫ the day evening or other period of time immediately before an event or occasion ᛫ N ~ NE
even efen ᛫ equal- ᛫ fellow- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE
even efen ᛫ to even ᛫ to equalize ᛭ equal ᛫ V᛭AJ ~ NE
even efen ᛫ to perform ᛫ to execute ᛫ V efnan OE
evenamind efenamind ᛫ commemoration ᛫ N efengemynd OE
evenamindy efenamindie ᛫ commemorative ᛫ AJ efengemyndig OE
evenborn efenborn ᛫ of equal birth ᛫ AJ efenboren OE
evenbusiness efenbusiness ᛫ a cooperative business ᛫ N even+business NE×2
evenedwistly efenedƿistlie ᛫ consubstantial ᛫ of the same substance or essence ᛫ AJ efenedwistlīc OE
eveneld efeneld ᛫ coeval ᛫ of the same age ᛫ AJ efeneald OE
evener efener ᛫ an equator ᛫ N even+er NE×2 calque: equator
evenfall efenfall ᛫ dusk ᛫ twilight ᛫ N ~ NE
evengivel efengifel ᛫ supper ᛫ dinner ᛫ N ǣfengifl OE
evenhanded efenhanded ᛫ ambidextrous ᛫ impartial ᛫ unbiased ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
evenhandedness efenhandedness ᛫ ambidexterity ᛫ ambidextrousness ᛫ impartiality ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
evenhearted efenhearted ᛫ concordant ᛫ harmonious ᛫ AJ efenheort OE
evenhood efenhood ᛫ impartiality ᛫ fairness ᛫ equality ᛫ justice ᛫ moderation ᛫ temperance ᛫ N ~[ēvenhēde] NE
evening efening ᛫ an equal ᛫ a peer ᛫ an equivalent ᛫ N ē̆vening[efning] ME
evenledge efenledg ᛫ to imitate ᛫ V efenlǣcan OE
evenly efenlie ᛫ equally ᛭ equal ᛫ of the same rank ᛫ equivalent ᛫ AJ᛭AV evenly+ē̆venlī̆ NE&ME
evenmete efenmete ᛫ coequal ᛫ equal ᛫ equivalent ᛫ AJ evenmete ME
evenminded efenminded ᛫ equanimous ᛫ equable ᛫ AJ ~ NE
evenmindedness efenmindedness ᛫ equanimity ᛫ equability ᛫ N ~ NE
evenness efenness ᛫ balance ᛫ equilibrium ᛫ equality ᛫ N ~ NE
evennight efennigt ᛫ equinox ᛫ N efenniht OE
evensong efensong ᛫ vespers ( the service held at the sixth canonical hour ) ᛫ N ~[ēvensō̆ng][ǣfensang] NE
evensorrow efensorroƿ ᛫ empathy ᛫ sympathy ᛫ compassion ᛭ to compassionate ᛫ to be sorry for ᛫ to empathize ᛫ to sympathize ᛫ N᛭V efensorgian OE
eventide efentide ᛫ evening ᛫ N ~ NE
evenword efenƿord ᛫ synonym ᛫ N even+word NE×2 calque: evenwoord
evenwork efenƿork ᛫ to cooperate ᛫ to work together ᛫ V efenweorcan OE
evenwright efenƿrigt ᛫ a coworker ᛫ N efenwyrhta OE
ever efer ᛫ perma- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE
ever efer ᛫ a descendant ᛫ N eafora OE
everdeath eferdeað ᛫ permadeath ( gaming ) ᛫ N ever+death NE×2 calque: permadeath
Everettish Eferettisc ᛫ of or pertaining to the many-worlds interpretation of quantum physics ᛫ AJ(P) Everet+ish NE×2 calque: Everettian
everfern eferfern ᛫ a Polypodium vulgare plant ( common polypody ) ? ᛫ an Osmunda regalis plant ( royal fern ) ? ᛫ N everfē̆rn ME
everfrost eferfrost ᛫ permafrost ᛫ N ever+frost NE×2 calque: permafrost
everfrostland eferfrostland ᛫ a stretch of tundra ᛫ N ever+frost+land NE×3
everlasting eferlasting ᛫ eternal ᛫ permanent ᛫ AJ ~ NE
everlastingness eferlastingness ᛫ permanence ᛫ durability ᛫ eternality ᛫ N everlasting+ness NE×2
everlink eferlink ᛫ a permalink ᛭ to permalink (create a static address) ᛫ N᛭V ever+link{permalink} NE×2 calque: permalink
evermore efermore ᛫ eternally ᛫ forever ᛫ always ᛫ AV ~ NE
everness eferness ᛫ perpetuity ᛫ eternity ᛫ N ~ NE
evertilth efertilð ᛫ permaculture ᛫ N ever+tilth NE×2 calque: permaculture
Everwich Eferƿic ᛫ York ᛫ N(P) everwich ME‹OE‹C less Norse variant of "York"
Everwichshire Eferƿicscire ᛫ Yorkshire ᛫ N(P) Eoforwīcscīr OE unnecessary alternative
everyday eferidag ᛫ ordinary ᛫ typical ᛫ commonplace ᛫ AJ ~ NE
everyman eferiman ᛫ an average or ordinary person ᛫ a commoner ᛫ N ~ NE
everywhence eferihƿense ᛫ from all directions ᛫ AV ~ NE [CED]
evest efest ᛫ malice ᛫ N evest[æfēst] ME
evilcund efelcund ᛫ of evil nature ᛫ malignant ᛫ AJ yfelcund OE
evildoer efeldoer ᛫ a malefactor ᛫ N ~ NE
evilqueath efelcƿeað ᛫ to slander ᛫ to curse ( someone ) ᛫ V yfelcweþan OE
evilwilling efelƿilling ᛫ malevolent ᛫ of evil will ᛫ AJ yfelwillende OE
ewbough eƿbuge ᛫ a legislative branch ᛫ N ē+bough ME+NE
ewbreaker eƿbreaker ᛫ an adulterer ᛫ N ǣbreca OE
ewbritch eƿbric ᛫ adultery ᛫ N ǣwbryce OE
ewe eƿe ᛫ a female sheep ᛫ N ~ NE opposite of: ram
ewfast eƿfast ᛫ firm in observing the law ᛫ pious ᛫ law-abiding ᛫ AJ ǣfæst OE
ewfastness eƿfastness ᛫ firmness in observing the law ᛫ piety ᛫ N ǣfæstnes OE
ewleap eƿleap ᛫ a crime ᛫ a violation of the law ᛫ a transgression ᛫ N ǣhlȳp OE literally law-leap
ey eg ᛫ an egg ᛫ N ~ NE PL: eyren ᛫ "egg" is Norse
ey eg ᛫ terror ᛫ N ege/ōga{oue} OE
eye ege ᛫ awe ᛫ fear ᛫ terror ᛫ N eie[ege] ME
eyeblink egeblink ᛫ an instant ᛫ a moment ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
eyedoor egedoor ᛫ a window ᛫ N ēagdūru OE "window" is Norse
eyeglass egeglass ᛫ a monocle ᛫ N ~ NE
eyeleech egeleec ᛫ an ophthalmologist ᛫ N eye+leech NE×2
eyely egelie ᛫ visible ᛫ ocular ᛭ visibly ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE
eyering egering ᛫ an orbit ( an eye socket ) ᛫ N eiring ME
eyesome egesum ᛫ attractive ᛫ pleasing to the eye ᛫ AJ ~ NE
eyethril egeþril ᛫ a window ᛫ an eye-hole ᛫ N ēagþyrl OE
eyetooth egetooð ᛫ a canine tooth ᛫ N ~ NE
eyewater egeƿater ᛫ vitreous humour ᛫ aqueous humour ᛫ N ~ NE
eylime eglime ᛫ egg white ᛫ N æglīm OE
eyse egs ᛫ to terrorize ᛫ V egesian OE
eywhite eghƿite ᛫ a protein ᛫ N ey+white NE×2 calque: eiwit
eywort egƿurt ᛫ a dandelion ᛫ N ægwyrt OE
fack ᛫ an interval ᛫ a portion of time ᛫ N fece/fæce&fæc ME&OE
fade ᛫ to direct ᛫ to arrange ᛫ to order ᛫ to dictate ᛫ V fade&fadian ME&OE
fain fagn ᛫ joyful ᛫ pleased ᛫ gladly willing ᛭ joyfully ᛫ gladly willingly ᛫ AJ᛭AV᛭I fain&fain[fægen] NE&ME
fair fager ᛫ just ᛫ equitable ᛫ reasonable ᛫ of decent value ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fairheered fagerheered ᛫ blond / blonde ᛫ AJ fairhaired NE
fairminded fagerminded ᛫ unbiased and impartial ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fairness fagerness ᛫ impartiality ᛫ beauty ᛫ N ~ NE
fale ᛫ a companion ᛫ one who is faithful to another ᛫ N fāle ME kin fēle/fǣle
falkon ᛫ a falcon ᛫ N fealcen OE
fall ᛫ autumn ᛫ N ~[feallan] NE
fall ᛫ a descent ᛫ a case ( grammatical term ) ᛫ a case [ᚹ] ᛫ an instance [ᚹ] ᛫ N feall/fyll/fiell OE
fall back ᛫ to retreat ᛫ V ~ NE PST: fellback ᛫ PTCP: fallenback
fall through fall þruge ᛫ to fail as a plan ᛫ V ~ NE PST: fell through {fell þruge} ᛫ "I wanted to visit but the plan fell through."
fallaxe fallax ᛫ a guillotine ᛫ N fall+axe NE+NE calque: valbijl, Fallbeil
fallgate ᛫ a portcullis ᛫ N fall+gate NE+NE calque: HG Fallgatter
fallish fallisc ᛫ autumnal ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fallow falloƿ ᛫ pale brown ᛫ tan brown ᛫ tawny ᛫ khaki ᛫ beige ᛭ of pale brown hue ᛫ of tan brown hue ᛫ of tawny hue ᛫ of khaki hue ᛫ of beige hue ᛫ N᛭AJ ~[fealu] NE [colour]
fallow falloƿ ᛫ uncultivated land ᛫ N ~[fealh] NE
fallshield fallscield ᛫ a parachute ᛫ N fall+shield NE+NE calque: valscherm; Fallschirm
fallsick ᛫ epileptic ᛫ AJ fyllesēoc OE
fallsickness ᛫ epilepsy ᛫ N fyllesēocnys OE
fallsome fallsum ᛫ deciduous ( botany ) ᛫ AJ fall+some NE×2 invented by William Barnes
fallwind fallƿind ᛫ a katabatic wind ᛫ N fall wind NE [MW]
fand ᛫ a trial ᛫ an attempt ᛭ to try ( in a trial ) ᛫ to try ( to attempt ) ᛫ to endeavour ᛫ to put to a test ᛫ to experiment ᛫ N᛭V fond/fand&fonden/fanden ME or: fond
fane ᛫ a banner ᛫ a flag ᛫ a vane ᛫ N ~ NE
fang ᛫ to take [ᛏ] ᛫ to capture [ᛏ] ᛫ to catch [ᛏ] ᛫ to seize [ᛏ] ᛫ to receive ( a blow , an honor , etc ) [ᛏ] ᛫ to obtain [ᛏ] ᛫ V afọ̄n{fang} ME PST&PTCP: fanged ᛫ "fō̆ngen, fē̆ngen are analog. creations, replacing older fọ̄n" MEC
fangle fangel ᛫ to invent ᛫ to fashion ᛫ V ~ ANE [CED]
fangtooth fangtooð ᛫ a canine tooth ᛫ N fængtōþ OE
far ᛫ distant ᛫ AJ ~ NE
far ᛫ a bull ᛫ N fearr/fear OE
Far ᛫ Taurus ᛫ N(P) Fearr OE
far shout from scute ᛫ far cry from ᛫ PHRASE ~ NE attested in New York Times and The Guardian
farandman ᛫ a wayfarer ( esp a pedlar or a merchant who travels ) ᛫ N ~ NE
fardel ᛫ a fourth part of anything ᛫ a quarter of a virgate ᛫ N ~ ANE [OED]
fare ᛫ a journey ᛫ a voyage ᛫ an expeditiona ᛫ transportation fee ᛭ to journey ᛫ to voyage ᛫ to travel ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
fareld ᛫ a course ᛫ a passage ᛫ a going ᛫ an expedition ᛫ N færeld OE
farfetched farfecced ᛫ fanciful ᛫ improbable ᛫ implausible ᛫ unlikely ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
farflung ᛫ remote ᛫ widely spread ᛫ AJ ~ NE
farl ᛫ a cake of a certain type ᛫ a biscuit of a certain type ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
farm ᛫ food ᛫ sustenance ᛫ entertainment ᛭ to feed ᛫ to sustain ᛫ to entertain ᛫ N᛭V feorm&feormian OE
farmth farmð ᛫ a harbouring ᛫ an entertaining ᛫ a cleansing ᛫ N feormþ OE
farness ᛫ distance ᛫ N ~ NE
Faroish Faroisc ᛫ the Faroese language ᛭ Faroese ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
farrand ᛫ having a specified form or disposition ᛫ fashioned ᛫ AJ ~ NE
farrow farroƿ ᛫ a piglet ᛫ a litter of piglets ᛫ N farrow&fearh NE&OE
farsighted farsigted ᛫ hypermetropic ᛫ hyperopic ᛫ AJ far-sighted NE [OED]
farsightedness farsigtedness ᛫ hypermetropia ᛫ hyperopia ᛫ N far-sightedness NE [OED]
farth farð ᛫ a tide ᛫ a current ᛫ a shore ᛫ N faroþ OE
farthing farðing ᛫ a quarter ( of something ) ᛫ one-quarter of an old penny ᛫ N ~ NE equivalent to forth-ing
fasel ᛫ progeny ? ᛫ N fæsl OE poorly attested
fass ᛫ rootlets ᛫ N fā̆s[fæs] ME
fast ᛫ firm ᛫ solid ᛫ stable ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fast ᛫ ( denotes stability , firmness , solidity , reliability , adherence to ) ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE
fasten ᛫ to secure ᛫ V ~ NE
fasten ᛫ a fortress ᛫ a stronghold ᛫ a castle ᛫ N fæsten OE
fasthavel fasthafel ᛫ stingy ᛫ miserly ᛫ AJ fæsthafol OE fast-havel
fastness ᛫ a secure place ᛫ stability ᛫ immobility ᛫ firmness ᛫ solidity ᛫ obduracy ᛫ obstinacy ᛫ N fastness&fastnes NE&ME
fastshaft fastscaft ᛫ solid matter ᛫ N fast+shaft NE+ME
fatgoose ᛫ a penguin ᛫ N fat+goose NE×2 calque: vetgans
fatherland faðerland ᛫ the land of one's ancestors or birth ᛫ N ~ NE
fatherly faðerlie ᛫ paternal ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fathermurther faðermurþer ᛫ patricide ᛫ N father+murther NE+ME calque: Vatermord
fathern faðern ᛫ paternal ᛫ AJ fæderen OE
fathernbrother faðernbroðer ᛫ paternal brother ( a brother one shares a father with ) ᛫ N fæderenbrōþor OE
fatherslayer faðerslager ᛫ a patricide ᛫ N fatherslayer NE
fathom faðom ᛫ a unit of length equal to six feet ( 1.8 metres ) ᛭ to grasp ᛫ to imagine [ᚹ] ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
fathomless faðomless ᛫ immeasurable ᛫ incomprehensible ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fathomlessness faðomlessness ᛫ unimaginability ᛫ N ~ NE
faw faƿ ᛫ particolored ᛫ variegated ᛫ spotted ᛫ streaked ᛫ AJ fawe[fāh] ME
fawn faƿn ᛫ to show affection ᛫ to court favour through flattering ᛫ V ~ NE often found in the term "fawning over"
fawning faƿning ᛫ a rejoicing ᛫ an exultation ᛫ a celebration ᛭ obsequious ᛫ N᛭AJ fawning&fægnung NE&OE
fawworm faƿƿurm ᛫ a basilisk ᛫ N fāgwyrm OE
fax ᛫ head hair ᛫ N ~ NE
faxcloth faxcloð ᛫ a headband ᛫ a hairband ᛫ N feaxclāþ OE
faxed ᛫ maned ᛫ AJ ~ NE
faxedstar ᛫ a comet ᛫ N fax+ed+star NE×3 calque: maned star
faxfalling ᛫ loss of hair ᛫ alopecia ᛫ N feaxfeallung OE
faxneedle faxneedel ᛫ a hair needle ᛫ N feaxnǣdel OE
faxread ᛫ to dress or trim hair ᛫ V feaxgerǣdian OE
fay fag ᛫ a joining ᛫ a combo ᛫ a combination ᛫ a juncture ᛭ to join together ᛫ to attach ᛫ to combine ᛫ N᛭V gefēg&feien OE&ME
faying faging ᛫ a conjunction ( grammatical term ) ᛫ N fēging OE or: linkword (coined by William Barnes)
faze fase ᛫ to daunt ᛫ to put off ᛫ to disturb ᛫ to perturb ᛫ V ~[fēsen] NE
fea ᛫ joy ᛭ to rejoice ᛫ to exult ᛫ to celebrate ᛫ N᛭V gefēa&gefēon OE&OE
feamen ᛫ a damsel ᛫ N fǣmne OE
feamen ᛫ a virgin ᛫ a damsel ᛫ a maiden ᛫ a woman ᛫ N fǣmne OE
fearsome fearsum ᛫ scary ᛫ AJ ~ NE
feather feaðer ᛫ a pen ᛫ a stylus ᛫ N fether&feþer ME&OE
feather star feaðer ᛫ a non-stalked crinoid ᛫ N ~ NE poorly attested
featherbed feaðerbed ᛫ a feather mattress ᛭ to require a business to hire more employees than needed ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
featherhame feaðerhame ᛫ plumage ᛫ N fetherhāme ME
featherheaded feaðerheaded ᛫ disorganized and foolish ᛫ AJ feather-headed NE
fee ᛫ livestock ᛫ cattle ᛫ capital ᛫ money ᛫ wealth ᛫ moveable property ᛫ N fee&fē NE&ME "fee" as in "fine" is French
feeboot ᛫ monetary compensation ᛫ N feohbōt OE
feeder ᛫ a tributary ᛫ an affluent ᛫ a branch road or railway line ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
feedingroom ᛫ a cafeteria ᛫ a canteen ᛫ a refectory ᛫ N feeding-room NE [OED]
feedom ᛫ capitalism ᛫ N fē+dom ME+NE
feel ᛫ many ᛭ many ᛫ much ᛭ very ᛫ quite ᛫ much ᛫ greatly ᛫ frequently ᛫ N᛭AJ᛭AV fēle[fela] ME
feel ᛫ excellent ᛫ faithful ᛫ AJ fēle&fǣle ME&OE
feeland ᛫ a pasture ᛫ pasture land ᛫ N feohland OE
feeler ᛫ an antenna ( insect ) ᛫ a tentacle ( mollusc ) ᛫ N ~ NE [CED][MW]
feelfold ᛫ to increase in number ᛫ to multiply ᛭ manifold ᛫ multiple ᛫ varied ᛫ diverse ᛫ V᛭AJ fēlefōlden&fēlefōlden ME
feeling ᛫ a sensation ᛫ a sense ᛫ an impression ᛫ an emotion ᛫ a sentiment ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
feening ᛫ a craving for more narcotics ᛫ N ~ NE
Feenish Feenisc ᛫ Phoenician language ᛭ Phoenician ᛫ N(P)᛭AJ(P) Syrofēnisc{φοῖνιξ} OE
Feenishman Feeniscman ᛫ a Phoenician ᛫ N(P) Syrofēnisc+man OE+NE
feenix ᛫ a phoenix ᛫ N fēnix ME‹O
feered ᛫ a company of people ᛫ a band ᛫ a host ᛫ a troop ᛫ companionship ᛫ comradeship ᛫ N ferrēde{fēre} ME
feeth feeð ᛫ walking on foot ᛫ the ability to talk on foot ᛫ N fēþe OE
feeth feeð ᛫ infantry ᛫ a host ᛫ a troop ᛫ tribe ᛫ company ᛫ N fēþa OE
feethe feeðe ᛫ to travel on foot ᛫ V fēþan OE
feethgang feeðgang ᛫ a journey on foot ᛫ N fēþegang OE
feethheer feeðheer ᛫ a foot army ᛫ a troop of infantry ᛫ N fēþehere OE
feeze feese ᛫ to drive off ᛫ to disconcert ᛫ V ~ NE kin: faze [CED]
feigh feig ᛫ to make beautiful ᛫ to adorn ᛫ V feahen[fǣgan] ME
feighth feigð ᛫ a feud ᛫ N fǣhþ{feithhēd}{feied} OE equal to: foe+th
feist fiste ᛫ a fart ᛫ a small dog ( esp a feisty one ) ᛭ to fart ᛫ N᛭V feist&fīst&fīsten NE&ME&ME
feisty fistie ᛫ like a small energetic dog ᛫ spunky ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fell ᛫ a pelt ᛫ hide ᛫ skin ᛫ N ~[fel/fell] NE [MW]
fell ᛫ to destroy ᛫ to kill ᛫ to fell a tree ᛫ to make something fall ᛫ to strike down ᛫ to defeat ᛫ V ~[fellan]{afellen} NE
fellen ᛫ made of fell ᛫ made of skin ᛫ AJ fellen OE
felling ᛫ a clearing ᛫ an open space in a forest ᛫ N ~ ME
fellow felloƿ ᛫ a companion ᛫ a comrade ᛫ N ~ NE‹N
fellowless felloƿless ᛫ peerless ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹(N+E)
fellowred felloƿred ᛫ an association ᛫ companionship ᛫ sexual intercourse ᛫ a company of people ᛫ a community ᛫ N fē̆laurē̆de ME‹(N+E)
fellowship felloƿscip ᛫ a community ᛫ community ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E)
fellred ᛫ the colour of the dye made from certain sea snails ᛫ scarlet ᛫ purple ᛭ scarlet ᛫ purple ᛫ N᛭AJ fellerēad OE apparently a common mistaken form of pæll-rēad ᛫ less attested than 'weolc(en)read' [colour]
felly fellie ᛫ the exterior rim supported by spokes ᛫ a circumference ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
felton ᛫ a toilet ᛫ a privy ᛫ N feltūn OE
feltwort feltƿurt ᛫ a Verbascum plant ᛫ a mullein ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
felwort felƿurt ᛫ a Gentiana plant ( a gentian ) ᛫ N ~ NE reduction of 'fieldwort'
fen ᛫ low-lying flat land that is marshy ᛫ low land that is covered wholly or partly with water unless artificially drained ᛫ N ~ NE [CED][MW]
fenberry fenberrie ᛫ a Vaccinium oxycoccos plant ( a cranberry ) ᛫ N fen-berry NE
fennel ᛫ a Foeniculum vulgare plant ᛫ N ~ NE
fenny fennie ᛫ boggy ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fenow fenoƿ ᛫ mold ᛫ N fenowed&fyne NE&OE
fenowed fenoƿed ᛫ moldy ᛫ decayed ᛫ corrupted ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fer ᛫ ( denotes a negative suddenness and unexpectedness ) ᛫ PREFIX fǣr{fērlī}{ferly} OE kin: fear
ferd ᛫ a military ᛭ to ready a military for war ᛫ to do military things ᛫ N᛭V fẹ̄̆rd&fẹ̄̆rden ME&ME
ferdfare ᛫ military service ᛫ the obligation of military service ᛫ a fee to forgo military service ᛫ N fẹ̄̆rdfāre ME
ferdly ferdlie ᛫ military ᛫ martial ᛫ AJ fyrdlīc OE
ferdman ᛫ a soldier ᛫ a militiaman ᛫ N fyrdmann OE
ferdwite ferdƿite ᛫ a penalty for evading military service ᛫ N fyrdwīte OE
fere ᛫ a companion ( a comrade , a spouse , a friend , etc ) ᛫ N ~[ifẹ̄re][gefēra] ANE
fere ᛫ life ᛫ N fēre{feore/feorh} ME
feregiver feregiver ᛫ giver of life ᛫ God ᛫ N feorhgifa OE
ferk ᛫ to support ᛫ to bring in support ᛫ to assist ᛫ to drive ᛫ to rush ᛫ V ferken&fercian ME&OE
ferking ᛫ provisions ᛫ a sustaining ᛫ N fercung OE
ferly ferlie ᛫ an oddity ᛫ an anomaly [ᚹ] ᛫ a surprise [ᚹ] ᛭ strange ᛫ surprising ᛫ unexpected ᛫ anomalous ᛭ strangely ᛫ surprisingly ᛫ unexpectedly ᛫ N᛭AJ᛭AV ferly&fērlī NE&ME equal to: fear+ly
fern ᛫ ancient ᛫ old ᛫ previous ᛫ past ᛫ AJ fern/furn ME
fern ᛫ ancient- ᛫ old- ᛫ PREFIX fern[fyrn] ME
fern ᛫ a Filicophyta plant ᛫ a Filicopsida plant ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
ferndays ferndags ᛫ days of old ᛫ N fyrndagas OE
ferngreen ᛫ moderate yellow green ᛭ of moderate yellow green hue ᛫ N᛭V fern green NE [MW][colour]
fernlore ᛫ archaeology ᛫ N fern+lore ME+NE calque: archaeology
fernman ᛫ an ancient ( as in "the ancients" ) ᛫ N fyrnman OE
fernseed ᛫ one of the asexual dustlike spores of a fern which resemble seeds ᛫ N fern seed NE
fernsitter ᛫ a rabbit ( poetic ) ᛫ N fernsitter ME poorly attested
ferry ferrie ᛫ a ship used to transport passengers and goods ᛭ to transport ᛫ to convey ᛫ V ~ NE or: fere (from ME alternative)
ferse ᛫ a verse ᛭ to versify ᛫ N fers&fersian OE‹I
fersh fersc ᛫ fresh ᛫ AJ fersh ME most etymologies say "fresh" is from French "fresche"
fet ᛫ to go on a quest for something ᛫ to go and get a desired thing ᛫ V gefetian OE
fetch fec ᛫ to go after and bring back ᛫ V ~ NE
fetch fec ᛫ to go on a quest for something ᛫ to go and get a desired thing ᛫ V gefeccan OE
fether feðer ᛫ to burden ᛫ to put a load upon ᛫ V fetheren ME
fetter ᛫ a limit ᛫ a regulation ᛫ a restricter ᛫ a restriction ᛫ a restrainer ᛭ to restrict ᛫ to restrain ᛫ to impede ᛫ to slow down ᛫ to limit ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
fettered ᛫ restrained ᛫ restricted ᛫ limited ᛫ regulated ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fettle fettel ᛫ a vessel ᛫ a receptacle ᛫ a cask ᛫ a bag ᛫ a sack ᛫ N fētil[fǣtels] ME
fettle fettel ᛫ condition ᛭ to repair ᛫ to mend ᛫ to fix ᛫ to put in order ᛫ N᛭V ~[fetel] NE [MW]
fettler fetteller ᛫ a repairer ᛫ a repairman ᛫ a railway maintenance man ᛫ N ~ NE
fewshaft feƿscaft ᛫ destitute ᛫ miserable ᛫ squalid ᛫ AJ feasceaft OE
fey feg ᛫ doomed ᛫ dying ᛫ fraught with fatal consequences ᛫ AJ ~[fei][fǣge] NE
fick ᛫ deceit ᛫ fraud ᛫ N fic&gefic OE&OE
fickle fickel ᛫ unreliable ᛫ disloyal ᛫ treacherous ᛫ deceptive ᛫ deceitful ᛫ N fickle&fikel[ficol] NE&ME
fiddle fiddel ᛫ a violin ᛫ N ~[fiþele] NE
fiddle with fiddel ƿið ᛫ to manipulate ᛫ to tinker ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fiddlestick fiddelstick ᛫ a violin bow ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
fie ᛫ to despise ᛫ to abhor ᛫ to detest ᛫ to disdain ᛫ to abominate ᛫ V fēogan OE analogy: lēogan to lie ᛫ kin: fiend
fieldelf fieldelf ᛫ a field elf ᛫ a field fairy ᛫ a field nymph ᛫ N feldælf OE
fieldhen fieldhen ᛫ a Perdix bird ( a partridge ) ᛫ N field+hen NE×2 calque: NL veldhoen
fieldhouse fieldhuse ᛫ a tent ᛫ a building used for sports ᛫ N ~[feldhūs] NE
fieldswamb fieldsƿamb ᛫ fungus ᛫ N feldswamm OE
fiend feend ᛫ an evil person ᛫ a lowlife ᛫ a drug addict ᛫ an enemy ᛫ a devil ᛫ the Devil ᛫ a demon ᛫ N ~ NE
fiendish feendisc ᛫ diabolical ᛫ demonic ᛫ extremely cruel ᛫ extremely wicked ᛫ excessively bad , unpleasant , or difficult ᛫ AJ ~ NE [MW]
fiendred feendred ᛫ enmity ᛫ N fēondrǣden OE
fiendship feendscip ᛫ enmity ᛫ foeship ᛫ N fēondscip OE
fifth fifð ᛫ a quint ᛫ a pentachord ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
fifthbeing fifðbeing ᛫ a quintessence ᛫ N fifte beinge ME
fight figt ᛫ to moisten ᛫ V fȳhtan OE
fightlock figtlock ᛫ combat ᛫ N feohtlāc OE
fike ᛫ to feign ᛫ to dissemble ᛫ to flatter ᛫ to wheedle ᛫ V fiken[fician] ME
fike ᛫ a fig ᛫ N fīke ME‹I?
filch filc ᛫ some stolen thing or things ᛭ to steal ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
file ᛫ to defile ᛫ to corrupt ᛫ V fīlen[fȳlan] ME
fill ᛫ chervil ? ᛫ the Thymus serpyllum plant ( breckland thyme ) ? ᛫ N fille OE
film ᛫ a movie ᛫ a membrane ᛫ skin ᛫ N film&filmen NE&OE
filmcraft ᛫ the art or craft of making movies ᛫ cinematography ᛫ N filmcraft NE
filmdom ᛫ the movie industry ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
filmgoer ᛫ a moviegoer ᛫ a cinemagoer ᛫ N ~ NE
filmhouse filmhuse ᛫ a cinema ᛫ N film+house NE×2
filmish filmisc ᛫ filmic ᛫ cinematic ᛫ AJ ~ NE
filmling ᛫ a short film ᛫ N film+ling NE×2
filmmaker ᛫ a cinematographer ᛫ a filmographer ᛫ N ~ NE
filmplay filmplag ᛫ a motion picture ᛫ N film play NE [MW]
filmstar ᛫ a movie star ᛫ N film star NE
filmwright filmƿrigt ᛫ a scriptwriter ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
filst ᛫ aid ᛫ assistance ᛫ support ᛫ furtherance ᛫ abetment ᛭ to aid ᛫ to assist ᛫ to support ᛫ to abet ᛫ N᛭V filst&filsten ME&ME
filthfear filðfear ᛫ mysophobia ᛫ N dirt+fear NE×2
find ᛫ to locate ᛫ V ~ NE
finding ᛫ discovery ᛫ a discovery ᛫ N ~ NE
findle findel ᛫ something found ᛫ a discovery ᛫ an invention ᛫ N findles ME
findy findie ᛫ capable of understanding what is said; apt or effective in language ᛫ AJ fīndī&gefyndig ME&OE rhyme: windy [MEC][OED]
finger ᛫ to identify ᛫ to point out ᛫ V ~ NE
fingerapple fingerappel ᛫ a date ᛫ N fingeræppel OE
fingerbone ᛫ a phalanx of a finger ( anatomy ) ᛫ N ~ NE
fingle fingel ᛫ a prince ᛫ a princeps ᛫ N fengel OE
fingry fingrie ᛫ digital ᛫ AJ finger+y NE×2
Finn ᛫ a Finn ᛫ N(P) Finn OE
fint ᛫ a tail ᛫ sequel ᛫ consequence ᛫ N finta OE
firebarrow firebarroƿ ᛫ a volcano ᛫ N fire+barrow NE×2
firebouk firebook ᛫ a Molotov cocktail ᛫ N fire+bouk NE+ME
firebrand ᛫ a torch with a flame ᛫ an argumentative troublemaker or revolutionary ᛫ N ~ NE
firedog firedogg ᛫ an andiron ᛫ a landiron ᛫ N ~ NE calque: chenet?
fireflood ᛫ a lava flow ᛫ N ~ NE
firefree ᛫ fireproof ᛫ free from fire ᛫ AJ fire-free NE&ANE [OED]
firehouse firehuse ᛫ a fire station ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
firen ᛫ to sin ᛫ V firenian OE
firenful ᛫ sinful ᛫ wicked ᛫ AJ firenfull OE
firenlust ᛫ sinful lust ᛫ wantonness ᛫ N firenlust OE
firepan ᛫ a brazier ᛫ N ~ NE
fires ᛫ living beings ᛫ humanity ᛫ humans ᛫ N fīras OE kin: feorm/farm; firihōs (Old Saxon); fīrar (Icelandic)
fireward fireƿard ᛫ a fire chief ᛫ a fire warden ᛫ a fire marshal ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
firewater fireƿater ᛫ liquor ᛫ strong alcoholic drink ᛫ N ~ NE possibly a calque from an American Indian language
fireweapon fireƿeapon ᛫ a firearm ᛫ N ~ NE "earliest use found in Humphrey Barwick (d. 1598)" ᛫ see OXF
firk ᛫ to move quickly ᛫ hasten ᛫ to be lively ᛫ to jerk ᛫ to switch ᛫ to fidget ᛫ to fuss ᛫ V ~ NE [MW]
firl ᛫ distance ᛫ N firl OE
firlen ᛫ distant ᛫ remote ᛫ AJ fyrlen OE
firnut ᛫ a fircone ᛫ N fir+nut NE×2 note: pīnhnutu
firrow firroƿ ᛫ a mountain ᛫ N firgen/fyrgen{firegāt} OE kin: 𐍆𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌲𐌿𐌽𐌹; पर्वत ᛫ evidence from ME shows loss of /n/
firrowbuck firroƿbuck ᛫ an ibex ? ᛫ N firgenbucca OE
firse ᛫ to keep away ᛫ to take away ᛫ V firsen/fursen[feorsian] ME "firse him from me" ᛫ kin: far
firsen ᛫ the heel ᛫ N fiersn/fyrsn OE
first ᛫ a ceiling ᛫ a roof ᛫ N first[first] ME
first hoad ᛫ first person ᛫ N fyrest hād OE from Ælfric's Grammar
firstbirth firstbirð ᛫ primogeniture ᛫ N first-birthe ME
firsthand firsthand ᛫ direct ( without intermediate stages ) ᛫ AJ ~ NE
firth firð ᛫ an estuary ᛫ an inlet ᛫ a fjord ᛫ N ~ NE‹N
firwit firƿit ᛫ curiosity ᛫ N firwit/firwet OE
fise ᛫ to launch ᛫ to send quickly ᛫ to bring quickly ᛫ V fūsen[fȳsan] ME
fishhawk fischaƿk ᛫ a Pandion haliaetus bird ( an osprey ) ᛫ N ~ NE
fishhouse fischuse ᛫ a fish tank ᛫ an aquarium ᛫ a place where fish is sold ᛫ a small shack used for ice fishing ᛫ N ffysche howse ME&NE [OED]
fishlore fisclore ᛫ ichthyology ᛫ N ~ NE
fishly fisclie ᛫ piscine ᛫ ichthyic ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fishwife fiscƿife ᛫ a coarse-mannered woman who is prone to shouting ᛫ a female fishmonger ᛫ N ~ NE
fishy fiscie ᛫ suspicious ᛫ dubious ᛫ questionable ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fistfighter fistfigter ᛫ a pugilist ᛫ N fist-fighter NE [OED]
fistfighting fistfigting ᛫ pugilism ᛫ pugilistics ᛭ pugilistic ᛫ N᛭AJ fist-fighting NE [OED]
fit ᛫ a section of a narrative ( esp a poem or song ) ᛫ a canto ᛫ a chapter ᛫ N fit&fit/fitt[fitte] NE&ME "chapter" usage found in "the Hunting of the Snark"
fit ᛫ a sudden and transitory state of activity or feeling ᛫ a paroxysm ᛫ a seizure ᛫ a convulsion ᛫ a tantrum ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
fitful ᛫ intermittent ᛫ capricious ᛫ spasmodic ᛫ sporadic ᛫ paroxysmal ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Fitherrich Fiðerric ᛫ a tetrarch ᛫ N fyðerríca OE
fitting ᛫ appropriate ᛫ proper ᛫ suitable ᛫ apt ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
fivald fifald ᛫ a butterfly ᛫ a Lepidopteran insect [ᚹ] ᛫ N fifalde OE
fivefold fifefold ᛫ quintuple ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE [OED]
fivel fifel ᛫ a monster ᛫ a giant ᛫ N fifel OE
fivelblossom fifelblossom ᛫ a Rafflesia arnoldii plant ( a stinking corpse flower , a stinking corpse lily , a monster flower ) ᛫ N fifel+blossom OE+NE
fiveleaf fifeleaf ᛫ a Potentilla plant ( a cinquefoil ) ᛫ N five-leaf NE [OED]
fiveling fifeling ᛫ a quintuplet ᛫ N five+ling NE+NE
fivelish fifelisc ᛫ monstrous ᛫ AJ fifel+ish ME+NE
fivepenny fifepenni ᛫ a nickel [ᚹ] ᛭ worth five cents ᛫ worth five pence ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
fivesome fifesum ᛫ a quintet ᛫ a pentad ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
fizz fis ᛫ soda ᛫ pop ᛫ coke ᛫ N ~ NE
flask ᛫ a flask ᛫ a bottle ᛫ N flaxe OE‹I? or: flax
flat ᛫ an apartment ᛫ N ~ NE
flatware flatƿare ᛫ eating utensils such as knives forks and spoons ᛫ cutlery ᛫ N ~ NE
flawed flaƿed ᛫ imperfect ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹N
flawless flaƿless ᛫ perfect ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹(N+E)
flaxen ᛫ made of flax ᛫ of the pale yellow colour of dressed flax ᛫ AJ ~ NE
flaxenheered ᛫ blond ᛫ blonde ᛫ AJ flaxenhaired NE
flay flag ᛫ to skin ᛫ V ~ NE
fleabane ᛫ an Erigeron plant ᛫ N ~ NE
fleard ᛫ falsehood ᛫ deceit ᛫ N flērd[gefleard] ME
flearder ᛫ a deceiver ᛫ a trickster ᛫ N fleardere OE
fledge fledg ᛫ to care for a young bird until it can fly ᛫ to grow feathers ᛫ V ~ NE
fledgling fledgling ᛫ an immature or inexperienced person or thing ᛭ nascent ᛫ emerging ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
flee ᛫ to run away ᛫ to escape ᛫ V ~ NE PST: fled PTCP: fled
fleed ᛫ to flow ᛫ V flēden ME kin: flood
fleek ᛫ a frame interwoven with bars and wattles ᛫ a hurdle ᛫ N flēke ME
fleem ᛫ exile ᛫ an exile ᛫ an outcast ᛭ to outcast ᛫ to exile ᛫ N᛭V flēme&flēmen ME&ME
fleet ᛫ a navy ᛫ N ~[flēot] NE
fleet ᛫ a marshland creek ᛫ a marshland channel ᛫ a marshland ditch ᛫ N ~[flēot] NE
fleet ᛫ to move quickly ᛫ to pass time rapidly ᛫ to fade away ᛫ V ~[flēotan] NE
fleet ᛫ cream ᛭ to remove cream or scum from ᛫ to skim ᛫ N᛭V flēte&flẹ̄ten OE&ME kin: flautir
fleeting ᛫ ephemeral ᛫ passing ( short-lived ) AJ ~ NE
fleetings ᛫ curds from which cheese is made ᛫ thick cream which rises to the surface of boiling whey ᛫ N ~ NE [EDD]
fleetlord ᛫ an admiral ᛫ N fleet+lord{sciphlāford} NE×2
fleettow fleettoƿ ᛫ an admiral ᛫ N fleet+tow NE×2 by analogy with heretowa ᛫ or: fleettough
flesher flescer ᛫ a butcher ᛫ N ~ NE
fleshhame fleschame ᛫ to incarnate ᛫ to become incarnate ᛫ V flǣschamian OE
fleshhamed fleschamed ᛫ incarnate ᛫ AJ flǣschamod OE
fleshliness flescliness ᛫ carnality ᛫ N ~ NE
fleshly flesclie ᛫ carnal ᛫ sensual ᛫ having an actual physical appearance ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fleshy flescie ᛫ plump ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fley fleg ᛫ to scare [ᛏ] ᛫ to become scared ᛫ V āflēgan NE kin: fly?; flee?
flightcraft fligtcraft ᛫ an airplane ᛫ an aeroplane ᛫ N flight+craft NE×2
flightfear fligtfear ᛫ aerophobia ᛫ N flight+fear NE×2
flightfield fligtfield ᛫ an airfield ᛫ N flight+field NE×2 calque: fleanfjild
flightling fligtling ᛫ a refugee ᛫ N flight+ling NE+NE calque: vluchteling; Flüchtling
flighty fligtig ᛫ fickle ᛫ capricious ᛫ volatile ᛫ skittish ᛫ temperamental ᛫ mercurial ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
flintstone ᛫ any hard stone such as flint , quartz , granite , basalt ᛫ N ~ NE
flitch flic ᛫ a slab of meat ( esp bacon ) ᛫ a slab of timber ᛫ N ~[flicche][flicce] NE
flite ᛫ a quarrel ᛫ a dispute ᛫ an argument ᛭ to quarrel ᛫ to dispute ᛫ to argue ᛫ to contend ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
flitecraft ᛫ the art of dialectics ᛫ the art of arguing ᛫ N flītcræft OE
flitecraftly flitecraftlie ᛫ dialectical ᛫ disputational ᛫ AJ flītcræftlīc OE
fliteful ᛫ contentious ᛫ AJ flītful OE
flitem ᛫ a lancet ᛫ a scalpel ᛫ N flītme OE glossary word
fliteyern flitegern ᛫ a litigator ᛫ N flītgeorn OE glossary word
fliting ᛫ a contention ᛫ a debate ᛫ a quarrel ᛫ N flite+ing NE×2
float ᛫ a raft ᛫ N ~ NE raft is Norse
flone ᛫ an arrow ᛫ a bolt ( for a crossbow ) ᛫ a dart ᛫ a bullet [ᚹ] ᛫ a projectile [ᚹ] ᛫ N flōn[flān] ME
floodbank ᛫ a levee ᛫ N ~ NE‹(NE+NE‹‹N) un-Norse: floodstath [OED]
floodwave floodƿafe ᛫ a tsunami ᛫ a tidal wave ᛫ N flood+wave NE+NE calque: NL vloedgolf
flot ᛫ water which can be sailed on ᛫ N flot OE
flow floƿ ᛫ a flux ᛫ N ~ NE
flowsome floƿsum ᛫ fluid ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
flowy floƿie ᛫ fluid ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fluke flook ᛫ a Pleuronectiformes fish ᛫ N ~[flōc] NE
flukeworm flookƿurm ᛫ a parasitic worm ᛫ N ~ NE
flyer flier ᛫ something that flies ᛫ a pilot ( of an aircraft ) ᛫ an airman ᛫ an aviator ᛫ an aviatrix ᛫ a leaflet ᛫ a pamphlet ᛫ a brochure ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
flytrap ᛫ a trap for catching flies ᛫ a Sarraceniaceae plant ( a pitcher plant ) ᛫ an Apocynum plant ( a dogbane ) ᛫ a Dionaea muscipula plant ( a Venus flytrap ) ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
foalfoot ᛫ a Tussilago farfara plant ᛫ N ~[fōlefọ̄t] NE see: coltsfoot
fob ᛫ a little pocket for holding a watch ᛫ a pocket watch chain ᛫ N ~ NE‹HG
fodder ᛫ food for livestock ᛫ inferior or readily available material used to supply a heavy demand ᛫ N ~ NE
foe ᛫ an enemy ᛫ N ~ NE
foeman ᛫ an adversary ᛫ N ~[fōman] NE
foeship foescip ᛫ enmity ᛫ the opposite of friendship ᛫ N ~ NE
foken ᛫ deceit ᛫ fraud ᛫ deceitfulness ᛫ guile ᛭ deceitful ᛫ false ᛫ fake ᛫ N᛭AJ fōken&fācen ME&OE kin: fake?
fokenful ᛫ deceitful ᛫ fraudulent ᛫ AJ fācenful OE
fokentoken ᛫ a false signal ᛫ a false sign ᛫ a false token ᛫ a misdirection ᛫ N fācentācen OE
fold ᛫ earth ᛫ the Earth ᛫ the world ᛫ the people of the world ᛫ dry land ᛫ N folde[folde] ME
fold ᛫ a political party ᛫ a religious group ᛫ an ideological group ᛫ a fellowship ᛫ N ~ NE
fold ᛫ a pen or an enclosure in a field for livestock ᛫ a religious community ᛫ a community ᛫ N ~[fōld][fald/falod] NE
foldway foldƿag ᛫ the Earth ᛫ N foldweg OE
folk ᛫ a people ᛫ people ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
folk ᛫ demo- ᛫ PREFIX folc OE
folkbale ᛫ torment from the public ᛫ public backlash ᛫ N folcbealo OE
folkcouth folkcooð ᛫ well-known ᛫ widely celebrated ᛫ popular ᛫ AJ folccūþ OE
folkdom ᛫ a democracy ᛫ N ~ NE invented by William Barnes
folkish folkisc ᛫ characteristic of ordinary people or traditional culture ᛫ AJ ~ NE
folkland ᛫ public property ᛫ N ~ NE
folklore ᛫ traditional customs tales sayings dances or art forms preserved among a people ᛫ N ~ NE
folkmear ᛫ popular ᛫ folk-known ᛫ AJ folcmǣre OE
folkmoot ᛫ an assembly of the people ᛫ N ~ NE
folkmorth folkmorð ᛫ a genocide ᛫ N folk+morth NE+ME calque: Völkermord
folkname ᛫ a demonym ᛫ N folk+name NE
folkrich folkric ᛫ a democracy ᛫ N folk+rīche NE+ME
folkright folkrigt ᛫ common law ᛫ N folcriht OE
folkshather folkscaðer ᛫ people's tyrant ᛫ a villain ᛫ N folcsceaþa OE or: folkscather (Norse influenced)
folkstow folkstoƿ ᛫ a country place ᛫ a rustic place ᛫ N folcstōw OE
folktale ᛫ a characteristically anonymous tale circulated orally among a people ᛫ N ~ NE
folktelling ᛫ a census ᛫ N folk+tell+ing NE×3 calque: volkstelling
folktilth folktilð ᛫ pop-culture ᛫ N folk+tilth NE×3
folktow folktoƿ ᛫ a popular lead ᛫ a chief ᛫ a chieftain ᛫ N folctoga OE
Folkwandering Folkƿandering ᛫ the migrations of the Migration Period ᛫ N(P) ~ NE calque: Völkerwanderung
folkway folkƿag ᛫ a custom or belief common to members of a society or culture ᛫ N ~ NE
folkways folkƿags ᛫ the customs of a community ( a culture ) ᛫ N ~ NE
follow after folloƿ after ᛫ to succeed ᛫ V ~ NE
follower folloƿer ᛫ a successor ᛫ an adherent ᛫ a pupil ᛫ a partisan ᛫ N ~ NE
following folloƿing ᛫ ensuing ᛫ AJ ~ NE
followth folloƿð ᛫ that which follows ᛫ a retinue ᛫ service of a follower ᛫ N folgoþ OE
folm ᛫ a palm of a hand ᛫ a sole of a foot ( rare usage ? ) ᛫ N folm&folm ME&OE
fon ᛫ a fool ᛫ a buffoon ᛭ to be foolish ᛫ to fool ᛫ to dupe ᛫ V fǒnne&fǒnnen ME‹?&ME‹? kin: fond
fond ᛫ affectionate towards something ᛫ foolishly affectionate towards something ᛫ foolish ᛫ insipid ᛫ AJ fǒnned NE‹ME‹? originally past participle of fǒnnen
fondest ᛫ a favourite ᛫ a beloved one ᛭ favourite ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
fondle fondel ᛫ to caress ᛫ V ~[fond] NE‹ME‹? kin: fond
fondness ᛫ affection ᛫ dearness ᛫ endearment ᛫ N ~ NE
footadle footadel ᛫ gout ᛫ N fōtādl OE
footbone ᛫ a metatarsal ᛫ N ~ NE
footgoer ᛫ a pedestrian ᛫ N ~ NE
footleech footleec ᛫ a podiatrist ᛫ N foot+leech NE×2
footly footlie ᛫ pedestrian ( some senses ) ᛫ AJ fōtlic OE
footman ᛫ a foot soldier ᛫ N ~ NE
footmeal ᛫ step by step ᛫ AV ~ NE
footmen ᛫ infantry ᛫ N ~ NE
footspoor ᛫ a footprint ᛫ N fōtspor OE kin: Fußspur; voetspoor
footstick ᛫ a ruler ᛫ N foot+stick NE+NE modelled on yardstick
footstone ᛫ a stone placed at the foot of a grave ᛫ N ~[fōtstān] NE [MW]
footwelm footƿelm ᛫ the sole of the foot ᛫ N fōtwelm OE
for ᛫ because of ᛫ for the sake of ᛫ because ᛫ P ~ NE
for eld ᛫ for ages ᛫ AV for ēlde ME
for that þat ᛫ because ᛫ AV&C for that ME or: forthat ᛫ to say "because of" say "along of" or "owing to"
forane ᛫ beforehand ( denoting anticipation or prevention ) ᛫ AV forane OE was used with gēan, ongēan, and tōgēanes to mean "against"
forbear ᛫ to avoid ᛫ to abstain ᛫ to refrain when provoked ᛫ to decline ᛫ V ~ NE
forbearing ᛫ forbearance ᛫ N forbear+ing NE×2
forbid ᛫ to prohibit ᛫ V ~ NE PST: forbade ᛫ PTCP: forbidden
forbidden ᛫ prohibited ᛫ verboten ᛫ AJ ~ NE
forbird ᛫ forbearance ᛫ abstention ᛫ N forbyrd OE pretty much the noun equivalent of "forbear"
forbode ᛫ a prohibition ᛫ N forbōd[forbod] ME
forbond ᛫ a federation ᛫ N for+bond NE×2 calque: verbond
forbow forbue ᛫ to avoid ᛫ to evade ᛫ to refrain from ᛫ V forbǒuen[forbūgan] ME
forbraid forbragd ᛫ to transform something for the worse ᛫ to corrupt ᛫ to pervert ᛫ to make monstrous ᛫ V forbreiden[forbregdan] ME
forbuy forbie ᛫ to bribe ᛫ to ransom a prisoner ᛫ to redeem ᛫ V forbīen ME
forby forbie ᛫ in addition ᛭ past ᛫ near ᛫ besides ᛫ AV᛭P ~ NE or: forbye
forcouth forcooð ᛫ despised ᛫ infamous ᛫ AJ forcūþ ME
ford ᛫ a shallow spot in a river or stream ᛭ to wade across a ford ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
fordeal ᛫ to distribute ᛫ V fordǣlan OE
fordeem ᛫ to condemn ᛫ to convict ᛫ V fordēmen ME
fordit ᛫ to close up ᛫ to stop ᛫ V forditten ME
fordo ᛫ to abolish ᛫ to annul ᛫ to cancel ᛫ V ~ NE PST: fordid ᛫ PTCP: fordone
fordraw fordraƿ ᛫ to torture by stretching ᛫ to take away by force ᛫ V fordrauen ME
fordrench fordrenc ᛫ to intoxicate ᛫ N fordrenchen ME
fordrive fordrife ᛫ to drive away ᛫ to physically expel ᛫ V fordriven ME
fordwine fordƿine ᛫ to fade away ᛫ to waste away ᛫ to decay ᛫ to dwindle ᛫ V ~ NE
fore ᛫ the front ᛭ in front ᛫ N᛭P ~ NE
fore ᛫ pre- ᛫ ante- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE see ere (prefix)
forebear ᛫ an ancestor ᛫ N ~ NE
forebisen ᛫ an example ( good or bad ) ᛫ a model ᛫ an exemplar ᛫ a template ᛫ an archetype ᛫ an allegory ᛫ an analogy [ᚹ] ᛭ to example ᛫ N᛭V forebisen&forbisenen ME&ME
forebode ᛫ to predict ᛫ to foretell ᛫ to portend ᛫ V ~ NE
foreboder ᛫ an oracle ᛫ a prophet ᛫ N ~ NE
foreboding ᛫ an evil omen ᛭ ominous ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
forebody forebodie ᛫ the thorax ᛫ N ~ NE
forebook ᛫ a prelude to a book or series of books ᛫ a preface ᛫ N ~ NE
forebrain forebragn ᛫ the prosencephalon ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
forebusy forebisie ᛫ to preoccupy ᛫ V ~ NE
forecast ᛫ a prediction ᛭ to predict ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE‹(E+N)
forecaster ᛫ a predictor ᛫ N ~ NE‹(E+N+E)
forecoming forecumming ᛫ an advent ᛭ preceding ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
forecool ᛫ to precool ᛫ V fore+cool NE×2 by analogy of: preheat
fored ᛫ broken ᛫ AJ forod OE rhyme: horrid ᛫ what verb does this word come from?
foredeal ᛫ advantage ᛫ N ~[fōredēl] NE
foredeem ᛫ to expect ᛫ to assume ᛫ V ~ NE
foredoom ᛫ prejudice ᛭ to judge beforehand ᛫ N᛭V fore+doom NE×2
foredoor ᛫ a front door ᛫ N ~ NE
forefang ᛫ to anticipate ᛫ to take beforehand ᛫ V fōrefōn OE
forefather forefaðer ᛫ a male ancestor ᛫ N ~ NE
forefeeling ᛫ presentiment ᛫ N ~ NE
forefighter forefigter ᛫ a vanguard ᛫ N forefightere ME
forefinger ᛫ the index finger ᛫ the pointer finger ᛫ N ~ NE see "shotfinger"
foreflood ᛫ antediluvian ᛫ before the Biblical flood ᛫ AJ fore+flood NE×2 calque
foreganger ᛫ a predecessor ᛫ a herald ᛫ N foreganger ME
foregate ᛫ a main entrance ᛫ a front gate ᛫ N ~ NE
forego ᛫ to precede ᛫ V ~ NE often found in the saying "foregone conclusion"
foregoer ᛫ a predecessor ᛫ N ~ NE
foregoing ᛫ preceding ᛫ AJ ~ NE
foregone ᛫ past ᛫ AJ ~ NE
foreguess foregess ᛫ conjecture ᛫ an assumption ᛭ to assume ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
foregut ᛫ the anterior part of the alimentary canal of an embryo from the mouth to the duodenum ᛫ N ~ NE
forehand ᛫ the chief part ᛫ an advantage ᛫ N ~ NE
forehanded ᛫ prudent ᛫ AJ ~ NE
foreheadbone ᛫ a frontal bone ᛫ N ~ NE
forehouse forehuse ᛫ a foyer ᛫ N ~ NE
forekidney forekidneg ᛫ the pronephros ᛫ N ~ NE
foreknow foreknoƿ ᛫ to know beforehand ( esp through supernatural means ) ᛫ V ~ NE
foreknowledge foreknoƿledg ᛫ prescience ᛫ foresight ᛫ precognition ᛫ N ~ NE
foreland ᛫ a cape ᛫ a promontory ᛫ N ~ NE
forelock ᛫ a lock of hair growing just above the forehead ᛫ N ~ NE
forelook ᛫ a preview ᛭ to preview ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
foremake ᛫ to prefabricate ᛫ V ~ NE
foreman ᛫ a taskmaster ᛫ a supervisor of work ᛫ a honcho ᛫ a boss ᛫ N ~ NE
foremost ᛫ paramount ᛫ AJ ~ NE
foremother foremoðer ᛫ a female ancestor ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
forename ᛫ a pronoun ᛫ N fōrenama OE
forenamed ᛫ previously named ᛫ aforementioned ᛫ AJ ~ NE
foreneed ᛫ prerequisite ᛫ N fore+need NE×2
forenight forenigt ᛫ the early part of the evening ᛫ N ~ NE [CED]
foreowned foreoƿned ᛫ pre-owned ᛫ AJ ~ NE
foreridle foreridel ᛫ one who rides ahead ᛫ a precursor ᛫ a harbinger ᛫ N forridel ME
forerun ᛫ to run before ᛫ to come before as a token of something to follow ᛫ V ~ NE
forerunner ᛫ a predecessor ᛫ a precursor ᛫ N ~ NE
foresee ᛫ to predict ᛫ to anticipate ᛫ V ~ NE
foreseen that þat ᛫ provided that ᛫ C fōrsẹ̄n that ME
foreset ᛫ to prepose ᛫ V foresetten ME
foresetting ᛫ a proposal ᛫ a proposition ᛫ a preposition ( grammatical term ) ᛫ N fōresetnes OE
foreshadow forescadoƿ ᛫ to presage ᛫ V ~ NE
foreship forescip ᛫ the forward part of a ship ᛫ the prow ᛫ N forship ME
foreshow forescoƿ ᛫ to show before ᛫ to give warning or promise of ᛫ V ~ NE
foresight foresigt ᛫ the ability to predict what will happen or be needed in the future ᛫ an act of looking forwards ᛫ N ~ NE
foresitter ᛫ a president ᛫ N fore+sit+er NE×3 calque: Vorsitzende; Forseti
foresmack ᛫ a foretaste ᛫ a sample ᛫ N ~ NE
forespeak ᛫ to foretell ᛫ to predict ᛫ V ~ NE
forespeech forespeec ᛫ a preface ᛫ a preamble ᛫ N ~ NE
forestall ᛫ to obstruct ᛫ to prevent ᛫ V ~ NE
forestear ᛫ prehistory ᛫ N fore+stǣr NE+OE‹I‹H
forestighting forestigting ᛫ predestination ᛫ N forestihtung OE
foreswayed foresƿaged ᛫ swayed beforehand ᛫ biased ᛫ AJ fore+sway+ed NE×3
foretale ᛫ a prologue ᛫ a prediction ᛫ N ~ NE
foretell ᛫ to predict ᛫ V ~ NE
forethink foreþink ᛫ to premeditate ᛫ V ~ NE
forethought foreþougt ᛫ a thinking out beforehand ᛫ anticipation ᛫ premeditation ᛭ premeditated ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE var: aforethought
foretoken ᛫ a presage ᛫ an omen ᛫ a prognostic ᛫ N ~ NE
foretooth foretooð ᛫ an incisor ᛫ a front tooth ᛫ N ~ NE
foreward foreƿard ᛫ a scout ᛫ an explorer ᛫ N foreweard OE
forewarm foreƿarm ᛫ to preheat ᛫ V ~ NE
forewit foreƿit ᛫ precaution ᛫ prudence ᛫ N ~ NE
foreword foreƿord ᛫ a preface ᛫ an introduction ( in a document ) ᛫ N ~ NE
forework foreƿork ᛫ a fortifying structure erected for defense ᛫ N ~ NE
forfare ᛫ to perish ᛫ to go to ruin ᛫ to go astray ᛫ to stray ᛫ V forfāren ME
forgather forgaðer ᛫ to assemble ᛫ to gather together [ᚾ] ᛫ V ~ NE [MW]
forgiveness forgifness ᛫ remission ᛫ N ~ NE un-Norse: foryeaveness/forgeefeness
forgivenly forgifenlie ᛫ dative ( grammar) ᛫ AJ forgifendlīc OE un-Norse: foryeavendly/forgeefendly
forgo ᛫ to go or do without ᛫ to refrain from ᛫ V ~ NE
forhadness ᛫ abstinence ( esp food or drink ) ᛫ N forhæfednes OE kin: forhabben [MEC]
forhave forhaf ᛫ to restrain someone from something ᛫ to abstain ᛫ V forhabban OE kin: forhæfedness [MEC]
forhew forheƿ ᛫ to slash into pieces ᛫ to kill by cutting ᛫ V forheuen ME
forhow forhoƿ ᛫ to despise ᛫ to reject ᛫ to treat with contempt ᛫ to disregard ᛫ V forhouen[forhogian/forhycgan] ME
forked cap ᛫ a mitre / a miter ᛫ N forked cappe ANE‹(NE+NE‹‹I) [OED]
forleese ᛫ to abandon ᛫ to forfeit ᛫ to lose something ᛫ to desert ᛫ to damn ᛫ V forlēsen ME PST: forlore ᛫ PTCP: forlorn
forlet ᛫ to desert ᛫ to forsake ᛫ to neglect ᛫ to abandon ᛫ to reject ᛫ to leave ᛫ to depart ᛫ V ~ NE PST: forlet
forlie ᛫ to rape ᛫ to fornicate ᛫ V forlien ME
forlier ᛫ adultery ᛫ fornication ᛫ an adulterer ᛫ an adulteress ᛫ a fornicator ᛭ adulterous ᛫ N᛭AJ forliger OE
forlorn ᛫ abandoned ᛫ deserted ᛫ AJ ~ NE from the verb "forleese"
form ᛫ original ᛫ primal ᛫ AJ forme ME
formfather formfaðer ᛫ the first father of something ᛫ a progenitor ᛫ N formefader ME
formly formlie ᛫ originally ᛫ primally ᛫ AV forme+ly ME+NE
formmother formmoðer ᛫ the first mother of something ᛫ a progenitrix ᛫ N formemoder ME
forn ᛫ previous ᛫ former ᛭ formerly ᛫ previously ᛭ before ( in space or in time ) ᛫ AJ᛭AV᛭P forne[forn] ME
fornigh fornige ᛫ very nearly ᛫ almost ᛫ AV forneh[fornēah] ME
fornim ᛫ to remove ᛫ to deprive ᛫ to plunder ᛫ to ransack ᛫ to seize ᛫ V fornimen&forniman ME&OE
fornumb ᛫ deprived of vigour ᛫ sluggish ᛫ AJ fornome ME
forold ᛫ to become feeble or decrepit with age ᛫ to go or make out of date [ᚹ] ᛫ to become or make obsolete [ᚹ] ᛫ V forōlden ME
forolded ᛫ feeble or decrepit with age ᛫ obsolete [ᚹ] ᛫ outdated [ᚹ] ᛫ out of date [ᚹ] ᛫ AV forolded ME
forqueath forcƿeað ᛫ to deny ᛫ to repudiate ᛫ to reject ᛫ V forquēthen[forcweþan] ME
forread ᛫ to betray ᛫ to lead astray ᛫ V forreden ME
forsake ᛫ to abandon ᛫ to desert ᛫ V ~ NE PST: forsook ᛫ PTCP: forsaken
forsaken ᛫ abandoned ᛫ deserted ᛫ AJ ~ NE
forsay forsag ᛫ to renounce ᛫ V ~ NE [CED]
forsench forsenc ᛫ to submerge ᛫ V forsenchen ME
forshape forscape ᛫ to transform or to metamorphose something ( usually for the worse ) ᛫ to distort ᛫ to disfigure ᛫ to degrade ᛫ V forshāpen ME
forslack ᛫ to neglect ᛫ to be neglectful ᛫ V ~ NE [CED]
forslow forsloƿ ᛫ to procrastinate ᛫ to put off ᛫ to delay ᛫ V ~ NE [MW]
forsooth forsooð ᛫ indeed ᛫ AV ~ NE
forspeak ᛫ to bewitch ᛫ to cast a bad spell over ᛫ to renounce ᛫ V ~ NE
forspend ᛫ to exhaust ᛫ V ~ NE PST&PTCP: forspent
forspent ᛫ exhausted ᛫ fatigued ᛫ AJ ~ NE [MW]
forspill ᛫ to destroy ᛫ to waste ᛫ to demolish ᛫ V forspillen&forspillan ME&OE
forstand ᛫ to stand up for ᛫ to defend ᛫ to protect ᛫ V forstandan&fōrstandan OE&OE
forstop ᛫ to stop completely ᛫ to smother ᛫ to block ᛫ V forstoppen ME
forswear forsƿear ᛫ to reject upon oath ᛫ to renounce ᛫ to abjure ᛫ V ~[forswēren] NE
forswink forsƿink ᛫ to exhaust by labour ᛫ V ~ NE
forswy forsƿie ᛫ to keep silent ᛫ to be silent ᛫ V forswīgian OE
fortee ᛫ to draw away to evil ᛫ to seduce ᛫ V fortēn&fortēon ME&OE
forth forð ᛫ to advance ᛫ to proceed ᛫ to carry out ᛫ to promote ᛫ to aid or to assist in a task ᛫ V fō̆rthen[forþian] ME
forthby forðbie ᛫ past ᛫ AV fō̆rthbī ME
forthen forðen ᛫ on that account ᛫ for that reason ᛫ consequently ᛫ AV&C ~ NE
forthfare forðfare ᛫ to go forth ᛫ to die ᛫ to pass away ᛫ N᛭V forthfare&fōrthfāren ME
forthfill forðfill ᛫ to enforce ᛫ to fulfil ᛫ V forthfillen ME
forthgang forðgang ᛫ progress ᛫ a continuance ᛫ a procession ᛫ N forthgang&forthgang NE&ME
forthgo forðgo ᛫ to proceed ᛫ to continue ᛫ to progress ᛫ V forthgon[forþgān] ME
forthink forðink ᛫ to regret ᛫ to rethink ᛫ to change one's mind ᛫ V ~ NE [CED]
forthnim forðnim ᛫ to take someone away ᛫ to remove ᛫ to take one's way ᛫ to leave ᛫ V forthnimen ME
forthput forðput ᛫ to propose ᛫ to put forth ᛫ V ~ NE
forthright forðrigt ᛫ unambiguous ᛫ unevasive ᛭ directly forward ᛫ immediately ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE [MW]
forthship forðscip ᛫ progress ᛫ N forþscype OE
forthtee forðtee ᛫ to draw forth ᛫ to quote ᛫ to cite ᛫ V forthtēn ME
forthward forðƿard ᛫ an agreement ᛫ a contract ᛫ a treaty ᛫ a covenant ᛫ a pledge ᛫ N fōrthwārd ME
forthwiten forðƿiten ᛫ past ᛫ goneby ᛫ AJ forthwīten[forþgewīten] ME
forthwiten tide forðƿiten ᛫ the past tense ᛭ of the past tense ᛫ N᛭AJ forþgewīten tīd OE
forthwith forðƿiþ ᛫ immediately ᛫ AV ~ NE
fortnight fortnigt ᛫ two weeks ᛫ N ~ NE
fortnightly fortnigtlie ᛫ biweekly ᛭ every two weeks ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE
fortread ᛫ to trample ᛫ V fortreden[fortredan] ME PST: fortrod ᛫ PTCP: fortrodden
fortylegs fortileggs ᛫ a centipede ᛫ N forty-legs NE‹(E+N) or: fortyshanks
forwander forƿander ᛫ to exhaust oneself by wandering ᛫ V forwandren ME
forwarry forƿarrie ᛫ to hex ᛫ to curse something ᛫ V forwarien ME
forwhy forhƿie ᛫ for the reason that ᛫ the reason why ᛫ AV forwhy ME
forwird forƿird ᛫ destruction ᛫ perdition ᛫ N forwī̆rd ME
forwonder forƿunder ᛫ to astonish ᛫ V ~ NE
forworth forƿorð ᛫ to perish ᛫ to spoil ᛫ to degenerate ᛫ V forwōrthen[forweorþan] ME
forwright forƿrigt ᛫ an agent ᛫ a vicegerent ᛫ N forwyrhta OE
foryield forgield ᛫ to repay ᛫ to yield what is owed ᛫ to recompense ᛫ V forgieldan OE
foryielding forgielding ᛫ retribution ᛫ punishment ᛫ N foryēlding ME
foster ᛫ to cultivate ᛫ to rear another's child ᛫ V ~ NE
fosterling ᛫ a foster child ᛫ N ~ NE
fother foðer ᛫ a load ( esp a wagon-load or a cart-load ) ᛫ a heavy weight ᛫ a heavy burden ᛫ a large amount ᛫ N fọ̄ther[fōþer] ME
fought fugt ᛫ moist ᛫ damp ᛫ AJ fūht OE rhyme: drought ᛫ kin: feucht (HG)
foughtenfield fougtenfield ᛫ a battleground ᛫ a battlefield ᛫ N ~ NE
foul fule ᛫ unclean ᛫ disgusting ᛫ obscene ᛫ vulgar ᛫ detestable ᛫ AJ ~ NE
foumart ᛫ the European polecat ᛫ N ~ NE likely from "foul"+"marth"
foundling fundling ᛫ an infant found after its unknown parents have abandoned it ᛫ N foundling NE [MW]
fouredged fouredged ᛫ square ᛫ AJ fēowerecgede OE or: fouredge (from fēowerecge)
fourfold ᛫ quadruple ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fourfooted ᛫ quadrupedal ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fourling ᛫ a quadruplet ᛫ N four+ling NE+NE
foursheat foursceat ᛫ quadrangular ᛫ AJ fēowerscȳte OE
foursome foursum ᛫ a quartet ᛫ a tetrad ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
fourth fourð ᛫ a quarter ᛫ N ~ NE
fourth fourð ᛫ a quart ( music ) ᛫ a tetrachord ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
fourwheeler fourhƿeeler ᛫ an ATV ᛫ a quad ᛫ an all-terrain vehicle ᛫ N ~ NE
fouse fuse ᛫ ready ᛫ prepared ᛫ willing ᛫ inclined ᛫ disposed ᛫ AJ ~[fūs] NE
fousely fuselie ᛫ readily ᛫ promptly ᛫ gladly ᛫ AV fūslīce OE
fowl fule ᛫ a bird ᛫ N ~ NE
fowler fuler ᛫ a person who hunts fowl ᛫ N ~ NE
foxly foxlie ᛫ vulpine ᛫ cunning ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fox's sleep ᛫ feigned sleep ᛫ N fox's sleep NE
frain fragn ᛫ to inquire about ᛫ to interrogate ᛫ V ~ NE kin: fricgan
fraining fragning ᛫ inquiry ᛫ interrogation ᛫ an asking ᛫ a question ᛫ N fraining ME gerund of: frain
frainmark fragnmark ᛫ a question mark ( ? ) ᛫ N frain+mark NE×2
fraked ᛫ bad ᛫ vile ᛫ shameful ᛫ AJ fraked[fracod] ME
frame ᛫ a context ᛫ an outlining ᛭ to fit into place ᛫ to put into context ᛫ V ~[framian] NE
framework frameƿork ᛫ the support structure of something ᛫ N ~ NE
Frank ᛫ a Frenchman ᛫ a Frank ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
frank ᛫ a javelin of some sort ᛫ N franca OE
Frankdom ᛫ the Francosphere ᛫ the domain of Frenchness ᛫ N Frank+dom NE×2
Frankland ᛫ France ᛫ N(P) francland OE
fratow fratoƿ ᛫ treasure ᛭ to adorn with treasure ᛫ to adorn ᛫ to decorate ᛫ N᛭V frætwe&frættewian OE
fraught fraugt ᛫ abounding abundant or replete with a bad thing ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹NL [MW]
frea ᛫ a lord ᛫ a master ᛫ N frēa OE
freak ᛫ a capricious action or event ᛫ a distastefully abnormal thing ᛫ N ~[frec]? NE
frech frec ᛫ greedy ᛫ voracious ᛫ eager ᛫ bold ᛫ fierce ᛫ AJ frecche[frec] ME kin: freak?
freck ᛫ to checker ᛫ to diversify ᛫ V ~ NE whence comes "freckle"
free ᛫ a woman ? a lady ( a female lord ) ? ᛫ N frēo OE or: frow? ᛫ kin: frēa (lord)? Frau (German)? Friday?
freebooter ᛫ a pirate ᛫ a lawless adventurer ᛫ N ~ NE
freed ᛫ to experience ( by touch or taste ) ᛫ to experience ( a sensation ) ᛫ to learn through experience ᛫ V frēden ME PST: fred ᛫ PTCP: fred
freedom ᛫ liberty ᛫ N ~ NE
freek ᛫ a man who is brave , strong , or martial ᛫ N ~[frēke][freca] EME or: freak; freik (Scots)
freekness ᛫ danger ᛫ N frẹ̄cnes ME
freeledge freeledg ᛫ franchise ( the ability to vote ) ᛫ N ~ NE
freeload ᛫ to mooch ᛫ to sponge off another ᛫ V ~ NE
freelock ᛫ oblation ᛫ N frēolāc OE
freem ᛫ benefit ᛭ to aid something ᛫ to advance something ᛫ to avail something ᛫ N᛭V frēme&frēmen[fremian] ME
freerunning ᛫ parkour ᛫ N ~ NE
freestand ᛫ to be independent ᛫ V ~ NE
freestanding ᛫ independent ᛫ not supported by or on anything ᛫ AJ ~ NE
freethinker freeþinker ᛫ one who forms opinions on the basis of reason independently of authority ᛫ N ~ NE
freit freigt ᛫ divination ᛫ augury ᛫ N freit[freht][frētt] ME‹E&N
frelse ᛫ a celebration of a holiday ᛫ freedom ᛫ immunity ᛫ privilege ᛭ to observe or celebrate a holiday ᛫ to save one from something ᛫ N᛭V frēols&frelsen[frēolsian] ME from Proto-Germanic combination of "free" and "halse"
frem ᛫ to further ᛫ to perform ᛫ to execute ᛫ to operate ᛫ V fremmen&fremman ME&OE
fremmed ᛫ to alienate ᛫ to estrange ᛭ foreign ᛫ alien V᛭AJ fremed&afremdan ME&OE or: fremd
fremmedfear ᛫ xenophobia ᛫ N fremed+fear ME+NE
fremmedledge fremmedledg ᛫ to alienate ᛫ V fremedlǣcan OE
fremmedling ᛫ a stranger ᛫ a foreigner ᛫ N ~ NE
fremming ᛫ a furtherance ᛫ a performance ᛫ an execution ( of an action ) ᛫ an operation ᛫ N gefremming OE
fremmingbough fremmingbuge ᛫ an executive branch ᛫ N gefremming+bough OE+NE
Frenchpox Frencpox ᛫ syphilis ᛫ N French-pox NE [OED]
freshwater frescƿater ᛫ of neoclassical economics ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fret ᛫ to devour ᛫ to consume ᛫ to eat up ᛫ to corrode ᛫ to mortify ᛫ V fret&frēten NE&ME PST: fretted ᛫ PTCP: fretten
frettle frettel ᛫ voracious ᛫ gluttonous ᛫ AJ fretol OE
Friday Friedag ᛫ Friday ᛫ N(P) ~[fryday] NE
fridge fridg ᛫ to rub ᛫ to chafe ᛫ to fray ᛫ to abrade ᛫ to fidget ᛫ V ~ ANE onomatopoeic [OED]
fridging ᛫ friction ᛫ abrasion ᛫ detrition ᛫ N ~ ANE onomatopoeic [OED]
frie ᛫ to question ᛫ V fricgan OE
Frie ᛫ an English goddess equivalent to Norse Frigg ᛫ the planet Venus [ᚹ] ᛫ N(P) Frie/Frye ME
friendfoe freendfoe ᛫ a frenemy ᛫ N ~ NE
friendly freendlie ᛫ amicable ᛫ N ~ NE
fright frigt ᛫ a scare ᛫ terror ᛫ N ~ NE
frighten frigten ᛫ to scare ᛫ to terrify ᛫ V ~ NE
frightening frigtening ᛫ scary ᛫ terrifying ᛫ AJ ~ NE
frightful frigtful ᛫ dreadful ᛫ unpleasant ᛫ ghastly ᛫ nasty ᛫ shocking ᛫ AJ ~ NE
frike ᛫ to dance about ᛫ to move briskly ᛫ V friken[frician] ME
Frily Frielie ᛫ Venusian ᛫ Venutian ᛫ AJ fry+ly ME+NE
frim ᛫ excellent ᛫ vigorous ᛫ flourishing ᛫ N᛭AJ frim&freme NE&OE
frimful ᛫ beneficial ᛫ AJ fremful ME
Frinight Frienigt ᛫ the night following Friday's dusk ᛫ N(P) ~[frīgeniht] NE
Fris ᛫ a Frisian ᛫ N(P) frysa OE
Frish Frisc ᛫ the Frisian language ᛭ Frisian ᛫ N(P)᛭AJ(P) frysisc OE
Frisland ᛫ Frisia ᛫ N(P) frī̆slō̆nd ME
frist ᛫ a limited period ᛫ time allotted for repayment ᛫ a grace period ᛫ credit ᛫ N frist&frist/frest NE&ME
fristing ᛫ a delay ᛫ a suspension ᛫ a postponement ᛫ N ~ NE kin: first
fristmark ᛫ an interval ᛫ N firstmearc OE
frith frið ᛫ peace ( esp a broad societal kind ) ᛫ N frith[friþ] ME
frithe friðe ᛫ stately ᛫ beautiful ᛫ AJ frīþ OE kin: frīðr (N)
frithend friðend ᛫ a peacebearer ᛫ N friþiend OE
frithful friðful ᛫ peaceful ᛫ gentle ᛫ mild ᛫ AJ friþlīc OE
frithguild friðgild ᛫ a guild for maintaining peace ᛫ N friþgild OE
frithhouse friðhuse ᛫ a safehouse ᛫ N friþhus OE
frithless friðless ᛫ peaceless ᛫ AJ friþelēas OE
frithoath friðoað ᛫ a peace oath ᛫ a truce ᛫ N friþāþ OE
frithsome friðsum ᛫ peaceful ᛫ pacific ᛫ AJ friþsum OE
frithstow friðstoƿ ᛫ a refuge ᛫ an asylum ᛫ N friþstōw OE
frithwrit friðƿrit ᛫ a peace treaty ᛫ N friþgewrit OE
frithyearn friðgearn ᛫ eager for peace ᛫ AJ friþgeorn OE
from frum ᛫ a source [ᚹ] ᛫ an origin ᛫ the first part of a series ᛫ an originator ᛫ an author ᛫ a founder ᛫ an inventor ᛫ N frume/frome[fruma] ME
from ᛫ firm ᛫ potent ᛫ AJ from OE rhyme: bomb
from time to time ᛫ occasionally ᛫ AV ~ NE
fromchar fromcar ᛫ to turn from ᛫ to avert ᛫ V fromcyrran OE
fromshaft frumscaft ᛫ origin ᛫ N frumsceaft OE
fromward fromƿard ᛫ away ᛭ from ᛫ AV᛭P ~ NE [MW]
fromwharve fromhƿarf ᛫ to depart from ᛫ to turn from ᛫ V fromhweorfan OE
frood ᛫ cautious ᛫ shrewd ᛫ wise ᛫ AJ frōd OE
froover froofer ᛫ comfort ᛫ consolation ᛫ solace ᛭ to solace ᛫ to console ᛫ to comfort ᛫ N᛭V frọ̄vre&frọ̄vren[frōfrian] ME&ME
frore ᛫ extremely cold ᛫ AJ ~ NE
frosh frosc ᛫ a frog ᛫ N frosh ME or: frox (from an OE variant)
froshdeer froscdeer ᛫ an amphibian ᛫ N frosh+deer NE×2 or: froxdeer ᛫ calque: froskdýr
frostbearer ᛫ a cryophorus ᛫ N frost-bearer NE [OED]
frostmoor ᛫ tundra ᛫ N frost+moor NE×2 calque of faroese frostmýra and icelandic freðmýri
frough froug ᛫ brittle ᛫ tender ᛫ frail ᛫ AJ frough/frow ME rhyme: glow
froward froƿard ᛫ unmanageable ᛫ disobedient ᛫ untoward ᛫ habitually disposed to disobedience and opposition ᛫ AJ ~ NE [MW]
frumth frumð ᛫ a beginning ᛫ an origin ᛫ the beginning of the world ᛫ N frumth&frymþ/frumþ ME&OE
fuck ᛫ to copulate ᛫ to copulate with ᛫ to mate ᛫ V ~ NE
fulcome fulcum ᛫ to attain ᛫ to realize ( in all senses ) ᛫ to accomplish ᛫ V fulcomen ME
fuldo ᛫ to complete ᛫ to finish ᛫ V fuldọ̄n ME PST: fuldid ᛫ PTCP: fuldone ᛫ calque: perfectum
fulend ᛫ to accomplish ᛫ V fulenden ME
fulfill ᛫ to achieve something ᛫ to carry out a duty ᛫ to satisfy a condition ᛫ to accomplish ᛫ to consummate ᛫ to complete ᛫ V ~ NE
fulfledged fulfledged ᛫ fully qualified ᛫ having all credentials ᛫ entire ᛫ authentic ᛫ fully covered with feathers ᛫ AJ fullfledged NE
fulfrem ᛫ to perfect ᛫ V fulfremman OE
fulfremmed ᛫ perfect ᛫ perfect ( grammatical term ) ᛫ AJ fulfremed OE
fulfremmedness ᛫ perfection ᛫ N fulfremednys OE
full ᛫ a cup ᛫ a drinking bowl ᛫ N ful/full[ful] ME
full ᛫ filled ᛫ entire ᛭ very ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~[ful] NE found in: know full well
full moon ᛫ the moon when the whole of its disk is illuminated ᛫ N ~ NE
fullblown fullbloƿn ᛫ completely developed or formed ᛫ ripe ᛫ puffed up ᛫ AJ fullblown NE
fullbore ᛫ full-blown ᛫ made with maximum effort ᛭ with maximum effort or speed ᛫ AJ᛭AV fullbore NE [MW]
fullow fulloƿ ᛫ to baptize ᛫ V fulwen[fullian] ME
fullstop ᛫ a period ( as in the punctuation mark ) ᛫ N full stop NE
fully fullie ᛫ completely ᛫ entirely ᛫ totally ᛫ AV ~ NE
fulmard ᛫ a Mustela putorius animal ( European polecat ) ᛫ N fū̆lmard ME
fulought fulugt ᛫ baptism ᛫ N fulloght{fulluht} ME rhyme: full out
fuloughter fulugter ᛫ a baptist ᛫ N fulwihtere OE rhyme: full outer
fuloughthood fulugthood ᛫ a baptismal vow ᛫ N fulwihthād OE rhyme: full out hood
fuloughtstow fulugtstoƿ ᛫ a baptistery ᛫ N fulwihtstow OE rhyme: full out toe
fulsome fulsum ᛫ overzealous ᛫ excessive ᛫ abundant ᛫ copious ᛫ AJ ~ NE
fulth fulð ᛫ abundance ᛫ plenty ᛫ satiety ᛫ repletion ᛫ sufficiency ᛫ N ~ NE
fultom ᛫ support ᛫ succour ᛫ N fultum[fultum] ME
fulwaxen fulƿaxen ᛫ fully grown ᛫ mature ᛫ AJ fulwaxen ME
fulwrought fulƿrougt ᛫ completed ᛫ AJ fulwroht ME
funnyman funniman ᛫ a comedian ᛫ a humorist ᛫ N ~ NE
furlong ᛫ an eighth of a mile ( 220 yards ) ᛫ N ~ NE
furrow furroƿ ᛫ a trench ᛫ a groove ᛫ N ~ NE
furrow furroƿ ᛫ a fir tree ᛫ a pine tree ᛫ N furh{furhwudu} OE "fir" is Norse
further furðer ᛫ to promote (as in to advance ) ᛫ V ~ NE
furthering furðering ᛫ furtherance ᛫ advancement or promotion in rank or office ᛫ N ferthering[fyrþrung] ME
furthermore furðermore ᛫ additionally ᛫ AV ~ NE
furze furs ᛫ a Ulex Europaeus plant ᛫ N ~[fyrs] NE
futhorc fuþorc ᛫ the Anglo-Frisian runic alphabet ᛫ N ~ NE
gab ᛫ chatter ᛭ to chatter ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
gable gabel ᛫ a facade ᛫ a façade ᛫ N gāble[gafl] ME‹N modern "gable" is from a French cognate?
gadling ᛫ a vagabond ᛫ a person of low birth ᛫ N ~[gadeling][gædeling] ANE meaning turned negative over time
Gaelish Gaelisc ᛫ Gaelic language ( Irish Scottish and Manx ) ᛫ Goidelic language ᛭ Gaelic ᛫ Goidelic ᛫ N(P)᛭AJ(P) Gael+ish NE‹C+NE
gaffeting ᛫ a scoffing ᛫ mocking ᛫ N gaffetung OE
gainrising gagnrising ᛫ a resurrection ᛫ N ~ ME
gainsaw gagnsaƿ ᛫ a refutation ᛫ N gainsau ME
gainsay gagnsag ᛫ to contradict ᛫ V ~ NE
gainsaying gagnsaging ᛫ opposition ( usually in argument ) ᛫ contradiction ᛫ N ~ NE
gainstand gagnstand ᛫ to oppose ᛫ to resist ᛫ V ~ NE
galder ᛫ an incantation ᛫ an enchantment ᛫ N galdor OE hard G: galdere swiðe stronge heo ȝeuen
galdercraft ᛫ the art of incantation or enchantment ᛫ N galdorcræft OE
galdergaler ᛫ a magical enchanter ᛫ N galdorgalere OE
galderquid galdercƿid ᛫ a magical saying ᛫ an incantation ᛫ an enchantment ᛫ N galdorcwide OE
galdersong ᛫ a magic song ᛫ N galdorsang OE
gale ᛫ a way ᛫ a course ᛫ a course of action ᛫ a way ᛫ a means ᛫ N gāle[gal] ME
gale ᛫ to cry out ᛫ to bark ᛫ to chirp ᛫ to sing ᛫ to enchant ᛫ V gālen&galan ME&OE
galer ᛫ an enchanter ᛫ N galere OE
galingale ᛫ galangal ᛫ the roots of various Alpinia , Kæmpferia , Aristolochia , and Cyperus plants , including in powdered form ᛫ N galingāle ME‹I‹O
gall ᛫ bile ᛫ impudence ᛫ brazenness ᛫ temerity ᛭ to bother ᛫ to annoy ᛫ to make resentful ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
galled ᛫ bothered ᛫ annoyed ᛫ troubled ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Gallish Gallisc ᛫ Gaulish language ᛭ Gaulish ᛫ N(P)᛭AJ(P) gallisc OE or: Gallwelsh
gallow galloƿ ᛫ to terrify ᛫ V ~ NE
gallowmood galloƿmood ᛫ of a grim or gloomy mood ᛫ AJ galgmōd OE
Gallwales Gallƿales ᛫ the Celts of Gaul ᛫ Gaul ᛫ Gallia ᛫ N(P) galwalas OE or: Galland
galp ᛫ to gape ᛫ V galpen ME
gamble gambel ᛫ a bet ᛫ a wager ᛫ a risk ᛭ to bet ᛫ to wager ᛫ to risk ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE [OED]
game ᛫ eager or willing to do something new or challenging ᛫ AJ ~ NE
game ᛫ fun ᛫ jest ᛫ sport ᛫ amusement ᛫ entertainment ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
gameful ᛫ sportive ᛫ AJ ~ NE
gamehouse gamehuse ᛫ a casino ᛫ N game-house NE [OED]
gamely gamelie ᛫ sportive ᛭ sportively ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE
gamesare ᛫ a console ( gaming ) ᛫ an arcade machine ᛫ N game+searu NE+OE
gamesome gamesum ᛫ playful ᛫ sportive ᛫ frolicsome ᛫ AJ ~ NE [CED]
gamewood gameƿood ᛫ a lyre ᛫ a lute ᛫ a guitar [ᚹ] ᛫ N gomenwudu OE
gamle gamel ᛫ to age ᛭ aged ᛫ V᛭AJ gamelian&gamel OE&OE
gammock ᛫ a piece of fun ᛫ a jest ᛫ a prank ᛫ a practical joke ᛫ a frolic ᛫ an antic ᛫ a trick ᛭ to frolic ᛫ to romp ᛫ to fool about ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE [OED]
Gandes ᛫ the Ganges ᛫ N(P) gandis/gandes OE
gang ᛫ to go ᛫ to proceed ᛫ V ~ NE
gang ᛫ a going ᛫ a journey ᛫ a path ᛫ a road ᛫ a watercourse ᛫ a process [ᚹ] ᛫ N gang&gang NE&ME
Gangdays Gangdags ᛫ Rogation days ᛫ N Gangdagas OE
gangle gangel ᛫ to move in a manner characteristic of a gangling person ᛫ V ~ NE
gangling ᛫ awkwardly tall and thin ᛫ ungraceful ᛫ AJ ~ NE
gangman ᛫ a member of a gang ᛫ N ~ NE
gangway gangƿag ᛫ a passageway ᛫ a vomitorium ᛫ N ~ NE
gannet ᛫ a Sulidae bird ᛫ N ~[genot] NE
garclive garclife ᛫ an Agrimonia plant ( agrimony ) ᛫ N gārclive ME
garish garisc ᛫ gaudy ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹N
garsedge garsedg ᛫ an ocean ( poetic ) ᛫ N garsecg OE might mean "spear man" or "gar's edge" (promontory's edge)
Gascon Gaskon ᛫ a native of Gascony ᛫ wine from Gascony ᛭ of Gascony ᛫ N(P)᛭AJ(P) ~[gascoine][gascon] NE
gast ᛫ to scare ᛫ V ~[gǣstan] NE
gastern ᛫ an inn ᛫ N gæstærn OE
gate ᛫ a circuit that converts multiple signals into one ᛫ a system call ᛫ a function ( in programming ) [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~ NE
gateway gateƿag ᛫ a portal ᛫ N ~ NE or: yateway
gavel gafel ᛫ tribute ᛫ a rent ᛭ to rent ᛫ N᛭V gavel&gafelian NE&OE
gavel gafel ᛫ a fork ᛫ N gafol OE
geason ᛫ rare ᛫ uncommon ᛫ unusual ᛫ scarce ᛫ scant ᛫ AJ ~ NE or: geazon
geld ᛫ to castrate (esp of an animal) ᛫ to spay (esp of an animal) ᛫ to neuter ᛫ to sterilize ᛫ to weaken ᛫ to trim ᛫ V ~ NE‹N possibly from an unattested *gældan (OE gildet)
Germanish Germanisc ᛫ Germanic speech ᛭ Germanic ᛫ N(P)᛭AJ(P) Germania+ish OE+NE the G should either be /g/ or /j/
Germany Germanie ᛫ Germania ᛫ N(P) Germania OE the G should either be /g/ or /j/
gersome gersum ᛫ a treasure ᛫ a valuable ᛫ treasure ᛫ valuables ᛫ N gersum[gærsama/gersuma] ME‹OE‹N
get ᛫ to obtain ᛫ to acquire ᛫ V ~ NE PST: got ᛫ PTCP: got; gotten
get rid of ᛫ to remove ᛫ to clear ᛫ V ~ NE
getter ᛫ a receiver ᛫ N ~ NE
ghastly gastlie ᛫ frightening ᛫ extremely bad ᛫ unpleasant ᛫ AJ ghastly NE
ghost goast ᛫ a spirit ( in all senses ) ᛫ N ghost NE
ghostgun goastgun ᛫ a gun without a serial number ᛫ N ghost gun NE
ghostlore goastlore ᛫ ghostology ᛫ spectrology ᛫ N ~ NE an actually attested '-lore' word [OED]
ghostly goastlie ᛫ spiritual ᛫ spectral ᛫ AJ ghostly NE
ghostword goastƿord ᛫ a word born from an erroneous entry in a book ( esp dictionaries ) ᛫ N ~ NE
gidden ᛫ a goddess ᛫ N gyden OE or: godden (the mutated vowel would not necessarily survive normalization)
giddy giddie ᛫ to excite and disorientate ᛭ disorientated and excited ᛫ V᛭AJ ~ NE kin: god
gift ᛫ a contribution ᛫ a present ᛫ N ~ NE‹ME‹N un-Norse: yift (AS: gift)
gigant ᛫ a giant ᛫ N gīgant OE‹I‹H
gild ᛫ to cover thinly with gold ( literally and figuratively ) ᛫ V ~ NE
gill ᛫ ravine ᛫ N ~[gil] NE‹ME‹N
gilt ᛫ superficial or false appearance of excellence ᛭ gold or something that resembles gold laid on a surface ᛫ covered with a thin layer of gold ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE "from past participle of gilden" - MW
ging ᛫ a troop ᛫ a band of warriors ᛫ a company of people ᛫ an assemblage of people ᛫ N ging ME
ginge ᛫ current ᛫ prevalent ᛫ AJ genǧe[genge] ME
gird ᛫ to gird ( to bind around ) ᛫ N᛭V gird&gyrd NE&OE
girdle girdel ᛫ a thing which girds ᛫ a belt ( esp one that holds up stockings ) ᛭ to gird ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
girdledeer girdeldeer ᛫ an armadillo ᛫ N girdle+deer NE×2 calque: Gürteltier
girn ᛫ a grimace ᛫ N᛭V girn/gurn NE kin: grin
girn ᛫ calamity ᛫ N gyrn OE
git ᛫ a fool ᛫ an idiot ᛫ a moron ᛫ N ~ NE
givel gifel ᛫ a meal ᛫ food ᛫ N gifl OE
givelness gifelness ᛫ liberality ᛫ munificence ᛫ N gifolness OE
giveth gifeð ᛫ ordained ( by fate ) ᛫ predetermined ᛫ AJ yēvethe[gifeþe] ME un-Norse: yeaveth/geefeþ
gladden ᛫ to elate ᛫ V ~ NE
gladdon ᛫ an Iris plant ( flowers ) ᛫ N ~ NE
glade ᛫ an open space in a forest ᛫ N ~ NE kin: glad
glar ᛫ amber ᛫ resin ᛫ N glær OE
glare ᛫ an intense light ᛫ an angry stare ᛭ to shine intensely ᛫ to give an angry state at something ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
glaring ᛫ obvious ᛫ AJ ~ NE
glass ᛫ vitrum ᛫ a mirror ᛭ to mirror ᛫ to reflect ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
glass noodle noodel ᛫ a cellophane noodle ᛫ N ~ NE‹(E+HG)
glasscloth glasscloð ᛫ fiberglass ᛫ N glass-cloth NE [OED]
glassen ᛫ to turn to glass ᛫ to vitrify ᛫ V glass+-en NE+NE
glasses ᛫ spectacles ᛫ N ~ NE
glassrown glassrune ᛫ a rune whose shape is mirrored ( so ᛚ as a glassrown would look like ᛏ ) ᛫ N glass+rown NE×2 calque: Spiegelrune
glasstone ᛫ mica ᛫ N glass stone NE
glasswright glassƿrigt ᛫ a glassmaker ᛫ a glazier ᛫ a glazer ᛫ N glasswryt ANE
glassy glassie ᛫ vitreous ᛫ hyaline ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
glaze glase ᛫ gloss ᛫ luster ᛫ lustre ᛭ to fit or cover with glass ᛫ to cover with a glossy coating ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
glazemill glasemill ᛫ calender ( a kind of machine which applies a glaze to a material ) ᛫ N glaze+mill NE‹(E+Þ‹I)
glazer glaser ᛫ a glazier ( one whose craft is the making of glass or the installation and repair of glass windows ) ᛫ N glā̆sier ME
glee ᛫ joy ᛫ music ᛫ entertainment ᛫ sport ᛫ merriment ᛫ amusement ᛫ N glee&glẹ̄[glēo/glīw] NE&ME
gleebeam ᛫ a harp ᛫ N glēobēam OE
gleecraft ᛫ the art of music ᛫ minstrelsy ᛫ N glēocræft OE
gleed ᛫ glowing coal ᛫ an ember ᛫ N glede[glēd] ME
gleed ᛫ a bird of prey ᛫ a raptor ᛫ a Milvus milvus bird ( a kite) ᛫ N glēde ME
gleemaiden gleemagden ᛫ a female musician ᛫ N glēomǣden OE
gleeman ᛫ a musician ᛫ N ~ NE
glemb ᛫ a spot ᛫ a blemish ᛫ N glemm OE
glen ᛫ a narrow valley ᛫ a canyon ? ᛫ N ~ NE‹C
glenge ᛫ an ornament ᛫ an honour ᛫ a medal [ᚹ] ᛫ N glencg OE
glew gleƿ ᛫ to rejoice ᛫ to make merry ᛫ to party ᛫ to entertain ᛫ to entertain with music ᛫ to play music ᛫ to make music ᛫ to sing ᛫ V gleuen[glīwian/glēowian] ME kin: glee?
glew gleƿ ᛫ wise ᛫ skillful ᛫ sagacious ᛫ prudent ᛫ AJ glēaw OE
glewer gleƿer ᛫ a jester ᛫ a baffoon ᛫ a clown ᛫ N glīwere OE
glewly gleƿlie ᛫ prudently ᛫ wisely ᛫ clearly ᛫ well ᛫ AV glēawlīce OE
glewness gleƿness ᛫ prudence ᛫ skill ᛫ wisdom ᛫ ability ᛫ acuteness ᛫ N glēawnes OE
glib ᛫ smooth ᛫ slippery ᛫ nonchalant ᛫ superficial ᛫ AJ ~ NE
glide ᛫ a semivowel ᛫ N ~ NE
glim ᛫ a candle ᛫ a lantern ᛫ N ~ NE backformation of "glimmer"? ᛫
glisten ᛫ a sparkling light ᛭ to shine with a sparkling light ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
gloaming ᛫ twilight ᛫ dusk ᛫ N ~ NE
Glom ᛫ one of the Lemovii people ᛫ N(P) Glommum OE
glove glof ᛫ a gauntlet ᛫ N glove&glove NE&ME
glum ᛫ sullen ᛫ AJ ~ NE first appears in Early Modern English
gnast ᛫ a spark ᛫ a live coal ᛫ a small flame ᛫ a snuff of a candle ᛫ N gnōst/gnast ME
gnaw gnaƿ ᛫ to chew away at something ᛫ to corrode something ᛫ V ~ NE
gnawdeer gnaƿdeer ᛫ a rodent ᛫ N gnaw+deer NE×2 calque: knaagdier
gneed ᛫ stingy ᛫ niggardly ᛫ scanty ᛫ scarce ᛫ AJ gnēde ME
gnide ᛫ to rub ᛫ to grind through rubbing ᛫ V gnīden ME
gnorn ᛫ sadness ᛫ sorrow ᛫ grief ᛭ to grieve ᛫ to lament ᛫ N᛭V gnorn&gnornan OE
gnorny gnornie ᛫ aggrieved ᛫ lamentful ᛫ dejected ᛫ AJ gnorn+y OE+NE
goad ᛫ a stick for poking ᛭ to provoke ᛫ to encourage ᛫ to prod ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
goad ᛫ a lack ᛫ N gād OE kin: 𐌲𐌰𐌹𐌳𐍅
goan ᛫ to gape ᛫ V gonen ME
Goat ᛫ Capricorn ᛫ PN ~ NE
goatish goatisc ᛫ caprine ᛫ hircine ᛫ lascivious ᛫ libidinous ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
goatling ᛫ a kid (as in young goat) ᛫ N ~ NE kid is Norse
goatsbeard ᛫ a Tragopogon plant ( salsify ) ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
goatsrue goatsreƿ ᛫ a Galega plant ᛫ N goat's-rue NE [OED]
goatsucker ᛫ a Caprimulgidae bird ( a nightjar ) ᛫ N ~ NE
gobetween gobetƿeen ᛫ an intermediary ᛫ N gobetween NE
god ᛫ a deity ᛭ to deify ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE [OED]
godboot ᛫ atonement ᛫ N godbōt OE
godforsaken ᛫ dismal ᛫ AJ ~ NE
godhead ᛫ a god ᛫ a divine nature ᛫ N ~ NE
godhood ᛫ divinity ᛫ N ~ NE
godkind ᛫ divine nature ᛭ divine in nature ᛫ N᛭AJ godcund&godcund ME&OE
godkindness ᛫ divine nature ᛫ divinity ᛫ N godcundnesse&godcundnys ME&OE
godlief godleef ᛫ theism ᛫ N god+lief NE+ME
godlore ᛫ theology ᛫ N ~ NE
godly godlie ᛫ divine ᛫ pious ᛫ devout ᛫ AJ ~ NE
godsend ᛫ a desirable or needed thing or event that comes unexpectedly ᛫ N ~ NE
godsent ᛫ sent by or as if by God ᛫ unexpectedly beneficial ᛫ AJ ~ NE
godshild godscild ᛫ a sin against God ᛫ impiety ᛫ N godscyld OE
godshildy godscildie ᛫ impious ᛫ AJ godscyldig OE
godsib ᛫ a god parent ᛫ a sponsor ᛫ N godsibb OE
godsibred ᛫ a godsib kindred ᛫ sponsorship ᛫ N gossipred NE
godspeech godspeec ᛫ an oracle ᛫ N godgesprǣce OE
godspeed ᛫ ( an expression of good wishes during an undertaking ) ᛫ I Godspeed NE
godweb godƿeb ᛫ cotton ᛫ a precious garment ᛫ fine clothing ᛫ N godwebb OE
godwebben godƿebben ᛫ made of precious cloth ᛫ AJ godwebben OE
godwrack godƿrack ᛫ impious ᛫ AJ godwrac OE
goings on ᛫ events ᛫ activities ᛫ N ~ NE
goldhoard ᛫ a thesaurus ( as in a treasury ) ᛫ N goldhord NE&OE calque: thesaurus
goldmaslin ᛫ orichalcum ᛫ N goldmæstling OE kin: maslin
goldstone ᛫ topaz ᛫ chrysolite ᛫ chrysoberyl ᛫ N ~ NE
gole ᛫ lustful ᛫ lascivious ᛭ to be lascivious ᛫ AJ gol&gālian ME&OE
gomb ᛫ tribute ᛫ N gombe OE
gome gum ᛫ a male human ᛫ N gǒme[guma] ME rhyme: some; come
gong ᛫ a toilet ᛫ privy ᛫ a lavatory ᛫ N gō̆ng[gong] ME "ye sytten on the gonge And besely do ye your dilegence" (Frf 16)
gongfarmer ᛫ a cleaner of privies ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
gongman ᛫ a cleaner of privies ᛫ N gō̆ng[gong] ME see MEC article on gō̆ng
good ᛫ to improve [ᛏ] ᛫ to endow ᛫ to enrich ᛫ V gọ̄den ME
gooddoer ᛫ a benefactor ᛫ a do-gooder ᛫ N gọ̄ddọ̄er ME
gooderheal ᛫ good fortune ᛭ good luck! ᛫ N᛭I gōderhele ME
goodly goodlie ᛫ considerable in size or quantity ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
goodman ᛫ Mister ᛫ Mr ᛫ N ~ NE
goodwife goodƿife ᛫ Mistress ᛫ Mrs ᛫ N ~ NE or: goody
goodwill goodƿill ᛫ amity ᛫ N ~ NE
gorcrow gorcroƿ ᛫ a carrion crow ᛫ N ~ NE
gore ᛫ a skirt ᛫ a wedge of cloth or chain mail ᛫ a triangular piece of land ᛫ N gōre[gāra] ME skirt is Norse
gore ᛫ a javelin ᛫ a spear for throwing ᛫ a dart ᛭ to stab ᛫ N gore&gar NE&OE
gorse ᛫ an Ulex plant ᛫ a Genista plant ᛫ N ~ NE
goshawk goscaƿk ᛫ an Accipiter bird ᛫ N ~ NE
gosling ᛫ a young goose ᛫ N ~ NE
gospel ᛫ the message concerning Christ ᛭ to evangelize ᛫ N᛭V gospel&godspellian NE&OE
gospelish gospelisc ᛫ evangelical ᛫ AJ godspellisc OE
gospeller ᛫ a missionary ᛫ a proselytizer ᛫ an evangelist ᛫ N ~[godspellere] NE [OED]
Got ᛫ a Goth ᛫ N Gota OE
Gotland ᛫ the land of the Goths ᛫ N Gotland OE
Gottish Gottisc ᛫ the Gothic tongue ᛭ Gothic ᛫ N᛭AJ Gotisc OE
gound gund ᛫ eye mucus ᛫ N gounde ME
gouth guðe ᛫ battle ᛫ war ᛫ combat ᛫ conflict ᛫ N gūþ OE
gouth guðe ᛫ war- ᛫ battle- ᛫ PREFIX gūþ OE
gouthcraft guðecraft ᛫ warfare ᛫ N gūþcræft OE
gouthcust guðecust ᛫ warlike excellence ᛫ N gūþcyst OE
gouthfane guðefane ᛫ a military standard ᛫ an ensign ᛫ N gūþfana OE
gouthhawk guðehaƿk ᛫ a war hawk ᛫ a warmonger [ᚹ] ᛫ N gūþhafoc OE
gouthhorn guðehorn ᛫ a war horn ᛫ N gūþhorn OE
gouthmoot guðemoot ᛫ a battle meeting ᛫ N gūþgemōt OE
gouthrink guðerink ᛫ a heroic warrior ᛫ N gūþrinc OE
gouthsare guðesare ᛫ a war machine ᛫ arms ᛫ armour ᛫ N gūþsearo OE
gouthwain guðeƿagn ᛫ a war vehicle ᛫ an armoured car ᛫ a tank ᛫ N gūþ+wain OE+NE
graff ᛫ a stylus ᛫ a graphium ᛫ N græf{ME gref} OE‹I‹H
graft ᛫ a carving ᛫ an engraving ᛫ a sculpture ᛫ a statue ᛫ N græft OE kin: grave; graf (Middle English)
graftiwork graftiƿork ᛫ an engraved piece of art ᛫ a carved sculpture ᛫ N græftgeweorc OE
graith gragð ᛫ equipment ᛫ apparel ᛫ accouterments ᛭ to prepare ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE‹N
graithly gragðlie ᛫ preparedly ᛫ AV greithlī ME‹N
gram ᛫ incensed ᛫ furious ᛫ AJ gram[gram] ME
grame ᛫ rage ᛫ anger ᛫ grief ᛫ vexation ᛫ torment ᛭ to enrage ᛫ to anger ᛫ to infuriate ᛫ to grieve ᛫ to vex ᛫ to torment ᛫ N᛭V grā̆m&grā̆men ME&ME kin: grēmen
grane ᛫ a mustache ᛫ a moustache ᛫ N granu OE
grassland ᛫ a stretch of unforested grassy land ᛫ a prairie ᛫ N ~ NE
grasstepper ᛫ a locust ᛫ N gærsstapa OE
grave grafe ᛫ a place where a dead thing is buried ᛭ to engrave ᛫ to carve or shape with a chisel ᛫ to sculpt ᛫ to sculpture ᛫ to place in a grave ᛫ N᛭V grave&graven NE&ME
gravecloth grafecloð ᛫ a pall ᛫ N grave-cloth NE [OED]
graver grafer ᛫ a sculptor ᛫ an engraver ᛫ a digger ᛫ a miner ᛫ an engraving tool ᛫ N grāver[grafere/græfere] ME
gravewax grafeƿax ᛫ adipocere ᛫ N grave-wax NE
graveyard grafegeard ᛫ a cemetery ᛫ N ~ NE
gray grag ᛫ a badger ᛫ a beaver ? ᛫ N grei ME
gread ᛫ a garment covering the breast ᛫ N grēde/greade[grēada] ME
great ᛫ size ᛫ greatness ᛫ a majority ᛫ the essence of something ᛫ N grēt ME kin: grootte (Dutch)
great ᛫ grand ᛫ AJ ~ NE
great ape ᛫ a Hominidae animal ᛫ N ~ NE
Great Bear Mere ᛫ Great Bear Lake ᛫ N(P) great+bear+mere NE×3
Great Britten ᛫ Great Britain ᛫ N(P) great+bryten NE+OE
Great Salt Mere ᛫ Great Salt Lake ᛫ N(P) great+salt+mere NE×3
greatelder ᛫ a grandparent ᛫ N great+elder NE×2
greaten ᛫ to increase in size extent amount or intensity ᛫ V ~ NE
greaterhood ᛫ a majority ᛫ N greater+hood NE×2
greatgun ᛫ a heavy ordnance piece ᛫ a cannon ᛫ N great gun NE
greathearted greathearted ᛫ magnanimous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
greatpox ᛫ syphilis ᛫ N greatpox NE
greed ᛫ an outcry ᛭ to cry out to shout ᛫ V grēd&greden ME&ME PST: gred ᛫ PTCP: gred
Greek ᛫ a Greek ᛫ N ~[Grēcas] NE or: Creek (from Crēacas)
Greekish Greekisc ᛫ the Greek language ᛫ Grecian ᛫ N᛭AJ Grekish ME
Greekland ᛫ Greece ᛫ N Grēcland OE
green ᛫ an environmentalist ᛭ environmentalistic ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
green gold ᛫ electrum ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
green sickness ᛫ hypochromic anemia / hypochromic anaemia ᛫ chlorosis ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
greenback ᛫ a dollar ( of the United States ) ᛫ N ~ NE
greenbrass ᛫ verdigris ᛫ N green brass NE
greeneyed greeneged ᛫ having green eyes ᛫ jealous ᛫ envious ᛫ AJ green-eyed NE [OED]
greenhorn ᛫ a novice ᛫ a beginner ᛫ a tyro ᛫ N ~ NE
Greenlandish Greenlandisc ᛫ Greenlandic ᛫ AJ Greenland+ish NE×2
greenlight greenligt ᛫ approval ᛭ to approve ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
greenling ᛫ a Polachius pollachius fish ( a pollock ) ᛫ a Hexagrammidae fish ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
greens ᛫ green vegetables ᛫ N ~ NE
greenstone ᛫ an altered basic igneous rock having a dark-green color ᛫ jade ᛫ nephrite ᛫ basalt ᛫ komatiite ᛫ greenschist ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
greenwood greenƿood ᛫ a forest that is green with foliage ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
greet ᛫ to lament ᛫ to weep ᛫ V ~[grētan] NE [MW]
grey greg ᛫ gloomy ᛫ uninteresting ᛫ having an intermediate or vague position condition or character ᛫ neutral ᛫ AJ ~ NE or: gray
greyback gregback ᛫ a Calidris canutus bird ᛫ a louse ᛫ a soldier of the Confederate States of America ᛫ N ~ NE
greymote gregmote ᛫ a neutron ᛫ N grey+mote NE×2
greywader gregƿader ᛫ a Glariolinae bird ᛫ a pratincole ᛫ N ~ NE
greywater gregƿater ᛫ sullage ᛫ N gray water NE or: graywater
grill ᛫ vexation ᛫ offence ᛭ to provoke ᛫ to annoy ᛫ to irritate ᛫ to offend ᛫ N᛭V grille&grillen[gryllan] ME
grim ᛫ dismal ᛫ gloomy ᛫ forbidding ᛫ sinister ᛫ cynical ᛫ ominous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
grime ᛫ a mask ᛫ filth or slime that covers something ᛫ N grime&grima NE&OE
grin ᛫ a noose ᛫ a snare ᛫ N ~ NE
grind ᛫ a groin ᛫ N grīnde ME was the D lost in the 1500s? find quotes
grinder ᛫ a submarine sandwich ᛫ N ~ NE
grindle grindel ᛫ a small stream or ditch ᛫ N ~[OE grendel] NE
gripe ᛫ a griffin ᛫ a vulture ᛫ N grī̆p[grīpe] ME‹I&OE‹I
gripe ᛫ a complaint ᛭ to complain ᛫ N᛭V grīpan NE
gripping ᛫ very interesting ᛫ fascinating ᛫ AJ ~ NE
gripple grippel ᛫ covetous ᛫ AJ gripel ME
grise ᛫ to fear ᛫ to be terrified at ᛫ V grīsen ME kin: grisly
grisly grislie ᛫ inspiring horror and disgust ᛫ AJ ~ NE
grist ᛫ ground grain ᛫ grain to be ground ᛫ malt grains which have been cleaned and cracked ᛫ N ~ NE [CED]
gristle gristel ᛫ tough cartilaginous tendinous or fibrous matter ᛫ cartilage [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~ NE
grit ᛫ small loose particles of stone or sand ᛫ strength of character ᛭ to move with a grating sound ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
grith grið ᛫ peace ᛫ safety ᛫ sanctuary ᛫ clemency ᛫ pardon ᛫ mercy ᛫ N grith ME‹N
groat ᛫ a particle ᛫ a fragment ᛫ N grō̆t ME or: grot
groor ᛫ terror ᛫ horror ᛭ terrifying ᛫ horrifying ᛫ N᛭AJ grure[gryre] ME kin: grēosan
gropenail gropenagl ᛫ a kind of small nail ᛫ N grōpnail ME
ground grund ᛫ soil ᛫ reason ( for doing something ) ᛫ N ~ NE
ground meat grund ᛫ mince ᛫ N ~ NE
groundbreaker grundbreaker ᛫ a pioneer ᛫ an innovator ᛫ N ~ NE
groundbreaking grondbreaking ᛫ pioneering ᛫ innovating ᛫ AJ ~ NE
grounddown grunddune ᛫ exhausted ᛫ AJ ground-down NE
groundless grundless ᛫ baseless ᛫ without reason ᛫ unfounded ᛫ AJ ~ NE
groundline grundline ᛫ a baseline ᛫ a foundation ᛫ a basis ᛫ N ~ NE kin: Grundlinien ᛫ or: groundrow (line is a loanword) [MW]
groundnut grundnut ᛫ a peanut ᛫ N ~ NE
groundpitch grundpic ᛫ a tonic ( in music ) ᛫ N ground+pitch NE×2 calque: Grundton
groundsel grundsel ᛫ a Senecio vulgaris plant ᛫ N ~[grǒundeswilie] NE
groundskeeper grundskeeper ᛫ a gardener ᛫ a landscaper ᛫ a caretaker of an estate ᛫ N ~ NE groundsman is more common in Britain
groundwork grundƿork ᛫ a foundation ᛫ N ~ NE
grouts grutes ᛫ plaster ᛫ lees ᛫ dregs ᛫ N grouts[grūt] NE [MW]
grove grofe ᛫ a small wood ᛫ an orchard ᛫ a group of trees ᛫ N ~[grōve][grāf/grāfa] NE
growingly groƿinglie ᛫ increasingly ᛫ progressively ᛫ AV ~ NE
grownhood groƿnhood ᛫ adulthood ᛫ N grown+hood NE×2
growthsome groƿðsum ᛫ fertile ᛫ AJ ~ NE [MW]
grub ᛫ to dig ᛫ to extract by digging ᛫ to pluck hair ᛫ V grubben ME
grunt ᛫ a low ranking member of a group ᛫ N ~ NE
guest gest ᛫ a visitor ᛫ N ~ NE‹ME‹N un-Norse: yest (AS: gest)
guild gild ᛫ an association of merchants or craftsmen ᛫ N ~ NE‹N
guildhall gildhall ᛫ a building used as the meeting place of a guild ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E)
guildsman gildsman ᛫ a member of a guild ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E)
guiltend giltend ᛫ a debtor ᛫ an offender ᛫ N gyltend OE
gulch gulc ᛫ a ravine ᛫ a gorge ᛫ N ~ NE
gum ᛫ the tissue that surrounds the necks of teeth and covers the alveolar parts of the jaws ᛫ N ~[gōma] NE kin: gum
gumshoe gumscoe ᛫ a kind of shoe ᛫ a detective ᛫ N ~ NE
gun ᛫ a firearm ᛫ N ~ NE‹N
gundust ᛫ gunpowder ᛫ N gun+dust NE×2
gunsax ᛫ a bayonet ᛫ N gun+sax E×2
gunstone ᛫ a cannonball ᛫ N ~ NE
gutfire ᛫ gastroenteritis ᛫ stomach flu ᛫ N gut+fire NE+ANE
gutleech gutleec ᛫ a gastroenterologist ᛫ N gut+leech NE×2
hack ᛫ a tool for rough striking or cutting ( such as a mattock or a miner's pick ) ᛫ N ~ NE
hackle hackel ᛫ an outer garment ᛫ a covering ᛫ an animal's skin ᛫ a bird's plumage ᛫ N hakel[hacele] ME kin: hökull (Icelandic); hakuls (Gothic)
hackneyed hackneged ᛫ unoriginal ᛫ bland ᛫ cliche ᛫ banal ᛫ trite ᛫ AJ ~ NE
hackster ᛫ an assassin ᛫ a ruffian ᛫ N ~ NE
had I wist ƿist ᛫ regret ᛫ N had I wist ME
haff ᛫ an ocean ᛫ N heaf OE kin: haven
haft ᛫ the handle of a tool or weapon ᛭ to fit a handle to ᛫ to perform a function ᛫ to process [ᚹ] ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
haft ᛫ a captive ᛫ a prisoner ᛫ captivity ᛫ imprisonment ᛫ possession ᛫ having ᛭ to capture ᛫ to imprison ᛫ N᛭V hæft{hæftnẹ̄the} OE
haftling ᛫ a captive ᛫ N haftling OE
hag hagg ᛫ a sorceress ᛫ an enchantress ᛫ a witch ᛫ an unlikable old woman ᛫ N ~[hægtesse] NE kin: hex
hagfish haggfisc ᛫ a Myxine fish ᛫ N ~ NE
haggle haggel ᛫ to bargain ᛫ to chaffer ᛫ V ~[haccian]? NE
hail hagl ᛫ a greeting ᛭ to greet ᛭ greetings! ᛫ N᛭V᛭I ~ NE
hake ᛫ a Merlucciidae fish ᛫ a Phycidae fish ᛫ N ~ NE
haked ᛫ an Esox fish ( a pike , a pickerel , a ged , a lucet ) ᛫ N ~ NE
halch halc ᛫ to fasten around ᛫ to loop ᛫ V halchen ME
hale ᛫ a nook ᛫ a cranny ᛫ a hiding place ᛫ N hāle/hal ME
hale ᛫ robust ᛫ healthy ᛫ AJ ~ NE
half ᛫ semi- ᛫ sam- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE
half moon ᛫ a crescent ᛫ anything crescent shaped ᛫ the moon in its first or last quarter phase ᛫ N halfmoon NE
halfbred ᛫ hybrid ᛫ crossbred ᛫ mongrel ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
halfbreed ᛫ a hybrid ᛫ a crossbreed ᛫ a mongrel ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
halfclepend ᛫ a semi-vowel ᛫ N healfclypigende OE from Ælfric's Grammar
halfgidden ▪ a demigoddess ▪ N half+gyden NE+OE
halfgod ᛫ a demigod ᛫ N ~ NE
halfhearted ᛫ without enthusiasm ᛫ perfunctory ᛫ lackluster ᛫ tepid ᛫ apathetic ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
halfheartedness ᛫ lack of enthusiasm ᛫ perfunctoriness ᛫ tepidity ᛫ apathy ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
halfhorse halfhors ᛫ a centaur ᛫ N half horse ANE [OED]
halftrendle halftrendel ᛫ a hemisphere ᛫ N healftrendel OE
halfwit halfƿit ᛫ a fool ᛫ an idiot ᛫ N ~ NE
halfyearly halfgerelie ᛫ semi-annual ᛭ semi-annually ᛫ AJ᛭AV half-yearly NE [OED]
halidom ᛫ holiness ᛫ sanctity ᛫ N ~ NE
halk ᛫ a recess or a nook in a building ᛫ a remote corner in an open place ᛫ a cavity ᛫ N halk[healoc/healc] ME
hallmark ᛫ a defining feature ᛫ a defining characteristic ᛫ a defining attribute ᛫ N ~ NE
hallmoot ᛫ a court baron ᛫ N ~ NE
hallow halloƿ ᛫ a saint ᛭ to sanctify ᛫ to canonize ᛫ to consecrate ᛫ to dedicate ᛫ to initiate ᛫ to make holy ᛫ N᛭V hallow&halwen[gehālgian] NE&ME
hallowdom halloƿdom ᛫ sainthood ᛫ N ~ NE
hallowing halloƿing ᛫ consecration ᛫ sanctification ᛫ N hālgung OE
hallowing book halloƿing ᛫ a benedictional ᛫ N hālgungbōc OE
Hallowmas Halloƿmas ᛫ All Saints' Day ᛫ N Hallowmas NE‹(E+I)
Hallowtide Halloƿtide ᛫ the first week of November ᛫ N halowtide ME found in MEC under "halwe"
halm ᛫ stubble ᛫ straw ᛫ N halm[halm/healm] ME
halse ᛫ to greet ᛫ to salute ᛫ to predict ᛫ to divine ᛫ V halsen&hālsian ME&OE
halse ᛫ a neck ᛫ a throat ᛫ N ~[hals][heals/hals] NE did neck once mean "back neck" and halse mean "front neck"?
halse ᛫ to hug ᛫ to embrace ᛫ to caress ᛫ to fondle ᛫ to embrace something spiritually or mystically ᛫ V ~ NE
halsebee ᛫ a torc ᛫ a torq ᛫ a torque ᛫ N healsbeag OE literally neck-bee
halsebour halsebor ᛫ a gorget ᛫ N healsbeorg OE
halseman ᛫ an executioner ᛫ N ~ NE
halsend ᛫ an omen ᛫ an augur ᛫ N hǣlsend OE
halser ᛫ a diviner ᛫ an exorcist ᛫ N hǣlsere OE
halsewort halseƿurt ᛫ a Capparis spinosa plant ᛫ a Symphytum album plant ᛫ a Sedum telephium plant ᛫ a throatwort plant ᛫ N halswort ME
halsing ᛫ divination ᛫ fortune telling ᛫ augury ᛫ exorcism ᛫ N hālsung OE
Halsing ᛫ one of the Hälsings ᛫ N(P) Hælsingum OE
halt ᛫ to walk with a limp ᛫ to conduct oneself immorally ᛭ lame ᛫ limping ᛫ V᛭AJ halt&halten[healtian] NE&ME
halter ᛫ a rope for animals or for hanging people ᛫ N ~[hælftre] NE [MW]
ham ᛫ an enclosure ᛫ a plot of enclosed ground ᛫ N hamme&ham ME&OE
ham ᛫ the hollow of the knee ᛫ N ~ NE
hamble hambel ᛫ to disable by severing the hamstring muscles ᛫ V ~[hamelen] NE
hame ᛫ covering ᛫ skin ᛫ integument ᛫ membrane ᛫ the slough of a reptile ᛫ N hāme[hama] ME
hammer ᛫ a malleus ( bone ) ᛫ N ~ NE
hammerbore ᛫ a pneumatic drill ᛫ a percussion drill ᛫ a piston drill ᛫ a jackhammer ᛫ N ~ NE+ANE calque: hammer-drill
hammerwort hammerƿurt ᛫ a Parietaria judaica plant ( pellitory of the wall , spreading pellitory ) ᛫ N ~[homorwyrt] ANE [OED]
hamstring ᛫ a thigh muscle between the hip and knee ᛭ to disable by cutting the hamstrings ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
handbag handbagg ᛫ a purse ᛫ N ~[baggi?] NE‹N?
handbone ᛫ a metacarpal ᛫ N hand+bone NE×2
handbook ᛫ a manual ᛫ N ~ NE
handcloth handcloð ᛫ a handkerchief ᛫ a towel ᛫ N ~ NE
handedness ᛫ hand dominance ᛫ chirality ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
handfast ᛫ a marriage contract ᛭ to become engaged ( as in marriage ) ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE‹N
handglass ᛫ a magnifying glass ᛫ a hand mirror ᛫ N hand-glass NE [OED]
handgun ᛫ a pistol ᛫ N ~ NE
handicap ᛫ a disability ᛫ a restraint ᛭ to disable ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
handicapped ᛫ disabled ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
handicraft ᛫ manual skill ᛫ an occupation requiring skill with the hands ᛫ the articles fashioned by handicraft ᛫ N ~ NE
handiness ᛫ dexterity ᛫ managableness ᛫ manoeuvrability ᛫ convenience ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
handiswink handisƿink ᛫ manual labour ᛫ N handiswink ME
handle handel ᛫ a pseudonym ᛫ a username ᛫ N ~ NE
handler handeller ᛫ a manager of animals or a kind of object ᛫ a processor [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~ NE
handlings ᛫ by hand ᛫ manually ᛫ AV hondlinges ME
handly handlie ᛫ manual ᛫ AJ ~ NE
handmaid handmagd ᛫ a personal maid or female servant ᛫ N ~ NE
handman ᛫ a manservant ᛫ N ~ NE
handpriest handpreest ᛫ a chaplain ᛫ N handprēost OE‹(E+I‹H)
handsax ᛫ a dagger ᛫ N handseax OE
handsel ᛫ a gift given for good luck at the beginning of the year or to mark an acquisition or the start of an enterprise ᛫ N ~ NE
handset ᛫ a mobile phone ᛫ a cell phone ᛫ N ~ NE
handwhile handhƿile ᛫ a short period of time ᛫ a moment ᛫ an instance ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
handwrit handƿrit ᛫ a manuscript ᛫ a writ written by hand ᛫ N ~ NE
handy handie ᛫ useful ᛫ AJ ~ NE
hane ᛫ a rooster ᛫ N hana{hanecrau} OE
hangby hangbie ᛫ a dependent ( used in contempt ) ᛫ N hangby NE
hanger ᛫ a wood on a steep hillside ᛫ N ~ NE
hangeron ᛫ a sycophant ᛫ N ~ NE
hanging ᛫ a tapestry ᛫ a drapery ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
hangman ᛫ an executioner who hangs the condemned ᛫ N ~ NE
hangmat ᛫ a hammock ᛫ N hang+mat NE+NE calque: hangmat; Hängematte; Hängmatta
hangup ᛫ a delay ᛭ to suspend ᛫ to delay ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
hansel ᛫ a token of fortune ( good or bad ) ᛫ a gift given at the beginning of a new year or a new venture meant to bring luck ᛫ N ~[hanselle][handselen] NE or: handsel
hap ᛫ luck ᛫ fortune ᛫ a chance occurrence ᛫ N ~ NE‹N
hapful ᛫ lucky ᛫ fortunate ᛫ AJ ~ NE
hapless ᛫ unfortunate ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹(N+E)
haply haplie ᛫ by accident ᛫ AV ~ NE‹(N+E)
happening ᛫ an occurrence ᛫ an event ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E+E)
hapsome hapsum ᛫ random ᛫ AJ hap+some N+NE
har ᛫ the hinge of a door or lock ᛫ one of the four cardinal points of the heavens or the earth ᛫ N har/harre/herre[heorr] ME
harbour harbor ᛫ a haven ᛫ a barracks ᛫ military quarters ᛫ a sanctuary ᛫ an anchorage ( in some senses ) ᛫ N ~ NE kin: heriot; borrow
hard ᛫ alcoholic ( of drinks ) ᛫ AJ ~ NE
hardbound hardbund ᛫ constipated ᛫ costive ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
harddrive harddrife ᛫ a hard disk ᛫ a hard disk drive ᛫ N hard drive NE
hardhearted ᛫ unfeeling ᛫ callous ᛫ obdurate ᛫ cruel ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
hardhew hardheƿ ᛫ a Cichorium intybus plant ( chicory ) ᛫ N hardhewe ME
hardness ᛫ inflexibility ᛫ rigidity ᛫ stiffness ᛫ harshness ᛫ rigour ᛫ severity ᛫ cruelty ᛫ obduracy ᛫ obstinacy ᛫ hardiness ᛫ N ~ NE
hardship hardscip ᛫ a difficulty ( esp an unpleasant one ) ᛫ N ~ NE
hardtin ᛫ pewter ᛫ N hard+tin NE×2 calque: Hartzinn
hardware hardƿare ᛫ equipment ᛫ the physical components of an electronic system ᛫ N ~ NE
hare ᛫ a Lepus timidus animal ᛫ a timid person ᛫ the constellation Lepus ᛫ N hare+hāre[hara] NE+ME
harebell ᛫ a Hyacinthus plant ( a hyacinth ) ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
harebrained harebragned ᛫ foolish ᛫ mad ᛫ insane ᛫ idiotic ᛫ reckless ᛫ rash ᛫ irresponsible ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
hareeyed hareeged ᛫ lagophthalmic ᛫ wide-eyed ᛫ AJ ~ ANE
harehearted ᛫ timorous ᛫ timid ᛫ easily frightened ᛫ AJ harehearted NE
haresbeard ᛫ a Verbascum thapsus plant ( great mullein ) ᛫ N hares bearde ANE poorly attested
hareseye haresege ᛫ a Silene dioica plant ( red campion ) ᛫ N hares eie ANE poorly attested
hareseye haresege ᛫ lagophthalmus ᛫ lagophthalmia ᛫ N hares-eye NE
haresleep ᛫ a very light sleep ᛫ N hare-sleep ANE poorly attested
harfee ᛫ booty ᛫ war spoils ᛫ N herefeoh OE
harfolk ᛫ army men ᛫ army folk ᛫ N herefolc OE
hargang ᛫ a military expedition ᛫ N heregang OE
harhithe harhiðe ᛫ spoil ᛫ booty ᛫ plunder ᛫ N herehȳþ OE
hark ᛫ ( commands or requests others to pay attention ) ᛫ I ~ NE
hark back ᛫ to evoke something from the past ᛫ V ~ NE
harken ᛫ to listen ᛫ to pay attention to ᛫ V ~ NE
harkworthy harkƿorðie ᛫ noteworthy ᛫ worthy of being paid attention to ᛫ AJ hark+worthy NE×2
harm ᛫ a field-mouse ᛫ a dormouse ᛫ N hearma OE
harman ᛫ a soldier ᛫ a warrior ᛫ a militant ᛫ N hereman OE
harmqueath harmcƿeað ᛫ to revile to speak ill of ᛫ V hearmcweþan OE
harmquid harmcƿid ᛫ blasphemy ᛫ harmful speech ᛫ N hearmcwide OE
harpath harpað ᛫ a military road ᛫ N herepaþ OE
harreaf ᛫ spoil ᛫ booty ᛫ plunder ᛫ that which is reaved by an army ᛫ N hererēaf OE
harrier ᛫ one who engages in persistent attacks on others or their lands ᛫ N ~ NE
harrow harroƿ ᛫ a rake which is heavy and for cultivation ᛭ to use a harrow ᛫ to disturb ᛫ to distress ᛫ to traumatize ᛫ to pillage ᛫ to plunder ᛫ to ravage ᛫ V ~[harwe][harwen] NE doublet: harry
harrow harroƿ ᛫ a temple ᛫ a shrine ᛫ an idol ᛫ N hearg&hearh OE survives in place names?
harry harrie ᛫ to harass ᛫ to irritate ᛫ to annoy ᛫ to irk ᛫ to pillage ᛫ to plunder ᛫ to ravage ᛫ V ~[herien][herigan] NE doublet: harrow
harsithe harsiðe ᛫ a military expedition ᛫ N heresīþ OE
harspeed ᛫ military success ᛫ N herespēd OE
hart ᛫ a deer ᛫ N hart&hert NE&ME male-only in Modern English
hartclover hartclofer ᛫ a Melilotus plant ( melilot ) ᛫ N hart-claver NE [OED]
harteamer ᛫ a general ᛫ N heretēma OE
harthreat harþreat ᛫ a troop ᛫ a band of soldiers ᛫ N hereþrēat OE
hartmeat ᛫ venison ᛫ N hart+meat{deermeat} NE×2
hartow hartoƿ ᛫ a general ᛫ a marshal ᛫ a duke ᛫ N heretowa ME or: hartough
hartowdom hartoƿdom ᛫ a duchy ᛫ a dukedom ᛫ N hartow+dom ME+NE calque: Herzogtum
hartowen hartoƿen ᛫ a duchess ᛫ N heretow+en NE
hartshorn ᛫ sal volatile ( spirits of ammonia ) ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
harvest harfest ᛫ the fall or autumn season ᛫ N hervest ME
harvest moon harfest ᛫ a full moon at or about the time of the autumnal equinox ᛫ N ~ NE [CED][MW]
harvestfly harfestflie ᛫ a cicada ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
Harvestmonth Harfestmonð ᛫ September ᛫ N(P) hærfestmōnaþ OE or: Holimonth
harweed harƿeed ᛫ armour ᛫ N herewǣd OE
harwoop harƿoop ᛫ a war cry ᛫ N herewōp OE
hase ᛫ grey ᛫ gray ᛫ ashen ᛫ AJ hasu/haso{haswed} OE
hasp ᛫ a fastening device ᛫ N ~ NE
hassock ᛫ a tussock ᛫ a cushion ᛫ N ~[hassuc] NE
hatch hac ᛫ a crosier ᛫ N hæcce OE
hateful ᛫ full of hate ᛫ heinous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
hatel ᛫ detestable ᛫ AJ ~ NE [MW]
hather haðer ᛫ a restraint ᛫ a confinement ᛭ to restrain ᛫ to confine ᛫ V heaþor&heaþorian OE&OE
hatshop hatscop ᛫ a hat store ᛫ a haberdashery ᛫ a millinery ᛫ N hat-shop NE [OED]
hatter ᛫ clothing ᛫ garments ᛫ clothes ᛫ N hater[hæteru/heatru] ME plural form seems to have been "hateren"
hatter ᛫ a hat maker ᛫ a hat seller ᛫ a haberdasher ᛫ a milliner ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
Hatwere Hatƿere ᛫ one of the Chattuarii ( a sub-group of the Franks ? ) ᛫ N(P) Hætwerum OE
haugh haug ᛫ a low-lying meadow by the side of a river ᛫ N ~[healh] NE rhyme: scoff; loch
haulm ᛫ the stems or tops of crop plants ( esp after the crop has been gathered ) ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
haveless hafeless ᛫ poor ᛫ destitute ᛫ AJ ~ NE
haven hafen ᛫ property ᛫ possessions ᛫ N hāven[hæfen] ME
haven hafen ᛫ a harbour ᛫ a sanctuary ᛫ a port ᛫ N ~ NE
haver hafer ᛫ a male goat ᛫ N hæfer OE
haverbleat haferbleat ᛫ a bittern ᛫ a snipe ᛫ N hæferblæte OE
haw haƿ ᛫ an enclosure ᛫ a hedge ᛫ N hawe ME
Hawaii ᛫ Hawaii ᛫ N(P) ~ NE‹O or: The Sandwich Islands
hawksbeard haƿksbeard ᛫ a Crepis plant ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
hawkshaw haƿkscaƿ ᛫ a detective ᛫ N ~ NE "from the name of a detective in... The Ticket-of-Leave Man" - Lexico
hawspind haƿspind ᛫ the cheek ᛫ N hagospind OE "hago" is a variant of "haga" which later bore "haw"
hawthorn haƿþorn ᛫ a Crataegus plant ᛫ N ~ NE means enclosure-thorn(?)
hay hag ᛫ an enclosed plot of land ᛫ a deer park ( an enclosed hunting park in a forest ) ᛫ N hei[hege/gehæg] ME
hay moon hag ᛫ a full moon in July ᛫ N ~ NE [CED]
hayriff hagriff ᛫ a Galium aparine plant ( cleavers ) ᛫ N ~[heirive/hayriffe][hegerife] NE or: hairif
haystold hagstold ᛫ a bachelor ( an unmarried male ) ᛫ a virgin ( male ) ᛫ N hægsteald OE
hayward hagƿard ᛫ an agricultural overseer ( one who maintains hedges and the common protects grain and oversees the harvest ) ᛫ N hayward&heiward NE&ME
hazel hasel ᛫ a Corylus plant ᛫ a light golden brown hue ᛭ of hazel hue ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE [colour]
hazelwort haselƿurt ᛫ an Asarum europaeum plant ( asarabacca ) ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
he ᛫ a male ᛫ N ~ NE in compounds: ( denotes a link to maleness or masculinity , mostly in regards to animals and objects )
head ᛫ a person ᛫ an individual ᛫ a character ᛫ N head&hede NE&ME
headbone ᛫ a skull ᛫ a cranium ᛫ N heafodban OE
headborough headboroug ᛫ a capital city ᛫ N hēafodburh OE
headedder ᛫ a cephalic vein ᛫ N hēafodǣdre OE
headland ᛫ a promontory ᛫ coastal land that juts into the sea ᛫ N ~ NE
headleighter headleigter ᛫ a chief error ᛫ one of the seven deadly sins ᛫ N hēafodleahter OE
headless ᛫ acephalous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
headlong ᛫ hasty ᛫ precipitate ᛫ impetuous ᛫ rash ᛫ reckless ᛭ hastily ᛫ precipitately ᛫ impetuously ᛫ rashly ᛫ recklessly ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE [OED]
headly headlie ᛫ chief ᛫ capital ᛫ AJ hēafodlīc OE
headman ᛫ a chief man ᛫ N ~ NE
headpan ᛫ a skull ᛫ N hēafodpanne OE
headset ᛫ a pair of headphones ᛫ N ~ NE
headship headscip ᛫ the position of a leader or head ᛫ N ~ NE
headshop headscop ᛫ a shop which sells cannabis paraphernalia ᛫ N ~ NE
headspring ᛫ a source ᛫ a fountainhead ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
headstool ᛫ a chief seat ᛫ a chief position [ᚹ] ᛫ N hēafodstōl OE
headstrong ᛫ self-willed and obstinate ᛫ AJ ~ NE
head-to-head ᛫ a contest or a competition in which two people or groups compete directly against each other ᛭ in direct confrontation , opposition , or competition ᛫ N᛭AJ&AV ~ NE [CED]
headward headƿard ᛫ a chief guardian or officer ᛫ N hēafodweard OE
headwater headƿater ᛫ the source and initial part of a stream ᛫ N ~ NE
headway headƿag ᛫ advance ᛫ progress ᛫ N ~ NE
headwright headƿrigt ᛫ a chief workman ᛫ N hēafodwyrhta OE
heady headie ᛫ intoxicating ᛫ stupefying ᛫ upsetting to the mind or senses ᛫ intellectual and technical ᛫ AJ ~ NE
healall ᛫ a panacea ᛫ a universal remedy ᛫ N heal-all NE
healstone ᛫ some kind of flat cake ᛫ N healstān OE
healthful healðful ᛫ salubrious ᛫ conducive to good health ᛫ AJ ~ NE
heam ᛫ to shack up with ᛫ to have sex with ᛫ to have intercourse with ᛫ to marry ᛫ V hǣman OE
heamed ᛫ sexual intercourse ᛫ N hǣmed OE said like "heem-id", not "heemd"
heamedchurl heamedcerl ᛫ a married man of the churl class ᛫ N hǣmedceorl OE
heamedwife heamedƿife ᛫ a married woman of the churl class ᛫ N hǣmedwíf OE
heamedy heamedie ᛫ sexy ᛫ sexual ᛫ AJ heamed+y OE+NE said like: hee-mid-ee
hean ᛫ to insult ᛫ to humiliate ᛫ to debase ᛫ V hēnen ME
heap ᛫ a crowd ᛫ a pile ᛫ a mass ᛫ much or many of something ᛫ N ~ NE
heapmeal ᛫ in large quantities ᛫ in heaps ᛫ heap by heap ᛫ AV ~ NE
hearsay hearsag ᛫ a rumour ᛫ gossip ᛫ N ~ NE
hearsome hearsum ᛫ obedient ᛫ compliant ᛫ AJ ~ NE
hearsomeness hearsumness ᛫ obedience ᛫ N ~ NE
heart ᛫ a conscience ᛫ the seat of one's emotions ᛫ a core ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
heartache heartake ᛫ sorrow ᛫ anguish of the mind ᛫ N ~ NE
hearteat ᛫ to covet ᛫ to envy ᛫ V hearteat NE [OED]
hearten ᛫ to comfort ᛫ to give courage ᛫ to encourage ᛫ to console ᛫ to reassure ᛫ to exhort ᛫ V hearten&herten NE&ME
heartening ᛫ inspiring ᛫ encouraging ᛫ AJ ~ NE
heartfelt ᛫ sincerely felt or believed ᛫ AJ ~ NE
hearth hearð ᛫ a fireplace floor ᛫ a brick stone or concrete area in front of a fireplace ᛫ N ~ NE
heartleech heartleec ᛫ a cardiologist ᛫ N heart+leech NE×2
heartless ᛫ unfeeling ᛫ callous ᛫ obdurate ᛫ cruel ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
heartlike ᛫ like a heart ᛫ central ᛫ core ᛫ AJ ~ NE
heartquake heartcƿake ᛫ a heart palpitation ᛫ a feeling of strong or sudden emotion ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
heartseath heartseað ᛫ a Viola sect. Melanium plant ( a pansy ) ᛫ N heart+eath ME+NE [OED]
heartsick ᛫ depressed ᛫ despondent ᛫ grieving ᛫ suffering emotional pain or anguish ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
heartsickness ᛫ depression ᛫ despondency ᛫ grief ᛫ emotional pain or anguish ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
heartsome heartsum ᛫ uplifting ᛫ comforting ᛫ lively ᛫ joyful ᛫ pleasant ᛫ AJ ~ NE
heartwrenching heartƿrencing ᛫ painfully upsetting or distressing ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
hearty heartie ᛫ cordial ᛫ AJ ~ NE
heast ᛫ violence ᛭ violent ᛫ N᛭AJ hǣst OE
heath heað ᛫ a tract of wasteland ᛫ an area of open land covered with rough grass or heather and with very few trees or bushes ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE [CED][MW]
heath heað ᛫ war- ᛫ battle- ᛫ PREFIX hēaþu OE
heathen heaðen ᛫ a pagan ᛭ pagan ᛫ N᛭AJ heathen NE
heathendom heaðendom ᛫ paganism ᛫ heathenism ᛫ the state of being heathen ᛫ N ~ NE
heather heaðer ᛫ an Ericaceae plant ᛫ N ~ NE
heathglemb heaðglemb ᛫ a war injury ᛫ a war wound ᛫ N hēaþuglemm OE
heathweed heaðƿeed ᛫ armour ᛫ military clothing ᛫ N hēaþuwǣd OE
heatmeter ᛫ a thermometer ᛫ N heat+mete+er NE×3
heave heaf ᛫ to lift ᛫ to raise ᛫ V ~ NE
heavenly heafenlie ᛫ divine ᛫ celestial ᛫ wonderful ᛫ AJ ~ NE
heavenrich heafenric ᛫ the Kingdom of Heaven ᛫ N heofonrīce OE
heavensent heafensent ᛫ fortunate appropriate or providential as if ordained by heaven ᛫ AJ ~ NE
heaver heafer ᛫ a lever ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
heaviness heafiness ᛫ gravity ᛫ N ~ NE
heavyhanded heafihanded ᛫ oppressive and clumsy ᛫ AJ heavyhanded NE
heavyhandedly heafihandedlie ᛫ in a heavyhanded manner ᛫ AV heavyhandedly NE
heavywater heafiƿater ᛫ deuterium oxide ᛫ N ~ NE
hedden ᛫ a hood ᛫ chasuble ᛫ an overcoat ᛫ a mantle ᛫ cloak ᛫ N heden OE
hedge hedg ᛫ a fence made of bushes ᛫ a contract reducing exposure to risk ᛭ to enclose or obstruct with hedges ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
hedge hedg ᛫ ( denotes itinerancy ) ᛫ PREFIX hedge- NE as in "hedge-priest" and "hedge-knight"
heed ᛫ attention ᛫ notice ᛭ to pay attention ᛫ to pay attention to [ᛏ] ᛫ to act as instructed ᛫ to act as instructed by [ᛏ] ᛫ N᛭V heed&hẹ̄d&hẹ̄den NE&ME&ME
heedern ᛫ a storehouse ᛫ N hēddern OE what does "hēdd" mean?
heedful ᛫ attentive ᛫ AJ ~ NE
heedless ᛫ inattentive ᛫ oblivious ᛫ inobservant ᛫ regardless ᛫ respectless ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
heedlessness ᛫ inattention ᛫ inattentiveness ᛫ oblivousness ᛫ inobservance ᛫ disregard ᛫ disrespect ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
heedsome heedsum ᛫ attentive ᛫ AJ ~ NE invented by William Barnes
heef ᛫ grief ᛫ N hēof OE
heel ᛫ to keep secret ᛫ to conceal ᛫ to cover ᛫ V ~{hēlen} NE
heel ᛫ to conceal ᛫ to cover ᛫ to blot out ᛫ to clothe ᛫ to protect with secrecy ᛫ V hēlen[helan] ME
heelbone ᛫ a calcaneus ᛫ N ~ NE
heem ᛫ an inhabitant ᛫ N hēme ME
heen ᛫ to scoff at ᛫ to humiliate ᛫ to debase ᛭ low ᛫ humbled ᛫ humiliated ᛫ abject ᛫ poor ᛫ wretched ᛫ V᛭AJ hēnen&hēn ME&ME
heer ᛫ an army ᛫ N here/heer ME
heer ᛫ hair ᛫ N hēr ME "hair" has been influenced by French "haire"
heerbane ᛫ depilatory ᛫ N hair+bane NE×2 invented by William Barnes
heerclip ᛫ a barrette ᛫ N ~ NE
heerly heerlie ᛫ military ᛫ AJ herelīc OE
heerwash hairƿasc ᛫ shampoo ᛫ N ~ NE
heerwax hairƿax ᛫ pomade ᛫ N hair+wax NE×2
heeve heefe ᛫ to grieve ᛫ V hēofan OE
heft ᛫ something's weight ᛫ the ability or influence to get something done ᛭ to hoist ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
heigfer ᛫ a young cow that has not borne a calf ᛫ N ~[heahfore] NE
height heigt ᛫ one of the three dimensions of a solid object , top to bottom ᛫ N ~ NE
heighten heigten ᛫ to make higher ᛫ to intensify ᛫ V ~ NE
heightfear heigtfear ᛫ acrophobia ᛫ N height+fear NE×2
heightwise heigtƿise ᛫ in terms of height ᛫ vertical ᛭ in a vertical manner ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE
held ᛫ a Tanacetum plant ( a tansy ) ᛫ N helde ME [OED]
heleth heleð ᛫ a hero ᛫ N hēleth[hæleþ] ME "health" is pseudo-archaic spelling?
helethen heleðen ᛫ a heroine ᛫ N hēleth+en NE+ME
helethish heleðisc ᛫ heroic ᛫ AJ hēleth+ish ME+NE
helfry helfrie ᛫ gory ᛫ bloody ᛫ AJ heolfrig OE
hellbent ᛫ determined to achieve something at all costs ᛫ AJ ~ NE
heller ᛫ the scale of a balance ᛫ a balance [ᚹ] ᛫ balance [ᚹ] ᛭ to balance on a scale ᛫ to balance [ᚹ] ᛫ N᛭V heolor&heoloran OE
hellghost hellgoast ᛫ an infernal spirit ᛫ N hellegāst OE
hellish ᛫ infernal ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Hellmere ᛫ the river Styx ᛫ N hellemere OE
hellraiser hellragser ᛫ a person who causes trouble through wild behavior ᛫ N ~ NE‹(E+N+E)
hellrown hellrune ᛫ a necromancer woman ᛫ a witch ᛫ a pythonissa ᛫ N hellerūne/helrūn OE means "hell whisper"?
hellwight hellƿigt ᛫ a creature of hell ᛫ N hellwiht OE
hellwite hellƿite ᛫ hellish punishment ᛫ gehenna ᛫ hades ᛫ hell ᛫ N hellewīte OE
helm ᛫ a helmet ᛫ N helm[helm][helm] NE
helm ᛫ to steer a boat or ship ᛫ to manage the running of ᛫ to direct a film ᛫ V ~ NE
helmer ᛫ a director ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
helper ᛫ an assistant ᛫ an aide ᛫ N ~ NE
helping ᛫ a portion or serving of food ᛫ an amount or quantity of something ᛫ N ~ NE
helve helf ᛫ the handle of a tool or weapon ᛭ to furnish with a helve ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE [MW]
helver helfer ᛫ blood from a wound ᛫ gore ᛫ cruor ᛫ N heolfor OE
hem ᛫ them ᛫ N(PRO) hem ME or: em (some claim 'em descends from hem)
hem ᛫ a rim ( esp of stitched cloth ) ᛭ to surround in a restricting way ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
hemp ᛫ a Cannabis plant ᛫ cannabis ᛫ marijuana ᛫ N ~ NE
hemp bush busc ᛫ a Gynatrix pulchella plant ᛫ N ~ NE attested on flora.sa.gov.au
hemp tree ᛫ a Vitex plant ( a chaste tree ) ᛫ N ~ NE [CED]
hempen ᛫ made of hemp ᛫ ADJ hempen NE
hemptree ᛫ a Vitex agnus-castus plant ( chaste tree ) ᛫ N ~ NE
hemth hemð ᛫ an undergarment with short sleeves ᛫ a shirt ᛫ N hemeþe OE kin: Hemd (German)
hen ᛫ from this place ᛫ away ᛫ hence ᛫ AJ henne ME
henbell ᛫ henbane ᛫ a Hyoscyamus plant ᛫ N hennebelle OE
hence hense ᛫ from this place ᛫ AV ~ NE
henchman hencman ᛫ a subordinate ( usually with negative connotations ) ᛫ N ~ NE or: hinxman
hend ᛫ courteous ᛫ courtly ᛫ polite ᛫ chivalrous ᛫ beautiful ᛫ pleasant ᛫ gracious ᛫ decorous ᛫ AJ hēnde ME
hendly hendlie ᛫ courteously ᛫ politely ᛫ chivalrously ᛫ AV hẹ̄̆ndelī ME
hendness ᛫ courtesy ᛫ politeness ᛫ chivalry ᛫ N hēnde+ness ME+NE
hent ᛫ until ᛫ P&C hent ME short for "henne to"
hent ᛫ to grasp ᛫ to seize ᛫ to capture ᛫ to arrest ᛫ to encounter ᛫ to experience ᛫ V ~[henten][hentan] NE kin: hunt
henth henð ᛫ humiliation ᛫ abasement ᛫ disgrace ᛫ N henthe[hȳnþ/hēnþu] ME
henward henƿard ᛫ passing away in time ᛫ fleeting ᛫ brief ᛫ transitory ᛫ transient ᛫ AJ heoneward ME
her ᛫ a lord ᛫ a nobleman ᛫ a superior ᛫ sir [ᚹ] ᛫ mister [ᚹ] ᛫ N herre{hearra} ME
her ᛫ their ᛫ N(PRO) here/hire/hure[heora] ME
herd ᛫ a herdsman ᛫ shepherd ᛫ a guardian ᛫ a pastor ᛫ N herde ME
Herdsman ᛫ the constellation Boötes ᛫ N ~ NE
hereat ᛫ as a result ᛫ AV ~ NE
herethrough hereþruge ᛫ because of this ᛫ by this means ᛫ AV hērthurgh ME see: thereby
hereto ᛫ to this point matter or topic ᛫ regarding this point matter or topic ᛫ AV ~ NE
heriot ᛫ military equipment ᛫ a return of military equipment ᛫ N ~[heregeatu] NE
herringbone ᛫ a patch of cirrocumulus clouds ᛫ N ~ NE
herry herrie ᛫ to honour ᛫ to praise ᛫ to extol ᛫ to celebrate ᛫ V ~[herian] ANE
herryenly herrienlie ᛫ laudable ᛫ AJ herigendlice[herigendlīc] ME
hers ᛫ theirs ᛫ N(PRO) hē̆res/hirs ME or: "hern", from a Middle English alternative
herstpan ᛫ a frying pan ᛫ N hearstepanne OE
herthbelly herðbellie ᛫ a scrotum ᛫ N herþbelig OE
herthen herðen ᛫ testicles ᛫ N herþan OE or: herths ᛫ this word is always plural
hest ᛫ behest ᛫ a command ᛫ an injunction ᛫ an order ᛫ a precept ᛫ N ~[hē̆st][hǣs] NE final T appears c1200 and was usual by c1300 according to MEC
hew heƿ ᛫ a family or household member ᛫ a relative ᛫ a domestic ᛫ a servant ᛫ a retainer ᛫ N hewe ME
hew heƿ ᛫ to chop at ᛫ to chop down ᛫ to shape ᛫ to form ᛫ to conform ᛫ to forge ᛫ V ~ NE
hewcouth heƿcooð ᛫ familiar ᛫ AJ hīwcūþ OE
hewish heƿisc ᛫ a family ᛫ a household ᛫ N hīwisc OE
hewn heƿn ᛫ blue ᛫ azure ᛭ of blue hue ᛫ of azure hue ᛫ N᛭AJ hǣwen&hǣwen ME&OE [colour]
hewnbill heƿnbill ᛫ an Aythya marila or Aythya affinis bird ( a scaup ) ᛫ N bluebill ME+NE
hewngreen heƿngreen ᛫ blue-green ᛫ cyan ᛫ AJ hǣwengrēne OE
hewster heƿster ᛫ a dyer ᛫ N heuster ME
hex ᛫ a curse ᛭ to curse ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE‹HG kin: hag
hext ᛫ highest ᛫ AJ ~ NE
hide ᛫ skin ᛫ N ~ NE
hidel ᛫ a secret place ᛫ a hiding place ᛫ a refuge ᛫ N hī̆del/hī̆dels[hydels] ME&OE
hideleech hideleec ᛫ a dermatologist ᛫ N hide+leech NE×2 or: skinleech (Norse influence)
hideyield hidegield ᛫ property tax ( tax paid on every hide ) ᛫ N hīdgild OE
hidlings ᛫ secret ᛫ clandestine ᛭ in secret ᛫ secretly ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE
hie ᛫ to hasten ᛫ to go quickly ᛫ V ~[hīen][hīgian] NE [MW]
hield ᛫ grace ᛫ favour / favor ᛫ allegiance ᛫ fealty ᛫ N hēlde ME
hield ᛫ a slope ᛫ an incline ᛫ a declivity ᛫ an inclination ᛭ to slope ᛫ to incline ᛫ N᛭V ~ ANE [OED]
high hige ᛫ to esteem ᛫ to honour ᛫ to exalt ᛫ V heien/highen ME
high end hige ᛫ of the highest quality ᛫ AJ ~ NE
highblown higebloƿn ᛫ pretentious ᛫ grandiloquent ᛫ exaggerated ᛫ AJ high-blown NE
highborn higeborn ᛫ of noble birth ᛫ of royal birth ᛫ of rich birth ᛫ patrician ᛫ AJ ~ NE
highfather higefaðer ᛫ a patriarch ᛫ N hēahfæder OE
highhall higehall ᛫ a palace ᛫ N hēah-heall OE
highhearted higehearted ᛫ insouciant ᛫ full of gaiety ᛫ full of courage or nobility ᛫ AJ highhearted&hēahheort NE&OE
highherd higeherd ᛫ a chief pastor ᛫ an archimandrite ᛫ N hēahhirde OE
highking higeking ᛫ a chief king or ruler ᛫ a king of kings ᛫ N ~ NE
highland higeland ᛫ a stretch of high or mountainous land ᛫ N ~ NE
highlight higeligt ᛫ to emphasize ᛫ to mark out ᛫ V ~ NE
highminded higeminded ᛫ proud ᛫ arrogant ᛫ haughty ᛫ imperious ᛫ sophisticated ᛫ cultured ᛫ noble ᛫ honourable ᛫ magnanimous ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
highmindedness higemindedness ᛫ pride ᛫ arrogance ᛫ haughtiness ᛫ imperiousness ᛫ sophistication ᛫ nobility ᛫ honourableness ᛫ magnamity ᛫ N - NE [OED]
highmoody higemoodie ᛫ proud ᛫ lofty ᛫ haughty ᛫ AJ hēahmōd+y OE
highmother higemoðer ᛫ a matriarch ᛫ N high+mother{hēahfæder} NE×2
highseld higeseld ᛫ a throne ᛫ a position of high rank ᛫ N hēahseld OE
highshoe higescoe ᛫ a boot ᛫ N high shoe NE [OED]
highstrung higestrung ᛫ tense ᛫ stressed ᛫ nervous ᛫ intense ᛫ type A ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
hight higt ᛫ haste ᛫ hurry ᛫ N highthe[hīgþ] ME kin: hie
hight higt ᛫ expectation ᛫ hope ᛭ to expect ᛫ to hope ᛫ N᛭V hight&highten[hyht/hiht] ME&ME
hightide higtide ᛫ a culminating point ᛫ a climax ᛫ N ~ NE
hightle higtel ᛫ to adorn ᛫ to embellish ᛫ to ornament ᛫ to illuminate a book ᛫ V hightlen&highten ME&ME
highwayman higeƿagman ᛫ a bandit ᛫ a brigand ᛫ N ~ NE
hild ᛫ to skin ᛫ to flay ᛫ to peel ᛫ V hilden[hyldan] ME
hild ᛫ battle ( poetic) ᛫ war ( poetic) ᛫ N hild OE
hildlate ᛫ one sluggish in war ᛫ one slow to fight ᛫ a coward ᛫ N hildlata OE agent suffix likely would have dropped
hildspel ᛫ a speech given before battle ? ᛫ a story about battle ? ᛫ N hildespell OE
hilk ᛫ a bend ᛫ a turn ᛫ a winding ᛫ curvature ᛫ anfractus ᛫ N hylc OE
hill ᛫ to cover ᛫ to put a roof on ᛫ to clothe ᛫ to deck out ᛫ V hilen ME‹N
hilling ᛫ cover ᛫ a cover ᛫ covering ᛫ N hilinge ME‹N
hillock ᛫ a small hill ᛫ N ~ NE
hillwort hillƿurt ᛫ a Mentha pulegium plant ( pennyroyal ) ᛫ N hilwort ANE [OED]
hilt ᛫ the handle of a sword ᛭ to provide with a hilt ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
himmel ᛫ a Humulus lupulus plant ( hummel ) ᛫ N himele[hymele] ME
hin ᛫ him ( accusative ) ᛫ N(PRO) hine ME
hind ᛫ rear ᛫ posterior ᛫ AJ ~ NE
hind ᛫ a female deer ᛫ N ~[hind] NE
hind ᛫ a rustic ᛫ a farm worker ᛫ a peasant ᛫ N hind[hīne] NE [CED][MW]
hindberry hindberrie ᛫ a raspberry ᛫ N ~{hindberige} NE
hindbrain hindbragn ᛫ the rhombencephalon ᛫ N ~ NE
hinder ᛫ to obstruct ᛫ to impede ᛫ V ~ NE
hindering ᛫ a hinderance ᛫ N ~ NE
hinderland ᛫ a hinterland ᛫ an uncharted land ᛫ a land surrounding a town or port ᛫ N Hinterland NE‹HG
hinderling ᛫ a wretch ᛫ a lowly person or beast ᛫ N ~ NE begat "hilding"?
hindersome hindersum ᛫ obstructive ᛫ AJ ~ NE [MW]
hindgut ᛫ the caudal part of the alimentary canal of an embryo including the colon and the rectum ᛫ N ~ NE
hindlook ᛫ an afterlook ᛫ a look in review ᛫ N ~ NE
hindneck ᛫ the nape ( esp of birds ) ᛫ N ~ NE
hindsight hindsigt ᛫ retrospect ᛫ N ~ NE
hinge ᛫ a central or pivotal point or principle on which things depend ᛭ to depend on ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
hinx ᛫ a horse ᛫ N hengest[hengest] ME kin: henchman
hipping ᛫ a diaper ᛫ a nappy ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
hipple hippel ᛫ a small heap ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
hipwark hipƿark ᛫ sciatica ᛫ N hipwerc OE
hird ᛫ a family ᛫ a household ᛫ a retinue ᛫ a court ( those in the court not the physical court ) ᛫ N hīred[hīrēd] ME equivilent to: hew+-red
hirdman ᛫ a member of a king's household or court ᛫ a retainer ᛫ a courtier ᛫ N hiredman ME
hire ᛫ wages ᛫ payment ᛭ to employ ᛫ to engage the service of ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE [OED]
hireling ᛫ employee ᛫ N ~ NE
hirer ᛫ an employer ᛫ N ~ NE
hirn ᛫ a corner ᛫ a niche ᛫ a remote place ᛫ a cranny ᛫ a recess ᛫ an intricacy ᛫ N hī̆rn[hyrne] ME
hirnstone ᛫ a cornerstone ᛫ N hyrnstān OE
hirst ᛫ to fry ᛫ V hirsten[hierstan] ME
hirst ᛫ equipment ( esp things like armour and weapons but also ornaments ) ᛭ to equip ᛫ to ornament ᛫ N᛭V hyrst&hyrstan OE
hiss ᛫ a young man ᛫ N hyse OE
hit up ᛫ to contact ( usually for a service or for socializing ) ᛫ V ~ NE
hitch hic ᛫ a problem ᛫ a snag ᛫ N ~ NE
hithe hiðe ᛫ a port or a harbour that is small ( esp one on a river ) ᛫ N ~[hȳþ] NE [MW]
hithe hiðe ᛫ to plunder ᛫ to ravage ᛫ to pillage ᛫ to lay waste to ᛫ V hȳþan OE
hither hiðer ᛫ to this place ᛫ AV ~ NE
hithercoming hiðercumming ᛫ arrival to this place ᛫ N ~ NE
hitherto hiðerto ᛫ up to this time ᛫ AV ~ NE
hitman ᛫ a hired killer ᛫ an assassin ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E) [OED]
hoad ᛫ a person ᛫ a character in a story ᛫ a sex ᛫ a state ᛫ a condition ᛫ a rank ᛫ a degree ᛫ N hōde&hād ME&OE becomes: hood as a suffix
hoam ᛫ a cricket ᛫ N hāma&hyllhāma OE&OE kin: heimo (OHG); Heime (NHG rare)
hoar ᛫ light grey ᛭ of light grey hue ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE [colour]
hoard ᛫ a collection of valuable things ᛫ treasure ᛭ to accumulate ᛫ to amass ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
hoardcleeve hoardcleefe ᛫ a treasure room or chamber ᛫ a treasury ᛫ N hordclēofa OE
hoardcove hoardcofe ᛫ a place for treasure ᛫ a place where thoughts are stored ᛫ N hordcōfa OE
hoarder ᛫ one who hoards ᛫ a treasurer ᛫ N horder&hordere NE&OE
hoardern ᛫ a storage place ᛫ a storeroom ᛫ a storehouse ᛫ N hordern OE
hoardlock ᛫ a treasure chest ᛫ a coffer ᛫ N hordloca OE
hoardvat hoardfatt ᛫ a vessel for holding treasure ᛫ N hordfæt OE
hoarfrost ᛫ frozen dew ᛫ N ~ NE
hoarstone ᛫ a stone designating the bounds of an estate ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
hoary hoarie ᛫ old fashioned ᛫ musty ᛫ moldy ᛫ grey with age ᛫ outdated [ᚹ] ᛫ obsolete [ᚹ] ᛫ AJ ~ NE
hobnob ᛫ to mix socially ( esp with those of higher status ) ᛫ V ~ NE
hock ᛫ the hollow behind the knee ᛫ the popliteal region ᛭ to hamstring ᛫ N᛭V ~[hōh] NE or: hough
hode ᛫ to ordain ᛫ to consecrate ᛫ V hōden[hādian] ME
hoder ᛫ clear ᛫ serene ᛫ AJ hādor OE kin: heiðr (Icelandic)
hoff ᛫ a house ᛫ a palace ᛫ a court ᛫ N hof OE kin: hovel
hogger ᛫ a swineherd ᛫ N ~ NE
hogreeve hoggreefe ᛫ an official charged with preventing or appraising damage done by stray swine ᛫ N ~ NE
hogsfennel hoggsfennel ᛫ a Peucedanum officinale plant ᛫ N hog's fennel NE
hogshead hoggshead ᛫ a large barrel ᛫ a large cask ᛫ a unit of volume ( 52.5 imperial gallons for wine , 54 imperial gallons for beer ) ᛫ N ~ NE
hogwash hoggƿasc ᛫ nonsense ᛫ N ~ NE
hold ᛫ graciously ᛫ kindly ᛫ faithfully ᛫ AJ holde[holde] ME
hold ᛫ inclined ( literal and figurative ) ᛫ AJ heald OE
holdall ᛫ a carryall ᛫ an encyclopaedia ᛫ N ~ NE
holdend ᛫ a keeper ( as in a guardian ) ᛫ N healdend OE
holder ᛫ a container ᛫ a possessor ᛫ N ~ NE
holding ᛫ asset ᛫ N ~ NE
holdship holdscip ᛫ loyalty ᛫ fealty ᛫ allegiance ᛫ N holdscipe OE
hole ᛫ to obtain ᛫ V hōlen&geholian ME&OE
holet ᛫ to greet ᛫ to salute ᛫ V hālettan OE
holey holie ᛫ porous ᛫ spongy ᛫ spongiform ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
holibone ᛫ a sacrum ᛫ N holybone NE
holiday holiedag ᛫ vacation ᛫ N ~ NE
Holimonth Holiemonð ᛫ September ᛫ N(P) haligmonaþ OE or: Harvestmonth
holiness ᛫ sanctity ᛫ N ~ NE
holirope ᛫ Eupatorium cannabinum ( hemp-agrimony ) ᛫ N ~ ANE
Holiwere Holieƿere ᛫ Saint Cuthbert of Lindisfarne ᛫ N(P) Hālīwer ME rhyme: hall-a-ware
holk ᛫ a hollow ᛫ a cavity ᛭ to dig up ᛫ to excavate ᛫ to hollow out ᛫ N᛭V holk[holc]&holken ME&ME
hollow holloƿ ᛫ a cavity ᛫ a hole ᛫ a small valley ᛭ to make or become hollow ᛭ concave ᛫ sunken ᛫ insincere ᛫ N᛭V᛭AJ ~ NE
holm ᛫ an islet ( esp one in a river ) ᛫ N ~ NE‹N
holm ᛫ a sea ᛫ an ocean ᛫ a lake ᛫ N holm OE modern "holm" is from Norse
holt ᛫ a copse ( a small forest ) ᛫ a forested hill ᛫ N ~ NE
holy holie ᛫ sacred ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Holy Father Holie Faðer ᛫ the Pope ᛫ N ~ NE
holy fire holie ᛫ erisypelas ᛫ St. Anthony's fire ᛫ N ~ ANE [OED]
home in ᛫ to focus on ᛫ to track ᛫ to get closer to that which is being chased ᛫ V ~ NE
homebreadth homebreadð ᛫ a home-range ( the area in which an animal normally ranges ) ᛫ N home+breadth NE×2 calque: home-range [CED]
homefear ᛫ oikophobia ᛫ ecophobia ᛫ N home+fear NE×2
homeheast ᛫ domestic violence ᛫ N home+heast NE+OE
homely homelie ᛫ domestic ᛫ not elaborate or complex ᛫ plain or unattractive in appearance ᛫ AJ ~ NE
homespun ᛫ homely ᛫ unsophisticated ᛫ AJ ~ NE
homeware homeƿare ᛫ furniture utensils and decorative objects for domestic use ᛫ N ~ NE
homewares homeƿares ᛫ furnishings for the home such as furniture ᛫ N ~ NE
hone ᛫ delay ᛫ hesitation ᛫ N hōne ME‹C morphed into "wone" in some dialects
hone ᛫ a sharpening stone ᛭ to sharpen ᛫ to refine or to master a skill ᛫ to make more effective ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
honeybear hunniebear ᛫ a kinkajou ᛫ N honey bear NE
honeywort hunnieƿurt ᛫ a Galium cruciatum plant ᛫ N ~ NE
hoo ᛫ she ᛫ N(PRO) ~[heo] NE found in West Yorkshire and Lancashire
hood ᛫ a bonnet of a car ᛫ N ~ NE
hoodwink hoodƿink ᛫ to trick ᛫ to deceive ᛫ V ~ NE
hoof ᛫ the covering that encloses the feet of ungulate mammals ᛭ to dance ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE [MW]
hoofdeer ᛫ an ungulate ᛫ an animal of the clade Ungulata ᛫ N hoof+deer NE×2 calque: hoefdier, Huftier
hookbone ᛫ a hamate bone ᛫ N hook+bone NE×2 calque: haakvormig been; Hakenbein
hooker ᛫ a feeling of offence ᛫ mockery ᛫ scorn ᛫ derision ᛫ abusive talk ᛫ N hōker[hōcer] ME
hooks ᛫ parentheses ( ( ) ) ᛫ brackets ( [ ] ) ᛫ braces ( { } ) ᛫ chevrons ( ⟨ ⟩ ) ᛫ N ~ ANE [OED]
hooky hookie ᛫ catchy ᛫ easily recalled ᛫ AJ ~ NE
hool ᛫ vain speech ᛫ slander ᛫ calumny ᛭ to speak evil of ᛫ to slander ᛫ to calumniate ᛫ N᛭V hōl&hōlian OE
hoose ᛫ an escort ᛫ a company ᛫ a troop ᛫ a band ᛫ a party ᛫ N hōs OE
hopelessness ᛫ despair ᛫ N ~ NE
hophead ᛫ a drug addict ᛫ N ~ NE
hopper ᛫ a seed basket used by a sower ᛫ N hopper ME
hore ᛫ filth ᛫ dirt ᛫ mud ᛫ slime ᛫ muck ᛫ crud ᛫ N hore[horh] ME
hore ᛫ to defile ᛫ to defoul ᛫ to pollute ᛫ to corrupt ᛫ to become corrupt ᛫ V hō̆rien ME
horehound horehund ᛫ a Marrubium vulgare plant ᛫ N ~[horhoune][hārhūne] NE sometimes called "white horehound"
horewort horeƿurt ᛫ a Filago germanica plant ? ᛫ N hōrwort ME
horn ᛫ a telephone (slang) ᛫ N ~ NE especially in the saying "on the horn"
hornen ᛫ made of horn ᛫ AJ hornen ME
horning ᛫ fornication ᛫ N hornung OE
horningson horningsun ᛫ a bastard son ᛫ N hornungsunu OE kin: Hornung (German)
hornkin ᛫ a Hörnchen ᛫ a croissant ᛫ a kifli ᛫ a kipfel ᛫ N horn+kin NE×2 calque: Hörnchen
hornnose ᛫ a rhinoceros ᛫ N horne nose NE
horny hornie ᛫ of or made of horn ᛫ having a hard calloused surface or texture ᛫ having horns ᛫ desiring sexual gratification ᛫ excited sexually ᛫ AJ ~ NE [MW]
horrow horroƿ ᛫ foul ᛫ dirty ᛫ filthy ᛫ slanderous ᛫ AJ horrow ANE earlier: hory
horse ᛫ a horse ( esp a male horse ) ᛫ a stallion ᛫ N ~ NE see: mare ᛫ male connotation retored as "stallion" may have dampened it
horsed ᛫ mounted ( on horseback ) ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
horsefeathers horsefeaðers ᛫ nonsense ᛫ balderdash ᛫ N ~ NE
horseflesh horseflesc ᛫ chevaline ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
horseheal horseheal ᛫ an Inula helenium plant ( elecampane ) ᛫ N horseheale ANE [OED]
horsehouse horsehuse ᛫ a hippodrome ᛫ N horshūs OE
horseleech horseleec ᛫ a horse doctor ᛫ a farrier ᛫ N ~ ANE [OED]
horsely horselie ᛫ equine ᛫ caballine ᛫ chevaline ᛫ AJ ~[horsli] ANE [OED]
horseman ᛫ an equestrian ᛫ N ~ NE
horsemanship horsemanscip ᛫ equestrianism ᛫ equitation ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
horsemen ᛫ cavalry ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
horseracer horseraser ᛫ a jockey ᛫ N horse-racer NE non-Norse: horsereaser [OED]
horsern horsern ᛫ a stable ᛫ N horsern OE
horsethane horseþane ᛫ an officer in charge of horses ᛫ a marshal ( in the old sense of a horse officer ) ᛫ N horsþegn OE
horsewhale horsehƿale ᛫ walrus ᛫ N horshwæl OE "walrus" is Norse
horsh horsc ᛫ quick-witted ᛫ mentally sharp ᛫ AJ horsc OE
hose ᛫ a legging ᛫ N hose&hōse NE&ME see: hosen
hosen ᛫ pants ᛫ trousers ᛫ stockings ᛫ greaves N hosen&hōse NE&ME or: hoses
hote ᛫ to designate ᛫ to name ᛫ to be designated ᛫ to be named ᛫ V hōten ME PST: hight; hoted; hote ᛫ PTCP: hight; hoten; hote
hough huge ᛫ a promontory ᛫ N hough[hōh] ME rhyme: plough
hound hund ᛫ a canine ᛫ N ~ NE
houndberry hundberrie ᛫ a Solanum nigrum berry ( a European black nightshade berry ) ᛫ N hǒundberī[hundesberie] ME
houndfear hundfear ᛫ cynophobia ᛫ N hound+fear NE×2
houndfish hundfisc ᛫ the Tylosurus crocodilus fish ᛫ N ~ NE
hounding hunding ᛫ a cynocephalus ( a mythological dogheaded man ) ᛫ N hounding ME
Hounding Hunding ᛫ one of the Hundings ᛫ N(P) Hūndings OE
houndly hundlie ᛫ canine ᛫ AJ ~ NE
houndshead hundshead ᛫ an Antirrhinum plant ( snapdragon ) ᛫ N hundes hēafod OE
houndstongue hundstung ᛫ a Cynoglossum officinale plant ᛫ N hound's tongue NE
hour hure ᛫ especially ᛫ particularly ᛫ AV hūre[hūru] ME the H is pronounced
housebreach husebreac ᛫ burglary ᛫ N ~[hūsbrice] NE
housechurl husecerl ᛫ a housecarl ᛫ a huskarl ᛫ N house+churl NE calque: huskarl.
housecraft husecraft ᛫ domestic science ᛫ N ~ NE
housedeer husedeer ᛫ a pet ( an animal kept for company ) ᛫ N house+deer NE×2 calque: hûsdier
housefather husefaðer ᛫ the male head of a household ᛫ a patriarch ᛫ a paterfamilias ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
housel husel ᛫ an offering to a god ᛫ Eucharist material ᛭ to offer to a god ᛫ to take or to give Eucharist material ᛫ N ~ NE old heathen meaning was Christianised
houselady huseladie ᛫ the mistress of a house ᛫ N ~ NE
houseldish huseldisc ᛫ a paten ( a Eucharist plate ) ᛫ N hūseldisc OE
houselgang huselgang ᛫ the act of receiving the Eucharist ᛫ Communion ᛫ N hūselgang OE
houselord huselord ᛫ the master of a house ᛫ N ~ NE
houselthane huselþane ᛫ an acolyte ᛫ N hūselþegn OE
housemonger husemonger ᛫ a real estate agent ᛫ an estate agent ᛫ a realtor ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
housemother husemoðer ᛫ the female head of a household ᛫ a matriarch ᛫ a materfamilias ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
houser huser ᛫ a member of a household ᛫ N hūsa OE
housewares huseƿares ᛫ domestic utensils ( esp for the kitchen ) ᛫ N ~ NE
houth huðe ᛫ prey ᛫ spoils ᛫ booty ᛫ N hūþe OE
hove hof ᛫ a headdress ᛫ a coif ᛫ a turban [ᚹ] ᛫ N hǒuve[hūfe] ME rhyme: dove
hove hof ᛫ to float ᛫ to hover ᛫ to flutter in the air ᛫ to lie in wait ᛫ to lurk ᛫ V hove ME rhyme: glove? ᛫ kin: hover
hove hof ᛫ moderation ᛫ discretion ᛫ N họ̄f ME‹N
hovel hofel ᛫ a shed ᛫ a cottage ᛫ a small house ᛫ a low quality house ᛫ N ~ NE
hover hofer ᛫ to float ᛫ to hang above something ᛫ V ~ NE
hover hofer ᛫ a hump ᛫ a swelling ᛫ a humpback ᛭ humped ᛫ humpbacked ᛫ gibbous ᛫ N᛭AJ hofer OE rhyme: over
how hoƿ ᛫ anxiety ᛫ N hou[hoga] ME rhyme: snow
how hoƿ ᛫ to intend ᛫ purpose ᛫ to long after ᛫ V ho&houen[hogian]{hycgan} NE&ME rhyme: snow
how hoƿ ᛫ to survey ᛫ to inspect ᛫ to view ᛫ to observe ᛫ V hāwian&gehāwian OE&OE rhyme: snow
Hown Hune ᛫ a Hun ᛫ N(P) Hūnas OE
hub ᛫ a focal point ᛫ a center of activity ᛫ the central part of a wheel or circle ᛫ N ~ NE‹?
huckster ᛫ a peddler ᛫ a petty merchant ᛫ N ~ NE‹‹OE?NL?
hue heƿ ᛫ (a) colour ᛫ (a) form ᛫ (a) shape ᛫ physical appearance ᛫ a facial expression ᛫ a demeanor ᛫ a guise ᛫ a type ᛫ a model ᛫ a version [ᚹ] ᛫ N hue&heu&hiw NE&ME&OE [colour]
huer heƿer ᛫ toner ᛫ N hue+er NE×2
hulk ᛫ a hut ᛫ a hovel ᛫ a cabin ᛫ a trading ship ᛫ a warship ᛫ a huge and clumsy person or creature ᛫ N hulk[hulc] ME‹OE some claim this word comes from Italic, but this is doubtful
hulking ᛫ bulky ᛫ unwieldy ᛫ lumbering ᛫ gigantic ᛫ huge ᛫ enormous ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹‹OE‹I [OED]
hull ᛫ the main body of a large airplane / aeroplane , tank or ship ᛫ a fuselage ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
hulstry hulstrie ᛫ latebrosus ᛫ dark ᛫ secret ᛫ AJ heolstrig OE
hundred ᛫ a division of a county with its own court ᛫ a territorial division containing one hundred homesteads ᛫ N ~ NE
hundreds alder ᛫ a centurion ᛫ N hundredes ealdor OE
Hungery Hungerie ᛫ Hungaria ᛫ Hungary ᛫ N(P) Hungerie OE or: Ungerland (OE alternative)
hunter's moon ᛫ a full moon that follows right after the September equinox ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
hunth hunð ᛫ catch ᛫ prey ᛫ game ᛫ N huntaþ OE
hurdle hurdel ᛫ a lattice ᛫ a barrier frame ( often used for jumping over in sports ) ᛫ N ~ NE
hurl ᛫ a downward rush ᛫ a rush of water ᛭ to rush ᛫ to throw with great force ᛫ to vomit ᛫ N᛭V hurl&hurl&hurlen NE&ME&ME
Huron Mere Heƿron Mere ᛫ Lake Huron ᛫ N(P) Huron+mere NE‹O+NE
hurst ᛫ a copse ᛫ a grove ᛫ a sandbank ᛫ a sandbar ᛫ N ~ NE
hursting ᛫ a vessel for frying ᛫ N hursting ME
hurtleberry hurtelberrie ᛫ a berry from a Vaccinium myrtillus plant ᛫ a bilberry ᛫ a European blueberry ᛫ a blaeberry ᛫ a whimberry ᛫ N ~[hurtleberry][hurtilberye] NE or: whortleberry
husband ᛫ a married man ᛫ a cultivator ᛭ to manage prudently and economically ᛫ to use sparingly ᛫ to conserve ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE‹N
husbandcraft ᛫ husbandry ᛫ management and conservation of resources ᛫ N husband+craft NE×2 calque: husbandry
husbanding ᛫ cultivation ᛫ tillage ᛫ farming ᛫ careful management ᛫ N ~ NE
husbandman ᛫ farmer ᛫ N ~ NE
hussy hussie ᛫ an imprudent or immoral girl or woman ᛫ N ~[husewif] NE doublet: housewife
husting ᛫ a deliberative assembly or council ᛫ a platform where candidates in an election give speeches ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E)
hustings ᛫ a husting ᛫ an election campaign ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E)
hux ᛫ an insult ᛫ an insulting remark ᛫ a jeer ᛫ mockery ᛫ N hux[husc] ME
huxly huxlie ᛫ in an insulting or derisive manner ᛫ mockingly ᛫ AV huxlīce[huxlic] ME
huxy huxie ᛫ insulting ᛫ AJ hux+y ME+NE
hy hie ᛫ they ᛫ N(PRO) hē/hy/hie[hīe] ME rhyme: pie
hye hie ᛫ thought ᛫ mind ( as in inclination or desire ) ᛫ N hie/hige[hyge] ME
hyeless hieless ᛫ thoughtless ᛫ mindless ᛫ foolish ᛫ AJ hygelēas ME
hyingly hieinglie ᛫ immediately ᛫ quickly ᛫ soon ᛫ rapidly ᛫ AV hīinglī ME
ice flow ise ᛫ a flow or stream of ice ᛫ a glacier ᛫ N ~ NE
ice fox ise ᛫ a Vulpes lagopus mammal ( an arctic fox ) ᛫ N ~ NE
ice island ise iland ᛫ an iceberg ᛫ N ~[island of ice] NE
ice shoal ise scoal ᛫ an ice floe ᛫ N ~ NE floe is Norse
icebarrow isebarroƿ ᛫ an iceberg ᛫ N ice+barrow NE×2 calque: ijsberg
icebear isebear ᛫ a polar bear ᛫ N ~ NE note: ijsbeer
icebird isebird ᛫ an Alle alle bird ᛫ a little auk ᛫ a dovekie ᛫ a rotch ᛫ a rotche ᛫ N ice-bird NE auk is Norse [OED]
icebound isebund ᛫ frozen in ᛫ N ~ NE
iceclaws iseclaƿs ᛫ crampons ᛫ N ice-claws NE [OED]
Iceland Iseland ᛫ Iceland ᛫ N Iceland NE
Icelandish Iselandisc ᛫ Icelandic ᛫ N Iceland+ish NE×2
icetide isetide ᛫ an ice age ᛫ N ice+tide NE
iceweasten iseƿeasten ᛫ a stretch of polar desert ᛫ N ice+wēsten NE+ME
ickle ickel ᛫ a piece of ice ᛫ N ikel ME found in "icicle"
ides ᛫ a magical woman ? ᛫ a demi-goddess ? ᛫ a female ancestral spirit ? ᛫ N ides OE
idish idisc ᛫ supellex ᛫ household stuff ᛫ furniture ᛫ furnishings ᛫ utensils ᛫ N īdisc OE rhyme: eye dish
idle idel ᛫ inactive ᛫ ineffective ᛫ unimportant ᛫ pointless ᛫ vain ᛫ AJ idle&idel NE&OE
idlewolder idelƿulder ᛫ vainglory ᛫ N īdel wuldor OE
idy iddie ᛫ busy ᛫ active ᛫ AJ idig OE
iffy iffie ᛫ of dubious authenticity legitimacy or reliability ᛫ dubious ᛫ chancy ᛫ dodgy ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Ihood ᛫ conscious personality ᛫ the ego ᛫ N ~ NE ᛫ "earliest use found in John Sparrow (1615–1670)" - Lexico
IIMR ᛫ IIRC ( if I remember correctly ) AC if+I+mind+right E+E+E+E
ild ᛫ mankind ᛫ N ilde/ylde OE
ile ᛫ a granule ᛫ N ile&egl NE&OE
ile ᛫ a hedgehog ᛫ N igil OE
Iliamna Mere ᛫ Iliamna Lake ᛫ N(P) Iliamna+mere NE‹O+NE
ilk ᛫ same ᛫ identical ᛫ AJ ~ ME "same" is Norse
ilk ᛫ a race ᛫ a kind ᛫ a sort ᛫ a type ᛫ N ~ NE
ilkhatred ᛫ racism ᛫ N ilk+hatred NE×2
ill ᛫ a sole of a foot ᛫ N ile/yle&ile ME&OE kin: il (Icelandic)
illstarred ᛫ ill-fated ᛫ unfortunate ᛫ star-crossed ᛫ unlucky ᛫ AJ ~ NE [MW][CED]
illwill illƿill ᛫ spite ᛫ rancour ᛫ N ~ NE
illy illie ᛫ poorly ᛫ AV ~ NE
ilvet ilfet ᛫ a swan ᛫ N ilfette OE
Imber ᛫ one of the Ambrones ᛫ N(P) Ymbrum OE
imen ᛫ a hymn ᛫ N imne[ymen] ME "h" form is from the Latin word
imm imm ᛫ a gem ᛫ a precious stone ᛫ a gemstone ᛫ a jewel ᛫ N yimme[gim] ME
immwright immƿrigt ᛫ a jeweller ᛫ N yim+wright ME+NE calque: gemwright
imp ᛫ to graft ᛫ to engraft ᛫ to implant ᛫ to inlay ᛫ to vaccinate [ᚹ] ᛫ to inoculate [ᚹ] ᛫ V ~ NE‹‹Þ‹I widened meaning borrowed from NL enten and HG impfen
impshaft impscaft ᛫ a vaccine ᛫ an inoculum ᛫ N imp+shaft ME+NE calque: entstof; Impfstoff
in ᛫ to include ᛫ V geinnian{innian} OE
in and of itself ᛫ per se ᛫ ipso facto ᛫ AV ~ NE
in being ᛫ in essence ᛫ essentially ᛫ basically ᛫ AV in being ME
in keeping with ƿið ᛫ in accordance with ᛫ P ~ NE
in kind ᛫ in the form of goods rather than money ᛭ in the same way ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE
in name ᛫ nominally ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE
in the end þe ᛫ ultimately ᛫ AV ~ NE
in the flesh þe flesc ᛫ in person ᛫ AV ~ NE
in tow toƿ ᛫ accompanying ᛫ following behind ᛫ AV ~ NE
in truth treƿð ᛫ actually ᛫ AV ~ NE
inbed ᛫ to embed ᛫ V in+bed NE‹(I+E)
inblow inbloƿ ᛫ to inflate ᛫ V inblouen ME
inborn ᛫ innate ᛫ native ᛫ inherited by birth ᛫ pertaining to by birth ᛫ AJ ~ NE
inbosom ᛫ to enclose ᛫ to conceal ᛫ to shelter ᛫ to embrace ᛫ to envelop ᛫ V imbosom NE
inbow inboƿ ᛫ to arch ᛫ to curve ᛫ to incline ᛫ V inbouen ME [OED]
inbowed inboƿed ᛫ concave ᛫ bent inwards ᛫ AJ inbowed ENE [OED]
inbowing inboƿing ᛫ curvature ᛫ N inbowyng ME [OED]
inbreak ᛫ an invasion ᛫ an incursion ᛭ to break in ᛫ to make an incursion ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
inbring ᛫ to bring in ᛫ to introduce ᛫ to confiscate legally ᛫ V ~ NE
ince ins ᛫ an ounce ᛫ N yntse[uncia] OE‹I
inchmeal incmeal ᛫ inch by inch ᛫ little by little ᛫ gradually ᛫ ADV inch+meal NE
income incum ᛫ to enter ᛫ V incomen ME PST: incame ᛫ PTCP: income
incomer incummer ᛫ an immigrant ᛫ N ~ NE
incund ᛫ internal ᛫ AJ incund OE
indearing ᛫ endearing ᛫ cute ᛫ AJ endearing NE
Indish Indisc ᛫ Indian speech ᛭ Indian ᛫ N(P)᛭AJ(P) Ī̆ndish ME‹O
Indish hemp Indisc ᛫ a Cannabis indica plant ᛫ N Indian hemp NE [CED]
Indonesia ᛫ Indonesia ᛫ N(P) ~ NE‹O or: Nusantara
indwell indƿell ᛫ to possess ( as in spiritual possession ) ᛫ to dwell within ᛫ V ~ NE
Indy Indie ᛫ India ᛫ N(P) Ī̆nde/Yndee ME‹O
ineard ᛫ to dwell ᛫ to inhabit ᛫ V ineardian OE
infall ᛫ an incursion ᛫ N ~ NE
infare ᛫ an entrance ᛫ an invasion ᛫ an incursion ᛫ an inroad ᛫ a wedding reception ᛭ to invade ᛫ to enter ᛫ N᛭V infare&infaru&inferan NE&OE&OE
inflow infloƿ ᛫ an influx ᛫ N ~ NE
infold ᛫ to involve ᛫ to embroil ᛫ V infōlden ME poorly attested
ing ᛫ a meadow ( esp when near a river ) ᛫ N ~[ing/eng] NE
ing ᛫ -tion ᛫ -ation ᛫ -sion ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE
ingang ᛫ an entrance ᛫ an entryway ᛫ an admission ᛫ permission to enter ᛫ access ᛫ N ~ NE
ingle ingel ᛫ an angel ᛫ N engel ME‹I‹H‹?
ingrave ingrafe ᛫ to engrave ᛫ to inscribe ᛫ V ~ NE
ingraving ingrafing ᛫ an engraving ᛫ an inscription ᛫ N ~ NE
inhide ᛫ thought ᛫ conscience ᛫ intent ᛫ intention ᛫ intentional purpose ᛫ N inihīd[ingehȳd] ME
inhold ᛫ to contain ᛫ to possess ᛫ V ~ NE
inholding ᛫ content ᛫ N ~ NE
ink ᛫ you two ( accusative ) ᛫ N(PRO) inc ME
inker ᛫ your ( dual you two's ) ᛫ N(PRO) incer OE
inkers ᛫ yours ( dual you two's ) ᛫ N(PRO) incer OE
inkhorn ᛫ a fancy word borrowed into English though it is not needed ᛫ N ~ NE‹(H+E)
inkle inkel ᛫ to suspect ᛫ N᛭V inkling NE
inkling ᛫ suspicion ᛫ N ~ NE
inkselves inkselfs ᛫ you two's selves ᛫ N(PRO) inc seluen ME
inlander ᛫ a native ᛫ N inlenda OE
inlandish inlandisc ᛫ native ᛫ indigenous ᛫ AJ inlendisc OE
inlay inlag ᛫ to ornament by embedding ᛫ V ~ NE
inlet ᛫ a narrow strip of water which goes from a sea or lake into the land ᛫ a place or means of entry ᛫ N ~ NE [CED]
inlighten inligten ᛫ to enlighten ᛫ V ~[inlī̆ghtnen] NE
inlightening inligtening ᛫ enlightenment ᛫ N inlighten+ing ME+NE
inlying inlieing ᛫ situated within or inside ᛫ interior ᛫ AJ ~ NE [CED]
inn ᛫ a hotel ᛫ a hostel ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
inname ᛫ an endonym ᛫ an autonym ᛫ N in+name NE+NE
innard ᛫ an inner working of something ( such as an organ ) ᛫ N ~ NE from: inwards
innards ᛫ interior parts or components of something ( esp working parts and organs ) ᛫ N ~[inwards] NE
inner ᛫ internal ᛫ interior ᛫ AJ ~ NE
innoth innoð ᛫ a womb ᛫ entrails ᛫ a gall bladder ᛫ inner workings ᛫ hidden causes ᛫ N innoth[innoþ] ME
input ᛫ an insertion ᛭ to insert ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
inroad ᛫ an incursion ᛫ N ~ NE
inrown inrune ᛫ to encrypt ᛫ V in+rown NE×2 calque: encrypt
inruning ᛫ encryption ᛫ N in+rown+ing NE×3 calque: encryption
insail insagl ᛫ a seal ᛫ a signet ᛭ to seal ( to place a seal upon ) ᛫ N᛭V insegel&inseglian OE&OE
inset ᛫ to implant ᛫ V insetten ME
insight insigt ᛫ a deep and accurate understanding of something ᛫ N ~ NE
insooth insooð ᛫ really ᛫ actually ᛫ AV ~ NE
instep ᛫ an entrance ᛫ N instæpe OE
intangling ᛫ entanglement ᛫ N in+tangle+ing NE×3
inthrutch inþruc ᛫ an impression ᛫ N in+thrutch NE+ME calque: Eindruck; indruk
inting ᛫ a cause ( a reason something happens ) ᛫ N intinge&intinga ME&OE
inward inƿard ᛫ internal ᛭ towards the inside ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE
inwardly inƿardlie ᛫ internal ᛭ internally ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE
inwid inƿid ᛫ fraud ᛫ guile ᛫ deceit ᛫ a malicious trick ᛫ N inwid[inwit] OE
inwidful inƿidful ᛫ deceitful ᛫ guileful ᛫ malicious ᛫ evil ᛫ AJ inwitfull OE
inwit inƿit ᛫ conscience ᛫ N ~ NE
inwriting inƿriting ᛫ an inscription ᛫ N inwrītinge ME
inwrought inƿrougt ᛫ established ᛫ ingrained ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Iraq ᛫ Iraq ᛫ N(P) Iraq NE‹O
Ires ᛫ Irishmen ᛫ N irās OE singular form not attested?
irl irl ᛫ a garment ᛫ attire ᛫ apparel ᛫ garments ᛫ N girela OE
iron cloth cloð ᛫ mail ᛫ chainmail ᛫ N ~ NE
ironclad ᛫ covered or protected with iron ᛫ irrefutable ᛫ impossible to contradict ᛫ AJ ~ NE
ironhorse ᛫ a train ᛫ a locomotive ( esp a steam locomotive ) ᛫ N ironhorse NE [MW]
ironroad ᛫ a railway ᛫ N ~ NE
irse ᛫ to anger ᛫ to provoke ᛫ to be angry ᛫ to rage ᛫ V irsien[irsian] ME
irth irð ᛫ ploughing ᛫ tilling ᛫ farming ᛫ produce of a farm ᛫ a crop ᛫ N irþ OE
irthland irðland ᛫ farmland ᛫ arable land ᛫ N irþland OE
irthling irðling ᛫ a plougher ᛫ a tiller ᛫ a farmer ᛫ N irþling OE
isel ᛫ a spark ᛫ a cinder ᛫ an ember ᛫ ashes ᛫ ( when plural ) the ruins of a destroyed city ᛫ a cake or a pie baked under hot ashes ᛫ N īsel[ysle] ME survives as: aizle?
ish isc ᛫ -ian ᛫ -ic ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE
island iland ᛫ an isle ᛫ N ~ NE
islandish ilandisc ᛫ insular ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Ismahelitish Ismahelitisc ᛫ Ishmaelite ᛫ AJ(P) ismahēlitisc OE
Ismahelits ᛫ Ishmaelites ᛫ Bedouins ᛫ N(P) Ismahēlitas OE
Israelish Israelisc ᛫ Israeli ᛫ Israelite ᛫ AJ Israēlisc OE
iss iss ᛫ to covet ᛫ V yī̆tsen&gītsian ME&OE
issing issing ᛫ avarice ( an intense selfish desire for wealth or possessions ) ᛫ covetousness ᛫ N gītsung OE
ist ᛫ a tempest ᛫ a hurricane [ᚹ] ᛫ a typhoon [ᚹ] ᛫ a cyclone [ᚹ] ᛫ N ȳst OE
Ist ᛫ one of the Aesti ᛫ N(P) Istum OE
Italish Italisc ᛫ Italian ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
itch icc ᛫ a poisonous frog ᛫ N iche[ȳce] ME "icc" spelling follows the three letter rule, like inn/egg/ebb etc
ithe iðe ᛫ a wave ᛫ N īthe&ȳþ ME&OE
ithelidder iðelidder ᛫ a wave traverser ᛫ ship ᛫ N ȳþlida OE
ithelode iðelode ᛫ a way across the waves ᛫ a voyage ( poetic ) ᛫ N ȳþlād OE
ithing iðing ᛫ over-abundance ᛫ redundancy ᛫ an overflowing ᛫ N ȳþung OE
ivy ifie ᛫ a Hedera helix plant ᛫ a Nepeta glechoma plant ᛫ N ivy&īvī NE&ME
Joudish Judisc ᛫ Jewish speech ᛭ Jewish ᛫ Judean ᛫ N(P)᛭AJ(P) Jūdēish[Iūdēisc] ME‹I‹H‹O
Joudishman Judiscman ᛫ a Jew ᛫ a Judean ᛫ N(P) Jūdēish+man ME+NE
Joudy Judie ᛫ Judea ᛫ N(P) Iudēa OE‹I note: ME Judee & Judy
kale ᛫ kale ᛫ N ~[cōl][cāl] NE‹ME‹OE‹I
kedlock ᛫ a Sinapis alba plant ( white mustard ) ᛫ N ~ NE
keel ᛫ to cool ᛫ to chill ᛫ V ~[cēlan] NE kin: cool
keel ᛫ to collapse ᛫ to faint ᛫ to fall ᛫ V ~ NE‹N
keeling ᛫ cooling ᛫ refreshment ᛫ N kẹ̄ling[cēling] ME
keep ᛫ attention ᛫ notice ᛫ concern ᛫ protection ᛫ vigilance ᛫ a donjon ( a central tower of a castle ) ᛫ a rook [ᚹ] ᛭ to retain ᛫ to care for ᛫ N᛭V keep&kēp NE&ME
keeper ᛫ a guardian ᛫ a custodian ᛫ N ~ NE
keepsake ᛫ a memento ᛫ a souvenir ᛫ N ~ NE
kemb ᛫ to comb ᛫ to neaten ᛫ to tidy up ᛫ to card ( to clean with a comb ) ᛫ V kemben ME found in: unkempt ᛫ kin: comb
kemp ᛫ a champion ᛫ a warrior ᛫ a fighter ᛭ to fight ᛫ N᛭V kemp&kempen NE&ME kin: champion
kemp ᛫ facial hair ᛫ whiskers ᛫ bristles of hair ᛫ coarse hair ᛫ N kemp&cenep NE&OE
kempt ᛫ maintained in a neat and clean condition ᛫ AJ ~ NE
ken ᛫ to beget ᛫ V kennen[acennan] ME
ken ᛫ one's knowledge , understanding , or sight ᛫ information ᛭ to know ᛫ to ascertain ᛫ to inform ᛫ to make known ᛫ to notify ᛫ N᛭V ken&kennen NE&ME
kenbook ᛫ an encyclopedia ᛫ N ken+book NE×2
kench kenc ᛫ to laugh aloud ᛫ to jeer ᛫ V chinken/kenchen ME
kennend ᛫ a parent ᛫ N cennend OE literally begetter
kenness ᛫ one's nativity ᛫ N cenness OE
kenning ᛫ birth ᛫ incarnation ᛫ N akennednesse ME
kenning ᛫ a metaphor whereby a simple thing is described in an allusive way ᛫ N ~ NE‹N example: brimhengest (sea horse) = ship
kenningstow kenningstoƿ ᛫ a birthplace ᛫ N cenningstōw OE
kenningtide ᛫ the time of birth ᛫ N cenningtīd OE
kerf ᛫ the act of cutting ᛫ an incision ᛫ a niche ᛫ a notch ᛫ a slash ᛫ a tally ᛫ a level [ᚹ] ᛫ a degree in a ranking system [ᚹ] ᛫ N kerf&kirf[cyrf] NE&ME "tally" meaning inspired by German "Einkerbung"
kern ᛫ to form or bear grains or fruit ᛫ to granulate ᛫ to come to fruition ᛫ V kirnen[cyrnian/cyrnan] ME
kernel ᛫ a nucleus of a nut , a seed , or a fruit stone ᛫ a nucleus of an atom [ᚹ] ᛫ a granule ᛫ a nodule ᛫ a gland ᛫ a pathological lump ᛫ a tumor ᛫ N kernel&kirnel[cyrnel] NE&ME [OED]
key keg ᛫ a solution ᛭ crucial ᛫ indispensable ᛫ N ~ NE
keyboard kegboard ᛫ a panel of keys that operate a computer typewriter or instrument ᛫ a piano [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~ NE
keyharp kegharp ᛫ a clavichord ᛫ N key+harp NE×2 partial calque of clavichord, also by analogy of strikeharp
keystone kegstone ᛫ a cornerstone ᛫ N ~ NE
khagandom ᛫ a khaganate ᛫ N khagan+dom{khaganate} O+NE
khandom ᛫ a khanate ᛫ N khan+dom{khanate} O+NE
kickback ᛫ a bribe ᛫ N kick-back, kickback NE
kidneyleech kidnegleec ᛫ a nephrologist ᛫ N kidney+leech NE×2
killer whale hƿale ᛫ an Orca whale ᛫ N ~ NE
kiln ᛫ a furnace ᛫ N ~ NE‹ME‹OE‹I
kimmen ᛫ cumin ᛫ N cymen OE‹I‹?
kin ᛫ royal ᛫ AJ kine[cyne] ME
kin ᛫ regal- ᛫ PREFIX ~ ME
kin ᛫ ( diminutive suffix ) ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE from Dutch?
kin ᛫ family members ᛫ a gender ( of nouns ) ᛫ N kin&cynn NE&OE
kinband ᛫ a royal crown ᛫ N cynebænd OE
kinbarn ᛫ a royal child ᛫ N kinebearn[cynebearn] NE
kinbench kinbenc ᛫ a throne ᛫ N kinebenche ME
kinborn ᛫ of royal birth ᛫ AJ kiniborne[cyneboren] ME
kinborough kinboroug ᛫ a royal city ᛫ N kineburh ME
kind ᛫ a type ᛫ a category ᛫ a sort ᛫ genre ᛫ a nature ( of something ) ᛫ nature ( the abstract domain of all that is natural ) ᛫ N kind&kind NE&ME
kind of ᛫ sort of ᛫ to some extent ᛫ AV ~ NE
kind wit ƿit ᛫ natural intelligence ( as in common sense ) ᛫ N Kynde Wit ME
Kindbook ᛫ the book of Genesis ᛫ N(P) gecyndbōc OE
kindful ᛫ natural ᛫ AJ kīndeful ME
kindle kindel ᛫ an offspring ᛫ N kindel ME kin: kind
kindlimb ᛫ a sex organ ( a vulva , a uterus , a penis , etc ) ᛫ N gecyndlim OE
kindliness ᛫ naturalness ᛫ naturality ᛫ N kīndelīnesse ME
kindlore ᛫ physics ( the study ) ᛫ N kind+lore ME+NE calque: natuurkunde ᛫ "kind" meant "nature" in Middle English
kindly kindlie ᛫ natural ᛫ innate ᛫ intrinsic ᛭ naturally ᛭ please ᛫ AJ᛭AV᛭I kindly&kīndelī&ikīndelīch NE&ME&ME
kindness ᛫ a kind deed ᛫ a favour ᛫ N ~ NE
kindred ᛫ related ᛫ AJ ~ NE
kinfolk ᛫ blood relations ᛫ relatives ᛫ family members ᛫ N ~ NE
kingdom ᛫ a monarchy ᛫ N ~ NE
kingkin ᛫ a royal family ᛫ N cyningcynn OE
kinglax ᛫ a chinook salmon ᛫ N king+lax NE×2 calque: king salmon
kingly kinglie ᛫ royal ᛫ AJ ~ NE
kingmorth kingmorð ᛫ regicide ᛫ N king+morth NE+ME calque: Königsmord
kingrich kingric ᛫ a kingdom ᛫ N kingrīche ME
kingsbloom ᛫ a Paeonia plant ( a peony / a paeony ) ᛫ N kingsbloome ME‹(E+E‹N) or: kingsblossom
kingsevil kingsefel ᛫ scrofula ᛫ N ~ NE
kingship kingscip ᛫ the state or position of being a king ᛫ N ~ NE
kingslayer kingslager ᛫ a regicide ᛫ N ~ NE
kingsspear ᛫ an Asphodelus plant ( asphodel ) ᛫ N ~ NE
kinhelm ᛫ a crown ᛫ a diadem ᛫ a corona ᛫ royal power ( figurative ) ᛫ N kinehelm[cynehelm] ME
kinhome ᛫ a royal residence ᛫ N cynehām OE
kinhove kinhof ᛫ a palace ᛫ N cynehof OE
kink ᛫ a twist ᛫ a curl ᛫ an eccentricity ᛫ a fetish ᛫ a paraphilia ᛫ N ~ NE‹NL
kinlore ᛫ genealogy ( the study of families ) ᛫ N kin+lore NE×2 invented by William Barnes
kinly kinlie ᛫ familial ᛫ AJ kin+ly NE×2
kinmark ᛫ a mark or sign of royalty ᛫ N kinemerk NE
kinmoot ᛫ a royal council ᛫ N kinemote ME
kinrich kinric ᛫ a monarchy ᛫ N kinerīche ME
kinright kinrigt ᛫ a royal right ᛫ N cyneriht OE
kinrun ᛫ a family course ᛫ a generation ᛫ posterity ᛫ N cynren OE
kinsettle kinsettel ᛫ a royal seat ( in all senses ) ᛫ a throne ᛫ N kinesetle[cynesetl] ME
kinship kinscip ᛫ relation ᛫ N ~ NE
kinshipwise kinscipƿise ᛫ relative ᛭ relatively ᛫ AJ᛭AV kinship+wise NE×2
kinshroud kinscrude ᛫ royal clothing ᛫ royal robes ᛫ a king's raiment ᛫ N kinescrud ME
kinslayer kinslager ᛫ a parricide ᛫ N ~ NE
kinsman ᛫ a blood relation ᛫ a relative ᛫ N kinsman NE
kinstool ᛫ a royal seat ( in all senses ) ᛫ a throne ᛫ N kinestol[cynestōl] ME
kinworth kinƿorð ᛫ worthy of a king ᛫ regal ᛫ AJ kineworth[cynewyrþe] ME
kinyard kingeard ᛫ a sceptre / a scepter ᛫ N kineȝerde[cynegyrd] ME
kipe ᛫ a basket used as a measure for produce ᛫ N ~[kī̆pe][cȳpa/cȳpe] NE [CED]
kipress ᛫ a Cupressaceae plant ( a cypress ) ᛫ N cypresse OE‹I‹H
kir ᛫ a choice ᛫ an option ᛫ a decision ᛫ a selection ᛫ N kī̆re[cyre/cire] ME
kirtle kirtel ᛫ a gown ᛫ N ~[cyrtel] NE‹I? from Latin "curtus"?
kirvet kirfet ᛫ a gourd ᛫ N cyrfet/cyrfæt OE‹I or: curvet (curfet)
kist ᛫ virtue ᛫ one's character ᛫ N custe[cyst] ME
kistiness ᛫ generosity ᛫ liberality ᛫ munificence ᛫ N cystignes OE
kisty kistie ᛫ devout ᛫ benevolent ᛫ of good character ᛫ AJ cystig OE
kitch kic ᛫ a cake ᛫ a baked good ᛫ N kichel[cycel] ME
kitchel kicel ᛫ a small cake ᛫ a cookie ᛫ N kichel[cycel] ME
kitchen kicen ᛫ a room where food is prepared ᛫ N ~ NE‹Þ‹I or: cookingroom
kitchen sieve kiccen sif ᛫ a colander ᛫ a strainer ᛫ N kitchen sieve NE
kith kið ᛫ an acquaintance ᛫ acquaintances ᛫ something one is familiar with ᛫ N ~ NE
kithe kiðe ᛫ to make known ᛫ to exhibit ( a virtue vice quality ) ᛫ to demonstrate ᛫ V ~[kīthen][cȳþan] NE [MW]
kithey kiðie ᛫ familiar ᛫ known ᛫ AJ cȳþig OE
kittle kittel ᛫ to tickle ᛫ V ~ NE‹N? [CED]
knack ᛫ a talent for something ᛫ a disposition towards something ᛫ trick ᛫ artifice ᛫ N ~ NE
knap ᛫ a knob ᛫ a tassel ᛫ a button ᛫ a clasp ᛫ a fastener ᛫ a protuberance ᛫ a hilltop ᛫ N knap[cnæp] ME
knape ᛫ a male infant ᛫ a boy ᛫ N ~[knāpe][cnapa] NE distantly akin to "knave"?
knapling ᛫ a youth ᛫ an adolescent ᛫ a boy ᛫ N cnæpling OE
knar ᛫ a crag ( a steep and rugged rock that projects from a rock mass ) ᛫ a protuberance of flesh ᛫ a knot in wood ᛫ N knarre[*cnear?] ME‹OE?
knave knafe ᛫ a boy ᛫ a servant boy ᛫ a scoundrel ᛫ a rogue ᛫ a jack ( playing cards ) ᛫ N ~ NE
knavechild knafecild ᛫ a boy ᛫ N knavechild ME
knavish knafisc ᛫ dishonest ᛫ unscrupulous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
kneat ᛫ to argue ᛫ to dispute ᛫ to contend ᛫ V cnēatian OE
kneating ᛫ an argument ᛫ a debate ᛫ a disputation ᛫ N cnēatung OE
knee ᛫ a generation ᛫ a patella ( bone ) ᛫ N knẹ̄&cnēo{cnēores} ME&OE
kneebending ᛫ genuflection ᛫ N knee+bending NE×2 see "cnēowbīging"
kneebone ᛫ a patella ᛫ N ~ NE or: kneecap (cap is from Latin)
kneebook ᛫ a book of genealogy ᛫ N cnēoresbōc OE
kneebour kneebor ᛫ a poleyn ᛫ N knee+beorg{healsbeorg} NE+OE
kneeholm ᛫ butcher's-broom ( Ruscus aculeatus ) ᛫ N ~ NE
kneel ᛫ to genuflect ᛫ V ~ NE
knell ᛫ a toll ᛫ a sign of the end of something ᛭ to toll ᛫ to announce or summon by tolling ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
knide ᛫ to beat ? ᛫ V cnīdan OE
knifesmith knifesmið ᛫ a cutler ᛫ N ~ NE
knight knigt ᛫ a warrior ᛫ a young servant ᛫ a military attendant ᛭ to confer knighthood upon ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
knightliness knigtliness ᛫ chivalry ᛫ N ~ NE
knightling knigtling ᛫ a small or petty knight ᛫ N ~ NE
knightly knigtlie ᛫ chivalrous ᛫ gallant and courtly ᛭ chivalrously ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE
knightship knigtscip ᛫ a knighthood ᛫ honorific formal address to a knighted person ᛫ N ~ NE
kniss ᛫ to trouble ᛫ V cnyssan OE
knit ᛫ to fasten by rope or thread ᛫ to tie ᛫ to bind ᛫ to unite ᛫ to combine ᛫ to ally ᛫ V knit&knitten[cnyttan] NE&ME
knitch knic ᛫ a bundle ᛫ a faggot ᛫ N ~ NE
knittle knittel ᛫ knitting thread ᛫ N cnyttels OE
knoll ᛫ a small mound or rounded hill ᛫ N ~ NE
knoller ᛫ a sexton ᛫ a sacristan ᛫ a segstar ᛫ N ~ NE
knoosle knoosel ᛫ a progeny ᛫ a genus ᛫ N cnōsl OE
knop ᛫ a knob ( esp an ornamental one ) ᛫ N ~[cnop] NE [MW]
knot ᛫ node ᛫ N ~ NE
knotty knottie ᛫ difficultly complex ᛫ AJ ~ NE
knownothing knoƿnoþing ᛫ an ignoramus ᛫ N knownothing NE
lackwit lackƿit ᛫ a fool ᛫ N ~ NE
lade ᛫ to load ᛫ to burden ᛫ V ~ NE PTCP: laden
laden ᛫ loaded ᛫ weighed down ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Ladoga Mere ᛫ Lake Ladoga ᛫ N(P) Ladoga+mere NE‹O+NE
lady ladie ᛫ a mistress ᛫ a noblewoman ᛫ an adult human female ᛫ a female lord ᛫ ma'am ᛫ madam ᛫ (in the plural) mesdames ᛫ N ~{hlāfdige/hlǣfdige} NE kin: lord; loaf
Lady Day Ladie Dag ᛫ Feast of the Annunciation ᛫ PN ~ NE [OED]
ladysfinger ladiesfinger ᛫ okra ᛫ N lady's-finger NE [MW]
lair lager ᛫ a den ᛫ a refuge or place for hiding ᛫ N ~ NE
lairwite lagerƿite ᛫ a penalty for adultery or fornication ᛫ N leirwīte ME
lait lagt ᛫ electricity ᛫ lightning ᛫ a flash of lightning ᛫ a flame ᛫ a burst of flame ᛫ a fire ᛫ N leit ME
lait lagt ᛫ to search for ᛫ to seek ᛫ to look for ᛫ to try to find ᛫ V ~[leiten][leita] NE‹N kin: wlātian ᛫ still alive in some dialects
lake ᛫ amusement ᛫ diversion ᛫ sport ᛫ game ᛭ to play ᛫ to sport ᛫ to game ᛫ N᛭V leik&leiken ME‹N?
lake ᛫ a pool ᛫ a pond ᛫ a piece of water ᛫ a lake ᛫ N lacu OE‹I consider instead: law/laƿ
laker ᛫ to scoff at ᛫ to mock ᛫ V hlacerian OE rare
lakering ᛫ scoffing ᛫ mockery ᛫ scorn ᛫ N hlacerung OE rare
Lammas ᛫ a holiday on the first of August which involves bringing bread to church ᛫ N(P) ~[hlāfmæsse] NE
land ᛫ terrain ᛫ N ~ NE
landbook ᛫ a land charter ᛫ N lōndbọ̄k[landbōc] ME
landfolk ᛫ inhabitants of a land ᛫ N londfolk ME
landfowl landfule ᛫ a Galliformes bird ᛫ N landfowl NE
landimere ᛫ a land boundary ᛫ N ~[OE landgemǣre] NE the ge- suffix survived, as also found in "handiwork/handicraft"
landlore ᛫ geography ᛫ N land+lore NE×2
landman ᛫ a countryman ᛫ N ~ NE
landseater ᛫ a colonist ᛫ N landsǣta OE
landshape landscape ᛫ to landscape ᛫ to modify a piece of land ᛫ V land+shape NE×2
landship landscip ᛫ a tank ( as in the vehicle ) ᛫ N ~ NE
landsid ᛫ a custom of a country ᛫ N landsidu OE
landsman ᛫ a compatriot ᛫ N ~ NE
lane ᛫ a course ᛫ a road ᛫ a street ᛫ N ~ NE
lank ᛫ to make or become lank ᛭ slender ᛫ paltry ᛫ straight and limp ᛫ languid ᛫ drooping ᛫ V᛭AJ ~ NE
lanky lankie ᛫ tall slim and awkward ᛫ AJ ~ NE
lap ᛫ the flat area between the waist and knees of a seated person ᛫ a lobe ( of an ear etc ) ᛫ N ~ NE
lape ᛫ to lap ᛫ V ~ ANE "the form lappe, lap may be due to the influence of French laper" - OED [OED]
lapwing lapƿing ᛫ a Vanellinae bird ᛫ N ~ NE
larboard ᛫ the lefthand side of a ship (looking from the stern toward the bow) ᛫ port ᛭ pertaining to the left side of a ship ᛫ port ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
lark ᛫ an Alaudidae birds ᛫ one who wakes early ᛫ N lark NE
lark ᛫ something done for fun esp something mischievous or daring ᛫ an escapade ᛫ N ~[skylark] NE
lashdye lascdie ᛫ mascara ᛫ N lash+dye NE×2
last ᛫ freight ᛫ cargo ᛫ N last[hlæst] ME
last ᛫ to continue ᛫ to endure ᛫ to persevere ᛫ to persist ᛫ to be sufficient ᛫ to perform ( a task ) ᛫ to follow ᛫ to accompany ᛫ V last&last&lǣstan NE&ME&OE [OED]
lasting ᛫ continuing ᛫ enduring ᛫ persevering ᛫ persisting ᛫ permanent ᛫ durable ᛫ staying ᛫ chronic ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
lastingly lastinglie ᛫ in perpetuity ᛫ for all time to come ᛫ perpetually ᛫ eternally ᛫ for a long time ᛫ continually ᛫ AV lastinglī ME
lastingness ᛫ continuance ᛫ duration ᛫ endurance ᛫ stamina ᛫ perseverance ᛫ persistance ᛫ permanence ᛫ permanency ᛫ durability ᛫ staying power ᛫ chronicity ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
lastname ᛫ a surname ᛫ N lastname NE
lat ᛫ nausea ᛫ N wlǣta{wlatsome} OE
latch lac ᛫ a fastener for a door or gate ᛭ to take hold of ᛫ to grasp ᛫ to ensnare ᛫ to arrest ᛫ to capture ᛫ to seize ᛫ to close with a latch ᛫ N᛭V latch&lacchen NE+ME [CED]
late ᛫ a facial expression ᛫ an expression ᛫ a gesture ᛫ an utterance ( of humans or animals ) ᛫ N lōt/late ME or: loat; lote
late ᛫ recent ᛫ AJ ~ NE
lately latelie ᛫ recently ᛫ AV ~ NE
latemost ᛫ final ᛫ most recent ᛫ AJ lātemest[lætemest] ME
later ᛫ one who is late or slow ᛫ N lata OE
lateward lateƿard ᛫ recently ᛫ AV lāteward ME
lath lað ᛫ a thin narrow strip used for support in buildings ᛭ to cover or line with laths ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
lathe laðe ᛫ to invite ᛫ to issue an invitation ᛫ V lathe[lāthen][laþian] ANE
lathing laðing ᛫ an invitation ᛫ N ~ NE
latred ᛫ slow ᛫ tardy ᛫ AJ ~ NE
latsome latsum ᛫ nauseous ᛫ disgusting ᛫ repulsive ᛫ repugnant ᛫ abominable ᛫ heinous ᛫ loathsome ᛫ AJ wlatsome ME
latter ᛫ recent ᛫ situated nearer to the end of something than its beginning ᛫ AJ ~ NE
latterday latterdag ᛫ modern ᛫ contemporary ᛫ AJ latterday NE
latterly latterlie ᛫ recently ᛫ in the later stages of a period of time ᛫ AV ~ NE
lattew latteƿ ᛫ a guide ( animate ) ᛫ N latteu[lādtēow] ME
lattewdom latteƿdom ᛫ guidance ᛫ N lādtēowdōm OE
laughingstock laugingstock ᛫ a person subjected to general mockery or ridicule ᛫ N ~ NE
laughsome laugsum ᛫ funny ᛫ humorous ᛫ causing laughter ᛫ AJ ~ NE [CED]
laughter laugter ᛫ a vice ᛫ an error ᛫ a mistake ᛫ N laughter[leahter] ME let's rhyme this word with "slaughter" ᛫ or: leighter (from variant form)
laughtercraft laugtercraft ᛫ the art of comedy ᛫ N laughter+craft NE×2
laughtermaker laugtermaker ᛫ a person who makes others laugh ᛫ a joker ᛫ a buffoon ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
laughtersmith laugtersmið ᛫ someone who causes laughter ᛫ a comedian ᛫ N hleahtorsmiþ OE
laughworthy laugƿorðie ᛫ funny ᛫ amusing ᛫ ridiculous ᛫ ludicrous ᛫ laughable ᛫ absurd ᛫ risible ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
lave lafe ᛫ rest ( as in remains ) ᛫ remnants ᛫ remains ᛫ survivors ᛫ N ~[lāf] NE
lave lafe ᛫ to wash ᛫ to pour ᛫ to bathe ᛫ to bathe oneself ᛫ V ~[lafian] NE
lavel lafel ᛫ a vessel ᛫ N lavel[læfel] ME
law laƿ ᛫ a body of water ( such as a lake , a pond , a lagoon , or a loch ) N lai/laȝe[lagu] ME "lay" variant may be from French
lawbreaker laƿbreaker ᛫ a criminal ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E)
lawer laƿer ᛫ a lawyer ᛫ N lawere ME
lawer laƿer ᛫ laurel ᛫ bay ᛫ N laur{laur-beām} OE‹I
lawful laƿful ᛫ legal ( as in "not illegal" ) ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹(N+E)
lawmaker laƿmaker ᛫ legislator ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E)
lawman laƿman ᛫ a law enforcement officer ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E)
lawwit laƿƿit ᛫ one learned in the law ( such as a barrister a lawyer a paralegal or a judge ) ᛫ N lahwita OE
lax ᛫ a salmon ᛫ N ~ NE
laxberry laxberrie ᛫ a salmonberry ᛫ N lax+berry NE×2 calque: salmonberry
lay lag ᛫ to blame ᛫ V lēan OE PST: lew ᛫ PP: lain ᛫ kin: 𐌻𐌰𐌹𐌰𐌽; lá (Icelandic)
lay about lag abute ᛫ a lazy person ᛫ N ~ NE
layer lager ᛫ level ᛫ tier ᛫ N ~ NE reek
layernaker lagernaker ᛫ exfoliator ᛫ N layer+nake+er NE×3
layout lagute ᛫ the overall design or structure of something ᛫ a format ᛫ N ~ NE
le el ᛫ ( suffix forming nouns from verbs denoting an instrument or means ) ᛫ SUFFIX els/el[else] ME example: reek+le = reekle (insense)
le el ᛫ ( frequentative verbal suffix ) ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE found in words like "bubble"
lea ᛫ a stretch of grassy or arable land ᛫ grassland ᛫ pasture ᛫ N ~ NE or: leigh
leach leac ᛫ the act of leaching ᛫ a substance that is leached ᛫ constituents removed by leaching ᛭ to percolate ᛫ N᛭V ~[lē̆ch][leccan?] NE kin: leak [MW]
lead ᛫ lead ( metal ) ᛫ a cauldron ᛫ a kettle ᛫ N lead&lēd[lēad] NE&ME
leaden ᛫ made of lead ᛫ lead coloured ᛫ oppressively heavy ᛫ AJ ~ NE
leading light ligt ᛫ a luminary ᛫ N ~ NE
leadpitch leadpic ᛫ a leading tone ( in music ) ᛫ N leading+pitch NE×2 calque: leading-tone
leaf ᛫ a leaf ᛫ a petal ᛫ a page ( of a book or a website ) ᛫ N leaf&lēf NE&ME
leaf folding ᛫ origami ᛫ N leaf+folding NE+NEᛣ calque: 折り紙 origami
leafdom ᛫ foliage ᛫ leafage ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
leafing ᛫ foliation ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
leafworm leafƿurm ᛫ a caterpillar ᛫ N lēafwyrm OE
leam ᛫ a flame ᛫ a flash ᛫ a gleam ᛫ a ray ᛫ a radiance ᛭ to flame ᛫ to blaze ᛫ to flash ᛫ to glow ᛫ to shine ᛫ to radiate ᛫ to gleam ᛫ N᛭V leam&lẹ̄m&lēmen ANE&ME×2
lean ᛫ a loan ᛫ N lēn[lēan] ME kin: lend
leandom ᛫ feudalism ᛫ N lean+dom NE×2 calque: Lehnswesen; Leenstelsel ᛫ or: loandom
leaning ᛫ an inclination ᛫ a tendency ᛫ a partiality ᛫ N ~ NE
leanland ᛫ leased land ᛫ feudal land ? ᛫ N lǣnland OE or: loanland (Norse influenced)
leap ᛫ a basket for carrying grain , bread , gravel , etc ᛫ a basket for holding or catching fish ᛫ the amount of things held in a basket ᛫ N lēp[leap] ME
leap ᛫ to jump high or over a long distance ᛫ V ~ NE PST: leapt/leaped ᛭ PTCP: leapt/leaped
lear ᛫ to teach ᛫ to teach oneself ᛫ to instruct ᛫ to educate ᛫ to cultivate ᛫ to train ᛫ V lēren[lǣran] ME
leared ᛫ educated ᛫ AJ lēred ME
learer ᛫ a teacher ᛫ a professor ᛫ N lērer ME
learned ᛫ educated ᛫ scholarly ᛫ AJ ~ NE
learner ᛫ a student ᛫ a pupil ᛫ an apprentice ᛫ N lērner ME
learning ᛫ a lesson ᛫ instruction ᛫ a doctrine ᛫ a maxim ᛫ N ~ NE&ANE [OED]
learninghouse learninghuse ᛫ a school ᛫ N leornunghus OE
learningman ᛫ a pupil ᛫ a student ᛫ a disciple ᛫ N leornungmann OE
lease ᛫ a lie ᛫ falsehood ᛭ to lie ᛫ to slander ᛫ to calumniate ᛫ to malign ᛫ to slander ᛫ to traduce ᛭ false ᛫ deceptive ᛫ destitute ᛫ bereft ᛫ N᛭V᛭AJ ~[lēas&lēasian] NE
lease ᛫ to collect ᛫ to glean ᛫ to gather ᛫ V ~[lēsen] NE rhyme: please
lease ᛫ pseudo- ᛫ PREFIX leas OE
leasename leasename ᛫ a pseudonym ᛫ N lease+name NE
leasesawl leasesaƿl ᛫ mendacious ᛫ falsehood saying ᛫ AJ lēassagol{soþsawel} OE
leasespel leasespel ᛫ a fable ᛫ a fiction ᛫ N lēasspell OE
leaseteeth leaseteeð ᛫ false teeth ᛫ dentures ᛫ N lease+teeth NE×2
leasow leasoƿ ᛫ a pasture ᛭ to pasture ᛫ N᛭V ~[lēswe][lēswen][lǣswe][lǣs] NE
least ᛫ some kind of foot covering ( a shinguard ? ) ᛫ N lǣst OE glossed as Latin "ocrea" and found in compounds like "lǣstwyrhta"
leastwield leastƿield ᛫ minarchy ᛫ N least+wield NE×2
leat ᛫ an artificial water trench ( esp one linked to a mill ) ᛫ N ~ NE
leath leað ᛫ odium ᛫ enmity ᛫ hatred ᛫ hostility ᛫ N lētthe&lǣþþ ME&OE kin: loathe?
leathern leaðern ᛫ made of leather ᛫ AJ ~ NE
leatherwright leaðerƿrigt ᛫ a currier ᛫ N leþerwyrhta OE
leave leaf ᛫ permission ᛫ licence ᛭ to permit ᛫ to allow ᛫ to authorize ᛫ to licence ᛫ N᛭V leave&lēven NE&ME
leave out leaf ute ᛫ to omit ᛫ to exclude ᛫ to skip over ᛫ V ~ NE [OED]
leaveful leafful ᛫ allowable ᛫ permissible ᛫ AJ lēfful ME
ledge ledg ᛫ ( denotes being , becoming , and making ) ᛫ SUFFIX lǣcan OE example: rightledge = to righten; winterledge = to become winter
ledger ledger ᛫ a book for keeping notes ᛫ A collection of credit and debit entries ᛫ N ~ NE‹NL
lee ᛫ protection ᛫ shelter ᛫ a side facing away from the wind ᛭ sheltered from the wind ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
lee ᛫ a lion ᛫ N lēo OE‹I
Lee ᛫ Leo ᛫ N(P) lēo OE we have not found this usage of the word but it makes sense
leech leec ᛫ a physician ᛫ a doctor ᛭ to doctor ᛫ to cure ᛫ to treat ( in the medical sense ) ᛫ N leech&lẹ̄chen[lǣce] NE&ME
leechbook leecbook ᛫ a medicine book ᛫ N lǣceboc OE
leechcraft leeccraft ᛫ the medical craft and practice ᛫ N ~[lẹ̄checraft] NE
leechdom leecdom ᛫ a medicine ᛫ a remedy ᛫ N ~ ANE
leechhouse leechuse ᛫ a hospital ᛫ N lǣcehus OE
leechwort leecƿurt ᛫ a medicinal plant ᛫ N lǣcewyrt OE
leed ᛫ a person ᛫ N lēd[leod] ME PL: leeds ᛫ used to mean "people"
Leeden ᛫ Latin speech ᛭ Latin ᛫ N(P)᛭AJ(P) lēden[lǣden/lēden] ME
leedfrom ᛫ a national founder ᛫ a founder of a people ᛫ N leodfruma OE
leedhate ᛫ tyrant ᛫ N leodhata OE agent suffix likely would have dropped
leedshather leedscaðer ᛫ a public enemy ᛫ N lēodsceaþa OE literally people-scather
leedy leedie ᛫ personal ᛫ AJ leed+y ME+NE calque: personal
leen ᛫ a lioness ᛫ N lēo+en OE+NE or: shelee
leep ᛫ a basket ᛫ N lēp[lēap] ME
leepard ᛫ a leopard ᛫ N leōpard OE‹I‹H
leer ᛫ a cheek ᛫ a face ᛫ one's appearance ᛭ to sneakily look ᛫ N᛭V leer&lē̆r[hlēor] NE&ME
leery leerie ᛫ cautious ᛫ hesitant ᛫ AJ ~ NE
leese ᛫ to release ᛫ to free ᛫ to loosen ᛫ to redeem ᛫ to deliver ( as in save ) ᛫ V lēsen ME or: aleese
leeselore ᛫ soteriology ᛫ N aleese+lore NE×2
leeser ᛫ a liberator ᛫ a redeemer ᛫ N lēsen+er ME+NE
leet ᛫ an intersection ᛫ a crossroads ᛫ N ~[lēte] NE [MW]
leet ᛫ to cast lots ᛫ to obtain by lot ᛫ V hlēotan OE kin: hljóta (Icelandic)
leeth leeð ᛫ a relief from pain ᛫ peace ᛫ mercy ᛫ N lẹ̄th[hlēowþ] ME
leeth leeð ᛫ a poem ᛫ an ode ᛫ N lēth ME
leethcraft leeðcraft ᛫ poetry ᛫ N lēoþcræft OE
leethe leeðe ᛫ to free ᛫ to loose ᛫ to spare ᛫ V lēthen[leoþian] ME
leether leeðer ᛫ a poet ᛫ N lēoþere OE
leethwork leeðƿork ᛫ composition ᛫ poem writing ᛫ N lēoþweorc OE
leethy leeðie ᛫ poetic ᛫ symbolic [ᚹ] ᛫ AJ lēoþlīc OE
leeway leeƿag ᛫ an amount of freedom or flexibility ᛫ the drift of a ship or plane in a leeward direction ᛫ N ~ NE
leftover leftofer ᛫ a remnant ᛭ remaining ᛫ residual ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
leftwise leftƿise ᛫ counterclockwise ᛫ anticlockwise ᛫ AV ~ NE
leighton leigton ᛫ a garden ( esp a kitchen garden or a herb garden ) ᛫ N leightoun ME
leman ᛫ a paramour ᛫ a sweetheart ᛫ a mistress ᛫ a lover ᛫ N ~ NE equal to: lief+man
lench lenc ᛫ arrogance ᛫ haughtiness ᛫ insolence ᛫ magnificence ᛫ pomp ᛭ to take pride in ᛫ to pride oneself ᛫ V wlenchen&wlencu ME&OE
lench lenc ᛫ a link ᛫ a chain ᛫ a coat of mail ᛫ N hlenca OE "link" is Norse
lend ᛫ a loin of humans ᛫ loins of humans ᛫ N lē̆nd ME PL: lends; lenden
lend ᛫ to arrive ᛫ to reside ᛫ to inhabit ᛫ to remain ᛫ V lẹ̄nden[lendan] ME
lend ᛫ to loan ᛫ V ~ NE "loan" is Norse
lendbone ᛫ an ilium ᛫ N ~ ME
lendridgebone lendridgbone ᛫ a lumbar vertebra ᛫ N lend+ridgebone ME+NE
lengthen lengðen ᛫ to prolong ᛫ V ~ NE
lense ᛫ to make lean ᛫ V lensen ME same suffix as in "cleanse"
lent ᛫ the spring season ᛫ N lent/lenten ME or: lenten
lentlily lentlillie ᛫ a daffodil ᛫ N lent lily NE‹(NE+NE‹‹I) [OED]
lere ᛫ empty ᛫ unoccupied ᛫ deserted ᛫ worthless ᛫ unnecessary ᛫ useless ᛫ AJ lere ME
less ᛫ of lower rank , degree , importance , amount , etc ᛭ not so much or so well ᛭ minus ᛫ diminished by ᛫ AJ᛭AV᛭P ~[lē̆s][lǣs] NE [CED][MW]
lessen ᛫ to decrease ᛫ to reduce ᛫ to diminish ᛫ to degrade ᛫ to demean ᛫ to disparage ᛫ to debase ᛫ V ~ NE [OED]
lessening ᛫ decreasing ᛫ diminishing ᛫ degrading ᛫ derogatory ᛫ demeaning ᛫ disparaging ᛫ debasing ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
lesser ᛫ minor ᛫ AJ ~ NE
lesserape ᛫ a gibbon ᛫ N ~ NE
lesserhood ᛫ a minority ᛫ N lesser+hood NE×2 calque: minderheid
lest ᛫ -lessness ᛫ SUFFIX -lēste[lēast] ME example: orelest = honourlessness
lest ᛫ for fear that ᛫ C ~[þȳ lǣs þe] NE
let ᛫ an obstruction ᛫ a hindrance ᛫ an obstacle ᛫ an impediment ᛫ a speech impediment ᛫ N let[lette] NE
let down dune ᛫ a disappointment ᛭ to disappoint ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
letch lec ᛫ to be warm ᛫ to be lukewarm ᛫ to be tepid ᛫ V wlechen ME
letch lec ᛫ to moisten ᛫ to wet ᛫ to water ᛫ V leccan OE
letdown letdune ᛫ a disappointment ᛫ N ~ NE
letgame ᛫ a spoilsport ᛫ N lettegame ME "let" here means "obstruct"
Lett ᛫ a Latvian ᛫ N(P) ~ NE‹HG‹O
Lettland ᛫ Latvia ᛫ N(P) ~ NE‹HG‹O
Lettow Lettoƿ ᛫ Lithuania ? ᛫ N(P) Lettow ME‹?
letty lettie ᛫ preventive ᛫ obstructive ᛫ AJ ~ NE
letup ᛫ to cease ᛫ to soften an attack or criticism ᛫ V ~ NE
leven lefen ᛫ electricity [ᚹ] ᛫ lightning ᛫ a beam of light ᛫ a flame ᛭ to electrify [ᚹ] ᛫ to shoot out lightning ᛫ N᛭V levin/leven&lēven&lēvenen NE&ME&ME rhyme: seven ᛫ or: levin
levenlore lefenlore ᛫ electronics ( the study of electrons ) ᛫ N levin/leven+lore ME+NE rhyme: seven
levenmote lefenmote ᛫ an electron ᛫ N levin/leven+mote ME+NE rhyme: seven
leveny lefenie ᛫ electric ᛫ electronic ᛫ AJ levin/leven+y ME+NE rhyme: seveny
lew leƿ ᛫ -prone ᛫ SUFFIX -leu[-lǣw] ME example: drunklew = prone to drunkeness
lew leƿ ᛫ tepid ᛫ unzealous ᛫ AJ ~[leu] NE "lukewarm" seems to be a corruption of "lewwarm" [MW]
lew leƿ ᛫ a perna ᛫ N lēow OE kin: lår (Swedish)?
lewd leƿd ᛫ sexually crude ᛫ AJ ~ NE
lewth leƿð ᛫ shelter ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
lib ᛫ medicine ᛫ a drug ᛫ a potion ᛫ poison ᛫ N lib/lybb NE&OE found in: cheeselip
libhouse libhuse ᛫ a pharmacy ᛫ a drugstore ᛫ a chemist's shop ᛫ an apothecary ᛫ N lib+house OE+NE
liblock ᛫ the art or crafting of medicine drugs or potions ( often with a negative connotation ) ᛫ N lyblāc OE
liblocker ᛫ a magician skilled in drugs ᛫ N lyblǣca OE
liblore ᛫ pharmacology ᛫ N lib+lore OE+NE
libman ᛫ a pharmacist ᛫ a druggist ᛫ a chemist ᛫ an apothecary ᛫ N lib+man OE+NE
libsen ᛫ a charm ᛫ an amulet ᛫ N lybesn OE
libster ᛫ a potion making woman ? ᛫ a witch ? ᛫ N lybbestre OE
lich lic ᛫ a corpse ᛫ a cadaver ᛫ an undead creature ( such as a zombie or ghoul ) ᛫ N ~ NE
lichame licame ᛫ a body ᛫ a corpse ᛫ N lichame ME equal to: lich hame (body covering)
lichblossom licblossom ᛫ an Amorphophallus titanum plant ( a titan arum ) ᛫ a Rafflesia arnoldii plant ( a stinking corpse flower , a stinking corpse lily , a monster flower ) N lich+blossom NE×2 calque: corpse flower
lichbour licbor ᛫ a sarcophagus ᛫ N līcbeorg OE
lichet licet ᛫ to feign ᛫ to pretend ᛫ to profess falsely ᛫ to simulate ᛫ V līcettan OE or maybe it could be spelled "licket" or "liket"
lichetter licetter ᛫ a feigner ᛫ a pretender ᛫ a hypocrite ᛫ a simulator ᛫ N līcettere OE
lichetting licetting ᛫ feigning ᛫ pretence ᛫ false representation ᛫ simulation ᛫ hypocrisy ᛫ N līcettung OE
lichhouse lichuse ᛫ a morgue ᛫ a mortuary ᛫ N ~ NE
lichhower lichoƿer ᛫ a coroner ᛫ N lich+how+er NE+OE+NE calque: lijkschouwer
lichrest licrest ᛫ a tomb ᛫ a sepulcher ᛫ cemetery ᛫ N līcrest OE
lichsong licsong ᛫ a funeral song ᛫ a dirge ᛫ N līcsang OE
lichthroer licþroer ᛫ a leper ᛫ N līcþrowere OE literally: body sufferer
lichway licƿag ᛫ the path by which the dead are carried to the grave ᛫ V ~ NE
lichyard licgeard ᛫ a cemetery ᛫ a graveyard ᛫ N lichyard NE
lickspittle lickspittel ᛫ one who behaves obsequiously to those in power ᛫ N ~ NE
lickspittle lickspittel ᛫ a sycophant ᛫ a toady ᛫ a fawner ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
Lide ᛫ March ᛫ N(P) Lide&Hlȳda ME&OE or: Reethmonth
lide ᛫ to sound ᛫ V hlȳdan OE kin: loud
lief leef ᛫ a religious faith ᛫ a religion ᛫ N lēve{gelēafa} ME kin: belief
lief leef ᛫ sir ( vocative ) ᛫ a beloved one ᛭ beloved ᛫ dear ᛭ why! ᛫ N᛭AJ᛭I lief&lēf[lēof] NE&ME
liefly leeflie ᛫ precious ᛫ valued ᛫ pleasant ᛫ pleasing ᛫ agreeable ᛫ delightful ᛫ loveable ᛭ willingly ᛫ gladly ᛫ AJ᛭AV lẹ̄flī[lēoflīce] ME
liefsome leefsum ᛫ agreeable ᛫ delightful ᛫ pleasing ᛫ AJ ~ NE
liever leefer ᛫ an ideologist ᛫ an ideologue ᛫ a religious person ᛫ N lēve+er ME
liever leefer ᛫ -ist ( but only for adherents ) ᛫ SUFFIX lēve+er ME+NE
life ᛫ vitality ᛫ N ~ NE
lifeblood ᛫ blood needed for life ᛫ the essence or crux of something ᛫ N ~ NE
lifefrea ᛫ lord of life ᛫ N liffrea OE
lifelode ᛫ the course of someone's life ᛫ a lifetime ᛫ conduct of life ᛫ way of life ᛫ N līflōd[līflād] ME
lifelore ᛫ biology ᛫ N life+lore NE×2
lifesrun ᛫ a curriculum vitae ᛫ a CV ᛫ a résumé ᛫ N life's+run NE+NE calque: levensloop; Lebenslauf
lifeward lifeƿard ᛫ a lifeguard ᛫ N life+ward NE×2
liffet ᛫ to flatter ᛫ to adulate ᛫ V lyffettan OE
liffeter ᛫ a flatterer ᛫ an adulator ᛫ N lyffetere OE
liffeting ᛫ flattery ᛫ adulation ᛫ N lyffetung OE
lift ᛫ air ᛫ the sky ᛫ the heavens ᛫ an elevator ᛭ to elevate ᛫ N᛭V ~[lyft] NE
lift ᛫ aero- ᛫ PREFIX lyft OE
liften ᛫ aerial ᛫ AJ lyften OE
liftfleet ᛫ an air force ᛫ N lift+fleet NE×2 calque: luchtvloot
liftglass ᛫ a mirage ᛫ N lift+glass NE×2 calque: luchtspiegeling; Luftspiegelung
lifthaven lifthafen ᛫ an airport ᛫ N lift+haven NE×2 calque: luchthaven
liftlore ᛫ aerology ᛫ N lyft+lore ME+NE
liftshell liftscell ᛫ an atmosphere ᛫ N lyft+shell ME+NE
liftship liftscip ᛫ an airship ᛫ N lift+ship NE×2 calque: luchtschip
liggat ᛫ a gate ( esp a swinging one ) ᛫ N ~[hlidgeat] NE
light ligt ᛫ to come upon ᛫ to discover by chance ᛫ V ~ NE
light saregun ligt ᛫ a light machine gun ᛫ N light+searu+gun NE+OE+NE‹N calque: light machine gun
Lightbearend Ligtbearend ᛫ Lucifer ᛫ N lēohtberend OE
lightbere ligtbere ᛫ luminous ᛫ brilliant ᛫ splendid ᛫ lightbearing ᛫ AJ lēohtbǣre OE
lighteared ligteared ᛫ credulous ᛫ AJ ~ NE light-eared
lighten ligten ᛫ to make or become lighter ᛫ to brighten ᛫ to enlighten ᛫ to flash with lightning ᛫ V ~ NE
lighter ligter ᛫ a barge ᛫ N ~ NE very slight widening [OED]
lighthearted ligthearted ᛫ cheerful ᛫ jaunty ᛫ easy-going ᛫ amusing ᛫ entertaining ᛫ flippant ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
lightminded ligtminded ᛫ not given to heavy thoughts or thinking ᛫ frivolous ᛫ not serious ᛫ AJ ~ NE
lightmindedness ligtmindedness ᛫ lack of seriousness ᛫ frivolity ᛫ N ~ NE
lightmood ligtmood ᛫ light-hearted ᛫ easy-tempered ᛫ AJ lēohtmōd OE
lightmote ligtmote ᛫ a photon ᛫ N light+mote NE×2
lightsome ligtsum ᛫ lighthearted ᛫ airy ᛫ nimble ᛫ bright ᛫ AJ ~ NE
lightvat ligtfatt ᛫ lamp ᛫ lantern ᛫ N leohtfæt OE
likelihood ᛫ probability ᛫ chance ᛫ N ~ NE
likely likelie ᛫ probable ᛭ probably ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE
liken ᛫ to compare ᛫ V ~ NE
likeness ᛫ a resemblance ᛫ a photograph ᛫ N [gelicness] NE
likening ᛫ a comparison ᛫ N ~ NE
likesome likesum ᛫ agreeable ᛫ pleasant ᛫ likable ᛫ AJ ~ NE
likewise likeƿise ᛫ similarly ᛫ AV ~ NE
likeworthy likeƿorðie ᛫ likeable ᛫ AJ likworthe ME
liking ᛫ pleasure ᛫ enjoyment ᛫ delight ᛫ N liking&līking NE&ME
lilycrop lilliecrop ᛫ a lilypad ᛫ N lilie croppe ME [OED]
lim ᛫ to sound ᛫ V hlimman OE
limb ᛫ a member ᛫ a part ᛫ a branch ᛫ N ~ NE
limbmeal ᛫ limb from limb ᛫ in pieces ᛫ AV ~ NE [MW]
lime ᛫ glue ᛫ mortar ᛫ cement ᛫ calcium oxide ᛫ N ~ NE or: linden; linden tree
lime ᛫ a Tilia plant ( linden trees , basswood trees , lime trees ) ᛫ N ~[line/lind][lind] NE
lime ᛫ a piece of fruit of certain Citrus plants ᛫ the lime hue ᛭ of lime hue ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE‹I‹O see: yellowgreen ᛫ widely borrowed in Germanic
limen ᛫ to calcify ᛫ V lime+en NE×2
limewater limeƿater ᛫ an alkaline water solution of calcium hydroxide used as an antacid ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
limp ᛫ an event ᛫ a chance happening ᛭ to happen ᛫ to occur ᛫ N᛭V limp&gelimp ME&ME PST: lamp ᛫ PTCP: lump
lin ᛫ to cease ᛫ to desist ᛫ to stop ᛫ V lin[linnen] NE
linch linc ᛫ a ledge ᛫ N ~[hlinc] NE [CED]
lind ᛫ suet ᛫ lard ᛫ fat ᛫ N lynd/lind OE especially belly/loin fat?
line ᛫ made of flax ᛫ AJ lī̆n ME
linen ᛫ cloth woven from flax ᛭ made of flax ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
ling ᛫ ( diminutive suffix ) ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE
linger ᛫ to remain ᛫ to loiter ᛫ V lengeren NE‹ME‹N
linking ᛫ connecting ᛫ joining ᛫ copular ( like in linking verb ) ᛫ AJ ~ NE
linksaw linksaƿ ᛫ a chainsaw ᛫ N link+saw NE‹‹N+NE non-Norse: lenchsaw
lippen ᛫ to rely on ᛫ to trust ᛫ to entrust ᛫ V ~[lipnen] NE "I lippen to your word" not "I lippen your word"
lipper ᛫ a ripple ᛭ to ripple ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE frequentative of 'lap' [OED]
lippy lippie ᛫ labial ᛫ AJ lip+y NE×2
lire ᛫ flesh ᛫ meat ᛫ N lire&līre NE&ME
lise ᛫ a report ᛫ fame ᛫ reputation ᛫ renown ᛭ to give credit ᛫ N᛭V hlīsa&hlīsan OE
liss ᛫ contentment ᛫ relief ᛫ respite ᛭ to relieve ᛫ to assuage ᛫ N᛭V lis&lissen[lis] ME
lissome lissum ᛫ nimble ᛫ supple ᛫ agile ᛫ easily flexed ᛫ AJ ~ NE or: lissom ᛫ equal to: lithe+some
list ᛫ an art ᛫ a craft ᛫ art ᛫ N list&list ME&OE
list ᛫ desire ᛫ inclination ᛫ craving ᛫ enthusiasm ᛭ to desire ᛫ to crave ᛫ N᛭V ~[listen][lystan] NE
listener ᛫ a microphone ᛫ N ~{speaker} NE
listful ᛫ attentive ᛫ AJ ~ NE
listless ᛫ desireless ᛫ lacking enthusiasm spirit and liveliness ᛫ apathetic ᛫ AJ ~ NE
lite ᛫ looks ( usually good looks ) ᛫ beauty ᛫ a countenance ᛫ an appearance ᛫ a style ᛫ an aesthetic ᛭ to look ᛫ to gaze ᛫ N᛭V wlite&wlītan{andwlita} ME&OE
liteful ᛫ beautiful ᛫ handsome ᛫ comely ᛫ aesthetic [ᚹ] ᛫ AJ wlitefull OE
liteless ᛫ hideous ᛫ without beauty ᛫ AJ wlitelēas OE
liteworth liteƿorð ᛫ a ransom ᛫ N wliteweorþ OE
litey litie ᛫ beautiful ᛫ comely ᛫ attractive ᛫ AJ wlitig OE
lith lið ᛫ a slope ᛫ N lith[hliþ] ME
lith lið ᛫ a limb ᛫ a joint ᛫ a segment ᛫ a member ᛫ N ~ NE
lithe liðe ᛫ to sail ᛫ to travel by sea ᛫ to travel ᛫ to journey ᛫ V līthen[līþan] ME
lithe liðe ᛫ flexible ᛫ limber ᛫ mellow ᛫ gentle ᛫ mild ᛫ AJ lithe&līthe NE&ME
lithe liðe ᛫ strong drink ᛫ wine ᛫ N līþ OE
litheby liðebi ᛫ meek ᛫ compliant ᛫ obedient ᛫ AJ lethebei [liþebige] ME
lither liðer ᛫ base ᛫ vile ᛫ depraved ᛫ wicked ᛫ lewd ᛫ sordid ᛫ lazy ᛫ worthless ᛭ wickedly ᛫ treacherously ᛫ poorly ᛫ AJ᛭AV lither[lyþre] ME rhyme: slither
lither liðer ᛫ a sling ᛫ a launcher ᛭ to sling ᛫ to launch ᛫ N᛭V lithere[liþere]&litheren ME&ME
lithfire liðfire ᛫ arthritis ᛫ N lith+fire NE+ANE
lithsew liðseƿ ᛫ synovia ᛫ synovial fluid ᛫ N liþsēaw OE
lithword liðƿord ᛫ an article ( grammatical term ) ᛫ N lith+word NE+NE calque of Dutch "lidwoord"
litten ᛫ a graveyard ᛫ a cemetery ᛫ N litton[litton][līctūn] ME
littiness ᛫ slyness ᛫ craftiness ᛫ cunningness ᛫ astuteness ᛫ N lytigness OE
Little Britain Littel Britten ᛫ Brittany ᛫ N(P) ~ NE Lytyll Bretayne (Middle English)
Little Dipper Littel ᛫ a bright circumpolar asterism of the northern sky which is part of Ursa Minor ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
littlefinger littelfinger ᛫ the pinky ᛫ N ~ NE
littlom ᛫ gradually ᛫ AV litlum[lȳtlum] ME
live lif ᛫ to exist ( esp of animate things ) ᛫ V ~ NE
livelihood lifelihood ᛫ a means of securing the necessities of life ᛫ N ~[līflōd][līflād] NE
livelong liflong ᛫ the orphine ( Hylotelephium telephium ) ᛭ whole ᛫ entire ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
lively lifelie ᛫ full of life ᛫ vivid ᛫ animated ᛫ vital ᛫ AJ ~ NE [CED]
liven lifen ᛫ to enliven ᛫ V ~ NE
liveradle liferadel ᛫ a liver disease ᛫ N liferādl OE
liverfire liferfire ᛫ hepatitis ᛫ N liver+fire NE+ANE
liverwort liferƿurt ᛫ a Marchantia polymorpha plant ᛫ N ~[liverwort][liferwyrt] NE
livingroom lifingroom ᛫ a family room ᛫ N ~ NE
lix ᛫ to flash ᛫ to glitter ᛫ V līxan OE
lo ᛫ ( used to draw attention ) ᛫ I lo NE
load ᛫ to charge ( with electricity ) ᛫ V load&laden NE&FR
loadboard ᛫ a pallet ( as in a portable platform for stacking goods ) ᛫ N load+board NE×2 calque: laadbord
loanwend loanƿend ᛫ a loan translation ( a calque ) ᛫ N loan+wend NE‹N+ME calque: loan translation ᛫ or: leanwend (loan is Norse)
loast ᛫ a track ᛫ a footprint ᛫ a trace ᛫ a trail ᛭ to track ᛫ to trace ᛫ to trail ᛫ N lāst OE
loath loað ᛫ averse ᛫ disinclined ᛫ reluctant ᛫ unwilling ᛫ AJ ~ NE or: loth ᛫
loathe loaðe ᛫ to greatly hate ᛫ to detest ᛫ to revile ᛫ V ~ NE
loathly loaðlie ᛫ loathsome ᛫ repulsive ᛭ reluctantly ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~[lāþlic] NE
loathsome loaðsum ᛫ repulsive ᛫ offensive ᛫ abominable ᛫ AJ ~ NE
loathspel loaðspel ᛫ a tragic story ᛫ an unpleasant story ᛫ N lāþspell OE
loave lofe ᛫ praise ᛫ good reputation ᛫ price ᛫ value ᛫ an offer for sale ᛭ to praise ᛫ to approve ᛫ to appraise ᛫ to set a price on ᛫ to offer for sale ᛫ N᛭V lō̆f&lō̆ven ME&ME
loavebere lofebere ᛫ laudatory ᛫ AJ lōfbǣre OE
loavedeed lofedeed ᛫ a praiseworthy deed ᛫ N lōfdǣd OE
loaveful lofeful ᛫ amorous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
loavely lofelie ᛫ praiseworthy ᛫ laudable ᛫ honourable ᛫ AJ lōfli ME
loavesome lofesum ᛫ deserving praise ᛫ excellent ᛫ noble ᛫ AJ lōfsum OE
loavesong lofesong ᛫ a song of praise ᛫ a hymn ᛫ a psalm ᛫ N lōfsang OE
lock ᛫ a tuft of hair ᛫ N ~ NE
lock ᛫ -ation ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE
lock ᛫ to allure ᛫ to entice ᛫ bait ᛫ V loccian OE kin: lokken (Dutch)
locker ᛫ to curl ᛫ V ~[lokeren] NE
lockered ᛫ curly ᛫ curled ᛫ tangled ᛫ matted ᛫ AJ ~ NE
lodder ᛫ a poor person ᛫ a pauper ᛫ a worthless person ᛫ N loddere OE
loddering ᛫ nonsense ᛫ rubbish ᛫ triviality ᛫ N lodrung OE
lode ᛫ an exculpation ᛫ a purgation ᛫ an excuse ᛭ to excuse ᛫ to clear one's name ᛫ to exculpate ᛫ N lād&lādian OE&OE SEE NOTE
lode ᛫ a deposit of ore ᛫ leading ᛫ guidance ᛫ a lodestone ᛫ a magnet ᛫ on object of attraction ᛫ a course ᛫ a journey ᛫ a voyage ᛫ N lode&lōd[lād] NE&ANE&ME kin: load [OED]
lodesman ᛫ a navigator ( distinct from the master and the steersman ) ᛫ a pilot of a ship ᛫ a pilot [ᚹ] ᛫ a guide ( animate ) ᛫ a conductor ᛫ N lōdesman[lādman] ME
lodestar ᛫ a guiding star ᛫ a tenet ᛫ a guiding principle ᛫ N ~ NE
lodestone ᛫ magnetite ᛫ a naturally occurring magnet ᛫ someone or something that is the focus of attention ᛫ N ~ NE
loft ᛫ an attic ᛫ a sollar ᛫ a garret ᛫ N ~ NE‹ME‹N [OED]
lofty loftie ᛫ elevated ( literally and figuratively ) ᛫ noble ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹(N+E)
loke ᛫ a private road ᛫ a blind alley ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
loke ᛫ to play ᛫ to wave or to swing about ᛫ V lācan OE
loke ᛫ a present ᛫ an offering or sacrifice of a religious nature ᛭ to offer ( religion ) ᛫ to sacrifice ( religion ) ᛫ N lōk[lāc] ME found in: wedlock
loken ᛫ to heal ᛫ to cure ᛫ to treat a wound or illness ᛫ to tend to ᛫ to take care of ᛫ to dress a wound ᛫ V lācnian OE
lokening ᛫ -therapy ᛫ SUFFIX lācnung OE
lokening ᛫ healing ᛫ cure ᛫ remedy ᛫ medicine ᛫ V lācnung OE
Loller ᛫ a Lollard ᛫ a protestant [ᚹ] ᛫ N loller ME SEE NOTE
Londonbury Lundonburie ᛫ the City of London ᛫ N Lundenbyrig OE
lone ᛫ solitary ᛫ isolated ᛫ sole ᛫ single ᛫ individual ᛫ AJ ~ NE
lonesome lonesum ᛫ solitary ᛫ lonely ᛫ unfrequented ᛫ AJ ~ NE
long ᛫ to have a strong wish or desire ᛫ V ~ NE
long ᛫ to concern [ᚾ] ᛫ to pertain [ᚾ] ᛫ to relate [ᚾ] ᛫ to be affiliated [ᚾ] ᛫ V lō̆ngen ME generally used with "to"
long hundred ᛫ 120 ᛫ N long hundred ME
long sweetening sƿeetening ᛫ molasses ᛫ N ~ NE South & Midland US
longaxe ᛫ a poleaxe ᛫ a halberd ᛫ N long+axe NE+NE modelled on longsword
Longbeard ᛫ a Lombard ᛫ N(P) langbeard OE
longgun ᛫ a gun with a long barrel ᛫ a cannon ᛫ N ~ NE
longminded ᛫ longanimous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
longmindedness ᛫ longanimousness ᛫ N ~ NE
longmood ᛫ patient ᛫ AJ langmōd OE
longmoodly longmoodlie ᛫ patiently ᛫ AV langmōdlīce OE
longmoodness ᛫ patience ᛫ N langmōdness OE
longplayer longplager ᛫ a kind of vinyl record ᛫ an album of music which is full length ᛫ N ~ NE "LP" for short
longshoreman longscoreman ᛫ a stevedore ᛫ a docker ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
longshort longscort ᛫ a trochee ᛭ trochaic ᛫ N᛭AJ long-short ANE [OED]
longsome longsum ᛫ tediously long ᛫ AJ ~[langsum] NE
longwinded longƿinded ᛫ of continuing at tedious length ᛫ AJ ~ NE
lonk ᛫ pride ᛫ arrogance ᛭ physically beautiful ᛫ graceful ᛫ noble ᛫ fine ᛫ splendid ᛫ majestic ᛫ arrogant ᛫ haughty ᛫ proud ᛫ pompous ᛫ N wlonk[wlanc] ME
lonkful ᛫ arrogant ᛫ full of arrogance ᛫ AJ wlonkful ME
loof ᛫ the palm of the hand ᛫ N ~ NE‹N
lookbook ᛫ a photo album for a particular thing ( genre , artist , etc ) ᛫ N ~ NE
looking glass ᛫ a mirror ᛫ N ~ NE
lookout lookute ᛫ an observation post ᛫ a sentinel ᛫ sentry ᛫ N ~ NE
looks ᛫ one's physical appearance or attractiveness ᛫ N ~ NE
loom ᛫ an implement ᛫ a means ( figurative ) ᛫ a weaving machine ᛫ a device ᛫ a machine ᛫ N loom&lōme NE&ME
loose ᛫ relaxed ᛫ unrestrained ᛫ unsecure ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹N
lootby lootbi ᛫ a concubine ᛫ a paramour ᛫ N loteby ME
looth looð ᛫ booty ᛫ spoils ᛭ to take booty ᛫ N᛭V hlōþ&hlōþian OE
lop ᛫ a spider ᛫ a flea ᛫ a fly ᛫ an insect [ᚹ] ᛫ N loppe ME
lord ᛫ a master ᛫ a nobleman ᛫ lord ( form of address) ᛫ N ~ NE
lording ᛫ a lord ᛫ a sir ᛫ N lōrding ME "used by persons to their superiors; by storytellers to audience"
lording ᛫ a gentleman ᛫ N ~[lōrding] NE gracious or friendly address to a superior, an equal or an audience [OED]
lordly lordlie ᛫ of , relating to , or having characteristics of a lord ᛫ dignified ᛫ grand ᛫ noble ᛫ exhibiting the pride and assurance associated with lords ᛫ AJ ~ NE
lordship lordscip ᛫ dominion ᛫ authority ᛫ domain ᛫ jurisdiction ᛫ the state of being a lord ᛫ N ~ NE
lordswike lordsƿike ᛫ a traitor to one's lord ᛫ N lordswike ME
lore ᛫ information ᛫ a system of tenets , principles , and precepts of a field of knowledge , a science , or a religion ᛫ N ~ NE
lore ᛫ -ology ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE
lorebisen ᛫ a specimen ᛫ N lārbysn OE
loreboder ᛫ a preacher ᛫ N lārbodung+er OE+NE
loreboding ᛫ preaching ᛫ V lārbodung OE
lorebook ᛫ a textbook ᛫ N lārbōc OE
lorefather lorefaðer ᛫ a teacher ᛫ N lōrefader ME
lorehouse lorehuse ᛫ a school ᛫ a university ᛫ a college ᛫ N lārhūs OE
lorel ᛫ a rogue ᛫ a rascal ᛫ a scoundrel ᛫ a wretched person ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
loreless ᛫ lacking learning or knowledge ᛫ ignorant ᛫ AJ ~ NE [MW]
lorelest ᛫ ignorance ᛫ educationlessness ᛫ N lārlēast OE
lorelistend ᛫ one who listens to instruction ᛫ a catechumen ᛫ N lārhlystend OE
lorelship lorelscip ᛫ rascality ᛫ N lorelshipe ME
lorely lorelie ᛫ instructive ᛫ of or pertaining to lore ᛫ AJ lārlīc OE
lorequid lorecƿid ᛫ a precept ᛫ a doctrine ᛫ N lārcwide OE
loresman ᛫ an instructor ᛫ an expert ᛫ a master of a field of knowledge ᛫ N loresman ME earthloresman = geologist"
loresmith loresmið ᛫ a wise man ᛫ N lārsmiþ OE
lorespel ᛫ a sermon ᛫ an epistle ᛫ a homily ᛫ a treatise ᛫ an essay ᛫ N lōrspel[lārspell] ME
loreswike loresƿike ᛫ false lore ᛫ pseudo-science ᛫ N lārswic OE
lorethew loreþeƿ ᛫ a teacher ᛫ an instructor ᛫ a preceptor ᛫ a master of a subject or craft ᛫ a professor [ᚹ] ᛫ N lorthew{lareow} ME or: larew (from ME lareow, a shortened version of the word)
lorewit loreƿit ᛫ a learned man ᛫ N lārwita OE
lorn ᛫ doomed ᛫ lost ᛫ forlorn ᛫ desolate ᛫ AJ ~ NE [MW]
losel ᛫ a worthless person ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
loseyns ᛫ lasagna / lasagne ᛫ N loseyns ME‹I
loss ᛫ a defeat ᛫ N ~ NE
lot ᛫ a large quantity ᛫ a bunch of people ᛫ a portion ᛫ an allotment ᛫ one's role in life ᛫ a role ᛫ N ~ NE
loth loð ᛫ a cloak ᛫ an upper garment ᛫ a mantle ᛫ N loþa OE maybe should be "lother"?
loud lude ᛫ noise ᛫ clamor ᛫ tumult ᛭ noisy ᛫ clamorous ᛫ N᛭AJ loud&lūde[hlȳd] NE&ME
loudlore ludelore ᛫ acoustics ᛫ N lūde+lore ME+NE
loudness ludeness ᛫ volume ( sound ) ᛫ noisiness ᛫ N ~ NE
lough luge ᛫ a place ᛫ a stead ᛫ N logh[lōh] ME rhyme: tough or plough
lough luge ᛫ a loch ᛫ N lough[luh] ME‹OE‹C rhyme: plough
lough luge ᛫ a hem ᛫ a fringe ᛫ N wlōh OE rhyme: plough
louk look ᛫ to close ᛫ to shut ᛫ to fasten ᛫ to lock up ᛫ to enclose ᛫ to surround ᛫ N ~ ANE rhyme: luke; brook
lour lure ᛫ a frown ᛫ a scowl ᛫ a sullen look ᛭ to frown ᛫ to scowl ᛫ to look sullen ᛫ N᛭V ~[lǒuren] NE rhyme: hour [OED]
louse luse ᛫ an Anoplura insect ᛫ a Mallophaga insect ᛫ N louse NE PL: lice
lousy lusie ᛫ full of lice ᛫ of low quality ᛫ contemptible ᛫ paltry ᛫ AJ lousy NE
lout lute ᛫ to lurk ᛫ to lie hidden ᛫ V lǒuten[lūtian]{lōten} ME
lout lute ᛫ an awkward brutish person ᛭ to bow in respect ᛫ to submit ᛫ to yield ᛫ N᛭V lout[louten] NE
love luf ᛫ extreme affection ᛫ N ~ NE
loveapple lufappel ᛫ a tomato ᛫ N ~ NE
lovebite lufbite ᛫ a hickey ᛫ N love bite NE [OED]
loveday lufdag ᛫ a day arranged for reconciliation or arbitration ᛫ N to "break a loveday" is to violate the agreements made on a loveday
loveling lufling ᛫ a dear and lovely creature ᛫ a darling ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
lovelorn luflorn ᛫ without love ᛫ AJ ~ NE
lovenly lufenlie ᛫ adorable ᛫ lovable ᛫ AJ love+enlīc NE+ME
lovered lufred ᛫ love ( opposite of hatred ) ᛫ N lovereden ME
lovesome lufsum ᛫ affectionate ᛫ amorous ᛫ AJ ~ NE [MW]
lovestitch lufstic ᛫ a Levisticum officinale plant ( lovage ) ᛫ N luuestiche ME‹OE‹I [OED]
lovetoken luftoken ᛫ something given as a sign or token of love ᛫ N love token NE
loveworthy lufƿorðie ᛫ lovable ᛫ meriting love ᛫ AJ ~ NE
low loƿ ᛫ a mound ( esp a burial mount ? ) ᛫ a tumulus ᛫ N ~[hlǣw] NE rhyme: snow
low loƿ ᛫ to moo ᛫ V ~[hlōwan] NE rhyme: snow
low loƿ ᛫ a low place ᛫ a commoner ᛫ a humble person ᛫ N loue ME‹N
low end loƿ end ᛫ of the lowest quality ᛫ AJ ~ NE
lower chavelbone loƿer cafelbone ᛫ a mandible ᛫ N lower+chavel+bone NE‹N+ME+NE or: nether chavelbone
lower noseshell loƿer nosescell ᛫ an inferior nasal concha ᛫ N lower+nose+shell NE‹N+NE×2 or: nether noseshell ᛫ calque: onderste neusschelp
lowkey loƿkeg ᛫ subtle ᛭ subtly ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE‹(N+E)
lowland loƿland ᛫ a stretch of low or unmountainous land ᛫ N ~ NE
lowlife loƿlife ᛫ a despicable person ᛫ a scoundrel ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E)
lowling loƿling ᛫ a person of low status ᛫ a commoner ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E)
lowminded loƿminded ᛫ inclined to vulgar or unworthy things ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹(N+E+E) [MW]
lox ᛫ a lynx ᛫ N lox OE
Ludder ᛫ a Luddite ᛫ one opposed to technological change ᛫ N ~ NE or: Ludd
lungleech lungleec ᛫ a pulmonologist ᛫ N lung+leech NE+NE [OED]
lungwort lungƿurt ᛫ a Helleborus niger plant ᛫ N lǒngwort[lungenwyrt] ME
lur ᛫ destruction ᛫ perdition ᛫ damage ᛫ loss ᛫ N lur/lire/lure[lyre] ME
lurk ᛫ a method of fraud ᛫ N ~ NE from the verb "lurk" [informal]
lurry lurrie ᛫ destructive ᛫ AJ lure+y ME+NE
lust ᛫ desire ᛫ appetite ᛫ craving ᛫ N lust&lust NE&OE
lustbere ᛫ desirable ᛫ AJ lustbǣre OE
lustihood ᛫ licentiousness ᛫ N ~ NE
lusty lustie ᛫ lustful ᛫ enthusiastic ᛫ rousing ᛫ vigorous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
lutter ᛫ clear ᛫ pure ᛫ unadulterated ᛫ innocent ᛫ sincere ᛫ authentic ᛫ AJ lutter[hlutor] ME
lutty luttie ᛫ sly ᛫ crafty ᛫ cunning ᛫ astute ᛫ AJ lutiȝ[lytig] ME
lye lie ᛫ fire ᛫ lightning ᛫ plasma [ᚹ] ᛭ to blaze ᛫ N᛭V lei/lye&leien[līg] ME&ME
lyerash lierasc ᛫ a flash of lightning ᛫ N līgræsc OE [OED]
Macedony Macedoni ᛫ Macedonia ᛫ Macedon ᛫ N(P) mæcedonie OE
mad ᛫ insane ᛫ frenzied ᛫ crazy ᛫ AJ ~ NE
madapple madappel ᛫ an aubergine ᛫ an eggplant ᛫ a brinjal ᛫ N ~ NE "earliest use found in Henry Lyte (1529–1607)" - Lexico
madden ᛫ to derange ᛫ V ~ NE
maddock ᛫ an earthworm ᛫ a maggot ᛫ N ~ ANE
madhouse madhuse ᛫ a psychiatric institution ᛫ a chaotic place ᛫ N ~ NE
madman ᛫ an insane person ᛫ a lunatic ᛫ a maniac ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
madness ᛫ insanity ᛫ N ~ NE
Maid Magd ᛫ Virgo ᛫ PN ~ ANE
maid magd ᛫ a female domestic servant ᛫ a girl ᛫ N ~ NE
maiden magden ᛫ a girl ᛫ a young woman ᛫ an unmarried girl ᛫ an unmarried young woman ᛫ a virgin ᛫ N ~[mægden] NE
maidenfly magdenflie ᛫ a damselfly ᛫ N maiden+fly NE×2 calque: damselfly
maidenhair tree magden ᛫ a Ginkgo plant ( especially Ginkgo biloba ) ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
maidenhead magdenhead ᛫ the hymen ᛫ N ~ NE
maidenhood magdenhood ᛫ virginity or celibacy ( of both men and women ) ᛫ N ~ NE
mail magl ᛫ earnest ᛫ firm ᛫ strenuous ᛫ AJ meagol OE
mailness maglness ᛫ earnestness ᛫ N meagolness OE
maily maglie ᛫ earnestly ᛫ strenuously ᛫ AV meagollīce OE
main magn ᛫ power ᛫ ability ᛫ efficacy ᛫ capacity ᛫ a match or series of matches ᛫ a continuous stretch of land or water ᛭ principle ᛫ prime ᛫ chief ᛭ very ᛫ N᛭AJ᛭AV main&main&mægen NE&ME&OE
mainframe magnframe ᛫ a large powerful computer used to perform many simultaneous complex tasks ᛫ N ~ NE
mainful magnful ᛫ powerful ᛫ mighty ᛫ AJ mainful ME
mainhew magnheƿ ᛫ a primary colour ᛫ N main+hue NE×2
mainland magnland ᛫ a continent ᛫ a main part of a continent as distinguished from an offshore island or sometimes from a cape or peninsula ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
mainless magnless ᛫ weak ᛫ feeble ᛫ powerless ᛫ AJ mægenlēas OE
mainly magnlie ᛫ principally ᛫ chiefly ᛫ mostly ᛫ AV ~ NE
mainstay magnstag ᛫ a chief support ᛫ a regular contributor ᛫ N ~ NE "stay" is a nautical word from Old English.
mainstream magnstream ᛫ the ideas , attitudes , or activities that are regarded as normal or conventional ᛫ AJ ~ NE
mair mager ᛫ to macerate ᛭ meager ᛫ lean V᛭AJ mæger&mægerian OE&OE kin: meager
maister magster ᛫ a magister ᛫ a master ᛫ a man having control or authority over a place ᛫ N magister/mægister OEᚠI
maith magð ᛫ a family ᛫ relatives ᛫ a tribe ᛫ a clan ᛫ N mæith&mǣgþ ME&OE
maith magð ᛫ a girl ᛫ a maiden ᛫ a virgin ᛫ N mægþ OE
maithe magð ᛫ an Anthemis plant ( camomile / chamomile ) ᛫ N ~ NE rhymes with 'bathe' [OED]
maithhood magðhood ᛫ virginity ᛫ N mægþhad OE see: maidenhood
make ᛫ a married couple ᛫ a couple ᛫ a mate ᛫ an equal ᛫ a peer ᛫ a rival ᛫ a counterpart ᛭ to mate with ᛫ to marry ᛫ to pair with ᛫ N᛭V māke[gemaca]&māken ME&ME
make ᛫ to create ᛫ to produce ᛫ to cause ᛫ V ~ NE
make game of ᛫ to make fun of ᛫ to ridicule ᛫ V ~ NE [CED]
make good ᛫ to repay ᛫ to compensate ᛫ to atone ᛫ to repair ᛫ to restore ᛫ to fulfil ᛫ to satisfy expectations ᛫ V ~ NE [OED]
make up ᛫ to invent ᛫ to fabricate ᛫ to consist ᛫ to comprise ᛫ V ~ NE [OED]
makebelief makebeleef ᛫ the abstract quality of making believe ᛫ N ~ NE
makebelieve makebeleef ᛫ the act of pretending ᛭ to pretend ᛭ imaginary ᛫ N᛭V᛭AJ ~ NE
makegame ᛫ an object of ridicule ᛫ N ~ NE
makeover makeofer ᛫ an overhaul of something's or someone's appearance ᛫ N ~ NE
maker ᛫ a creator ᛫ a producer ᛫ N ~ NE
makeshift makescift ᛫ a usually crude and temporary expedient ᛭ impromptu ᛫ ad hoc ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
making ᛫ cause ᛫ N ~ NE
Malawi Mere Malaƿee ᛫ Lake Malawi ᛫ N(P) Malawi+mere NE‹O+NE
mallow malloƿ ᛫ a Malva plant ᛫ mauve ᛭ of mauve hue ᛫ N᛭AJ ~[mealuwe][malva][μαλάχη?] NE‹‹I [colour][plant]
malm ᛫ a soft crumbly chalky rock or the fertile loamy soil produced as it weathers ᛫ sandy or chalky soil ᛫ N malm&malm[mealm] NE&ME
malshave malscafe ᛫ a caterpillar ᛫ N malshave ME
mammer ᛫ to hesitate ᛫ to waver ᛫ V ~ NE [MW]
mammer ᛫ deep sleep ᛫ a sopor ᛫ N mamor OE
man ᛫ a Homo animal ᛫ a human ᛫ a humanoid person ᛫ a piece ( gaming ) ᛭ to garrison ᛫ to crew ᛫ to operate equipment or machinery ᛫ N ~ NE
man ᛫ one ( generic pronoun ) ᛫ N(PRO) man[man] ME some believe "one" replacing "man" is from French influence, others disagree
man ᛫ to admonish ᛫ exhort ᛫ V manian OE
man about town abute tune ᛫ a socialite ᛫ a bon viveur ᛫ a jet-setter ᛫ N ~ NE also: woman about town [OED]
manbane ᛫ tobacco ( slang ) ᛫ N ~ ANE
mand ᛫ a maund ᛫ a basket ᛫ N mand[mand/mond] ME
mandeed ᛫ an evil deed ᛫ a crime ᛫ a transgression ᛫ N māndǣd OE
maneater ᛫ a cannibal ᛫ an animal with a propensity for human flesh ᛫ N man-eater NE [OED]
manful ᛫ brave and resolute ᛫ AJ ~ NE
mani ᛫ multi- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE found in "manifold" ᛫ rhyme: cranny [OED]
manibreed ᛫ multifaceted ᛫ AJ manigbrǣde OE
manifold ᛫ diverse ᛫ numerous ᛫ complicated ᛫ complex ᛫ plural ᛭ to multiply ᛭ repeatedly ᛫ AJ᛭AV manifold&manigfildan NE&OE
manifoldness ᛫ multiplicity ᛫ complexity ᛫ N ~[manigfealdness] NE
manikin ᛫ all kinds of ᛫ various ᛫ AJ manikin ME
Manitoba Mere ᛫ Lake Manitoba ᛫ N(P) Manitoba+mere NE‹O+NE
mank ᛫ to mutilate ᛫ to mangle ᛫ to maim ᛫ V manken ME
mankind ᛫ humanity ᛫ humankind ᛫ N ~ NE
manlike ᛫ a human form ᛫ an image of a man ᛫ a humanoid [ᚹ] ᛫ N mannlīca OE
manlore ᛫ anthropology ᛫ N man+lore NE+NE
manmade ᛫ made or caused by human beings ᛫ artificial ᛫ AJ manmade NE
Mannish Mannisc ᛫ Manx language ᛭ Manx ᛫ N(P)᛭AJ(P) Man+ish NE‹C+NE calque: Manx
mannish mannisc ᛫ people ᛫ humanity ᛭ human ( of humans ) ᛫ N᛭AJ mannish{mennish} ME
mannishly mannisclie ᛫ humanly ᛫ AV mannisclīce OE
mannishness manniscness ᛫ humanity ᛫ human nature ᛫ humaneness ᛫ N manniscness OE
manoath manoað ᛫ perjury ᛫ N mānāþ OE
manqualm mancƿalm ᛫ a plague of man ᛫ N manqualm ME
manred ᛫ a pledge of service ᛫ homage ᛫ N manrēden ME example: to nim/take/do/fang manred = to pay homage
manse manse ᛫ to excommunicate ᛫ to curse ᛫ to damn ᛫ V mansen/amansen ME
manseed ᛫ human semen ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
manship manscip ᛫ respect ᛫ dignity ᛫ gallantry ᛫ chivalry ᛫ N ~ NE
manshiply mansciplie ᛫ honourably ᛫ courteously ᛫ AV ~ NE
manslayer manslager ᛫ one who commits homicide ᛫ N ~ NE
manswear mansƿear ᛫ to swear falsely ᛫ to perjure ᛫ V ~ NE
mantledeer manteldeer ᛫ a tunicate ( an animal of the Tunicata subphylum ) ᛫ N mantle+deer NE‹‹OE‹I+NE calque: Manteltier; manteldier
manytongued manietunged ᛫ polyglot ᛫ AJ many+tongue+ed NE×3
mar ᛫ to spoil ᛫ to tarnish ᛫ to damage ᛫ V ~ NE
march marc ᛫ an Apium graveolens plant ( celery ) ᛫ N ~[merch][merece] ANE [OED]
mardy mardie ᛫ spoiled ( as in " bratty " ) ᛫ AJ ~[marred] NE used in Leicestershire and Nottinghamshire
mare ᛫ a nightmare-causing entity ᛫ N ~ NE
mare ᛫ an adult female horse ᛫ N ~[mēre] NE
mark ᛫ feature ᛫ characteristic ᛫ attribute ᛫ N ~ NE
mark down ᛫ to put a lower price on ᛫ V ~ NE [MW]
mark up ᛫ to put a higher price on ᛫ V ~ NE [MW]
markdown markdune ᛫ a lowering of price ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
marked ᛫ having an identifying mark or feature ᛫ enjoying fame or notoriety ᛫ being the target of hostile intentions ᛫ AJ ~ NE
markedly markedlie ᛫ noticeably ᛫ conspicuously ᛫ AV ~ NE
marker ᛫ a notary ᛫ N mearcere OE poorly attested
Markish Markisc ᛫ the Mercian tongue ᛭ Mercian ᛫ N᛭AJ Marchisce ME
Markishman Markiscman ᛫ a Mercian ᛫ N Merces ME plural: Marks (Þe Merces were men. . . of myddel Engelond); Markishmen
Marklaw Marklaƿ ᛫ the region in Britain which was governed by Mercian law ᛫ N(P) merchinelaga OE
markle markel ᛫ a signet ᛫ a seal ᛫ an ensign ᛫ a mark to aim at ᛫ N mircels OE
Markrich Markric ᛫ the kingdom of Mercia ᛫ N(P) Merkyneriche[Miercna Rīce] ME or: Mark (ME Merce); March (ME Merce)
markstead ᛫ a borderland ᛫ N mearcstede OE
markup ᛫ a highering of price ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
markworthy markƿorðie ᛫ noteworthy ᛫ AJ ~ NE [MW]
marmstone ᛫ marble ᛫ N marmestan[marmanstān] ME
marplot ᛫ a person or thing which ruins a plan ᛫ N ~ NE
marrow marroƿ ᛫ a courgette ᛫ a zucchini ᛫ N ~ NE
marsh marsc ᛫ a stretch of unforested wetland ᛫ N ~ NE
marth marð ᛫ a marten ( a kind of weasel ) ᛫ N mearþ OE
Marymas Marimas ᛫ Feast of the Assumption ᛫ PN ~ ANE‹‹OE‹O+I [OED]
mash masc ᛫ pulp ᛭ to crush or smash something to a pulp ᛫ to press forcefully ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
masker ᛫ to wander aimlessly ᛫ to bewilder ᛫ to confuse ᛫ to bewitch ᛫ to fascinate ᛫ V masker&malskren NE&ME of note: malscrung ᛫
maslin ᛫ brass ? ᛫ an alloy of copper with some harder metal ᛫ N maslin[mæstling/mæslen] ANE&ME glosses: aes; aurichalcum; electrum [EDD][MEC]
mast ᛫ forest tree fruit ( acorns , beechnuts , etc ) often used as food for swine ᛫ N mast[mæst] ME
masten ᛫ a mast-pasture ( a pasture for feeding mast to swine ) ᛫ N mæsten OE
masten ᛫ to fatten an animal ᛫ V masten ME
masthead ᛫ the highest part of a mast ᛫ the top of the front page of a newspaper where its name appears in big letters ᛫ N mast-head NE
mat ᛫ a pad ᛫ N ~ NE‹‹I
match mac ᛫ a parallel ᛫ a spouse ᛫ a mate ᛫ a pair ᛫ a couple ᛫ N match&gemæcca NE&OE kin: make
math mað ᛫ a mowing ᛫ that which is gathered by mowing ᛫ N ~ NE found in "aftermath"
mathe maðe ᛫ a maggot ᛫ a grub ᛫ N māthe[maþa] ME
mathel maðel ᛫ to speak formally ᛫ to declaim ᛫ to declare ᛫ to give a speech ᛫ V mathelen ME
mathelstead maðelstead ᛫ a place of assembly ᛫ N mæþelstede OE
mathom maðom ᛫ a trinket ᛫ a knickknack ᛫ a treasure ᛫ N ~[māþum] NE‹OE revived by Tolkien
mathomhouse maðomhuse ᛫ a treasury ᛫ N māþumhūs OE
mattock ᛫ a farming tool with right angled blades like a pickaxe ᛫ N ~ NE
maw maƿ ᛫ a mouth ᛫ a stomach ᛫ appetite ᛫ inclination ᛫ liking ᛫ N ~ NE
maw maƿ ᛫ a boy ᛫ a young adult human male ᛫ N magu OE
mawfire maƿfire ᛫ gastritis ᛫ N maw+fire NE+ANE
mawk maƿk ᛫ a maggot ᛫ N ~ NE‹N kin: maddock
mawkish maƿkisc ᛫ sentimental in an exaggerated or false way ᛫ sappy ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹N
may mag ᛫ a family member ᛫ a relative ᛫ a kins-person ᛫ a kinsman ᛫ a kinswoman ᛫ N mei&mai[mǣg][mæg] ME&ME merge of two related words
may mag ᛫ to mix ᛫ to mash ᛫ to blend ᛫ V maȝcen&mecgan ME&OE
maybe magbe ᛫ possibly ᛫ perchance ᛫ AV ~ NE
mayhap maghap ᛫ perhaps ᛫ possibly ᛫ AV ~ NE
mayheamed magheamed ᛫ incest ᛫ N mæghǣmed OE
maywrit magƿrit ᛫ a writing containing a list of kinsmen ᛫ a genealogical table ᛫ pedigree ᛫ N mǣggewrit OE glossary word
maze mase ᛫ a labyrinth ᛭ to confuse ᛫ to confound ᛫ N᛭V maze&māsen NE&ME
meadow meadoƿ ᛫ a stretch of grassland ( esp one used for hay ) ᛫ N ~ NE or: mead
meadowsweet meadoƿsƿeet ᛫ a Filipendula ulmaria plant ᛫ N ~ NE
meal ᛫ to stain ᛫ to spot ᛫ to mark ᛫ V ~[gemǣlan] ANE
meal ᛫ a container ᛫ a basin ᛫ a bucket ᛫ a tub ᛫ a measure of time ᛫ N mēle[mēle/mǣle] ME
meal ᛫ grain which has been turned into a powder ᛫ flour ᛫ N ~[mēle][melu/meolo] NE
mean ᛫ common ᛫ general ᛫ rude ᛫ cruel ᛫ AJ ~[mǣne] NE "mean" as in average comes from "medianus"
mean ᛫ to intend ᛫ V ~[mǣnan] NE
meaningly meaninglie ᛫ intentionally ᛫ purposely ᛫ AV ~ NE
meanly meanlie ᛫ common ᛫ shared ᛫ AJ menelich ME
meanname ᛫ a common noun ᛫ N mean+name NE×2 calque: common noun; gemǣnelīc nama
meanness ᛫ a piece of commonly held land ᛫ communion ᛫ N mēnnesse ME Minnises of Kent may come from dialectal alteration of this word
meanwealth meanƿealð ᛫ a republic ᛫ N mean+wealth NE×2 calque: commonwealth
mearth mearð ᛫ grandeur ᛫ a marvel ᛫ a glorious thing ᛫ N mērthe[mǣrþu] ME
meat ᛫ ( shows the word pertains to food and culinary arts ) ᛫ PREFIX mete OE example: "meteswamb" means "edible mushroom"
meateater ᛫ a carnivore ᛫ N ~ NE
meatfettle meatfettel ᛫ a chest or a cupboard for storing food ᛫ a pantry ᛫ a larder ᛫ a butlery ᛫ N meatfittle ANE
meatsax ᛫ a food knife ᛫ N meteseax OE
meddom ᛫ common ᛫ average ᛫ mediocre ᛭ to measure ᛫ to measure as worthy ᛫ N᛭AJ medeme&gemedemian ME&OE
medge medg ᛫ an adult human male ᛫ N megge[mecg] ME
meech meec ᛫ a sword ᛫ N meche[mēce] ME
meechfish meecfisc ᛫ a Mugilidae fish ( a mullet ) ᛫ N mēcefisc OE
meed ᛫ a payment ᛫ a reward ᛫ an award ᛫ a bribe ᛫ merit ᛫ desert ᛭ to reward ᛫ to deserve ᛫ to merit ᛫ N᛭V mẹ̄de&mẹ̄den[mēd] ME&ME
meedful ᛫ meritorious ᛫ AJ ~ NE
meel ᛫ speech ᛭ to speak ᛫ N᛭V mēlen&mǣl&mǣlan ME&OE&OE kin: mal (N)
meer ᛫ famous ᛫ renowned ᛫ illustrious ᛫ distinguished ᛫ celebrated ᛫ AJ mēr[mǣre] ME
meet ᛫ to dream ᛫ to have a vision ᛫ V mēten[mǣtan] ME
meet ᛫ suitable ᛫ fitting ᛫ proper ᛫ AJ ~[gemǣte] NE
meeth meeð ᛫ abstemiousness ᛫ self-restraint ᛫ self-imposed discipline ᛫ temperance ᛫ capacity ᛫ capability ᛫ N mēthe&mǣþ ME&OE
meeth meeð ᛫ exhausted ᛫ weary ᛫ AJ mēþe OE
meethe meeðe ᛫ to restrain oneself ᛫ to bring within bounds [ᛏ] ᛫ V mēthen[mǣþian] ME rhyme: breathe
meethful meeðful ᛫ temperate ᛫ modest ᛫ undemanding ᛫ moderate ᛫ AJ mēthful[mǣþful] ME
meeting ᛫ a dream ( esp prophetic or admonitory ) ᛫ a vision ᛫ N mētinge[mǣting] ME
meetly meetlie ᛫ suitably ᛫ properly ᛫ AV meet+ly NE×2
meld ᛫ to fuse ᛫ V ~ NE
melt ᛫ to melt ᛫ to dissolve ᛫ N ~[melten][meltan] NE PST: melted ᛫ PTCP: molten; melted
mensk ᛫ honour ᛫ an honoured state or condition ᛫ honourable ᛫ praiseworthy ᛫ N᛭AJ menske ME‹N
mere ᛫ a sea ᛫ a lake ᛫ a pond ᛫ N ~ NE found in: mermaid
mere ᛫ a border ᛫ boundary ᛭ to set a border or boundary ᛫ N᛭V ~[mǣre] NE
mereing ᛫ a written note on a map giving information about a boundary ᛫ N ~ NE
merestock ᛫ a reservoir ᛫ N mere+stock NE+NE calque: stuwmeer, Stausee
mergroat ᛫ a pearl ᛫ N meregrot OE eggcorn term
merrail merragl ᛫ a sail ( poetic ) ᛫ N merehrægel OE
merrow merroƿ ᛫ soft ᛫ frail ᛫ tender ᛫ AJ meruw[mearu] ME
merry merrie ᛫ cheerful and lively ᛫ festive ᛫ AJ ~ NE
merrymake merriemake ᛫ to celebrate ᛫ to be festive ᛫ V ~ NE
merrymaker merriemaker ᛫ a reveler ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
merrymaking merriemaking ᛫ festivity ᛫ conviviality ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
merryman merrieman ᛫ a jester ᛫ a buffoon ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
merrymeeting merriemeeting ᛫ a festive gathering ᛫ a festival [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
merse mers ᛫ to exalt ᛫ to glorify ᛫ to make known ᛫ V mǣrsian OE
merswine mersƿine ᛫ a dolphin ᛫ N ~[mereswīn] NE
meshdoor mescdoor ᛫ a screen door ᛫ N mesh+door NE×2
mess ᛫ to feed ᛫ to furnish with provisions ᛫ V metsian OE
messing ᛫ provision ᛫ N mesing&metsung ME&OE
mete ᛫ to paint ᛫ to sculpt ᛫ V mẹ̄ten[mētan] ME
mete ᛫ a measurement ᛫ a measure ᛫ a mood ( grammar ) ᛫ a measure ( music ) ᛭ to measure ᛫ to regulate ᛫ to moderate ᛫ N᛭V gemet&mete&metgian OE&NE&OE "mood" from Ælfric the grammarian
meted ᛫ the Maker ᛫ God ( poetic ) ᛫ N metod/meodod OE
metekindly metekindlie ᛫ metrical ᛫ AJ metcundlic OE
meteledge meteledg ᛫ to moderate ᛫ V gemetlǣcan OE
meteyard metegeard ᛫ a measuring rod ᛫ N ~ NE
methinks meþinks ᛫ it seems to me ᛫ V ~ NE
meting ᛫ a measurement ᛫ an amount ᛫ measuring ᛫ dimensions ᛫ N meting&mēting NE&ME
meting ᛫ -metry ᛫ SUFFIX mete+-ing NE×2
meting ᛫ a painting ᛫ a picture ᛫ a sculpture ᛫ an image [ᚹ] ᛫ N mēting OE
mew meƿ ᛫ a gull ᛫ a seagull ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
mewel meƿel ᛫ a maiden ᛫ a damsel ᛫ N mēowle OE
Michigan Mere ᛫ Lake Michigan ᛫ N(P) Michigan+mere NE‹O+NE
mid ᛫ with ( as in "together" never as in "against" ) ᛫ P ~ ME found in: midwife
mid ᛫ co- ᛫ PREFIX mid OE
mid eld ᛫ the middle ages ᛭ medieval ᛫ N᛭AJ mid+eld NE+ME calque
midbody midbodie ᛫ the middle of the body ᛫ the torso ᛫ N ~ NE
midbrain midbragn ᛫ the mesencephalon ᛫ N ~ NE
middaily middaglie ᛫ meridian ᛫ AJ middæglīc OE
midday middag ᛫ noon ᛫ N ~ NE "noon" comes from Latin
middenhead ᛫ a dunghil's top ᛫ N ~ NE
middenstead ᛫ a dunghil ᛫ the site of a dunghill ᛫ N ~ NE
middleground middelgrund ᛫ a compromise ᛫ N middle ground NE
middleman middelman ᛫ an intermediary ᛫ a liaison ᛫ a retailer ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
middling ᛫ average ᛫ moderate ᛫ mean ᛫ median ᛫ medium ᛫ mediocre ᛫ intermediate ᛭ fairly ᛫ moderately ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE
midge midg ᛫ a mosquito [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~ NE
midgut ᛫ the central loop of the alimentary canal of an embryo between the foregut and the hindgut ᛫ N ~ NE
mididone ᛫ immediately ᛫ AV mididọ̄ne ME
midred ᛫ a diaphragm ᛫ a greater omentum ᛫ N ~ ANE [OED]
midriff ᛫ the midsection of the human torso ᛫ N ~ NE
midsummer ᛫ the summer solstice ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
midthole midþole ᛫ to sympathize ᛫ V midþolian OE
midtholing midþoling ᛫ compassion ᛫ N midtholinge ME
midwinter midƿinter ᛫ the winter solstice ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
midwist midƿist ᛫ the act of being with others ᛫ co-being ᛫ participation ᛫ N midwist OE
Midyard Midgeard ᛫ Earth ᛫ Midgard ᛫ Middle Earth ᛫ N(P) middangeard OE "Middle Earth" is a corruption of a corruption of Middangeard
mield ᛫ to accuse ᛫ to tell on someone ᛫ to inform against ᛫ to inform ᛫ to report ᛫ to evince ᛫ to announce ᛫ V mẹ̄̆lden&meldian ME&OE vowel lengthened in ME?
mielder ᛫ a narrator ᛫ an informer ᛫ an announcer ᛫ N melda OE
migh mige ᛫ to urinate ᛫ to piss ᛫ to pee ᛫ V mīȝen[migan] ME
might migt ᛫ ability ᛫ capacity ᛫ power ᛫ N might&might NE&ME
mighten migten ᛫ to enable ᛫ to empower ᛫ V might+en NE×2
mightened migtened ᛫ enabled ᛫ empowered ᛫ AJ might+en+ed NE×3
mighth migð ᛫ urine ᛫ pee ᛫ piss ᛫ N miȝethe ME rhyme: writhe
mighthleech migðleec ᛫ a urologist ᛫ N miȝethe+leech ME+NE rhyme: writhe peach
mightlihood migtlihood ᛫ a possibility ᛫ N mightly+hood OE+NE inspired by: likelihood
mightly mietlie ᛫ possible ᛫ AJ mihtlic/meahtelic OE
milch milc ᛫ able to give milk ᛫ able to be milked ᛫ AJ milch ME
milch cow milc cue ᛫ a cow kept for milking ᛫ a cash cow ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
mildheart ᛫ merciful ᛫ AJ mildheort OE
mildheartly mildheartlie ᛫ mercifully ᛫ AJ᛭AV mildheortlīce OE
mildheartness ᛫ mercy ᛫ N mildheortnes OE
miles ᛫ an Atriplex plant ( an orache ) ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
militish militisc ᛫ military ᛫ martial ᛫ AJ militisc OE‹I
milkcoffee ᛫ latte ᛫ N milk+coffee NE×2‹ calque: caffè latte
milken ᛫ lactael ᛫ AJ ~ NE
milkhouse milkhuse ᛫ a dairy ᛫ a creamery ᛫ a cheesery ᛫ a lactarium ᛫ N ~ NE
milklithe milkliðe ᛫ very soft ᛫ very gentle ᛫ soft as milk ᛫ AJ meolclīþe OE
milksop ᛫ a feeble or ineffectual person ᛫ a coward ᛫ N ~ NE
milksoppy milksoppie ᛫ timid ᛫ milquetoast ᛫ insipid ᛫ ADJ ~ NE
millbeetle millbeetel ᛫ a cockroach ᛫ N ~ NE‹(I+E)
milse ᛫ mercy ᛫ pardon ᛭ to be merciful to ᛫ to pardon ᛭ mercy me! ᛫ N᛭V᛭I milce&milcen ME
milsey milsie ᛫ a milk strainer ᛫ N ~ NE from milk-sye, from Middle English mylke syhe (milk sieve)
milt ᛫ spleen ᛫ N ~ NE
milth milð ᛫ mercy ᛫ N milthe ME kin: mild
mimmer ᛫ to keep in memory ᛫ to remember ᛫ V mimorian OE
min ᛫ memory ᛫ remembrance ᛫ N min ME
minchen mincen ᛫ a nun ᛫ a female monk ᛫ N minchen[mynecenu] ME should Munich be named this in Anglisc?
mind ᛫ to be bothered by [ᛏ] ᛫ to care (if) [ᛏ] ᛫ to keep in mind [ᛏ] ᛫ to call to mind [ᛏ] ᛫ to remember [ᛏ] ᛫ V mīnden ME "mind your manners", "it is to be minded that", "she minded well", "I mind if you do"
minday mindag ᛫ the anniversary of a person's death ᛫ a day of remembrance ᛫ N myndey ANE [OED]
mindfarer ᛫ a psychonaut ᛫ N mind+farer NE×2
mindful ᛫ having mental faculties not dulled by sleep faintness or stupor ᛫ AJ ~ NE
minding ᛫ a remembering ᛫ V mīnding ME
mindleech mindleec ᛫ a psychiatrist ᛫ N mind+leech NE+NE [OED]
mindless ᛫ senseless ᛫ stupid ᛫ heedless ᛫ AJ ~ NE
mindlokening ᛫ psychiatry ᛫ N mind+lācnung NE+OE
mindlore ᛫ psychology ᛫ N mind+lore NE
mindly mindlie ᛫ mental ᛫ AJ ~ NE
mindset ᛫ a mentality ᛫ N ~ NE
minge ᛫ to mix ᛫ to blend ᛫ to mingle ᛫ V mē̆nǧen ME rhyme: singe ᛫ kin: mingle
mingle mingel ᛫ to mix ᛫ to associate ( esp at social functions ) ᛫ V ~ NE
minnow minnoƿ ᛫ a very small fish ᛫ a small cyprinid , killifish , or topminnow ᛫ a small or insignificant person ( a small fry ) ᛫ N ~[meneu] NE
minse ᛫ to diminish ᛫ to chop into bits ᛫ to mince ᛫ V minsian OE kin: mince
minster ᛫ a monastery ᛫ N minster[mynster] ME‹OE‹I
mint ᛫ an intent ᛫ an aiming ᛭ to intend ᛫ to aim ( with a weapon or otherwise ) ᛫ N minten[myntan] ME
mir ᛫ myrrh ᛫ a Commiphora myrrha plant ᛫ N mirre/murre[myrra/myrre] ME‹OE‹I‹H‹O or: mur
mire ᛫ a fen ᛫ a bog ᛫ N ~ NE‹N
mirth mirð ᛫ merriment ᛫ jollity ᛫ amusement ᛫ a source of entertainment or amusement ᛭ to amuse ᛫ to entertain ᛫ to cheer up ᛫ N mirth&mirthen NE&ME
misbegotten ᛫ illegitimate ( born out of wedlock ) ᛫ ill-conceived ᛫ AJ ~ NE
misbehaving misbehafing ᛫ misconduct ᛫ N misbehaving ME
misbeholden ᛫ disobliging ᛫ unbecoming ᛫ offensive ᛫ AJ ~ NE [MW]
misbelieve misbeleef ᛫ to disbelieve ᛫ to hold an erronious belief ᛫ V ~ NE
misbid ᛫ to abuse ᛫ to mistreat ᛫ V misbidden ME
misbirth misbirð ᛫ a miscarriage ᛫ N ~ NE
misbrook ᛫ to misuse ᛫ V mis+brook NE×2
mischar miscar ᛫ to pervert ᛫ V miscyrran OE
misdeed ᛫ an offense ᛫ N ~ NE
misdeem ᛫ to misjudge ᛫ V ~ NE
misdoom ᛫ a misjudgment / a misjudgement ᛫ N misdōm ME
misfall ᛫ a mishap ᛫ misfortune ᛭ to suffer bad luck ᛫ to turn out badly ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE [CED]
misfare ᛫ an error ᛫ a transgression ᛫ a mishap ᛫ misfortune ᛫ ill fate ᛭ to err ᛫ to transgress ᛫ to go wrong or astray ᛫ to be unfortunate ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE [LEX]
misgang ᛫ a trespass ᛫ N misgang ME
misgiving misgifing ᛫ doubt ᛫ apprehension ᛫ N ~ NE‹(E+N) un-Norse: misyeafing/misgeefing ᛫ usually plural: "misgivings"
mish misc ᛫ to mix ᛫ V miscian OE
mishandle mishandel ᛫ to maltreat ᛫ to mistreat ᛫ to abuse ᛫ to misuse ᛫ to mismanage ᛫ V ~ NE
mishap mishap ᛫ an unfortunate accident ᛫ N ~ NE
mishappen mishappen ᛫ to occur by misfortune ᛫ V ~ NE
mislear ᛫ to miseducate ᛫ to misinform ᛫ V mislēren[mislǣran] ME
mislike ᛫ to dislike ᛫ V misliken ME
mislore ᛫ evil teaching ᛫ misinformation ᛫ N ~ NE
misname ᛫ a misnomer ᛭ to call by a wrong name ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
misnim ᛫ to mistake ᛫ V misnimen ME PST: misnam, PTCP: misnum
misnimming ᛫ a mistake ᛫ an error ᛫ N misniminge ME
misput ᛫ to misplace ᛫ V ~ NE
misqueath miscƿeað ᛫ to slander ᛫ to calumniate ᛫ to malign ᛫ to slander ᛫ to traduce ᛫ V miscweþan OE
misqueme miscƿeem ᛫ to displease ᛫ V miscwemen ME
misread ᛫ to misadvise ᛫ to misinterpret ᛫ V ~ NE
misreckon ᛫ to miscalculate ᛫ V ~ NE [MW]
misser ᛫ a half-year ᛫ N missere OE
misshapen misscapen ᛫ deformed ᛫ AJ ~ NE
missliness ᛫ variousness ᛫ diversity ᛫ variability ᛫ ununiformity ᛫ N mislīch+ness ME+NE
missly misslie ᛫ various ᛫ diverse ᛫ variable ᛫ ununiform ᛭ variously ᛫ diversely ᛫ ununiformly ᛫ AJ᛭AV mislīch ME
misspeak ᛫ to mispronounce ᛫ V ~ NE
mist ᛫ fog ᛫ a cloud of smoke ᛫ vapour ( including aromatic vapour ) ᛫ a gas ᛫ N mist&mist NE&ME
Mistassini Mere ᛫ Lac Mistassini ᛫ N(P) Mistassini+mere NE‹O+NE
misthee misþee ᛫ to fail to improve to degenerate ᛫ V misþēon OE
mistide ᛫ to have bad luck ᛫ to turn out badly ᛫ V mistiden ME
mistihood ᛫ a mystery ᛫ mystery ᛫ obscurity ᛫ N mistīhēd ME
mistiming ᛫ an anachronism ᛫ N mis+timing NE×2 invented by William Barnes
mistle mistel ᛫ basil ᛫ mistletoe ᛫ N ~ NE
mistrust ᛫ distrust ᛫ suspicion ᛭ to distrust ᛫ to have no confidence in ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
misunderstand ᛫ to misinterpret ᛫ to misconstrue ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
miswend misƿend ᛫ to go astray ᛫ to subvert ᛫ to pervert ᛫ to deform ᛫ V miswenden ME
miswise misƿise ᛫ to misinstruction ᛫ V miswissian OE
misworking misƿorking ᛫ dysfunctional ᛫ AJ ~ NE
miswrought misƿrougt ᛫ poorly made ᛫ poorly worked ᛫ misworked ᛫ AJ ~ NE
mithe miðe ᛫ to conceal ᛫ to dissemble ᛫ to restrain oneself ᛫ to suppress one's feelings ᛫ to restrain oneself ᛫ to refrain from ᛫ V mithen&mīþan ME&OE
mixen ᛫ a dung heap ᛫ a dunghill ᛫ odure ᛫ N ~[mixen]{meox} NE kin: "mix"
modry modrie ᛫ an aunt ᛫ N moddri[mōdrige] ME
modrydaughter modriedaugter ᛫ a maternal female cousin ᛫ N moddri+daughter ME+NE built on analogy with "modry sune" ᛫ see "needmay"
modryson modriesun ᛫ a maternal male cousin ᛫ N moddri sune ME see "needmay"
mold ᛫ soil ᛫ the surface of the earth ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
moldlore ᛫ soil science ᛫ N mold+lore NE×2
Moldova ᛫ Moldova ᛫ N(P) Moldova I
molten ᛫ liquefied by heat ᛫ AJ ~ NE
mond ᛫ a basket ᛫ N mand/mond OE kin: maund
mone ᛫ social intercourse ᛫ sexual intercourse ᛫ N imōne[gemāna] ME
mone ᛫ a companion ᛫ a partner ᛫ companionship ᛫ participation ᛫ assistance ᛫ sexual intercourse ᛫ N mōn ME
mone ᛫ evil ᛫ wickedness falsehood ᛫ evil personified ᛫ the Devil ᛭ wicked ᛫ false ᛫ base ᛫ N᛭AJ mon/man/mone[mān] ME&OE
mong ᛫ a mixture ᛫ a mingling ᛫ an intermixture ᛫ confusion ᛫ dealings or association between people ᛫ N mōng[gemang] ME
mong ᛫ to traffic (with) ᛫ to barter ᛫ V ~[monger] NE backformation of monger which came from mong
monger ᛫ a dealer ᛫ a trader ᛫ N monger NE‹Þ‹I‹H
monkhood munkhood ᛫ monasticism ᛫ monachism ᛫ monastic life ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
monkhouse munkhuse ᛫ a monastery ᛫ N monk house NE‹OE‹(I+E)
monkhouse munkhuse ᛫ a monastery ᛫ a cloister ᛫ N monk-house NE‹(NE‹‹I+NE) [OED]
monkly munklie ᛫ monastic ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹(O+E) [MW]
monkshead munkshead ᛫ a Taraxacum flower ( a dandelion ) ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
monkstow munkstoƿ ᛫ a monastery ᛫ a hermitage ᛫ N munucstōw OE‹I
Monnight Monnigt ᛫ the night following Monday's dusk ᛫ N(P) ~ NE from mōnanniht or from Monday+night
monthadle monðadel ᛫ menstruation ᛫ N mōnaþādl OE
monthadly monðadelie ᛫ undergoing menstruation ᛫ AJ mōnaþādlig OE
monthblood monðblood ᛫ menses ᛫ menstrual blood ᛫ N mōnaþblōd OE
monthly book monðlie ᛫ a monthly periodical or magazine ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
mood ᛫ courage ᛫ valor ᛫ a mental state ᛫ an emotional state ᛫ a state of mind ᛫ N ~ NE
moodsick ᛫ distressed ᛫ of troubled mind ᛫ AJ mōdsēoc OE
moodthrake moodþrake ᛫ impetuosity of mind ᛫ impetuous or daring courage ᛫ N mōdþracu OE
moonbone ᛫ a lunate bone ᛫ N moon+bone NE×2 calque: maanbeen, Mondbein
moonling ᛫ a lunatic ᛫ a crazy or insane person ᛫ N ~ NE
moonly moonlie ᛫ lunar ᛫ AJ ~ NE
moonmadness ᛫ lunacy ᛫ N moonmadness NE
moonrat ᛫ a Galericinae animal ( a gymnure ) ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
moonrown moonrune ᛫ a Chinese character ᛫ any character inspired by Chinese characters ( such as those in kana and hangul ) ᛫ N moon+rown NE×2 potentially offensive
moonscape ᛫ a devastated land ᛫ N ~ NE
moonshine moonscine ᛫ illicitly distilled alcohol ᛫ nonsense ᛫ N ~ NE
moonsick ᛫ crazy ᛫ lunatic ᛫ AJ ~ NE
moonstruck ᛫ insane ᛫ crazy ᛫ ludicrous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
moor ᛫ a tract of open , peaty , wasteland , often overgrown with heath ᛫ an expanse of open rolling infertile land ᛫ N ~[mọ̄r][mōr] NE [CED]
moorfowl moorfule ᛫ the Lagopus scotica bird ᛫ N moorfowl NE
Moorland ᛫ Mauritania ᛫ N(P) Moor+land NE‹O+NE or: Mauritany
moorle moorel ᛫ a rope for mooring a ship ᛫ pronesium ᛫ N mǣrels OE
moose moos ᛫ food ᛫ nourishment ᛫ N mōs OE
moot ᛫ an assembly ᛫ a council ᛭ to broach ᛫ to talk about ᛫ to debate ᛫ to argue ᛫ to dispute ᛭ no longer relevant ᛫ N᛭V᛭AJ ~ NE
moothall moothall ᛫ a room or building in which a moot is held ᛫ N ~ NE
mooting ᛫ conversation ᛫ discussion ᛫ discourse ᛫ debate ᛫ N mooting&motung NE&OE
mootstow mootstoƿ ᛫ a meeting place ᛫ a forum ᛫ N gemōtstōw OE
more ᛫ an edible root ( like a carrot or parsnip ) ᛫ a root ᛫ an origin ᛭ to take root ᛫ to root ᛫ N᛭V more[more]&mōren ME&ME
more than enough þan enuge ᛫ plenty ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE [OED]
morebeam ᛫ a Morus plant ( a mulberry tree ) ᛫ N mōrbēam ME‹OE‹I
moreberry moreberrie ᛫ a mulberry ᛫ N morberi OE‹I
morecrop ᛫ a Pimpinella plant ( a pimpernel ) ᛫ N ~ ANE
moreness ᛫ plurality ᛫ N ~ NE
morning beads ᛫ matins ᛫ N ~ NE
Morningland ᛫ the Orient ᛫ the Far East ᛫ N ~ NE poetic?
morrow morroƿ ᛫ the following day ᛫ the time following an event ᛫ the near future ᛫ N ~ NE
morth morð ᛫ murder ᛫ slaughter ᛫ N morth ME
mostlings ᛫ for the most part ᛫ AV ~ NE [MW]
mote ᛫ a particle ᛫ an atom ᛫ N ~ NE
motherland moðerland ᛫ the land of one's ancestors or birth ᛫ the country which founded a colony ᛫ N ~ NE
motherly moðerlie ᛫ maternal ᛫ AJ ~ NE
mothermorth moðermorð ᛫ matricide ᛫ N mother+morth NE+ME calque: Muttermord
motherslayer moðerslager ᛫ a matricide ᛫ N mōdorslaga OE
mothertongue moðertung ᛫ one's native language ᛫ N ~ NE
motherwit moðerƿit ᛫ common sense ᛫ N mother wit NE
mothren moðren ᛫ maternal ᛫ AJ mēdren OE
mound mund ᛫ a hand ᛫ a hand ( a measurement ) ᛫ guardianship ᛫ protection ᛫ N mound[mund] ME
moundbreach mundbreac ᛫ violation of security ᛫ N ~ NE
mount munt ᛫ a mountain ᛫ a hill ᛫ N munt[mons] OE‹I
mourn morn ᛫ to grieve ᛫ V ~[mǒrnen][murnan] NE
mousehare musehare ᛫ an Ochotona animal ᛫ a pika ᛫ N mouse-hare NE [OED]
mousehart musehart ᛫ a Tragulidae animal ᛫ a chevrotain ᛫ N mouse+hart NE+NE calque: mouse-deer [OED]
mouser muser ᛫ an animal that catches mice ( esp a cat ) ᛫ N ~ NE
mouthharp muðeharp ᛫ a harmonica ᛫ N mouth-harp NE [OED]
mouthly muðelie ᛫ oral ᛫ AJ ~ NE
mouthroof muðeroof ᛫ the palate ᛫ N mūþhrōf OE
mouthroofy muðeroofie ᛫ palatal ᛫ AJ mūþhrōf+y OE+NE
mow muhe ᛫ to be able to ᛫ to maybe be able to ᛫ to be permitted to ᛫ to be allowed to ᛫ V mouen ME PST: might ᛫ PTCP: ? ᛫ PRES: may ᛫ PPR: mowing ᛫ rhyme: how
mowing muing ᛫ capable ᛫ able ᛫ AJ mouing{mouen} ME from the present participle of ME "mouen"
much muc ᛫ large ᛫ big ᛫ AJ much/muchel ME
muchel mucel ᛫ to increase ᛫ to magnify ᛫ V muchelen[miclian] ME or: mickle; much
muchness mucness ᛫ majesty ᛫ magnificence ᛫ greatness ᛫ size ᛫ N muchelness ME
mudflow mudfloƿ ᛫ a flowing or hardened stream of mud ᛫ a lahar ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
mug ᛫ a cup ᛫ face ( colloquial ) ᛫ N ~ NE‹N
mugwort mugƿurt ᛫ an Artemisia vulgaris plant ᛫ an Artemisia plant [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~ NE
mum ᛫ silent ᛫ AJ ~ NE
mumble mumbel ᛫ a quiet and indistinct utterance ᛭ to murmur ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
mun ᛫ to remember [ᚾ] ᛫ V imunen[gemunan] ME
munworthy munƿorðie ᛫ memorable ᛫ worthy of being remembered ᛫ V mun+worthy OE+NE
murder murder ᛫ a murder ᛭ to murder ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE "-u- and the -d- probably influence of Anglo-Norman, Old French, Latin forms" - OED
murdersome murdersum ᛫ murderous ᛫ AJ ~ NE "-u- and the -d- probably influence of Anglo-Norman, Old French, Latin forms" - OED
murdry murdrie ᛫ muderous ᛫ AJ murder+y NE×2 "-u- and the -d- probably influence of Anglo-Norman, Old French, Latin forms" - OED
murk ᛫ darkness or particles that make it hard to see ᛫ N ~ NE
murken ᛫ to murmur ᛫ V murcnian OE
murky murkie ᛫ dark and gloomy ( esp due to thick mist ) ᛫ darkly vague ᛫ obscure ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Muscovy ᛫ the principality of Moscow ᛫ Russia ᛫ N(P) ~ NE‹‹O [MW][CED]
mut ᛫ to be allowed ᛫ to be permitted ᛫ to be compelled ᛫ must ᛫ may ( subjunctive ) ᛫ V mọ̄ten ME modal verb ᛫ once the present tense of "must" ᛫ shortened ~1500
naft ᛫ poverty ᛫ indigence ᛫ N næft OE literally: not-having? ᛫ see: haft
nafty naftie ᛫ poor ( unwealthy ) ᛫ indigent ᛫ AJ næftig OE
nag ᛫ to niggle or to gripe continuously ᛫ V ~ NE
nailkin naglkin ᛫ a Dianthus plant ( a carnation ) ᛫ N nail+kin NE+ME calque: Nelke
nake ᛫ to strip ᛫ to undress ᛫ V ~ NE
nake ᛫ a seacraft ᛫ N naca OE kin: navy
naked ᛫ stripped ᛫ naked ᛫ undressed ᛫ AJ ~ NE
nakedness ᛫ nudity ᛫ N ~ NE
nam ᛫ am not ᛫ V neom OE equal to: nay am
name ᛫ a noun ᛫ N ~ NE calque: nōmen
namebook ᛫ a register of names ᛫ N nambōc OE
namecouth namecooð ᛫ famous ᛫ well-known ᛫ of note ᛫ of renown ᛫ AJ namcūþ OE
nameless ᛫ anonymous ᛫ indefinable ᛫ AJ ~ NE
namelessness ᛫ anonymity ᛫ indefinability ᛫ N ~ NE
namesake ᛫ one who is named after another or for whom another is named ᛫ N ~ NE
nameshunning namescunning ᛫ antonomasia ᛫ N name+shunning NE×2 invented by William Barnes
naming ᛫ nomination ᛫ N ~ NE
nana ᛫ a grandmother ᛫ N ~ NE
nap ᛫ a cup ᛫ a bowl ᛫ N nap[hnæp] ME
narrow narroƿ ᛫ a confinement ᛫ a durance ᛫ a strait ᛫ a difficulty ᛫ N nearu OE
narrows narroƿs ᛫ a narrow part of a strait , river , ocean current , etc ᛫ N ~ NE [CED]
narxenwong narxenƿong ᛫ a paradise ᛫ N neorxenawang OE
narxenwongly narxenƿonglie ᛫ paradisiacal ᛫ AJ neorxnawanglic OE
nary narie ᛫ not any ᛫ not one ᛫ AJ ~ NE short for: ne'er a [MW]
nas ᛫ not ᛫ AV næs OE equal to: nā (never) +‎ ealles (completely)
natheless naðeless ᛫ nevertheless ᛫ AV ~ NE
naught naugt ᛫ nothing ᛫ a zero ᛫ a null ᛫ N ~ NE
naught but naugt ᛫ just ᛫ merely ᛫ nothing but ᛫ AV ~ NE
naughth naugtð ᛫ zeroth ᛫ 0th ᛫ AJ noughth NE found in: noughth week
naughties naugties ᛫ the first decade of a century ᛫ N ~ NE
naughty naugtie ᛫ mischievous ᛫ risqué ᛫ AJ ~ NE
nave nafe ᛫ to not have ᛫ V nabban OE rhyme: have
nave nafe ᛫ a wheel hub ᛫ N nāve[nafa/nafu] ME
navel nafel ᛫ an umbilicus ᛫ a belly button ᛫ the central point of a place ᛫ N ~ NE
navelstring nafelstring ᛫ an umbilical cord ᛫ N navel-string NE [OED]
nay nag ᛫ a negative answer ᛭ to reply negatively ᛭ no ᛫ N᛭V᛭AV ~ NE
nay nag ᛫ to address ᛫ to accost ᛫ to speak to ᛫ to assail ᛫ V nǣgan&genǣgan OE
naying naging ᛫ negative ᛫ AJ nay+ing NE×2
nayword nagƿord ᛫ a term of negation ᛫ N ~ NE coined by Ralph Lever
ne ᛫ no ᛫ not ᛫ nay ᛭ nor ᛫ neither ᛫ AV᛭C ne&ne ME&OE
neap ᛫ to pluck off ᛫ V ahnēapan OE kin: 𐌳𐌹𐍃𐌷𐌽𐌹𐌿𐍀𐌰𐌽; nypa (Swedish)
nearness ᛫ closeness ᛫ proximity ᛫ intimacy ᛫ N ~ NE
nearsighted nearsigted ᛫ myopic ᛫ AJ near-sighted NE [OED]
nearsightedness nearsigtedness ᛫ myopia ᛫ N near-sightedness NE [OED]
neat ᛫ a peasant holding land from a lord ᛫ a companion ᛫ a comrade [ᚹ] ᛫ N nēt&genēat ME&OE
neat ᛫ cattle ᛫ a cow ᛫ a bull ᛫ N neat&neat NE&OE
neath neað ᛫ beneath ᛫ P ~ NE
neatherd neatherd ᛫ one who looks after neat ( cattle ) ᛫ N ~ NE
neatland ᛫ rented land ᛫ feudally owned land ᛫ N geneatland OE
neb ᛫ a beak ᛫ a nose ᛫ a snout ᛫ a face ᛫ N neb&nebb NE&OE
neckrib ᛫ a cervical rib ᛫ N neck+rib NE×2
neckridgebone neckridgbone ᛫ a cervical vertebra ᛫ N neck+ridgebone NE×2
need ᛫ a necessity ᛫ a requirement ᛭ to require ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
needful ᛫ necessary ᛫ mandatory ᛫ AJ ~ NE
needfully needfullie ᛫ necessarily ᛫ AV ~ NE
needlefish needelfisc ᛫ a Belonidae fish ᛫ N ~ NE
needless ᛫ unnecessary ᛫ AJ ~ NE
needlework needelƿork ᛫ embroidery ᛫ N ~ NE
needling needelling ᛫ acupuncture ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
needmay needmag ᛫ a close kinsman or kinswoman ᛫ a cousin ?᛫ N nīdmæge&nīdmāge OE&OE
neednot ᛫ a superfluity ᛫ an unnecessary thing ᛫ N neednot NE
needs cost ᛫ necessarily ᛫ AV nedes cost ME or: needs costs ᛫ this "cost" is not from French
needtharf needþarf ᛫ necessary ᛫ AJ nẹ̄dtharf[nēdþearf] ME
needwise needƿise ᛫ by necessity ᛫ AV ~ NE
neep ᛫ a turnip ᛫ N ~[nẹ̄p][nǣp] NE‹ME‹OE‹I
neepseed ᛫ rapeseed ᛫ N nǣpsǣd OE‹I
neer ᛫ to save ᛫ to rescue ᛫ V nerian&nerian ME&OE
neer ᛫ the kidney ᛫ N nēre ME‹LG
neese ᛫ to inspect ᛫ to visit ᛫ V nēosian OE
neet ᛫ to enjoy ( to make use of ) ᛫ V nēotan OE
neethe neeðe ᛫ to risk ᛫ to venture ᛫ V nēþan OE
neeve neefe ᛫ nephew ᛫ a grandson ᛫ N nēve[nefa] ME
neigh neig ᛫ local- ᛫ PREFIX neigh&nēah NE&OE found in "neighbour"
neighledge neigledg ᛫ to approach ᛫ V neighlechen ME rhyme: day ledge
neightheed neigþeed ᛫ a neighbouring people or nation ᛫ N nēahþēod OE rhyme: day weed
neighwist neigƿist ᛫ neighborhood ᛫ society ᛫ fellowship ᛫ N nēahwist OE
neither neiðer ᛫ neuter ( grammatical term ) ᛫ AJ naþor OE
nem ᛫ to mention ᛫ to specify ᛫ to refer to ᛫ to designate ᛫ to name ᛫ V nem[nemnen] ANE
nemmenly nemmenenlie ᛫ nominative ( grammar ) ᛫ AJ nemnigendlīc OE
nesh nesc ᛫ delicate ᛫ feeble ᛫ soft ᛫ tender ᛫ timid ᛫ dainty ᛫ AJ ~[hnesce/hnysce/hnæsce] NE
neshen nescen ᛫ to make tender or soft ᛫ mollify ᛫ V ~ NE
neshly nesclie ᛫ tenderly ᛫ AV n̄̆eshlī ME
neshness nescness ᛫ docility ᛫ feebleness ᛫ weakness ᛫ softness ᛫ N ~ NE
ness ᛫ a headland ᛫ a promontory ᛫ a cape ᛫ N ~ NE
ness ᛫ -ity ( abstract nominal suffix ) ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE
nestle nestel ᛫ to lie comfortably within or against something ᛫ to lie somewhat obscured ᛫ V ~ NE
net ᛫ cyber- ( but only in internet contexts ) ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE or: web-
nether neðer ᛫ lower ᛫ low ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Netherfrankish Neðerfrankisc ᛫ Low Franconian ᛫ N(P) nether+Frank+ish NE×3 calque: Niederfränkisch
nethergang neðergang ᛫ a descent ᛫ N niþergang OE
netherhair neðerhear ᛫ pubic hair ᛫ N ~ NE
netherhose neðerhose ᛫ underpants ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
Netherlander Neðerlander ᛫ one from the Netherlands ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
Netherlandish Neðerlandisc ᛫ the Dutch language ᛫ of the Dutch ᛫ N(P)᛭AJ(P) ~ NE
nethermind neðermind ᛫ the subconscious ᛫ N ~ NE
netherness neðerness ᛫ inferiority ᛫ N ~ NE
netherstock neðerstock ᛫ a stocking ᛫ a 16th century stocking reaching above the knee and worn with upperstocks ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
netherwear neðerƿear ᛫ underwear ᛫ undergarments ᛫ lingerie ᛫ N ~ NE
Nettilling Mere ᛫ Nettilling Lake ᛫ N(P) Nettilling+mere NE‹O+NE
nettle nettel ᛫ an Urtica plant ᛭ to hit with nettles ᛫ to irritate ᛫ to annoy ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
nettlesome nettelsum ᛫ annoying ᛫ irritating ᛫ AJ ~ NE
network netƿork ᛫ a system or a group or a chain of interconnected parts ᛫ N ~ NE
neveling nefeling ᛫ prone ᛫ face-down ᛫ supine ᛫ face-up ᛫ AV nevelinge ME
neverending neferending ᛫ infinite ᛫ endless ᛫ N ~ NE
neverland neferland ᛫ a utopia ᛫ N neverland NE
new neƿ ᛫ neo- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE
new neƿ ᛫ stingy ᛫ niggardly ᛫ miserly ᛫ AJ hnēaw OE kin: niggard
New English Englisc ᛫ Modern English ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
New Everwich Neƿ Eferƿic ᛫ New York City ᛫ New York state ᛫ N(P) new+everwich NE+ME unnecessary alternative
New Scotland Neƿ ᛫ Nova Scotia ᛫ N(P) ~ NE used on at least one old map
new world ape neƿ ƿorld ape ᛫ a New World monkey ᛫ N new+world+monkey NE+NE+O calque: Old World monkey
newborn neƿborn ᛫ an infant ᛭ nascent ᛫ reborn ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE [OED]
newel neƿel ᛫ a novelty ᛫ novelty itself ᛫ N ~ NE
newel neƿel ᛫ prone ᛫ prostrate ᛫ face-down ᛫ deep down ᛫ very low ᛫ AJ niwol[neowol] OE
newelness neƿelness ᛫ the abyss ᛫ N nielnesse ME
newen neƿen ᛫ recently ᛫ AV neuen[nīwan/nēowan] ME
newfangled neƿfangelled ᛫ novel ᛫ AJ ~ NE
newlings neƿlings ᛫ recently ᛫ lately ᛫ AV ~ NE
newsman neƿsman ᛫ a reporter ᛫ a journalist ᛫ N ~ NE
Nicaragua Mere ᛫ Lake Nicaragua ᛫ N(P) Nicaragua+mere NE‹O+NE
nich nic ᛫ not I ᛫ N(PRO) nich ME equal to: nay ich
nick ᛫ to deny ᛫ V nikken[niccan] ME supposedly comes from Old English "ne ic" (not I)
nicker ᛫ a water spirit ᛫ a mermaid ᛫ a siren ᛫ N niker[nicor] ME kin: Nixe; nikker; nekker; nøkke; nøkken; näck
nift ᛫ a niece ᛫ a granddaughter ᛫ N nifte&nift ME&OE
nigh nige ᛫ to approach ᛭ near ᛭ close to ᛫ V᛭AJ᛭P nigh&neighen NE&ME
nigh on nige ᛫ just about ᛫ AJ ~ NE
nighness nigeness ᛫ proximity ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
nightganger nigtganger ᛫ a thing that goes about at night ᛫ a night monster ᛫ a hyena ? ᛫ N nihtgenga OE
nightish nigtisc ᛫ nocturnal ᛫ AJ ~ NE
nightledge nigtledg ᛫ to become night ᛫ V nichtlachen ME
nightly nigtlig ᛫ nocturnal ᛭ happening every night ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE
nightrail nigtragl ᛫ a loose gown worn at night ᛫ N ~ NE
nightshade nigtscade ᛫ a Solanum plant ᛫ N ~ NE
nightsong nigtsong ᛫ compline ᛫ N night song[nihtsang] NE
nightward nigtƿard ᛫ a nightguard ᛫ a nightwatchman ᛫ N night+ward NE×2
nill ᛫ will not ᛫ V ~ NE PST: nould
nim ᛫ to take ᛫ to seize ᛫ to gain ᛫ V ~ NE kin: numb; nimble ᛫ conjugation regularized around 1600
nimble nimbel ᛫ agile ᛫ dextrous ᛫ AJ ~[nē̆mel] NE kin: nim; numb
nimbleness nimbelness ᛫ agility ᛫ dexterity ᛫ legerity ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
nimmer ᛫ a taker ᛫ a thief ᛫ N ~ NE dialectal
nimth nimð ᛫ unless ᛫ except ᛫ C nimþe/nemþe/nymþe OE
nine eyes nine eges ᛫ a lamprey ᛫ N ~ NE analogy: Neunauge; negenoog; niøje; niauge
ninefold ᛫ nonuple ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE [OED]
ninesome ninesum ᛫ a nonet ᛫ a nonad ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
nip ᛫ clouds ᛫ mist ᛫ fog ᛫ vapor ᛫ obscurity ᛫ a nebula [ᚹ] ᛫ N inip&genip ME&OE kin: nebula
nip ᛫ to become low ( such as the setting of the sun or the bowing of one's head ) ᛫ V nipen[hnipian] ME
nipe ᛫ to become dark ᛫ V nīpan OE
Nipigon Mere ᛫ Lake Nipigon ᛫ N(P) Nipigon+mere NE‹O+NE
nis ᛫ is not ᛫ V nis OE equal to: nay is
nite ᛫ to clash ᛫ to butt against ᛫ V hnītan OE
nithe niðe ᛫ enmity ᛫ rancour ᛫ spite ᛫ N nīth[nīþ] ME
nither niðer ᛫ to debase ᛫ to humiliate ᛫ to blight ᛫ to blast (as in blight a plant) ᛫ V ~ NE
nithing niðing ᛫ a wretch ᛫ an outcast ᛫ a social reject ᛫ N ~ NE
niths niðs ᛫ men ᛫ humans ( poetic ) ᛫ N niþþas OE
nitten ᛫ ignorant ᛫ AJ nyten OE
nittenness ᛫ ignorance ᛫ N nytennes OE
nobbut ᛫ merely ᛫ just ᛭ except ᛭ except that ᛫ AV᛭P᛭C nobbut[nōbut] NE [CED][MW]
noll ᛫ a crown of a head ᛫ a head ᛫ a nape ᛫ N nol[hnol] ME
nonce nones ᛫ a nonce word ᛫ one occasion ᛭ for one occasion ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
nooth nooð ᛫ boldness ᛫ daringness ᛫ temerity ᛫ N nōþ OE
Nornish Nornisc ᛫ the Norwegian language ᛭ Norwegian ᛫ N(P)᛭AJ(P) Norenish/Nornisce{Noreine} ME
Nornishman Norniscman ᛫ a Norwegian ᛫ N(P) Noreinisce men ME or: Norn (from backformation)
northen norðen ᛫ from the north ᛫ AV norþan OE
northern lights ligts ᛫ the aurora borealis ᛫ N ~ NE
Northish Norðisc ᛫ Nordic ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Northman Norðman ᛫ a Norseman ( a Dane , a Swede , a Norwegian , an Icelander , a Faroe Islander , etc ) ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
Northmannish Norðmannisc ᛫ Norse language ᛭ Norse ᛫ N(P)᛭AJ(P) ~ NE
Northumber Norðumber ᛫ Northumbria ᛫ the Northumbrians ᛫ N(P) Norþhymbre OE‹(E+C)
Northumberrich Norðumberric ᛫ the Kingdom of Northumbria ᛫ N(P) Norþanhymbra rīce OE‹(E+C+C)
Northumbrish Norðumbrisc ᛫ the Northumbrian tongue ᛭ Northumbrian ᛫ N(P)᛭AJ(P) Norþhymbrisc OE‹(E+C+E)
Norwales Norƿales ᛫ Wales ᛫ Cambria ᛫ Welshmen ᛫ N(P) norþwalas OE
Norway Norƿag ᛫ Norway ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
Norwelsh Norƿelsc ᛫ Welsh language ᛭ Welsh ᛫ Cambrian ᛫ N(P)᛭AJ(P) norþwalas+ish OE+NE see: Welsh ᛫ or: Cymraeg
nosebone ᛫ a nasal bone ᛫ N ~ NE
nosefire ᛫ rhinitis ᛫ coryza ᛫ N nose+fire NE+ANE
nosegristle nosegristel ᛫ a septum ᛫ nose cartilage ᛫ N næsgristle OE
nosely noselie ᛫ nasal ᛭ nasally ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE
nostle nostel ᛫ a band or strip of material ᛫ a headband ᛫ a fillet ᛫ N nostle OE
nosy nosie ᛫ inquisitive ᛫ curious ᛫ prying ᛫ snoopy ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
note ᛫ benefit ᛫ usefulness ᛫ profit ᛫ advantage ᛭ to use ᛫ N᛭V nōte&nōten ME&ME
noteful ᛫ useful ᛫ beneficial ᛫ profitable ᛫ advantageous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
notely notelie ᛫ beneficial ᛫ useful ᛫ advantageous ᛫ AJ nytlīc OE
nott ᛫ polled ᛫ hornless ᛫ antlerless ᛫ AJ ~ NE
nottle nottel ᛫ useful ᛫ advantageous ᛫ beneficial ᛫ N nyttol OE
notwithstanding notƿiðstanding ᛫ in spite of this ᛭ despite ᛫ in spite of ᛭ in spite of the fact that ᛫ AV᛭P᛭C ~ NE
nough noug ᛫ bent down ᛫ low ᛫ lowly ᛫ humble ᛫ abject ᛫ mean ᛫ poor ᛫ AJ hnāh OE rhyme: dough
nouth nuðe ᛫ just now ᛫ at present ᛫ in a moment ᛫ AV nouthe ME
now and then nu þen ᛫ occasionally ᛫ AV ~ NE
nowend noƿend ᛫ a sailor ᛫ a mariner ᛫ N nōwend OE kin: navy
nowhither nohƿiðer ᛫ to nowhere ᛫ AV ~ NE
nowise noƿise ᛫ in no way or manner ᛫ AV ~ NE
numb ᛫ deprived of the power of feeling ᛫ AJ numb NE
nunhouse nunhuse ᛫ a nunnery ᛫ a convent ᛫ N nun+house NE‹‹I+NE by analogy with monkhouse
nut ᛫ a pancreas ( of an animal ) ᛫ N ~ NE
nye nie ᛫ to bend downwards ᛫ to curtsey ᛫ V hnīgan OE
o ᛫ continually ᛫ always ᛭ aye ! ᛫ AV᛭I ō ME kin: aye
oad ᛫ a funeral pyre ᛫ N ād ME&OE
oakwern oakƿern ᛫ a squirrel ᛫ N ocquerne/okerne[ācwern] ME
oal ᛫ a fire ᛫ a flame ᛫ N āl OE kin: anneal; ālfæt
oalvat oalfat ᛫ a vat for placing on fire ( for cooking , etc ) ᛫ N ālfæt OE
oast ᛫ a kiln ᛫ N ~ NE
oath oað ᛫ a vow ᛫ a pledge ᛫ a sworn declaration ᛫ N ~ NE
oathbreach oaðbreac ᛫ perjury ᛫ N ~ NE
oathbreaker oaðbreaker ᛫ a perjurer ᛫ N ~ NE
oathom oaðom ᛫ a son-in-law ᛫ a brother-in-law ᛫ N āþum OE
oathworthy oaðƿorðie ᛫ able to be trusted under oath ᛫ AJ ~ NE
ock ᛫ ( diminutive suffix ) ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE
oddness ᛫ strangeness ᛫ oddity ᛫ N ~ NE
odds and ends ᛫ miscellaneous things ᛫ N ~ NE
oddsmaker ᛫ one who reckons betting odds ᛫ N ~ NE
of late ᛫ recently ᛫ AV ~ NE
off the mark þe ᛫ inaccurate ᛫ AJ ~ NE
offal ᛫ garbage ᛫ trash ᛫ waste ᛫ internal organs which are to be discarded ᛫ N ~ NE
offarm ᛫ to pity ᛫ V ofearmian OE
offcome offcum ᛫ an excuse ᛫ N ~ NE
offdealing ᛫ a department ᛫ a division ᛫ N off+deal+ing NE×3 calque: ôfdieling
offgalth offgalð ᛫ a superstition ᛫ N æfgælþ OE what does "gælþ" mean?
offhand ᛫ curt ᛫ abrupt ᛫ informal ( of words or actions ) ᛭ without forethought ᛫ extempore ᛫ extemporaneous ᛫ impromptu ᛫ unpremeditated ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE
offhanded ᛫ of an ungraciously nonchalant manner ᛫ AJ ~ NE
offhandedly offhandedlie ᛫ in an ungraciously nonchalant manner ᛫ AV ~ NE
offing ᛫ the part of the sea that can be seen from the shore ᛫ N ~ NE in the offing = in the foreseeable future
offset ᛫ to counteract ᛫ V ~ NE
offshoot offscoot ᛫ a derivative ᛫ N ~ NE
ofold ᛫ simple ᛫ plain ᛫ onefold ᛫ single ᛫ singular ᛫ AJ ōfōld ME the ō = "Weakened form of ōn pron. used before consonants" - MEC ᛫ possible rhyme: shovelled
ofoldly ofoldie ᛫ simply ᛫ plainly ᛫ singularly ᛫ AV ōfōld+ly ME+NE the ō = "Weakened form of ōn pron. used before consonants" - MEC ᛫ possible rhyme: shovelledly
often ᛫ frequent ᛭ frequently ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE
oftenness ᛫ frequency ᛫ N ~ NE
oftseen ᛫ often seen ᛫ unrare ᛫ common ᛫ usual ᛫ AJ oft+seen{seldsēn} NE×2
old moon ᛫ the moon at any time after full moon and before new moon ᛫ N ~ NE or: waning moon
old world ape old ƿorld ape ᛫ a Catarrhini animal ᛫ an Old World monkey ᛫ an Old World anthropoid ᛫ N old+world+monkey NE+NE+O calque: New World monkey
oldbaken ᛫ stale ᛫ AJ ealdbacen OE Also used this way by Dutch and German
olden ᛫ related to former times ᛫ AJ ~ NE
oldfangled oldfangelled ᛫ old-fashioned ᛫ AJ ~ NE [MW]
oldfarrand ᛫ old-fashioned ᛫ AJ ~ NE
oldmaidish oldmagdisc ᛫ prim ᛫ AJ oldmaidish NE
olvend olfend ᛫ a camel ᛫ N olfend/olvend ME‹I‹H‹O
on the mark þe ᛫ accurate ᛫ AJ ~ NE
onalike ᛫ resemblance ᛫ similarity ᛫ simile ᛫ similitude ᛭ similar ᛭ similarly ᛫ N᛭AJ᛭AV ongelīc OE
onalikeness ᛫ a formula ᛫ a pattern ᛫ N ongelīcness OE
onboard ᛫ in agreement ᛫ being a willing participant or supporter ᛫ AJ ~ NE
onceover onesofer ᛫ a quick review , overview , or examination ᛫ B once-over NE [MW]
ond ᛫ envy ᛫ jealousy ᛫ malice ᛫ spite ᛫ enmity ᛫ N ō̆nd[anda/onda] ME
onday ondag ᛫ an appointed day ᛫ an appointment ᛭ to appoint a day ᛫ to appoint ᛫ N᛭V āndaga&āndagian OE
ondy ondie ᛫ envious ᛫ jealousy ᛫ malicious ᛫ spiteful ᛫ AJ andig OE
one ᛫ to unify ᛫ to make one ᛫ V onen ME
one ᛫ uni- ᛫ mono- ᛫ PREFIX ~ NE
one of a kind ᛫ unique ᛫ AJ ~ NE
oneberry oneberrie ᛫ a Paris quadrifolia plant ( paris ) ᛫ N ~ NE
oned ᛫ united ᛫ unified ᛫ AJ one+ed NE
Oned Kingdom ᛫ the United Kingdom ᛫ N oned+kingdom NE
onedeal ᛫ a one-piece swimsuit ᛫ N one+deal NE×2 calque: one-piece
onedom ᛫ unity ᛫ N one+dom NE×2
onefold ᛫ simple ᛫ plain ᛫ AJ ~ NE
onefoldly onefoldlie ᛫ simply ᛫ plainly ᛫ AV ~ NE
onefoldness ᛫ oneness ᛫ unity ᛫ simplicity ᛫ singleness ᛫ N ānfealdnes OE
Onega Mere ᛫ Lake Onega ᛫ N(P) Onega+mere NE‹O+NE
oneganger ᛫ a lone traveller ᛫ N āngenga OE
onehood ᛫ unity ᛫ singularity ᛫ accord ᛫ concord ᛫ agreement ᛫ unanimity ᛫ consensus ᛫ N ō̆nhē̆d ME
onehorn ᛫ a unicorn ᛫ N ānhorn OE
oneledge oneledg ᛫ to unite ᛫ V ānlǣcan OE
oneleppy oneleppie ᛫ single ᛫ unique ᛫ unmarried ᛫ isolated ᛫ N᛭AJ ō̆nlẹ̄̆pī ME or: onleppy
onemood ᛫ of one mind ᛫ unanimous ᛫ AJ ānmōd OE
onemoodly onemoodlie ᛫ unanimously ᛫ AV ānmōdlīce OE
onemoodness ᛫ unity ᛫ unanimity ᛫ N ānmōdnes OE
oneness ᛫ unity ᛫ a union ᛫ uniformity ᛫ solitude ᛫ a singularity ᛫ monadity ᛫ a covenant ᛫ an agreement ᛫ N ~ NE&OE [OED]
oneread ᛫ agreed ᛫ resolute ᛫ unanimous ᛫ AJ ānrǣd OE
onereadly onereadlie ᛫ unanimously ᛫ resolutely ᛫ AV ānrǣdlīce OE
onereadness ᛫ concord ᛫ constancy ᛫ agreement ᛫ N ānrǣdnes OE
onesome onesum ᛫ a solo ᛫ a singlet ᛫ a monad ᛫ N one+some NE+NE modelled after twosome, threesome etc.
onewield oneƿield ᛫ an autocracy ᛫ a monocracy ᛫ dictatorship ᛫ N ānweald OE
onewielder oneƿielder ᛫ an autocrat ᛫ a monarch ᛫ a dictator ᛫ N ānwealda OE
onewye oneƿie ᛫ a duel ᛫ N ānwīg OE
onfall ᛫ an attack [ᚹ] ᛫ an assault [ᚹ] ᛭ to attack ᛫ to assault ᛫ to fall upon ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
onfly onflie ᛫ infectious disease ᛫ N onflyge OE
onflyleech onflieleec ᛫ an infectious disease specialist ᛫ N onflyge+leech OE+NE
onget ᛫ to perceive ᛫ to comprehend ᛫ V onȝiten[ongietan] ME
ongoing ᛫ continuing ᛫ AJ ~ NE
oning ᛫ unification ᛫ a joining together ᛫ N oning ME rhyme: running
only onlie ᛫ sole ᛫ AJ ~ NE
onmarking ᛫ an inscription ᛫ N onmearcung OE
onnim ᛫ to adopt ᛫ V on+nim NE+ME calque: oannimme
onset ᛫ an assault ᛫ an attack ᛫ an initial phase ᛭ to assault ᛫ to attack ᛫ N ~ NE
onslaught onslaugt ᛫ a fierce or destructive attack ᛫ N ~ NE
Ontario Mere ᛫ Lake Ontario ᛫ N(P) Ontario+mere NE‹O+NE
oom ᛫ rust ᛫ N ōm OE
oose ᛫ a god of the Germanic pantheon ᛫ N ōs OE PL: eese?
oost ᛫ a knot in a tree ᛫ N ōst OE
oover oofer ᛫ a shore ᛫ N ọ̄ver[ōfer] ME
ooze oos ᛫ goo ᛫ juice sap ᛫ moisture ᛫ a secretion ᛭ to slowly secrete ᛫ N᛭V ooze&wōs NE&OE
oozy oosie ᛫ juicy ᛫ succulent ᛫ AJ oozy&wōsig NE&OE
openarse ᛫ a medlar ᛫ N ~ NE used by Chaucer and Shakespeare
openhearted ᛫ frank ᛫ AV ~ NE
or ᛫ proto- ᛫ PREFIX or OE
orange ᛫ a piece of fruit of certain Citrus plants ᛫ the orange hue ᛭ of orange hue ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE‹I‹O see: yellowred ᛫ widely borrowed in Germanic [colour]
orchard orcard ᛫ a fruit tree garden ᛫ N ~[ortgeard] NE‹(I?+E) kin: 𐌰𐌿𐍂𐍄𐌹𐌲𐌰𐍂𐌳𐍃
orcheap orceep ᛫ gratis ᛫ gratuitously ᛫ without payment ᛫ AV orcēape OE‹(E+I)
ord ᛫ a point ( of a sword , spear, pen , etc ) ᛫ a beginning ᛫ N ord ME partial calque of "point"
ordeal ᛫ a very unpleasant or dangerous prolonged experience ᛫ N ~ NE
ordeer ᛫ a protozoan ᛫ a protozoon ᛫ N or+deer ME+NE calque: Urtier
ordfrom ordfrum ᛫ a source ᛫ an origin ᛫ an originator ᛫ an author ᛫ N ordfrumeªruma ME&OE
ore ᛫ a messenger ᛫ a herald ᛫ an angel ᛫ an envoy ᛫ N ār OE kin: errand; árr (Norse); 𐌰𐌹𐍂𐌿𐍃
ore ᛫ honour ᛫ a showing of favour ᛭ to honour ᛫ to show favour ᛫ N᛭V ore&āren[ār] ME
ore ᛫ raw metal ᛫ mineral containing a valuable constituent ( such as metal ) ᛫ N ore&ōra NE&OE
orefast ᛫ honourable ᛫ AJ ārfæst OE
oreful ᛫ venerable ᛫ AJ ārful OE
oret ᛫ to disgrace ᛫ put to shame ᛫ V orrettan OE
oretship oretscip ᛫ infamy ᛫ disgrace ᛫ N orretscipe OE
oreworthy oreƿorðie ᛫ venerable ᛫ AJ ārweorþig OE
orf ᛫ cattle ᛫ livestock ᛫ N ~ NE
orfowl orfule ᛫ an archaeopteryx ( dinosaur and early bird ) ᛫ N or+fowl OE+NE calque: oervogel; Urvögel
organ ᛫ an Origanum plant ( oregano , marjoram ) ᛫ N ~[OE organa] NE‹‹OE‹I [OED]
orgel ᛫ pride ᛫ haughtiness ᛭ proud ᛫ prideful ᛫ N᛭AJ orgel[orgol] ME kin: orgeuil (French)
orgle orgel ᛫ a pipe organ ᛫ N orgle ME‹OE‹I
orground orgrund ᛫ a primal cause ᛫ the ultimate cosmic principle ᛫ N or+ground OE+NE calque: urgrund
orlay orlag ᛫ fate ᛫ destiny ᛫ N orlæg OE
orley orleg ᛫ strife ᛫ war ᛫ N orlege OE
ormete ᛫ without measure ᛫ limitless ᛫ boundless ᛫ too big to measure ᛫ AJ ormete[ormǣte] OE
ormetly ormetlie ᛫ excessively ᛫ immensely ᛫ AV ormǣtlīce OE
ormetness ᛫ excess ᛫ immensity ᛫ N ormǣtness OE
ormood ᛫ hopeless ᛫ despairing ᛫ without courage ᛫ AJ ormōd OE
ormoodness ᛫ despair ᛫ desperation ᛫ N ormōdness OE
orn ᛫ excess ( in a bad way ) ᛭ excessive ᛫ N᛭AJ orne OE‹?
orped ᛫ stout-hearted ᛫ bold ᛫ valiant ᛫ strong in battle ᛫ splendid excellent ᛫ AJ orped OE
orping ᛫ respiration ᛫ N orpung OE
orsin ᛫ original sin ᛫ N or+sin ME+NE calque: Ursünde
orsorrow orsorroƿ ᛫ without sorrow ᛫ carefree ᛫ AJ orsorg OE
ort ᛫ a remnant of a meal ᛫ a remnant ᛫ N ~ NE usually found in its plural form: "orts" ᛫
orth orð ᛫ breath ᛭ to breathe ᛫ to pant ᛫ N orþ/oroþ&orþian OE&OE
orthank orþank ᛫ intelligence ᛫ skill ᛫ cunning ᛭ skillful cunning ᛫ N᛭AJ orþanc OE
ortongue ortung ᛫ a proto-language ᛫ N or+tongue ME+NE
ortroth ortroð ᛫ distrust ᛫ suspicion ᛫ N ortrouthe ME
ortrow ortroƿ ᛫ to be distrustful of ᛫ to have suspicions of ᛫ V ortrouen ME
orwood orƿood ᛫ an old-growth forest ᛫ a primaeval forest ᛫ a jungle ᛫ N or+wood OE+NE calque: Urwald; oerwoud
ost ᛫ a tree knot ᛫ N ōst OE
oster ᛫ an oyster ᛫ N ostre OE‹I oyster was a later borrowing from French
oth ᛫ until ᛫ so much as ᛫ as far as ᛫ C&P oth&ōþ ME&OE
other oðer ᛫ second ( a second thing ) ᛭ second ( second place in a sequence ) ᛫ N᛭AJ other&ōþer NE&OE Germanic languages used to use "other" for "second" like this
other hoad oðer ᛫ second person ᛫ N ōþer hād OE from Ælfric's Grammar
Ottawa ᛫ Ottawa ᛫ N(P) ~ NE or: Bytown (ceased to be official 1854, remains nickname)
ought ougt ᛫ persecution ᛫ N ōht OE rhyme: bought ᛫ kin: ēhtan, Acht (HG)
oughten ugten ᛫ the early morning ᛫ the period of twilight before dawn ᛫ N ūghten ME rhyme: shouten
oughtsong ugtsong ᛫ matins ᛫ nocturns ᛫ N oughtsong/vchtsong ME [OED]
oure ure ᛫ an aurochs ᛫ N oure ME
ourn urn ᛫ ours ᛫ N(PRO) ouren ME UNREALISTIC
out ute ᛫ to exclude ᛫ to eject ᛫ to banish ᛫ to alienate ᛫ to expel ᛫ V geutian OE or: yout (if the prefix is kept)
outbear utebear ᛫ to support ᛫ bear out ᛫ V ~ NE
outborn uteborn ᛫ foreign ᛫ alien ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
outbowed uteboƿed ᛫ convex ᛫ bent outwards ᛫ bulging ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
outbreathe utebreað ᛫ to exhale ᛫ to expire ᛫ V ~ NE
outbuilding utebilding ᛫ a building subordinate to but separate from a main building ᛫ N ~ NE [CED]
outcast utecast ᛫ a pariah ᛭ ostracized ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE‹(E+N)
outcome utecum ᛫ a result ᛫ N ~ NE
outcund utecund ᛫ foreign ᛫ alien ᛫ strange ᛫ AJ ūtacund OE
outdweller utedƿeller ᛫ one who lives outside a certain place ᛫ N ~ NE
outfare utefare ᛫ an expedition ᛫ a going out ᛭ to exit ᛫ N ǒutfāre&ǒutfāren ME&ME
outfare utefare ᛫ a journey ᛫ an expedition ᛫ an excursion ᛫ N vte-far ME [OED]
outflow utefloƿ ᛫ an efflux ᛫ N ~ NE
outgang utegang ᛫ an exit ᛫ N ~ NE
outgang utegang ᛫ fugitive ᛫ transitory ᛫ AJ ūþgenge OE
outgo utego ᛫ the outlay of money ( opposite of income ) ᛭ to go faster than ᛫ to go more than ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
outgoer utegoer ᛫ an emigrant ᛫ N ~ NE
outgoing utegoing ᛫ sociable ᛫ gregarious ᛫ extroverted ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
outhwit uðeƿit ᛫ to study philosophy ᛫ V ūþwitian OE
outhwit uðeƿit ᛫ a scholar ᛫ a scribe ᛫ a philosopher ᛫ a specialist ᛫ an expert ᛫ N ūþwita OE
outhwitly uðeƿitlie ᛫ philosophical ᛫ academic ᛫ AJ ūþwitlīc OE
outhwitting uðeƿitting ᛫ philosophy ᛫ academia ᛫ N ūþwitigung OE
outland uteland ᛫ a foreign land ᛫ N ~ NE
outlander utelander ᛫ a foreigner ᛫ N ~ NE
outlandish utelandisc ᛫ foreign ᛫ bizarre and strange ᛫ unrealistic ᛫ AJ ~ NE
outlay utelag ᛫ an expenditure ᛫ a payment ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
outleap uteleap ᛫ a fine paid to a lord for leaving his estate without permission ᛫ escape from prison ᛭ to leap out ᛫ to escape ᛫ N᛭V outlēp[ūthlēap]&ǒutlēpen ME&ME
outler uteler ᛫ an animal left unhoused over the winter ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
outlook utelook ᛫ perspective ᛫ N ~ NE
outlying utelieing ᛫ lying at a distance from a certain point ᛫ exterior ᛫ AJ ~ NE [CED]
outname utername ᛫ an exonym ᛫ an xenonym ᛫ N out+name NE+NE
output uteput ᛫ production ᛭ to produce ᛫ to expel ᛫ to dismiss ᛫ N᛭V output&outputten NE&ME [OED]
outright uterigt ᛫ total ᛫ clear and undisputed ᛭ completely ᛫ not by degrees or instalments ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE
outroot uteroot ᛫ to root out ᛫ to eradicate ᛫ to exterminate ᛫ V ~ NE
outrooting uterooting ᛫ eradication ᛫ N ~ NE
outshut utescut ᛫ to shut out ᛫ to exclude ᛫ V ~ ANE
outspoken utespoken ᛫ vocal ( as in willing to express one's ideas ) ᛫ AJ ~ NE
outstanding utestanding ᛫ prominent ᛫ noticeable ᛫ excellent ᛫ unresolved ( often debtwise ) ᛫ AJ ~ NE
outward uteƿard ᛫ external ᛫ superficial ᛭ towards the outside AJ᛭AV ~ NE
outwardly uteƿardlie ᛫ from the outside ᛫ on the surface ᛫ superficially ᛫ AV ~ NE
outwark uteƿark ᛫ dysentery ᛫ N ūtwærc OE
outwear uteƿear ᛫ to deplete ᛫ to exhaust ᛫ V ~ NE
outwelt uteƿelt ᛫ to roll out ᛫ V ǒutwelten ME poorly attested
outworn uteƿorn ᛫ exhausted ᛫ outdated ᛫ AJ ~ NE
outwrest uteƿrest ᛫ to extort ᛫ V ~ NE
ouzel oosel ᛫ a kind of blackbird ᛫ N ~ NE
over against ofer agagnst ᛫ as opposed to ᛫ in contrast with ᛫ P ~ NE
overall oferall ᛫ all around ᛭ generally ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE
overalls oferalls ᛫ a dungaree ᛫ N ~ NE
overblow oferbloƿ ᛫ to exaggerate ᛫ V ~ NE
overblown oferbloƿn ᛫ exaggerated ᛫ AJ ~ NE
overboard oferboard ᛫ excessive ᛫ AJ ~ NE
overbold oferbold ᛫ audacious ᛫ presumptuous ᛫ foolhardy ᛫ temerarious ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
overboldness oferboldness ᛫ audacity ᛫ presumption ᛫ foolhardiness ᛫ temerity ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
overbrim oferbrim ᛫ to overflow ᛫ V ~ NE
overbrimming oferbrimming ᛫ superfluous ᛫ AJ overbrim+ing NE×2
overcome ofercum ᛫ to prevail over ᛫ to win ᛫ to overwhelm with emotion ᛫ to overflow ᛫ to pass come or spread over ᛫ V ~ NE
overdo oferdo ᛫ to do to excess ᛫ to exaggerate ᛫ to overcook ᛫ V overdo NE
overdone oferdone ᛫ overcooked ᛫ done to excess ᛫ exaggerated ᛫ AJ ~ NE
overdoor oferdoor ᛫ a lintel ᛫ an ornamental panel above a doorway ᛫ N ~[oferdyre] NE [OED]
overdrive oferdrife ᛫ a function or setting that permits the exceeding of some normal operating level ᛫ N ~ NE
overfall oferfall ᛫ to attack ᛫ to assail ᛫ to assault ᛫ to fall upon ᛫ to cover ᛫ V ~ NE PST: overfell PTCP: overfallen [OED]
overfare oferfare ᛫ to traverse ᛫ to pass over ᛫ V ~ NE
overfat oferfat ᛫ obese ᛫ AJ oferfǣtt OE
overfearful oferfearful ᛫ overly fearful ᛫ paranoid ᛫ AJ ~ NE
overfearfulness oferfearfulness ᛫ paranoia ᛫ N over-fearfulnesse ANE
overflow oferfloƿ ᛫ excess ᛫ spillage from an overflowing ᛭ to overflow ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
overflowing oferfloƿing ᛫ abundant ᛫ AJ ~ NE
overfrim oferfrim ᛫ bonus ᛫ N over+frim NE+ME
overgo ofergo ᛫ to exceed ᛫ to surpass ᛫ to rise above ᛫ to traverse ᛫ cross ᛫ to pass by ᛫ to conquer ᛫ V overgōn[ofergān] ME PST: overwent; overyeed ᛫ PTCP: overgone
overkind oferkind ᛫ a supercategory ᛫ N over+kind NE×2 by analogy with underkind
overking oferking ᛫ an emperor ᛫ a king of kings ᛫ N overking NE
overlay oferlag ᛫ to overcome ᛫ to defeat ᛫ to subdue ᛫ V overleien ME PST: overlaid ᛫ PTCP: overlaid
overling oferling ᛫ a superior ᛫ N ~ NE
overlink oferlink ᛫ a hyperlink ᛫ N yond+link NE×2
overlive oferlif ᛫ to survive someone ᛫ V ~ NE
overlook oferlook ᛫ to supervise ᛫ V ~ NE
overlook oferlook ᛫ an overview ᛫ a place affording a view of what is below ᛫ a balcony [ᚹ] ᛭ to supervise ᛫ to survey ᛫ to fail to observe ᛫ to pass over ᛫ to disregard ᛫ to ignore ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE [OED]
overly oferlie ᛫ excessively ᛫ AV ~ NE
overman oferman ᛫ an Übermensch ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
overmood ofermood ᛫ overconfidence ᛫ pride ᛫ hubris ᛫ N ofermōd OE
overmoodly ofermoodlie ᛫ proudly ᛫ arrogantly ᛫ AV ofermōdiglīce OE
overmoody ofermoodie ᛫ proud ᛫ arrogant ᛫ AJ ofermōdig OE
overmorrow ofermorroƿ ᛫ the day after tomorrow ᛫ on the day after tomorrow ᛫ N᛭AV ~ NE
overmuch ofermuc ᛫ excessively ᛫ AV ~ NE
overnim ofernim ᛫ to take by violence ᛫ to violate ᛫ to take away ᛫ to carry off ᛫ to overtake ᛫ V oferniman OE
override oferride ᛫ to annul ᛫ V oferrīdan OE
oversee ofersee ᛫ to administer ᛫ to supervise ᛫ V ~ NE
overseer oferseer ᛫ a supervisor ( esp of workers ) ᛫ N ~ NE
overself oferself ᛫ a superego ᛫ N over+self NE×2
overset oferset ᛫ to assail ᛫ to vanquish in battle ᛫ to prevail over ᛫ to oppress ᛫ to tyrannize ᛫ V oversetten ME
overshoe oferscoe ᛫ a galosh ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
oversight ofersigt ᛫ an unintentional mistake ᛫ supervision ᛫ N ~ NE
oversit ofersit ᛫ to neglect ᛫ to omit ᛫ to pass over ᛫ V oversitten ME
overspeak oferspeak ᛫ to speak too much ᛫ to overstate ᛫ to exaggerate ᛫ V ~ NE
overspeech oferspeec ᛫ excessive language ᛫ loquacity ᛫ exaggeration ᛫ N ofersprǣc OE
overstep oferstep ᛫ to wrongly or illegally exceed a limit ᛫ V ~ NE
oversty oferstie ᛫ to surmount ᛫ to surpass ᛫ to transcend ᛫ to surpass ᛫ V oferstīgan OE
oversummer ofersummer ᛫ to aestivate / to estivate ᛫ V over+summer NE+NE modelled on overwinter
overtake ofertake ᛫ to pass a slower object ᛫ to become greater than something else ᛫ to occur unexpectedly ᛫ V ~ NE
overthrow oferþroƿ ᛫ to depose ᛫ V ~ NE
overthwart oferþƿart ᛫ to go across [ᛏ] ᛭ crosswise ᛫ transverse ᛫ cross ᛫ contradictory ᛫ contentious ᛭ across ᛫ transversely ᛫ contrariwise ᛫ perversely ᛭ across ᛫ V᛭AJ᛭AV᛭P overthwert&overthwerten ME‹E+N
overtread ofertread ᛫ to trespass ᛫ to interlope ᛫ V ~ NE
overtreader ofertreader ᛫ a trespasser ᛫ an interloper ᛫ N ~ NE
overwalt oferƿalt ᛫ overturn ᛫ V overwalten ME
overway oferƿag ᛫ an overpass ᛫ an elevated highway ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
overween oferƿeen ᛫ to presume ᛫ to be over confident ᛫ V overwēnen ME
overwhelm oferhƿelm ᛫ to inundate ᛫ to have a strong emotional effect on ᛫ to defeat completely ᛫ to overpower ᛫ V ~ NE
overwin oferƿin ᛫ to conquer ᛫ to subdue ᛫ to overcome ᛫ V overwin&oferwinnan NE&OE PST&PTCP: overwon
overwinter oferƿinter ᛫ to hibernate ᛫ V ~ NE [OED]
overword oferƿord ᛫ a refrain ( of a song ) ᛫ a chorus ( of a song ) ᛫ N ~ NE
overwrit oferƿrit ᛫ an epistle ᛫ N oferwrit OE
overwrought oferƿrougt ᛫ overly complicated ᛫ anxious ᛫ AJ ~ NE
ovest ofest ᛫ speed ᛫ haste ᛫ N ōfost OE seems to be "of"+"-est" ᛫ -est also shows up in earnest
ovestly ofestlie ᛫ hastily ᛫ speedily ᛫ AV ōfostlīce OE
ovet ofet ᛫ a fruit ᛫ a legume ᛫ a pulse ( a kind of legume ) ᛫ N ovet ME
ower ure ᛫ an aurochs ᛫ N ūr OE
owhere ohƿere ᛫ anywhere ᛫ AV ōwhēr ME rhyme: nowhere
owhither ohƿiðer ᛫ to any place ᛫ anywhither ᛫ AV ōwhider ME
owing to oƿing ᛫ on account of ᛫ because of ᛫ P ~ NE
owner oƿner ᛫ a possessor ᛫ a proprietor ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
ownership oƿnerscip ᛫ possession ᛫ proprietorship ᛫ dominion ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
ownname oƿnname ᛫ a proper noun ᛫ N agen nama OE calque: nomen proprium
ownspeech oƿnspeec ᛫ an idiom ᛫ a peculiarity of a language ᛫ N āgensprǣc OE glossary word
oxgang ᛫ a measure of land consisting of around 8 to 30 acres ᛫ N oxgang ME
oxter ᛫ armpit ᛫ N ~ NE
oxtongue oxtung ᛫ a Picris plant ᛫ N ~ NE
oxtongue swamb oxtung ᛫ a Fistulina hepatica plant ᛫ N ~ NE
pack ᛫ a package ᛫ a multitude ᛫ a collective ᛫ N ~ NE
padfoot ᛫ a barghest ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
panhandler panhandeller ᛫ a beggar ᛫ N ~ NE
parrock ᛫ a small field ᛫ a small enclosure ᛫ N ~ NE "Park" is a kindred word which came from French
pat ᛫ apt ᛫ contrived ᛫ trite ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE
peabone ᛫ a pisiform bone ᛫ N pea+bone NE‹ME‹OE‹L or: peasebone ᛫ calque: erwtenbein, Erbsenbein
peach peac ᛫ to deceive ᛫ V pǣcan OE
pease ᛫ a pea ᛫ N pēse{pease pudding} ME‹I‹H PL: peasen ᛫ this word is optional, the mistaken "pea" is fine too
pen ᛫ a small enclosure ( esp for domestic animals ) ᛫ a large country estate ᛫ a plantation ᛭ to put in a pen ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
penniless ᛫ penurious ᛫ AJ ~ NE
pennywharver penniehƿarfer ᛫ a money-changer ᛫ N peninghwirfere OE
pepon ᛫ a melon ᛫ a gourd ᛫ a pumpkin ᛫ N pepones NE‹ME‹OE‹I attested OE form is plural
Perse ᛫ a Persian ᛫ N(P) Perse{Persēas} OE
Perseland ᛫ Iran ᛫ Persia ᛫ N(P) Perselone ME
Persish Persisc ᛫ Persian ᛫ AJ(P) Persisc OE or: Persh (shortened)
persock ᛫ a peach ᛫ N persoc[persica] OE‹I‹H μῆλον περσικόν = Persian apple ᛫ "peach" is a cognate
petersilly petersillie ᛫ parsley ᛫ N petersilige OE‹I
pichsmolt picsmolt ᛫ a mixture of grease and wood tar ᛫ N pichsmult ME found under "smolt" on MEC
pickthank pickþank ᛫ a sycophant ( esp a talebearing one ) ᛭ sycophantic ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
pickup ᛫ an anacrusis ( in music ) ᛫ N ~ NE
pig pigg ᛫ an earthenware jar or pitcher ᛫ a stone bottle ᛫ N ~ ANE [EDD]
Pight Pigt ᛫ a Pict ᛫ N(P) peohtas OE
pile ᛫ a pilum ᛫ N pīl[pīl] ME‹OE‹I
pind ᛫ to enclose ᛫ to pen ᛫ to impound ᛫ to cage ᛫ to imprison ᛫ to confine ᛫ to restrain ᛫ to limit ᛫ V pī̆nden ME
pine ᛫ to suffer a mental and physical decline esp because of a broken heart ᛫ to miss or long for ᛫ V ~ NE
pinenut ᛫ a pinecone ᛫ N pīnnote[pīnhnutu] ME
pinfold ᛫ a pound for stray animals ᛫ N ~ NE
pinpillow pinpilloƿ ᛫ a pincushion ᛫ N ~ ANE [OED]
pintle pintel ᛫ a penis ᛫ N ~ NE
pipefitter ᛫ a plumber ᛫ N ~ NE‹(NE‹‹I+NE) [OED]
pitch pic ᛫ a tone ( of sound ) ᛫ N᛭V ~[pich] NE‹ME‹? kin: prick?; pike?
pitchladder picladder ᛫ a musical scale ᛫ N pitch+ladder NE×2 calque: Tonleiter; toonladder
pith pið ᛫ a tissue in the center of certain plant stems ᛫ the essence of something ᛫ a crux ᛫ a gist ᛫ N ~ NE
pithouse pithuse ᛫ a grubhouse ( as in a Grubenhaus ) ᛫ N ~ NE‹(‹‹Þ‹I+E)
pithy piðie ᛫ concise ᛫ succinct ᛫ AJ ~ NE
pitted ᛫ pockmarked ᛫ alveolate ᛫ AJ ~ NE
plail plagl ᛫ playful ᛫ sportive ᛫ jocose ᛫ AJ plegol OE
plaily plaglie ᛫ ludic ᛫ theatrical ᛫ AJ pleglīc OE
plash plasc ᛫ a pool of standing water ᛫ a marshy place ᛫ a shallow pond ᛫ N ~[plæsc] NE kin: splash?
platch plac ᛫ an open space in a town ᛫ a square ᛫ a marketplace ᛫ a plaza ᛫ N plæce OE‹I "plætsa" is attested once? akin to German "Platz"
player plager ᛫ an entertainer ᛫ a minstrel ᛫ a jester ᛫ a player of a musical instrument ᛫ a juggler ᛫ a performer of plays ᛫ an actor ᛫ a reveler ᛫ N pleiere ME
playgame ᛫ an amusement ᛫ a pastime ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
playhouse plaghuse ᛫ a theatre ᛫ a theater ᛫ a toy house for children to play in ᛫ N ~[pleghūs] NE
playman plagman ᛫ a player ᛫ an athlete ᛫ a wrestler ᛫ a gymnast ᛫ N plegmann OE
playstow plagstoƿ ᛫ a gymnasium ᛫ a gym ᛫ a public recreation ground ᛫ a public park ᛫ N plegstōw OE
plaything plagþing ᛫ a toy ᛫ N plaything NE
playwright plagƿrigt ᛫ a dramatist ᛫ N ~ NE
plee ᛫ danger ᛫ peril ᛫ risk ᛭ to endanger ᛫ to risk ᛫ N pleoh&pleon OE&OE
pleely pleelie ᛫ dangerous ᛫ perilous ᛫ hazardous ᛫ AJ plēolīc OE
plight pligt ᛫ risk ᛫ peril ᛫ hardship ᛫ responsibility ᛫ culpability ᛫ N᛭V plight&pliht NE&OE we have other words for "pledge"
plitch plic ᛫ to pull ᛫ to pluck ᛫ V plicchen ME
plodder ᛫ a robot [ᚹ] ᛫ a bot [ᚹ] ᛫ N NE ~ calque: robot (Czech), from robota (meaning drudgery, toil)
plot ᛫ a piece of land ᛫ a graphic representation ( such as a chart , a diagram , or a map ) ᛫ the course of a story ᛫ N ~ NE
ploughsharebone plugescarebone ᛫ a vomer ᛫ N ~ NE
pluck ᛫ bird guts ᛫ guts ( as in courage nerve or persistence ) ᛫ N ~ NE
pluckharp ᛫ a harpsichord ᛫ N pluck+harp NE×2 by analogy to strikeharp
plucky pluckie ᛫ gutsy ᛫ spunky ᛫ feisty ᛫ AJ ~ NE
poad ᛫ a coat ᛫ N pād OE
pock ᛫ a pus-filled swelling ᛫ a pit esp one formed as a scar ᛭ to scar with pits ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
pockmark ᛫ mark or scar in skin caused by a pock ᛫ crater in seafloor caused by erupting gas or liquid ᛫ N ~ NE
pockmarked ᛫ having pockmarks ᛫ pitted or scarred with holes ᛫ AJ ~ NE
pod ᛫ a seed case for legumes ᛫ a small vehicle ᛫ a pouch ᛭ to bear pods ᛫ to swell or fill ᛫ N᛭V ~[pād]? NE
poll ᛫ a survey of opinions ᛭ to conduct a survey of opinions ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE‹NL?
pond duck ᛫ an Anas platyrhynchos bird ( a mallard ) ᛫ N ~ NE
popedom ᛫ a papacy ᛫ N ~ NE‹(H+E)
poppy tears poppie ᛫ opium ᛫ N ~ NE
pore ᛫ to gaze intently ᛫ to read or study attentively ᛫ to think intently ᛫ to ponder ᛫ V ~[pouren] NE kin: spyrian?
port ᛫ a portal ᛫ an entryway ᛫ N port[porta] OE‹I
port ᛫ a haven ᛫ a trade-town ᛫ N port[portus] OE‹I
portick ᛫ a porch ᛫ a portico ᛫ a deck ᛫ a veranda ᛫ a piazza ᛫ N portic OE‹I
Portingale ᛫ Portugal ᛫ N(P) Portingāle ME‹I
portsale ᛫ an auction ᛫ N ~ ANE‹(I+E) [OED]
pose ᛫ a head cold ᛫ catarrh ᛫ N ~[pōse][gepōs] NE
post ᛫ an upright log , stock , stake, etc ᛭ to put a message on a physical post ᛫ to comment online ᛫ N᛭V ~[pō̆st][post] NE
pote ᛫ to poke ᛫ to push ᛫ to thrust ᛫ V ~ NE
potgun ᛫ a mortar ( artillery ) ᛫ N ~ NE
pothead whale hƿale ᛫ a Globicephala cetacean ( a pilot whale ) ᛫ N ~ NE
potsherd potscerd ᛫ a broken piece of ceramic material ( esp one found on an archaeological site ) ᛫ N ~ NE
potwhale pothƿale ᛫ a sperm whale ᛫ a cachalot ᛫ N pot+whale NE×2 calque: potvis; Pottwal
pough puge ᛫ a pouch ᛫ a poke ᛫ a sack ᛫ N poughe[pohha] ME rhyme: plough
pound pund ᛫ an enclosure for animals ( esp for stray or unlicensed animals ) ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
pounder punder ᛫ a pestle ᛫ N ~ NE
Pounick Punick ᛫ a Carthaginian ᛫ N(P) Pūnice{φοῖνιξ} OE‹H
pox ᛫ a disease with purulent skin eruptions ᛫ Syphilis ᛫ a curse ( figuratively ) ᛭ to infect with pox or Syphilis ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE plural of "pock"
prat ᛫ a prank ᛫ a cunning or mischievous trick ᛭ to prank ᛫ to trick ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
preke ᛫ an octopus ᛫ N ~ NE‹?
pretty prettie ᛫ attractive ᛫ appealing ᛫ clever ᛫ tricky ᛭ quite ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE originally meant "pratty", "tricky/clever"
pretty much prettie muc ᛫ basically ᛫ AV ~ NE
pretty up prettie ᛫ to beautify ᛫ V ~ NE
prick ᛫ a point ᛫ a pointed object ( a pin , a nail , a penis , etc ) ᛫ a point in space or time ᛫ a target ( esp in archery ) ᛫ N prick&prick[prica] NE&ME
prickle prickel ᛫ a tool for pricking or puncturing ᛫ a pricket ᛫ a spike ᛫ a barb ᛫ N prikel[pricels] ME
priesthood ᛫ sacerdocy ᛫ clergy ᛫ N ~ NE‹(OE‹H+E) [OED]
priestly priestlie ᛫ clerical ᛫ sacerdotal ᛫ N ~ NE‹‹OE‹I [OED]
priestshire preestscire ᛫ a parish ᛫ N prēostscīr OE‹H+E
prod ᛫ to probe ᛫ N ~ NE‹N
psalm salm ᛫ a psalm ᛫ N ~[OE sealm] ANE "ps" spelling is from the Latin word
psalter salter ᛫ a psalter ᛫ the Book of Psalms ᛫ N ~[OE salter] ANE "ps" spelling is from the Latin word
puck ᛫ a mischievous spirit ᛫ an imp ᛫ a goblin ᛫ a hobgoblin ᛫ a fairy ᛫ a sprite ᛫ a gnome ᛫ a brownie ᛫ a kobold ᛫ N ~ NE or: puckle (diminutive) ᛫ kin: púki (Icelandic)
puckish puckisc ᛫ mischievous ᛫ demonic ᛫ AJ ~ NE
pull down dune ᛫ to bring low ᛫ to humble ᛫ to humiliate ᛫ to weaken ᛫ to demolish ᛫ to destroy ᛫ to overthrow ᛫ to depose ᛫ to dethrone ᛫ V ~ NE [OED]
pung ᛫ a purse ᛫ N pung[pung] ME‹OE‹I
purple purpel ᛫ purple ᛭ of purple hue ᛫ N᛭AJ ~[purpel][purpul] NE‹ME‹OE‹I [colour]
purpur ᛫ a garment of purple ᛫ N purpur[purpure] ME‹OE‹I or: purper
purse ᛫ a money bag ᛫ a fiscus ( whence comes " fiscal " ) ᛫ N purse&purs ME&OE
pursy pursie ᛫ fiscal ᛫ AJ purse+y NE‹(I+E)
put ᛫ to emplace ᛫ to place ᛫ V ~ NE
put by bi ᛫ to set aside ᛫ to reject ᛫ to discount ᛫ to parry ᛫ to counter ᛫ to avert ᛫ to deflect ᛫ to dissuade ᛫ to evade ᛫ V ~ NE [OED]
put forth forð ᛫ to state ᛫ to assert ᛫ to propound ᛫ to display ᛫ to present ᛫ to exhibit ᛫ to publish ᛫ to issue ᛫ to discharge ᛫ to emit ᛫ V ~ NE [OED]
put forward forƿard ᛫ to propose ᛫ to propound ᛫ to further ᛫ to advance ᛫ to promote ᛫ to push into view or prominence ᛫ V ~ NE [OED]
put in ᛫ to insert ᛫ to install ᛫ to appoint ᛫ to submit ᛫ to tender ᛫ to interpose ᛫ to intervene ᛫ to contribute ᛫ to invest ᛫ V ~ NE [OED]
put off ᛫ to postpone ᛫ to defer ᛫ to remove ᛫ to divest ᛫ to abandon ᛫ to dissuade ᛫ to divert ᛫ to discourage ᛫ to deter ᛫ to disconcert ᛫ V ~ NE [OED]
put on ᛫ to place ᛫ to attach ᛫ to don ᛫ to adopt ᛫ to assume ᛫ to feign ᛫ to pretend ᛫ to deceive ᛫ V ~ NE [OED]
put out ute ᛫ to depose ᛫ to dismiss ᛫ to expel ᛫ to evict ᛫ to dislocate ᛫ to publish ᛫ to issue ᛫ to distribute ᛫ to extinguish ᛫ to douse ᛫ V ~ NE [OED]
put together togeðer ᛫ to place side by side ᛫ to juxtapose ᛫ to combine ᛫ to connect ᛫ to unite ᛫ to construct ᛫ to compile ᛫ to compose ᛫ to assemble ᛫ V ~ NE [OED]
putch puc ᛫ a coup d'etat ᛫ N ~ NE‹HG
quale cƿale ᛫ death ᛫ a quelling ᛫ a plague ᛫ N quāl ME kin: quell
qualehouse cƿalehuse ᛫ a part of a prison for those condemned to death ᛫ N qualehuse/cwalhuse ME
qualm cƿalm ᛫ a scruple ᛫ N qualm[cwealm] NE
qualmish cƿalmisc ᛫ nauseated ᛫ AJ ~ NE
qualmstow cƿalmstoƿ ᛫ an execution-place ᛫ N cwealmstow OE
quartern cƿartern ᛫ a prison ᛫ a gaol ᛫ a jail ᛫ a cell ᛫ N quartern[cweartern] ME
quarternward cƿarternƿard ᛫ a gaoler ᛫ a jailor ᛫ a prison warder ᛫ N cwearternweard OE
quead cƿead ᛫ evil ᛫ wickedness ᛭ evil ᛫ wicked ᛫ N᛭AJ quede ME
queal cƿeal ᛫ to die ᛫ to perish ᛫ V ~ NE PST: quole ᛫ PTCP: quolen ᛫ kin: kill
queath cƿeað ᛫ to comment ᛫ to declare ᛫ to say ᛫ V ~ NE PST: quoth / cwoþ ᛫ PTCP: queathen / cweaþen
queddle cƿeddel ᛫ talkative ᛫ AJ cwedol OE
queem cƿeem ᛫ pleasure ᛫ satisfaction ᛭ to please ᛫ to satisfy ᛫ to gratify ᛭ pleasant ᛫ agreeable ᛫ comfortable ᛫ V᛭AJ queme&quēm&quemen NE&ME&ME
queemful cƿeemful ᛫ pleasing ᛫ satisfying ᛫ agreeable ᛫ AJ quēmful ME
queenly cƿeenlie ᛫ reginal ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
quell cƿell ᛫ to kill ᛫ to snuff out ᛫ to put down ᛫ V ~ NE
queller cƿeller ᛫ an executioner ᛫ a killer ᛫ N queller[cwellere] ME
quench cƿenc ᛫ to overcome ᛫ to subdue ᛫ to destroy ᛫ to relieve ᛫ to extinguish ᛫ to satisfy ᛫ V quench&aquenchen NE&ME
quenchcoal cƿenccoal ᛫ a person or thing that undermines zeal ( esp with respect to religion ) ᛫ N ~ NE
quern cƿern ᛫ a hand mill for grinding grain ( typically consisting of two circular stones ) ᛫ a mill [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~ NE
quetch cƿec ᛫ to shake ᛫ to twitch ᛫ to flinch ᛫ to vibrate ᛫ V quetch&quecchen NE&ME [MW]
quick cƿick ᛫ conscious ᛫ alive ᛫ rapid ᛫ fast ᛫ AJ quick&cwic NE&OE
quickbeam cƿickbeam ᛫ a Sorbus tree ᛫ a rowan ᛫ a service tree ᛫ a mountain ash ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
quickberry cƿickberrie ᛫ a juniper berry ᛫ N cuicbēam+berry OE+NE
quicken cƿicken ᛫ to resurrect ᛫ to rejuvenate ᛫ to animate ᛫ to revive ᛫ to germinate ᛫ to speed up ᛫ to ferment ᛫ V quicken&quiken[cwician] NE&ME
quickfee cƿickfee ᛫ living property ᛫ living wealth ᛫ cattle ᛫ N cwicfeoh OE
quick-in-hand cƿick-in-hand ᛫ an Impatiens plant ( balsam ) ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
quicklime cƿicklime ᛫ calcium oxide ᛫ N ~ NE
quickness cƿickness ᛫ consciousness ᛫ rapidity ᛫ N quick+ness NE×2
quicksilver cƿicksilfer ᛫ mercury ( the metal ) ᛫ N quicksilver NE
quid cƿid ᛫ a statement ᛫ a term ( as in a saying ) ᛭ to utter ᛫ to state ᛫ N᛭V quide[cwide]&quidden ME&ME
quild cƿild ᛫ a plague ᛫ a pestilence ᛫ a murrain ᛫ N cwyld/cwild OE
quillpig cƿillpigg ᛫ a porcupine ᛫ N quill pig NE
quillwort cƿillƿurt ᛫ an Isoetes plant ᛫ N ~ NE
quirk cƿirk ᛫ an idiosyncrasy ᛫ N quirk NE‹?
quitch cƿic ᛫ a Elymus repens plant ( quack grass ) ᛫ N quitch ME
quith cƿið ᛫ a womb ᛫ a matrix ᛫ N cwiþ OE
quithe cƿið ᛫ to lament ᛫ to deplore ( as in bewail ) ᛫ V cwīþan OE
quoon cƿoon ᛫ to lament ᛫ to deplore ( as in bewail ) ᛫ V cwānian OE
quotha cƿoða ᛫ ( used to express surprise or contempt ) ᛫ I quotha NE equal to "quoth he"
rack ᛫ a parrel ᛫ a parrel-rope ᛫ a rope for fastening the middle of a yard to the mast ᛫ N rak ME
rack ᛫ a mass of high thick fast-moving clouds ᛫ N ~[racu?] NE
rackent ᛫ a chain ᛫ N rakent ME
radich radic ᛫ a Raphanus sativus plant ᛫ N radich ME "radish" form may be influenced by "radise/radice", says etymonline
rail ragl ᛫ a garment ᛫ raiment ᛫ an outfit ᛫ clothing ᛫ a cloth ᛫ a rag ᛫ N rail[hrægl/hrægel] ME
railthane raglþane ᛫ an officer in charge of clothes and vestments ᛫ a robekeeper ᛫ N hrægelþegn OE [MEC]
rain ragn ᛫ arch- ᛫ highest- ᛫ PREFIX regn OE
rain ragn ᛫ to prepare ᛫ to arrange ᛫ to regulate ᛫ V regnian OE
rainbow ragnboƿ ᛫ an iris ᛫ N ~ NE
rainbowgleam ragnboƿgleam ᛫ iridescence ᛫ N rainbow+gleam NE×2
rainpiper ragnpiper ᛫ a Charadriinae bird ( a plover ) ᛫ N rain+piper NE+NE‹‹OE‹I calque: German Regenpfeiffer
Rainsbury Ragnsburie ᛫ Regnesburg ᛫ N Regnesburh OE
rainshade ragnscade ᛫ an umbrella ᛫ N ~ NE
rainwood ragnƿood ᛫ a rainforest ᛫ N rain+wood NE+NE calque: Regenwald
rake ᛫ a narrative ᛫ an account ᛫ an exposition ᛫ a treatise ᛫ N race&racu ME&OE
rake ᛫ a track ᛫ a pass ᛭ to proceed ᛫ to take a course ᛫ N᛭V rāke&rāken[racian] ME&OE
raked ᛫ a palace ᛫ N ræced OE
rakedly rakedlie ᛫ palatine ᛫ palatial ᛫ pertaining to a palace ᛫ AJ ræcedlic OE
rakehell ᛫ a fashionable or wealthy man of immoral or promiscuous habits ᛫ a libertine ᛫ N ~ NE
rakehelly rakehellie ᛫ libertine ᛫ AJ rakehell+y NE×2
rakeshame rakescame ᛫ a disreputable or dissolute person ᛫ a rogue ᛫ N ~ NE
ram ᛫ a male sheep ᛫ N ~ NE opposite of: ewe
ram ᛫ a cramp ᛫ a spasm ᛫ N hramma OE kin: hrammr (Icelandic)
Ram ᛫ Aries ᛫ N(P) Ramm OE
ran ᛫ a whale ᛫ N hran OE or: ron (from alternative hron)
rand ᛫ a strip of something ( land , meat , etc ) ᛫ a shield ( poetic ) ᛫ N rand&rand ME&OE
randbigh randbige ᛫ a boss of a shield ᛫ an umbo of a shield ᛫ N randbēag OE a boss is a large projecting central piece on a shield
rank ᛫ overgrown ᛫ smelly ᛫ virulent ᛫ AJ ~ NE
ranroad ᛫ the sea or ocean ( poetic ) ᛫ N hranrād OE
rare ᛫ lightly cooked ᛫ AJ ~ NE
raring ᛫ eager ᛫ enthusiastic ᛫ AJ ~ NE [CED][MW]
rasen ᛫ a beam used to support the timbers of a roof ᛫ a wall plate ᛫ a raising plate ᛫ N rēsen ME
rash rasc ᛫ a dash ᛫ a hurry ᛫ a rush ᛭ to move quickly ᛫ to hurry ᛫ to rush ᛭ overly hasty ᛫ N᛭V᛭AJ rash&rash&rashen[ræscan] NE&ME&ME
ratch rac ᛫ a dog that hunts by scent ᛫ N racch ME
rathe raðe ᛫ eager ᛫ prompt ᛫ rash ᛫ early ᛫ too early ᛫ AJ rathe&rāthe&hræþ NE&ME&OE
ratheripe raðeripe ᛫ precocious ᛫ rareripe ᛫ AJ rathe-ripe NE
rathest raðest ᛫ soonest ᛫ earliest ᛫ AJ ~ NE [CED]
ratsbane ᛫ rat poison ᛫ N ~ NE
ravenflint rafenflint ᛫ obsidian ᛫ N raven+flint NE×2 calque: hrafntinna
raw raƿ ᛫ uncooked ᛫ default ᛫ unmodified ᛫ unrefined ᛫ AJ raw[rau][hrēaw] NE
raw raƿ ᛫ lichen ᛫ N ragu OE
ray rag ᛫ a wild she-goat ᛫ N rǣge OE
reach reac ᛫ an extent of influence or an effect ᛭ to arrive at ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
reacon ᛫ apt ᛫ prompt ᛫ capable ᛫ qualified ᛫ AJ rēken[recen] ME
read ᛫ a lesson ᛫ a reading ᛭ to interpret ᛫ N᛭V read&rǣdan&rǣde NE&OE&OE
reading ᛫ an interpretation ᛫ interpretation itself ᛫ a lesson ᛫ N reading&rǣding NE&OE
readingbook ᛫ a lesson book ᛫ a lectionary ᛫ N rǣdingbōc OE
readingshamble readingscambel ᛫ a lectern ᛫ N rǣdingsceamol OE
readout readute ᛫ a gauge [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~ NE
ream ᛫ to expand ( esp a hole ) ᛫ V ~[rȳman] NE
ream ᛫ cream ᛫ a film or skin on the surface of milk ᛫ consecrated oil ᛫ oil ᛭ to cream forth ᛫ N᛭V ream&rēme[rēam] NE&OE
reap ᛫ to gather a crop ᛫ to harvest ᛫ to receive something as a consequence ᛫ V ~ NE
rear ᛫ to raise ᛫ to erect something ᛫ to establish ᛫ to levy ᛫ to breed animals ᛫ to raise a child ᛫ V rear&arẹ̄ren NE&ME "raise" is Norse ᛫ kin: hræra (Icelandic)
reard ᛫ a voice ( whether human or animal ) ᛫ speech ᛫ a loud vocal outburst ᛫ a cry ᛫ a roar ᛫ N rerd&rērd/rearde[reord] NE&ME
reardbearer ᛫ a bearer of speech or voice ᛫ a person ᛫ N reordberend OE
rearded ᛫ voiced ( spoken with vibration of the vocal chords ) ᛫ AJ rērd+ed ME+NE calque: voiced
rearheadbone ᛫ an occipital bone ᛫ N rear+headbone NE×2 calque: achterhoofdsbeen; Hinterhauptbein
rearhorse ᛫ a praying mantis ᛫ N ~ NE
rearmouse rearmuse ᛫ a Chiroptera animal ( a bat ) ᛫ N ~[rẹ̄remǒus][hrēremūs] NE PL: rearmice ᛫ bat is Norse [OED]
rease ᛫ a rush ᛫ a race ᛫ a charge ( like in battle ) ᛫ an assault ᛫ a moment of time ᛭ to rush ᛫ to race ᛫ to charge ( like in battle ) ᛫ to assault ᛫ N᛭V rēs[rǣs] ME "race" is Norse
reasow reasoƿ ᛫ to suspect ᛫ to suppose ᛫ V rǣswan OE
reasower reasoƿer ᛫ a counsellor ᛫ a chief ᛫ one who thinks for the public ᛫ N rǣswa OE
reasowing reasoƿing ᛫ supposition ᛫ conjecture ᛫ N rǣswung OE
reat ᛫ to lament or to wail in grief ᛫ V rēotan OE
reave reaf ᛫ to plunder ᛫ to rob ᛫ to pillage ᛫ V ~ NE PST: reft ᛫ PTCP: reft
reavedeer reafdeer ᛫ a carnivore ᛫ an animal of the order Carnivora ᛫ N reave+deer NE×2 calque: roofdier, Raubtier
reaver reafer ᛫ a robber ᛫ a raider ᛫ a bandit ᛫ a plunderer ᛫ a marauder ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
reck ᛫ to heed ᛫ to consider ᛫ to be concerned with ᛫ V ~[recchen][reccan] NE PST: rought ᛫ PTCP: rought
reckful ᛫ cautious ᛫ attentive ᛫ AJ ~ NE
recking ᛫ concern ᛫ caution ᛫ N reck+ing NE×2
reckless ᛫ incautious ᛫ lacking attention ᛫ AJ ~ NE
reckness recceness ᛫ a narration ᛫ a history ᛫ a report ᛫ an interpretation ᛫ N gerecednys OE
reckon ᛫ to calculate ᛫ to suppose ᛫ to enumerate ᛫ to recite from a list ᛫ to list ᛫ V ~[rekenen][recenian] NE
reckoner ᛫ a computer ᛫ a calculator ᛫ N reckon+er NE×2
reckoning ᛫ a supposition ᛫ a calculation ᛫ an estimation ᛫ a balance sheet ᛫ a bank account [ᚹ] ᛫ a bill ᛫ an invoice ᛫ a statement of charges ᛫ N reckoning&rekening NE&ME
red ᛫ a communist ᛫ a socialist ᛭ communistic ᛫ socialistic ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
red ᛫ ( forms nouns showing a condition or a state ) ᛫ SUFFIX ~['-rēden/-rēden][-rǣden] NE found in: hatred; kindred
red fingerapple fingerappel ᛫ a Ziziphus jujuba plant ( jujube ) ᛫ the fruit of this plant ᛫ N red+fingeræppel NE+OE calque: red date
red maithe magð ᛫ an Adonis annua plant ( pheasant's eye ) ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
Red Russland ᛫ Red Ruthenia ᛫ N red+russland NE×2‹O calque: Red Russia
redback ᛫ a yuan ᛫ N ~ NE
redbuck ᛫ an impala ᛫ N red-buck NE inspired by: rooibok
redd ᛫ to save ᛫ to rescue ᛫ to free from something unpleasant such as embarrassment ᛫ V redden[hreddan] ME
rede ᛫ advice ᛫ counsel ᛭ to advise ᛫ to counsel ᛫ N᛭V rede&rēd NE&ME
redebaner ᛫ one who advises murder but does not commit it ᛫ N rǣdbana OE
redeful ᛫ wise ᛫ prudent ᛫ providing good counsel ᛫ AJ rēdful ME
redegift ᛫ a senate ᛫ a consulate ᛫ N rǣdgift OE use /j/ for English pronunciation ᛫ use /g/ for Norse pronunciation
redely redelie ᛫ promptly ᛫ expeditiously ᛫ vigorously ᛫ surely ᛫ certainly ᛫ explicitly ᛫ AV rēdelī[rǣdlīce] ME
redesman ᛫ an adviser ᛫ a counsellor ᛫ N rēdesman[rǣdesmann] ME
redflag redflagg ᛫ an indication that something's wrong ᛫ N ~ NE
redshank redscank ᛫ a Tringa totanus animal ᛫ N ~ NE [CED][MW]
redstart ᛫ a Phoenicurus bird ( and other kinds of birds too ) ᛫ N ~ NE
redware redƿare ᛫ terracotta ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
reef ᛫ robbery ᛫ N ~ NE kin: reave ᛫ or: reef; reif (Scottish) ᛫
reef ᛫ to roof ᛫ to cover ᛫ V gehrēfan OE kin: roof
reek ᛫ vapour ᛫ a strong bad smell ᛫ N ~[rēc] NE
reekle reekel ᛫ incense ᛭ to cense with incense ᛫ N᛭V rēkels&rēcelsian ME&OE
reeklebook reekelbook ᛫ a bulging vessel for holding incense ᛫ N rēcelsbūc OE see: bouk
reeklevat reekelfatt ᛫ a censer ( an ornamental container for burning incense ) ᛫ N rēcelsfæt OE
reel ᛫ a kind of spool ᛫ a spool machine ᛫ a kind of dance ᛫ a dance ᛭ to wind on a reel ᛫ to dance ᛫ N᛭V ~[rēol] NE
reese ᛫ to tremble ᛫ to tremble with rage ᛫ to shudder ᛫ to quake ᛫ to shake ᛫ to rattle ᛫ to clatter ᛫ V rēsen[hrisian/hrysian] ME pronounce S as Z
reese rees ᛫ to descend ᛫ to fall on one's sword ᛫ to fall out ( of hair ) ᛫ to collapse ᛫ to fall in battle ᛫ V rẹ̄sen[hrēosan] OE
reet ᛫ to cheer ᛫ to gladden ᛫ to comfort ᛫ V rētan OE kin: rōt
reeth reeð ᛫ fierce ᛫ cruel ᛫ wild ᛫ savage ᛫ AJ rēþe ME
reeth reeð ᛫ triumph ᛫ N hrēþ OE
Reethmonth Reeðmonð ᛫ March ᛫ N(P) hrēþmōnaþ OE or: Lide
reethness reeðness ᛫ ferociousness ᛫ ruthlessness ᛫ mercilessness ᛫ cruelness ᛫ AJ ~ NE
reethy reeðie ᛫ triumphant ᛫ exultant ᛫ AJ hrēþig OE
reeve reefe ᛫ a bailiff ᛫ a local official ᛫ a magistrate ᛫ a municipal official ᛫ N reeve&rẹ̄ve[rēfa] NE&ME
reeveship reefescip ᛫ a bailiffship ᛫ N ~ NE
reigh reig ᛫ fierce ᛫ tempestuous ᛫ AJ rẹ̄h&hrēoh ME&OE
reigh reig ᛫ a Batoidea fish ( a ray ) ᛫ N reihe[reohhe] ME
Reindeer Mere Regndeer ᛫ Reindeer Lake ᛫ N(P) reindeer+mere NE‹N+NE or: Roan Mere
rem ᛫ to hinder ᛫ to block progress ᛫ to obstruct ᛫ to cumber ᛫ V hremman OE
remming ᛫ a hindrance ᛫ an obstacle ᛫ an obstruction ᛫ N hremming OE
ren ᛫ to coagulate ᛫ V gerennan OE kin: run
rend ᛫ to tear into pieces ᛫ to wrench something violently ᛫ to cause great emotional pain to ᛫ V ~ NE
rennet ᛫ a cheeselib ( an enzyme used in making cheese ) ᛫ N ~ NE
rest ᛫ relief from exertion ᛫ sleep ᛫ inactivity ᛭ to take relief from exertion ᛫ to sleep ᛫ to become inactive ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
rest on ᛫ to depend on ᛫ V ~ NE
Restday Restdag ᛫ the Hebrew Sabbath ( Saturday by extension ) ᛫ a day of rest ᛫ N restendæg OE
resthome resthome ᛫ a nursing home ᛫ an old people's home ᛫ an old folk's home ᛫ N rest home NE [OED]
resthouse resthuse ᛫ a hotel ᛫ a hostel ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
retch rec ᛫ to explain ᛫ to expound ᛫ to describe ᛫ to interpret ᛫ V recchen&arecchen[reccan] ME&ME kin: reck; reckless; reckon
retch rec ᛫ to vomit ᛫ to puke ᛫ V ~ NE
retcher recer ᛫ an explainer ᛫ an expounder ᛫ a descriptor ᛫ a theorist ᛫ an interpreter ᛫ N recchen+er ME+NE kin: reck; reckless; reckon
retching recing ᛫ an explanation ᛫ an expounding ᛫ a description ᛫ a theory ᛫ an interpretation ᛫ N recchen+ing{arecchen} ME+NE kin: reck; reckless; reckon
rib ᛫ a joke ᛫ N ~[rib-tickle] NE
ribframe ᛫ a rib cage ᛫ N rib+frame NE×2
ric ᛫ ( shows a jurisdiction dominion or rule over something ) ᛫ SUFFIX ~ NE‹C
rice rise ᛫ a twig ᛫ a stick ᛫ a bobbin ᛫ a spool ᛫ N ~[hrīs] NE
rich ric ᛫ a dominion ᛫ a political entity ᛫ an empire ᛫ a state ᛫ a country ᛫ a nation ᛭ potent ᛫ powerful ᛫ wealthy ᛫ N᛭AJ rich&rīche[rīce/ᚱᛁᛁᚳᚾᚫ] NE‹C&ME‹C or: rike (northern variant)
richdom ricdom ᛫ wealth ᛫ riches ᛫ affluence ᛫ N rī̆chedọ̄̆m ME "riches" is from Old French "richesse"
richen ricen ᛫ a female magnate ᛫ N rīcen OE
richer ricer ᛫ a magnate ᛫ N rīca OE
rick ᛫ a stack ᛫ a stook ᛫ N ~ NE
rid ᛫ to disencumber ᛫ V ~ NE
ridding ᛫ a removal ᛫ N ~ NE
riddle riddel ᛫ a coarse sieve ᛭ to screen ᛫ to permeate ᛫ to fill with holes ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
rideheer ᛫ a troop of cavalry ᛫ N rīdehere OE
rider ᛫ a passenger ᛫ N ~ NE
ridge ridg ᛫ a ridge ᛫ the back of a creature ᛫ N ~[hrycg] NE
ridgebone ridgbone ᛫ a backbone ᛫ a spine ᛫ a vertebra ᛫ N ~[riggebōn] NE
ridgedeer ridgdeer ᛫ a vertebrate ᛫ N ridge+deer NE×2 inspired by: hryggdýr
riding ᛫ a subdivision of a county ( traditionally ones which come in a group of three ) ᛫ an electoral district (Canada) ᛫ N ~ NE‹N
RIF ᛫ RIP ( rest in peace ) ᛫ AC rest+in+friþ E+E+E
rife ᛫ common ᛫ widespread ᛫ abounding ᛫ plentiful ᛫ frequent ᛫ AJ ~ NE
riff ᛫ a uterus ᛫ a belly ᛫ N hrif OE kin: midriff
rift ᛫ a laena ᛫ cloak ᛫ N rift ME
right rigt ᛫ just ᛫ correct ᛭ just ᛫ correctly ᛫ exactly ᛫ precisely ᛫ AJ᛭AV right&right NE&ME
right ago rigt ᛫ just now ᛫ AV right+ago NE×2
righten rigten ᛫ to rectify ᛫ V ~ NE
rightframed rigtframed ᛫ rightly constituted ᛫ orthodox ᛫ AJ rihtgefremed OE
rightful rigtful ᛫ having a legitimate right to something ᛫ legitimately claimed ᛫ AJ ~ NE
rightfully rigtfullie ᛫ legitimately ᛫ AV ~ NE
rightledge rigtledg ᛫ to correct ᛫ to rectify ᛫ V rightlechen ME
rightliefful rigtleefful ᛫ orthodox ᛫ AJ rihtgelēaffull OE
rightlieffulness rigtleeffulness ᛫ orthodoxy ᛫ N rihtgelēaffulness OE
rightly rigtlie ᛫ correctly ᛫ justifiably ᛫ AV ~ NE
rightminded rigtminded ᛫ sane ᛫ decent ᛫ morally upright ᛫ AJ ~ NE
rightwise rigtƿise ᛫ to justify ᛫ to vindicate ᛭ sanctimonious ᛫ moral ᛫ righteous ᛫ just ᛫ clockwise ᛫ V᛭AJ righteous&rightwīsen NE&ME
rightwiseness rigtƿiseness ᛫ righteousness ᛫ justice ᛫ N rihtwīsness OE
rightwising rigtƿising ᛫ justification ᛫ N gerihtwīsung OE
rim ᛫ a border ᛫ N rim&rima NE&OE
rime ᛫ to clear ᛫ to clear up ᛫ to clear away ᛫ to make room ᛫ to die ᛫ to depart ᛫ V rīmen[rȳman/rīman] ME
rime ᛫ a number ᛭ to number ᛫ to count ᛫ N᛭V rime&rimen ME&ME
rime ᛫ ice formed by the rapid freezing of cold water droplets of fog onto a cold surface ᛫ N ~ NE
rimebook ᛫ a calendar ᛫ N gerīmbōc OE
rimecraft ᛫ arithmetic ᛫ mathematics ᛫ maths ᛫ math ᛫ N rimcræft OE
rimekeeping ᛫ accounting ᛫ N rime+keep+ing ME+NE×2
rimer ᛫ a computer ᛫ a counter ᛫ a calculator ᛫ N rimere OE
rimple rimpel ᛫ to crease ᛫ V ~ NE
rimth rimð ᛫ an extent ᛫ a space ᛫ a space of time ᛫ N rimth[rȳmþ] ME
rind ᛫ crust ᛫ bark ᛫ peel ᛫ skin ᛫ cortex [ᚹ] ᛭ to remove the rind from ᛫ to peel ᛫ N᛭V ~[rī̆nd][rind] NE meaning of "cortex" taken from German which uses "Rinde" for all the meanings of "cortex"
Rine ᛫ the Rhine river ᛫ N Rīne ME
rine ᛫ a touch ᛫ an effect [ᚹ] ᛭ to touch ᛫ to affect [ᚹ] ᛫ N᛭V rīnen[hrīnan] ME
rinenly rinenlie ᛫ touchable ᛫ tangible ᛫ physical ᛫ AJ rinen+endlic ME+OE
ring ᛫ a circle ᛫ a clique ᛫ a cabal ᛫ N ~ NE
ringleader ᛫ the leader of a clique or a cabal ᛫ N ~ NE
ringnet ᛫ mail ᛫ chainmail ᛫ a coat of mail ᛫ a coat of chainmail ᛫ a hauberk ᛫ a corselet ᛫ N ~[hringnet] NE‹OE [OED]
Rinish Rinisc ᛫ Rhenish ᛫ AJ Rīnish ME
Rinish ᛫ of or pertaining to the Rhine river or the regions near it ᛫ AJ(P) Rīnish ME
rink ᛫ a man ( esp a heroic one ) ᛫ N ~ NE
rinnel ᛫ a courier ᛫ a runner ᛫ N rynel/renel NE
ripe ᛫ mature ᛫ ready for use ᛫ AJ ~ NE
ripe ᛫ to rob ᛫ to plunder ᛫ to ransack ᛫ to rifle through ᛫ to rummage ᛫ to search thoroughly ᛫ V ~[rīpen][rīpan] NE kin: reap
ripen ᛫ to mature ᛫ V ~ NE
ripple rippel ᛫ a coppice? ᛫ N rippel OE found in the name Ripley (rippel + lēah)
rise ᛫ an upward movement ᛫ an increase ᛫ a raise ( a salary increase ) ᛭ to go up ᛫ to ascend ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
rissle rissel ᛫ soft fat ᛫ suet ᛫ axungia ᛫ N rysel OE
rist ᛫ a rising ᛫ an elevation of the ground ᛫ an ascent ᛫ a rise in price ᛫ an increase in population ᛫ N ~[rist] NE‹ME unrealistic/fanciful [EDD][OED]
rith rið ᛫ a mastiff ᛫ a bloodhound ᛫ a large dog ᛫ N ryþþa OE
rith rið ᛫ a fever ᛫ N hriþ OE
rithe riðe ᛫ a small stream ᛫ N ~[riþ] NE [MW]
riveling rifeling ᛫ a rawhide shoe or boot ᛫ a Scot ( derogatory ) ᛫ N riveling ME
rix ᛫ to rule ᛫ to reign ᛫ to govern ᛫ V rixan{gerec?} ME‹OE‹C
rixing ᛫ a government ᛫ N rix+ing OE+NE inspired by: regering; Regierung
rizzle risel ᛫ grease ᛫ N risel[rysel] ME
road ᛫ an arterial ᛫ a passage ᛫ an avenue ᛫ an expressway ᛫ a course (literally and figuratively) ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
roadness ᛫ rhoticity ᛫ N road+ness NE×2 rho (Ρ) calqued as road (ᚱ)
roan ᛫ a reindeer ᛫ a caribou ᛫ N hrān OE
rochet rocet ᛫ to eructate ᛫ V rocettan OE
rock ᛫ a woman's upper garment ᛫ N rokke[rocc] ME‹OE
rodden ᛫ adorned ᛫ AJ geroden OE past participle of unattested Old English verb
rodder ᛫ the firmament ᛫ outer space ᛫ aether ᛫ N rodor OE literally meant "wheel"?
rodder ᛫ astro- ᛫ cosmo- ᛫ PREFIX rodor OE
roddercraft ᛫ a spacecraft ᛫ a spaceship ᛫ N rodor+craft OE+NE
rodderfarer ᛫ an astronaut ᛫ a cosmonaut ᛫ N rodder+farer OE+NE
rodderling ᛫ a space alien ᛫ N rodor+ling OE+NE
rodderlore ᛫ astronomy ( the scientific field dealing with celestial objects and space ) ᛫ N rodder+lore OE+NE
rodderly rodderlie ᛫ celestial ᛫ AJ rodorlic OE
rode ᛫ reason ( as in rationality ) ᛭ rational ᛫ reasonable ᛫ N᛭AJ rōde&gerād{irā̆d} ME&OE SEE NOTE
roke ᛫ expectoration ᛫ spittle ᛫ matter brought up when clearing the throat ᛫ N rōkinge&hrāca ME&OE
Romania ᛫ Romania ᛫ Rumania ᛫ N(P) România I
Ronding ᛫ one of the Reudigni ᛫ N(P) Rondingum OE
Rone ᛫ Rouen ( city in Normandy ) ᛫ N Rọ̄ne ME
rone ᛫ a rain gutter ᛫ a gutter [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~ NE‹?
roo ᛫ peace ᛫ stillness ᛫ quietness ᛫ silence ᛫ tranquillity ᛫ N rō/roo ME
rood ᛫ a cross ᛫ a crucifix ᛫ N ~ NE
roodfasten ᛫ to crucify ᛫ V rodfæstnian OE
roodhang ᛫ a crucifix ᛫ a crucifixion ᛫ N rōdehengen ME
roodsithe roodsiðe ᛫ a cross-expedition ᛫ a crusade ᛫ N rood+sīth NE+ME
roodwye roodƿie ᛫ a crusade ᛫ N rood+wye NE+ME unrealistic/fanciful
roof ᛫ vigorous ᛫ strong ᛫ valiant ᛫ AJ rof OE
roof ᛫ a ceiling ᛫ a palate of a mouth ᛭ to cover ᛫ V ~[rọ̄f][hrōf] NE
roofbone ᛫ a palatine bone ᛫ N roof+bone NE×2 as in palate (mouthroof)
rook ᛫ a cheat ᛫ a swindler ᛫ a Corvus frugilegus bird ᛫ N ~[hrōc] NE
Room ᛫ Rome ᛫ N Rōme/Room[Rōme] ME
room ᛫ space ᛫ volume ᛫ a section of a building ᛫ N ~ NE
room ᛫ soot ᛫ N hrūm OE
Roomanish Roomanisc ᛫ Roman ᛫ AJ(P) Rōmānisc OE
Roomany Roomani ᛫ the Roman Empire ᛫ N(P) Rōmā̆nīe ME
Roomer ᛫ a Roman ( one who lives in the city of Rome ) ᛫ N Rōmwaran OE
roomet ᛫ extent ᛫ space ᛫ extension ᛫ clearance ᛫ N rīmet[rȳmet] ME
roomhearted ᛫ generous ᛫ liberal hearted ᛫ AJ rūmheort OE
roomstead ᛫ a compartment ᛫ N ~ NE [MW]
roomth roomð ᛫ capacity ᛫ volume ᛫ N ~ NE
roomtime ᛫ spacetime ᛫ N room+time NE×2
roomy roomie ᛫ spacious ᛫ AJ ~ NE "room" alone could mean "roomy" in Middle English
roomy roomie ᛫ sooty ᛫ dirty ᛫ bedaubed ᛫ AJ hrūmig OE
roop ᛫ a cry ᛭ to cry out ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
roor ᛫ potent ᛫ vigorous ᛫ AJ hrōr OE rhyme: floor
roose ᛫ a rose ᛫ the rose hue ᛭ of rose hue ᛫ N᛭AJ ~[rōse] ANE‹‹OE‹I "The form of the English word was influenced by the French." - Etymonline [OED]
rooselawer rooslaƿer ᛫ oleander ᛫ N roose+laur ANE‹‹I+OE‹I calque: rose laurel, rosebay [OED]
roosemallow roosmalloƿ ᛫ a hibiscus ᛫ N roose+mallow ANE+NE‹‹OE‹I calque: rose mallow
roost ᛫ the internal structure of a roof ᛫ an attic ᛫ a sollar ᛫ a garret ᛫ a loft ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
root ᛫ glad ᛫ cheerful ᛫ AJ rōt OE kin: rētan
rootfast ᛫ firmly held by the roots ᛫ securely established ᛫ AJ ~ NE
rop ᛫ a colon ᛫ an intestine ᛫ intestines ᛫ entrails ᛫ guts ᛫ bowels ᛫ small intestines ᛫ N rop&ropp ME&OE
roster ᛫ a list of names ᛫ a muster roll ᛫ N ~[NL rooster] NE‹NL
rot ᛫ thick fluid ᛫ scum ᛫ mucus ᛫ N hrot OE kin: Rotz (German)
rotgut ᛫ low-quality alcoholic liquor ᛫ N ~ NE
Rothem Roðem ᛫ Rouen ( city in Normandy ) ᛫ N(P) Roþem OE From the Anglo Saxon Chronicle, alternative to Rone
rother roðer ᛫ a bovine ᛫ N ~[rother][hrīþer/hrȳþer] NE rhyme: bother (see "rother beast" on Lexico)
rother roðer ᛫ comfort ᛫ solace ᛭ to comfort ᛫ to console ᛫ N᛭V hrōþor OE
rotherflesh roðerflesc ᛫ beef ᛫ N rother+flesh NE×2 or: rothern flesh (attested as: reþeren flesche)
rothern roðeren ᛫ of oxen ᛫ of cattle ᛫ AJ rotheren[hrīþeren/hrȳþeren] ME spelling analogy: silvern
rothhound roðhund ᛫ a mastiff ᛫ a molossus ᛫ a large dog ᛫ N roþhund OE
router ƿrooter ᛫ a machine for woodworking ᛫ a person who uncovers things ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
row roƿ ᛫ a series ᛫ a line ᛫ a line of words ᛫ succession ᛫ a rank ( of soldiers etc ) ᛫ a streak ᛫ a stripe ᛫ N row&reue[rǣw/rāw] NE&ME
rower roƿer ᛫ a heron ᛫ an egret ᛫ N hrāgra OE
rown rune ᛫ crypto- ᛫ PREFIX rown NE
rown rune ᛫ a mystery ᛫ a secret ᛫ hidden speech ᛫ a whisper ᛫ a rune ᛭ to whisper ᛫ N᛭V rown&roun&rūn{gerȳne} NE&ME&OE or: roun
rowncraft runecraft ᛫ arcane knowledge or arts ᛫ N rūncræftige OE
rowncrafty runecraftie ᛫ learned in arcane knowledge or arts ᛫ AJ rūncræftige OE
rownish runisc ᛫ runic ᛫ AJ rown+ish NE×2
rownlore runelore ᛫ runology ᛫ N rown+lore NE×2
rownshat runescat ᛫ a unit of cryptocurrency ᛫ cryptocurrency ᛫ N rown+shat NE+ME
rownstaff runestaff ᛫ a rune ( a runic character ) ᛫ N rūnstæf OE
rowny runie ᛫ mystical ᛫ mysterious ᛫ AJ rūnlīc OE
rud ᛫ redness ᛫ blush ᛫ the Tagetes plant ( marigold ) ᛭ to redden ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE [CED]
ruddle ruddel ᛫ red ochre ᛭ to mark with red ochre ᛫ to raddle or twist ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE or: reddle
ruddock ᛫ the Erithacus rubecula bird ᛫ N ~ NE
ruddock ᛫ a robin ᛫ N ~ NE
rue reƿ ᛫ regret ᛫ remorse ᛭ to regret ᛫ to be penitent ᛫ N᛭V ~[reuen][hrēow] NE kin: ruth
ruechary reƿcearie ᛫ troubled ᛫ anxious ᛫ sorrowful ᛫ AJ hrēowcearig OE
rug ᛫ a carpet ᛫ N ~ NE‹N?
run in ᛫ a disagreement or conflict ( esp with an established authority ) ᛫ N run-in NE
runaway runaƿag ᛫ an estray ᛭ unchecked ᛫ rampant ᛫ fugitive ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
rung ᛫ a foot bar on a ladder ᛫ a level in a hierarchy ᛫ a rank ᛫ degree [ᚹ] ᛫ grade [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~ NE
runnel ᛫ a rivulet ᛫ a rill ᛫ a gutter ᛫ N runnel NE
runningfowl runningfule ᛫ a Cursoriinae bird ᛫ a courser ᛫ N running+fowl NE×2 calque: renvogel; Rennvogel
runninghand runninghand ᛫ cursive script ᛫ N ~ NE
runthrough runþruge ᛫ a rehearsal ᛫ a brief outline or summary ᛫ N runthrough NE
runway runƿag ᛫ a surface for landings and takeoffs of planes ᛫ a ramp ᛫ a sloped gangway ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
rus ᛫ the crust or surface of the Earth ᛫ the ground ᛫ N hruse OE rhyme: does? ᛫ kin: crusta (Latin)?
rush rusc ᛫ a Juncus plant ᛫ N ~[risc/rysc] NE
rushleek ruscleek ᛫ an Allium schoenoprasum plant ( chives ) ᛫ N ~[riscleac] NE
Russland ᛫ Russia ᛫ N(P) ~ NE‹O or: Russy; Muscovy
ruth reƿð ᛫ pity ᛫ sympathy ᛫ mercy ᛫ remorse regret ᛫ N ~[reuth/rewth] NE‹N kin: rue
ruthful reƿðful ᛫ merciful ᛫ compassionate ᛫ AJ ~ NE
ruthless reƿðless ᛫ remorseless ᛫ cruel ᛫ AJ ~ NE
sackful ᛫ contentious ᛫ quarrelsome ᛫ AJ sacfull OE
sackless ᛫ innocent ᛫ blameless ᛫ guiltless ᛫ free of legal charge ᛫ AJ ~ NE kin: sake
saddletree saddeltree ᛫ a Liriodendron tulipifera plant ( a tulip tree ) ᛫ N ~ NE
sade ᛫ to become sated ᛫ to satisfy ᛫ to satiate ᛫ V sate&saden&sadian NE&ME&OE form with T apparently influenced by satiare/satiate
safin ᛫ a Juniperus sabina plant ( savin ) ᛫ N safine OE rhyme: havin'
sailcloth saglcloð ᛫ canvas ( or other material used for making sails ) ᛫ N ~ NE
sailorly saglerlie ᛫ nautical ( in some senses ) ᛫ AJ ~ NE
sain sagn ᛫ a sign ᛫ a banner ᛫ a military standard ᛭ to make the sign of the cross on or over ᛫ N᛭V sain&segn[segnian] NE‹‹OE‹I
sake ᛫ a cause ( a reason for contention ) ᛫ an account ( one's behalf ) ᛫ a suit ( a lawsuit ) ᛭ to sue ᛫ to bring a suit against ᛫ N᛭V sake&sāke&sacan NE&ME&OE PST: sook ᛫ PTCP: saken
sale ᛫ a main hall in a large building ᛫ a large room ( esp one used for things like banquets ) ᛫ N sā̆l[sæl][sele] ME Finnish "sali" and OE rune poem used for definition
salework saleƿork ᛫ goods made for general use ( as opposed to goods made to order ) ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E)
sallow salloƿ ᛫ a pale yellow hue ᛫ a Salix plant ( pussy willow ) ᛫ a Xanthia insect ᛭ of sallow hue ᛫ N᛭AJ ~[salu][salu] NE associated with sickness [colour]
salt pig ᛫ a salt cellar ᛫ N ~ NE salt cellars are often labelled as salt pigs in online stores
saltern ᛫ a building where salt is made by boiling or evaporation ᛫ N ~[sealtern] NE
saltiness ᛫ salinity ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
saltstone ᛫ halite ᛫ rock salt ᛫ N ~ ANE [OED]
salty saltie ᛫ saline ᛫ irritated and bitter ᛫ AJ ~ NE [OED]
salve salf ᛫ an ointment balm cream or paste used for medicinal reasons ᛫ N ~ NE
salvy salfie ᛫ sage ( plant ) ᛫ N salfige[salvia] OE‹I
sam ᛫ to assemble ᛫ to coagulate ᛫ to collect ᛫ to amass ᛭ together ᛫ V᛭AV sam[samnen][samnian]&sammen ME&ME [EDD]
sam ᛫ half done ᛫ imperfectly done ᛫ AJ sam ANE [EDD]
sam ᛫ half- ᛫ semi- ᛫ PREFIX sam OE
samblind ᛫ half-blind ᛫ dim-sighted ᛫ AJ sandblind NE
samborn ᛫ half-born ᛫ aborted ᛫ AJ samboren OE
sameblooded ᛫ consanguineous ᛫ AJ sameblooded NE
samebloodedness ᛫ consanguinity ᛫ N samebloodedness NE
samed ᛫ simultaneously ᛫ together ᛭ together with ᛫ AV᛭P sā̆mod[samed/samod/somed] ME
samedsithe samedsiðe ᛫ to accompany ᛫ to travel together ᛫ V samodsiþian OE
samedsweyend samedsƿegend ᛫ a consonant ᛫ N samodswēgende OE
sameness ᛫ identicalness ᛫ similarity ᛫ N ~ NE
samewist sameƿist ᛫ cohabitation ᛫ N samwist OE
samey samie ᛫ generic ᛫ monotonous ᛫ AJ+AV ~ NE
sameyness saminess ᛫ genericness ᛫ monotony ᛫ N ~ NE
sammening ᛫ a convention ᛫ a congregation ᛫ a synagogue ᛫ a church ᛫ N gesamnung OE
sammer ᛫ a collector ᛫ a gatherer ᛫ N samnere OE
sammer ᛫ a collector ᛫ one who gathers ᛫ N ~ ANE [EDD]
sammilk ᛫ butter in the churn after the milk breaks into butter ᛫ N sam-milk ANE [EDD]
samming ᛫ an assembly ᛫ a council ᛫ N samnung OE
samming ᛫ thickening for porridge ᛫ N ~ ANE [EDD]
samsodden ᛫ half-cooked ᛫ AJ ~ NE [MW]
samwaxen samƿaxen ᛫ half grown ᛫ AJ sāmweaxen OE
samwhole samhƿole ᛫ not whole ᛫ in poor health ᛫ AJ samhal OE
samwise samƿise ᛫ half-wise ᛫ foolish ᛫ simple ᛫ AJ sāmwīs OE
samyoung samgeung ᛫ an adolescent ᛭ adolescent ᛫ N᛭AJ samgeong OE
sand ᛫ a sending ᛫ a sending out ᛫ a thing which is sent ᛫ a messenger ᛫ an envoy ᛫ a message ᛫ a serving of food ᛫ N sond ME
sandglass ᛫ an hourglass ᛫ N ~ NE
sandhill ᛫ a sand dune ᛫ N sand-hill NE [OED]
sandsman ᛫ a messenger ᛫ N sondesman ME or: sondman
Saraken ᛫ a Saracen ᛫ N(P) saracene OE‹I‹H‹? kin: Saracen
Sarakennish Sarakennisc ᛫ Saracen ᛫ AJ(P) saracenisc OE‹I‹H‹?
sarch sarc ᛫ a shirt ᛫ N serc OE
Sardin ᛫ a Sardinian ᛫ N(P) Sardinie OE
sare ᛫ an artifice ᛫ a machination ᛫ a machine ᛫ a device ᛫ an engine ᛭ to act with artifice ᛫ to engineer [ᚹ] ᛫ N᛭V searu&searwian OE&OE
sarecraft ᛫ stratagem ᛫ machination ᛫ engineering [ᚹ] ᛫ N searucræft OE
sarecrafty sarecraftie ᛫ wily ᛫ cunning ᛫ AJ searucræftig OE
saregun ᛫ a machinegun ᛫ N searu+gun OE+NE‹N calque: machinegun
sarely sarelie ᛫ ingenious ᛫ artful ᛫ mechanical [ᚹ] ᛫ AJ searulīc OE
sareman ᛫ one who makes machines , engines , or machinations ᛫ an engineer ᛫ N searu+man OE+NE
sarenet ᛫ a net of guile ᛫ a snare ᛫ N searunet OE
sarethank sareþank ᛫ a cunning thought device artifice or wile ᛫ N searuþanc OE
sarethankle sareþankel ᛫ cunning ᛫ sagacious ᛫ shrewd ᛫ AJ searuþancol OE
sarewrench sareƿrenc ᛫ a crafty trick ᛫ N searuwrenc OE
sark ᛫ a shirt ᛫ N ~[serc] NE
Sarmondish Sarmondisc ᛫ Sarmatian language ᛭ Sarmatian ᛫ N(P)᛭AJ(P) Sarmondisc OE
Sarmondland ᛫ Sarmatia ᛫ N(P) Sarmondisc+land OE+NE
satch sac ᛫ strife ᛫ conflict ᛫ N sæc OE kin: sake
Saturnight Saturnigt ᛫ the night following Saturday's dusk ᛫ N(P) ~ NE‹(I+E)
saught saugt ᛫ reconciliation ᛭ to be reconciled ᛫ to reconcile ᛫ to make peace ᛫ N᛭V saught&saughten[seaht] ME&ME
saughten saugten ᛫ to make peace ᛫ to reconcile ᛫ V saughtenen ME
saw saƿ ᛫ a narrative ᛫ a saga ᛫ a story ᛫ a saying ᛫ a maxim ᛫ a proverb ᛫ a notion [ᚹ] ᛫ N saw&sau[sagu/saga] NE&ME see note
sawbill saƿbill ᛫ a Mergus bird ( a merganser ) ᛫ N ~ NE
sawbones saƿbones ᛫ a surgeon ᛫ N ~ NE
sawer saƿer ᛫ a sawyer ᛫ N sauer ME
sax ᛫ a kind of short sword ᛫ a knife ᛫ a cutting tool ᛫ N sex/sax ME
sax ᛫ a Saxophone ᛫ N ~ NE
Sax ᛫ a Saxon ᛫ N(P) Seaxe OE PL: Saxes; Saxen (older form)
Saxish Saxisc ᛫ Saxon language ᛭ of the Saxons ᛫ N᛭AJ ~[Seaxisc] ME
saxstaff ᛫ a glaive ᛫ N sax+staff ME+NE modelled on swordstaff
scalp ᛫ a crown ( the top of a head ) ᛫ N ~ NE‹N
scathe scaðe ᛫ to injure ᛫ V ~ NE see: shathe
scatheful scaðeful ᛫ causing harm or mischief ᛫ injurious ᛫ destructive ᛫ AJ ~ NE
scathefulness scaðefulness ᛫ injuriousness ᛫ destructiveness ᛫ N ~ NE
scathel scaðel ᛫ hurt ᛫ injury ᛭ harmful ᛫ noxious ᛫ injurious ᛫ mischievous ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
scathing scaðing ᛫ harshly or bitterly critical ᛫ harmful or painful ᛫ acerbic ᛫ AJ ~ NE
scatterling ᛫ a vagabond ᛫ N ~ NE
sclair sclager ᛫ a veil ( worn on the head ) ᛫ N skleir/scleyre ME
Sclave Sclafe ᛫ a Slav ᛫ N(P) Sclā̆ve ME‹I "Slav" was a reborrowing?
score ᛫ the number of points goals runs etc achieved in a game ᛫ a set of twenty ᛭ to gain a point ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE‹N
scough scoug ᛫ a forest ᛫ N scough ME‹N kin: skōgr
scrawny scraƿnie ᛫ thin malnourished and weak ᛫ AJ ~ NE
screed ᛫ a long speech or piece of writing ( typically regarded as tedious ) ᛫ N ~ NE
scurf ᛫ flakes on the surface of the skin that form as fresh skin develops below ᛫ N ~ NE
scythe siðe ᛫ an agricultural tool with a shaft and a curved blade used for mowing ᛫ N ~ NE
seabladder ᛫ a Physalia physalis animal ( a Portuguese man-of-war ) ᛫ N ~ NE
seaborough seaboroug ᛫ a seaside settlement ᛫ N sǣburh OE
seacow seacue ᛫ a manatee ᛫ a dugong ᛫ a Sirenia mammal ᛫ N sea cow NE
seadeer ᛫ a sea creature ᛫ N sǣdēor OE
seadevil seadefel ᛫ a manta ray ᛫ N ~ NE
seadom ᛫ a thalassocracy ᛫ a thalattocracy ᛫ N sea+dom NE×2
seaduck ᛫ a Fuligulinae bird ( an eider , a scoter ) ᛫ N ~ NE
seaear ᛫ a Haliotis mollusc ( an abalone , an ormer ) ᛫ N ~ NE also: ear shell
seaelfen ᛫ a sea nymph ᛫ N sǣælfen OE
seafareld ᛫ a sea passage ᛫ N sǣfæreld OE
seafarth seafarð ᛫ the sea shore ( poetic ) ᛫ N sǣfaroþ OE
seafear ᛫ thalassophobia ᛫ N sear+fear NE
seafennel ᛫ a Crithmum maritimum plant ( samphire ) ᛫ N sea fennel NE‹(E‹E+I) [OED]
seaganger ᛫ a mariner ᛫ a vessel ᛫ N sǣgenga OE
seaglass ᛫ isinglass ᛫ N sea-glass NE [OED]
seagreen ᛫ a blueish green colour ᛫ of a blueish green hue ᛫ N sea-green NE [colour]
seahaven seahafen ᛫ a seaport ᛫ a town or city with a harbour for seagoing ships ᛫ N sea+haven NE×2 calque: zeehaven
seahawk seahaƿk ᛫ a Stercorarius bird ( a skua , a jaeger ) ᛫ N ~ NE
seahen ᛫ a Cepphus bird ( a guillemot ) ᛫ a Uria bird ( a guillemot / a murre ) ᛫ N sea-hen NE [OED]
seahinx ᛫ a hippopotamus ᛫ N sǣhengest OE literally sea-horse
seahound seahund ᛫ a dogfish ᛫ a shark of the small bottom-dwelling variety ᛫ N ~ NE
sealily sealillie ᛫ a stalked crinoid ᛫ N sea lily NE‹(E+E‹I) [OED]
sealine ᛫ the horizon ( when over water ) ᛫ N sea-line NE [OED]
sealithing sealiðing ᛫ seafaring ᛫ AJ sǣlīþende OE
sealore ᛫ oceanography ᛫ N ~ NE
sealsmolt ᛫ melted seal blubber ᛫ seal oil ᛫ N seilesmolt ME found under "smolt" on MEC
sealth sealð ᛫ happiness ᛫ fortune ᛫ prosperity ᛫ N sē̆lth[sǣlþ] ME
sealy sealie ᛫ marine ᛫ thalassic ᛫ oceanic ᛫ AJ sǣlīc OE
seam ᛫ a line of stitching ᛫ a ridge formed by joined edges ᛫ a stratum ( coal , ore , etc ) ᛫ a suture ᛫ a gully ᛫ a groove ᛫ a crevice ᛫ N ~[sēm][sēam] ME
seamanship seamanscip ᛫ skill of sailing ᛫ N ~ NE
seamere ᛫ a lagoon ᛫ an enclosed part of the sea ᛫ N sea+mere NE×2 calque: sea-lake
seaminnow seaminnoƿ ᛫ an Engraulidae fish ᛫ an anchovy ᛫ N sea minnow ANE poorly attested
seamster ᛫ a tailor ᛫ a seamstress ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
seamy seamie ᛫ sordid ᛫ disreputable ᛫ distasteful ᛫ ignoble ᛫ AJ ~ NE
seanettle seanettel ᛫ the jellyfish ᛫ N sea nettle NE
sear ᛫ to burn ᛫ to scorch ᛫ to wither ᛫ to dry up ᛫ to mark permanently ᛫ V ~ NE
searaven searafen ᛫ A Phalacrocoracidae bird ᛫ a cormorant ᛫ N ~ NE essentially a calque of "cormorant"
seareaver seareafer ᛫ a pirate ᛫ N ~ NE
seaswallow seasƿalloƿ ᛫ a Sterninae bird ( a tern ) ᛫ N ~ NE
seaswamb seasƿamb ᛫ a seasponge ᛫ N sea+swamm NE+ME
seaswine seasƿine ᛫ the porpoise ᛫ N ~ NE
seat ᛫ an ambush ᛭ to ambush ᛫ to lie in wait to ambush ᛫ N᛭V sǣt&sǣtian OE&OE
seatbone ᛫ an ischium ᛫ N seat+bone NE×2 calque: zitbeen, Sitzbein
seater ᛫ an insidiator ᛫ an ambusher ᛫ N sǣtere OE
seath seað ᛫ a pit ᛫ a hole ᛫ N seaþ OE
seathrowend seaþroƿend ᛫ a Cottidae fish ( a sculpin , a bullhead , a sea scorpion ) ᛫ an extinct Eurypterida arthropod ( a sea scorpion , a eurypterid ) ᛫ N sea+þrowend NE+OE calque: sea scorpion
seave seaf ᛫ mind ( poetic ) ᛫ N sefa OE
seawarth seaƿarð ᛫ the sea shore ᛫ N sǣwaroþ OE
seawight seaƿigt ᛫ a sea creature ᛫ N sǣwiht OE
sedge sedg ᛫ a man ᛫ N segge[secg] ME
sedge sedg ᛫ a Cyperaceae plant ᛫ N ~ NE
see ᛫ a pupil ( of the eye ) ᛫ N sēo OE
seed ᛫ a purse ᛫ a money-bag ᛫ a coin-purse ᛫ a wallet ᛫ N seode&sēod ME&OE
seed ᛫ semen ᛫ sperm ᛫ one's descendants ᛫ N ~ NE
seedly seedlie ᛫ seminal ᛫ AJ sǣdlīc OE
seedtime ᛫ the time to sow seeds ᛫ a time for new development ᛫ N ~ NE
seedy seedie ᛫ sleazy ᛫ untidy ᛫ full of seeds ᛫ infirm ᛫ suffering from a hangover ᛫ AJ ~ NE
seek ᛫ to search ᛫ V ~ NE un-Norse: seech (AS: seec)
seeksorrow seeksorroƿ ᛫ a masochist ᛫ N ~ NE un-Norse: seechsorrow (AS: seecsorroƿ)
seel ᛫ happiness ᛫ prosperity ᛫ a proper time ᛫ a good occasion ᛫ an opportunity ᛫ N sēle[sǣl] ME
seel ᛫ happiness ᛫ prosperity ᛫ good fortune ᛫ luck ᛫ N sele ME
seely seelie ᛫ spiritually favored ᛫ happy ᛫ blissful ᛫ fortunate ᛫ lucky ᛫ auspicious ᛫ AJ sely ME doublet: silly
seem ᛫ to bring to an agreement ᛫ to reconcile ᛫ V sẹ̄men[sēman] ME
seem ᛫ to burden ᛫ to put a load on ᛫ V sēmen[sēman/sīman] ME
seeming ᛫ apparent ᛫ AJ ~ NE
seemingly seeminglie ᛫ apparently ᛫ decorously ᛫ AV ~ NE
seemliness ᛫ propriety ᛫ properness ᛫ appropiateness ᛫ decorum ᛫ decency ᛫ decentness ᛫ civility ᛫ N ~ NE‹(N+E+E) [OED]
seemly seemie ᛫ proper ᛫ appropiate ᛫ decorous ᛫ decent ᛫ civil ᛫ AJ ~ NE‹(N+E) [OED]
seenly seenlie ᛫ visible ᛫ AJ see+end+ly NE+ME+NE
seer ᛫ a person who sees something specified ᛫ a prophet ᛫ N ~ NE
seethe seeðe ᛫ to digest ᛫ N ME
seethe seeðe ᛫ to boil ᛫ V ~ NE
seethe seeðe ᛫ to declare true ᛫ to affirm ᛫ to attest ᛫ to testify ᛫ V sēþan OE
seether seeðer ᛫ a boiler ᛫ N seethe+er NE×2
seething seeðing ᛫ an attestation ᛫ an affirmation ᛫ a proof ᛫ N sēþan+ing OE+NE
seethrough seeþruge ᛫ transparent ᛫ translucent ᛫ AJ seethrough NE
selcouth selcooð ᛫ strange ᛫ unusual ᛫ peculiar ᛫ marvellous ᛫ miraculous ᛫ preternatural ᛫ AJ selcouth&selcūþ NE&OE
seld ᛫ rare ᛫ infrequent ᛭ infrequently ᛫ rarely ᛫ AJ᛭AV selde ME
seld ᛫ a chair ᛫ a seat ᛫ a throne ᛫ N sẹ̄lde[seld] ME or: sield? (vowel lengthened for at least some speakers)
seld ᛫ rare- ᛫ PREFIX seld OE
seldom ᛫ infrequent ᛫ rare ᛭ infrequently ᛫ rarely ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE [MW]
seldomly seldomlie ᛫ rarely ᛫ AV ~ NE
seldomness ᛫ rareness ᛫ rarity ᛫ uncommonness ᛫ N ~ NE
seldseen ᛫ rarely seen ᛫ rare ᛫ uncommon ᛫ unusual ᛫ AJ seldsēn ME
selfeater ᛫ a cannibal ᛫ N selfǣta OE
selfhood ᛫ individuality ᛫ N ~ NE [CED]
selfkill ᛫ to kill oneself ( accidentally or intentionally ) ᛫ V ~ NE
selfkiller ᛫ one who has killed oneself ( accidentally or intentionally ) ᛫ N ~ NE
selfmurther selfmurðer ᛫ to suicide ᛫ V ~ NE
selfmurtherer selfmurðerer ᛫ a suicide ( one who kills oneself ) ᛫ N selfmurther+er NE×2
selfnamed ᛫ eponymous ᛫ AJ self-named NE
selfpitch selfpic ᛫ autotune ᛭ to autotune ᛫ N᛭V self+pitch{autotune} NE×2 calque: Autotune
selfsame ᛫ identical ᛫ AJ ~ NE
selfsameness ᛫ identity ᛫ N ~ NE
selfshifter selfscifter ᛫ a motor vehicle with an automatic transmission ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
selfshrithe selfscriðe ᛫ to automatically act or move ᛫ to motivate oneself ᛫ V self+shrithe NE+ME
selfshrithing selfscriðing ᛫ automatic ᛫ AJ self+shrithe+ing NE+ME+NE
selfstanding ᛫ independent ᛫ AJ ~ NE
selfweening selfƿeening ᛫ conceitedness ᛫ self-conceit ᛫ self-importance ᛫ arrogance ᛫ egotism ᛫ vanity ᛭ conceited ᛫ self-important ᛫ arrogant ᛫ egotistical ᛫ vain ᛫ opinionated ᛫ N᛭AJ self-weening ANE [OED]
selfwield selfƿield ᛫ autonomy ᛫ self-governance ᛫ N self+wield NE+NE
selfwielding selfƿielding ᛫ autonomous ᛫ self-governing ᛫ AJ self+wield+ing NE+NE+NE
selk ᛫ to become sluggish ᛫ V āseolcan OE
seller ᛫ a vendor ᛫ a salesman ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
sellsword sellsƿord ᛫ a mercenary ᛫ N ~ NE
selly sellie ᛫ an unusual thing ᛭ strange ᛫ unusual ᛫ remarkable ᛫ marvelous ᛫ exceptional ᛫ excellent ᛭ wondrously ᛫ strangely ᛫ unusually ᛫ N᛭AJ᛭AV sellī ME
sem ᛫ to remain suspended ᛫ V seomian OE
seme ᛫ clinch nails ᛫ N sēm ME‹? always plural? ᛫ seme-nail is attested (spelled "semenaill")
Semitish Semitisc ᛫ Semitic ᛫ AJ(P) Semitic NE‹‹O
semp ᛫ mustard ᛫ N senep ME‹OE‹Þ‹I‹H
sen ᛫ very- ᛫ ever- ᛫ PREFIX sin OE found in: sengreen
sench senc ᛫ to sink ᛫ to drown [ᛏ] ᛫ V senchen[sencan] ME
sendforth sendforð ᛫ a celebration or event to mark a person's departure ᛫ a send-off ᛫ N send-forth NE Nigerian English
sengreen ᛫ the houseleek ᛫ N ~ NE
sennight sennigt ᛫ a week ᛫ N ~ NE from "seven nights" in Old English
senshalk senscalk ᛫ seneschal ᛫ N sen+shalk ME+ME
senth senð ᛫ a synod ᛫ N seonoþ OE‹I
senthly senðlie ᛫ synodal ᛫ AJ seonoþlīc OE‹I
Serbish Serbisc ᛫ Serbian ᛫ AJ Serb+ish NE×2
sere ᛫ different ᛫ various ᛫ diverse ᛫ several ᛫ multiple ᛫ AJ sẹ̄r ME‹N
sere ᛫ dry ᛫ withered ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Sering ᛫ a Chinese person ? ᛫ N(P) Seringum OE‹I‹H of note: Σῆρες; Serica
seringapple seringappel ᛫ an orange ( fruit ) ᛫ N Seringum+apple OE‹I‹H+NE calque: "Apfelsine"; "sinaasappel"; "appelsien"
sess ᛫ a seat ᛫ N ses/sæs/sesse OE kin: sess (Icelandic)
sester ᛫ a vessel for holding liquid ᛫ a pitcher ᛫ a liquid measure ᛫ N sester[sextarius] ME‹OE‹I
set ᛫ a group ᛭ to place ᛫ to be located ᛫ to install ᛫ to appoint ᛫ N᛭V ~{isetten} NE
setback ᛫ a regression ᛫ N ~ NE
setdeal ᛫ a set piece ᛫ N set+deal NE×2
setness ᛫ constitution ᛫ a statute ᛫ an ordinance ᛫ N setnes ME
setting ᛫ a scenario ᛫ AJ ~ NE
settingtoken ᛫ an accidental ( in music ) ᛫ N setting+token NE×2 calque: Versetzungszeichen
settle settel ᛫ to solve ᛫ to come to rest ᛫ to colonize ᛫ to end a dispute or question ᛫ to resolve ᛫ V ~ NE
settler setteller ᛫ a colonist ᛫ N ~ NE
settling settelling ᛫ a settlement ᛫ settlement ᛫ a colony ᛫ N ~ NE
settlings settellings ᛫ sediment ᛫ dregs ᛫ N ~ NE
Sevan Mere Sefan ᛫ Sevan Lake ᛫ N(P) Sevan+mere NE‹O+NE
Seven Sisters Sefen ᛫ the Pleiades ᛫ N ~ NE
Sevenboroughs Sefenborougs ᛫ Transylvania ᛫ N seven+bury NE calque: Zevenburgen; Siebenbürgen
sevenfold sefenfold ᛫ septuple ᛫ AJ᛭AV ~ NE [OED]
sevenleaf sefenleaf ᛫ a Potentilla erecta plant ( tormentil , septfoil ) ᛫ N seven-leaf[seofonlēafe] NE [OED]
sevensome sefensum ᛫ a septet ᛫ a heptad ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
seventh sefenð ᛫ a septime ᛫ a heptachord ᛫ N ~ NE [OED]
sevenwield sefenƿield ᛫ a heptarchy ᛫ the seven states of Anglo-Saxon Britain ᛫ N seven+wield NE+NE
sew seƿ ᛫ juice ᛫ broth ᛫ sauce [ᚹ] ᛫ N sewe&sēaw ME&OE
shab scab ᛫ a scab ᛫ scabies ᛫ mange ᛫ N shab ME
shade scade ᛫ a ghost ᛫ a spectre ᛫ a phantom ᛫ rephaite ᛫ N ~ NE
shaft scaft ᛫ ( element suffix ) ᛫ SUFFIX shaft[gesceaft] ME
shaft scaft ᛫ a creation ᛫ a creature ᛫ an element ᛫ a substance ᛫ N shaft/ishaft&gesceaft ME&OE
shaftlore scaftlore ᛫ chemistry ( the study , not the mechanics) ᛫ N shaft+lore ME+NE
shaftmote scaftmote ᛫ an element particle ( an atom ) ᛫ N shaft+mote ME+NE
shag scag ᛫ A Phalacrocoracidae bird ᛫ a shag ᛫ a cormorant [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~ NE of sketchy origin, possibly German or Norse
shake scake ᛫ to quiver ᛫ to vibrate ᛫ to convulse ᛫ V ~ NE
shaky scakie ᛫ trembling ᛫ unstable ᛫ precarious ᛫ unreliable ᛫ AJ ~ NE
shale scale ᛫ a nutshell ᛫ a pod ᛫ a husk ᛫ a dish ᛫ a platter ᛫ a scale ( like of a fish ) ᛫ a weighing scale ᛫ N shale&shale&scealu NE&ME&OE
shalk scalk ᛫ an adult male human ᛫ a person ? ᛫ N shalk[scealc] ME
shallen scallen ᛫ testicles ᛫ N sceallan OE plural only
shallow scalloƿ ᛫ superficial ᛫ AJ ~ NE
shaly anteater scaly ᛫ a Pholidota animal ( a pangolin ) ᛫ N shaly+anteater NE&ME&OE+NE calque: scaly anteater
sham scam ᛫ a fabrication ᛫ a counterfeit ᛭ fabricated ᛫ counterfeit ᛫ N᛭AJ ~[shame?] NE
shamble scambel ᛫ a stool ᛫ a bench ( esp for meat ) ᛫ a vendor's stall ( esp for meat ) ᛫ a kiosk [ᚹ] ᛫ a booth [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~[shā̆mel][sceamol] NE‹‹OE‹I in shambles = in great disorder ᛫ shambles = a meat market
shamefast scamefast ᛫ bashful ᛫ modest ᛫ shy ᛫ shamefaced ᛫ AJ ~ NE
shand scand ᛫ a shame ᛫ a disgrace ᛫ infamy ᛫ ignominy ᛫ a scandal ᛭ to disgrace ᛫ to be disgraced ᛫ N shand&shonden&scand NE&ME&OE
shandly scandlie ᛫ disgraceful ᛫ infamous ᛫ shameful ᛫ scandalous ᛫ AJ shandly&scandlīc NE&OE
shank scank ᛫ a leg ᛫ N shank[scanca] NE
shape scape ᛫ a form ᛫ a condition which something is in ᛭ to form ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
shapeless scapeless ᛫ amorphous ᛫ AJ ~ NE
shapelore scapelore ᛫ geometry ᛫ N shape+lore NE
shapely scapelie ᛫ attractive in shape ᛫ well-shaped ᛫ AJ ~ NE
shaper scaper ᛫ a creator ᛫ N shaper&shāper NE&ME
shapeshift scapescift ᛫ to transform ᛫ to transmute ᛫ to metamorphose ᛫ to metamorphosize ᛫ V ~ NE [OED]
shapeshifting scapescifting ᛫ transformation ᛫ transmutation ᛫ metamorphosis ᛭ metamorphic ᛫ protean ᛫ N᛭AJ shape-shifting NE [OED]
shapewhile scapehƿile ᛫ a destined time ᛫ N gescæphwīl OE
share scare ᛫ a groin ᛫ a pubic region ᛫ N shār[scearu/scaru] ME
sharebone scarebone ᛫ a pubis ᛫ N ~ NE
shareholder scareholder ᛫ one who owns shares in a corporation ᛫ N ~ NE
sharn scarn ᛫ dung ᛫ manure ᛫ N sharn[scearn] ME
sharp scarp ᛫ trenchant ᛫ acute ᛫ quick-witted ᛫ pungent ᛫ a semitone higher than the natural note ( music ) ᛫ AJ ~ NE
sharper scarper ᛫ a swindler ( esp in card games ) ᛫ N ~ NE
sharpshooter scarpscooter ᛫ a sniper ᛫ N ~ NE calque: Scharfschütze
shat scat ᛫ a coin ᛫ money ᛫ currency ᛫ N shat/schat&sceatt ME&OE
shathe scaðe ᛫ a malefactor ᛫ harm ᛫ injury ᛭ to injure ᛫ to harm ᛫ to scathe ᛫ V shāthe&shāthien[sceaþian] ME&ME see: scathe
shave scafe ᛫ a sharp tool used for cutting or scraping ᛫ N shāve[sceafa/scafa] ME
shaw scaƿ ᛫ a grove ᛫ a copse ᛫ a thicket ᛫ N shaw&shau[sceaga] NE&ME
shawwort scaƿƿurt ᛫ a Fumaria officinalis plant ( common fumitory ) ᛫ N scahwwort ME
she sce ᛫ a female ᛫ N ~ NE in compounds: ( denotes a link to femininity , for animals and objects )
sheaf sceaf ᛫ a bundle of objects of one kind ( esp paper ) ᛭ to bundle into sheaves ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
shear scear ᛫ to pare ᛫ to prune ᛫ V ~ NE PST: shore ᛫ PTCP: shorn
shears scears ᛫ scissors ᛫ N ~ NE
shearsax scearsax ᛫ a razor ᛫ N scearseax OE
shearwater scearƿater ᛫ a Procellariidae bird ᛫ N ~ NE
sheath sceað ᛫ a scabbard ᛫ N ~ NE
sheathe sceað ᛫ to put a weapon back into its sheath ᛫ to encase something in protective covering ᛫ V ~ NE
shed sced ᛫ a distinction ᛫ a difference a dividing line ᛫ a division ᛫ a parting in head hair ᛭ to divide ᛫ to separate ᛫ to differentiate ᛫ to distinguish ᛫ N᛭V shed&shēd&ishēden[sceada] NE&ME&ME
sheddy sceddie ᛫ distinctive ᛫ AJ shēd+y ME+NE
Shedland Scedland ᛫ Scania ᛫ Scandinavia [ᚹ] ᛫ N Scedeland OE
shedlore scedlore ᛫ chemistry ᛫ N shēd+lore ME+NE calque: scheikunde ᛫ based on purism invented by Simon Stevin
shedmaking scedmaking ᛫ differentiation ᛫ discrimination ᛫ N shēd+make+ing ME+NE×2 calque: onderscheid maken ᛫ inspired by: lovemaking
shedwise scedƿise ᛫ discerning ᛫ AJ gescēadwīs OE
shedwiseness scedƿiseness ᛫ discretion ᛫ N scādwīsnesse[gescēadwīsnes] ME
shee scee ᛫ to happen ᛫ to occur ᛫ V sēn&scēon ME&OE
shee scee ᛫ to quickly fly or run off ᛫ to die ( poetic ) ᛫ V scēon OE
sheen sceen ᛫ to fragment ᛫ to crack open an oyster ᛫ V shēnen[scǣnan] ME
sheen sceen ᛫ an attractive gleam ᛭ to shine ᛫ to gleam ᛭ beautiful ᛫ attractive ᛫ radiant ᛫ shiny ᛫ N᛭V᛭AJ ~[scīene] NE
sheepflesh sceepflesc ᛫ mutton ᛫ N ~ NE
sheepish sceepisc ᛫ meek ᛫ timid ᛫ AJ ~ NE [MW]
sheeply sceeplie ᛫ ovine ᛫ AJ scēaplic OE
sheer sceer ᛫ pure ᛫ unadulterated ᛫ pristine ᛫ diaphanous ( very thin and almost transparent ) ᛫ AJ ~ NE
Sheer Thursday Sceer Þursdag ᛫ Maundy Thursday ᛫ N(P) Sheer Thursday NE or: Sheer Thunderday [time]
sheerly sceerlie ᛫ purely ᛫ AV ~ NE
sheerness sceerness ᛫ purity ᛫ N sheer+ness NE×2
sheet sceet ᛫ a broad thin piece of material ᛫ N ~{scēat} NE
shelchen scelcen ᛫ a maidservant ᛫ a handmaid ᛫ N shelchene[scilcen] ME
sheld sceld ᛫ variegated ᛫ AJ sheld ME
sheldgoose sceldgoos ᛫ a Centrornis bird ᛫ a Chloephaga bird ᛫ N ~ NE
shelduck scelduck ᛫ any Tadorna bird ᛫ N ~ NE
shellhouse scellhuse ᛫ a grotto ( room ) ᛫ N ~ NE
shellpad scellpad ᛫ a turtle ᛫ a tortoise ᛫ N ~ NE
shelve scelf ᛫ to put something on a shelf ᛫ to put a project on hold indefinitely ᛫ to postpone indefinitely ᛫ V ~ NE
shench scenc ᛫ a drink ᛫ a draught ᛫ a cup ᛭ Aquarius ᛭ to pour ᛫ to serve a drink ᛫ N᛭N(P)᛭V shenche&shenchen[scenc] ME&ME
shend scend ᛫ to shame ᛫ to dishonour ᛫ to disgrace ᛫ to bring to ruin ᛫ to vanquish ᛫ to corrupt ᛫ V shend&shenden[scendan] NE&ME PST: shent ᛫ PTCP: shent
shepherd scepherd ᛫ a sheep herder ᛫ a pastor ᛭ to tend sheep ᛫ to give guidance ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
shepherd leeth scepherd leeð ᛫ an eclogue ( a poem about life as a shepherd free from the complexity and corruption of city life ) ᛫ N shepherd+lēth NE+ME
shepherdly scepherdlie ᛫ pastoral ᛫ AJ ~ NE
sheriff sceriff ᛫ an official of a shire ᛫ an elected officer responsible for keeping peace in a county ᛫ N ~ NE
sheriffdom sceriffdom ᛫ the office and domain of a sheriff ᛫ a shrievalty ᛫ N ~ NE
shewl sceƿl ᛫ a scarecrow ᛫ N sheueles ME
shickle scickel ᛫ a cloak ᛫ a mantle ᛫ N sciccels OE
shide scide ᛫ a piece of hewn timber ᛫ a plank ᛫ a small fragment of wood ᛫ a splinter ᛫ a chip ᛫ N shīd ME
shidewall scideƿall ᛫ a palisade ᛫ a stockade ᛫ N scid wal ME
shield scield ᛫ a protection ᛫ a defence ᛭ to protect ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
shieldend scieldend ᛫ a protector ᛫ a guardian ᛫ a defender ᛫ N scildend OE
shieldock scieldock ᛫ a small shield ᛫ a buckler ᛫ N shield+ock NE×2
shieldtrum scieldtrum ᛫ a compact body of troops forming a battle array shield wall or phalanx ᛫ N schiltron NE literally: shield troop
shift scift ᛫ an expedient ᛫ a contrivance ᛫ an artifice ᛫ workers of a specific period , or such a period ᛫ a change in direction , emphasis, judgment, or attitude ᛫ a chemise ᛫ N shift&shift NE&ME [CED][MEC]
shiftless sciftless ᛫ lacking in resourcefulness ᛫ inefficient lacking in ambition or incentive ᛫ lazy ᛫ AJ ~ NE
shifty sciftie ᛫ evasive ( in a dishonest way ) ᛫ dishonest ᛫ unreliable ᛫ AJ ~ NE
shild scild ᛫ debt ᛫ fault ᛫ N shild ME
shildy scildie ᛫ guilty ᛫ at fault ᛫ in debt ᛫ AJ shildī ME
shill scill ᛫ to sound loudly ᛫ to resound ᛭ loud ᛫ resounding ᛫ shrill ᛫ audible ᛫ melodious ᛫ V shillen[scillan]&shil[scill] ME&ME
shilling scilling ᛫ the standard unit in a system of currency ( a pound , a dollar , a solidus , a shekel , etc ) [ᚹ] N shilling&scilling NE&OE SEE NOTE
shillyshally scilliescallie ᛫ to fail to act resolutely or decisively ᛫ V shillyshally NE
shinbone scinbone ᛫ a tibia ᛫ N ~ NE
shinbour scinbor ᛫ a greave ᛫ N shin+beorg{healsbeorg} NE+OE
shindle scindel ᛫ a shingle ᛫ N scindel OE
shindlestone scindelstone ᛫ slate ᛫ N shindle-stone NE [OED]
shinecraft scinecraft ᛫ the art of show magic ? ᛫ N scīncræft OE
shinecrafter scinecrafter ᛫ a show magician ? ᛫ N scīncræftiga OE
shinedwale scinedƿale ᛫ a delusion or illusion made by magic ᛫ N scīngedwola OE
shinelock scinelock ᛫ magic ᛫ sorcery ᛫ fantasy ᛫ delusion superstition ᛫ a spectre ᛫ a phantom ᛫ an apparition ᛫ N scīnlāc OE
shinelocker scinelocker ᛫ a magician ᛫ a sorcerer ᛫ a mage ᛫ N scīnlǣca OE
shinely scinelie ᛫ phantasmal ᛫ spectral ᛫ AJ scīnlīc OE
ship scip ᛫ a condition ᛫ a position ( such as clerk ) ᛫ a stipend ᛫ N shipe[scipe] ME
shipbone scipbone ᛫ a scaphoid bone ᛫ N ship+bone NE×2 calque: os scaphoidum
shipbreach scipbreac ᛫ a shipwreck ᛫ N shipbreche ME
shipferd scipferd ᛫ a naval force ᛫ N scipfird OE
shipheer scipheer ᛫ a navy ᛫ N sciphere OE
shiplord sciplord ᛫ a captain of a ship ᛫ N sciphlāford OE
shiply sciplie ᛫ naval ᛫ AJ sciplīc OE
shipman scipman ᛫ a sailor ᛫ a seaman ᛫ N shipman ME
shipper scipper ᛫ a sailor ᛫ a mariner ᛫ N ~ NE
shippon scippon ᛫ a cattle shed ᛫ N ~[scypen] NE
shipshape scipscape ᛫ in good order ᛫ AJ ~ NE
shipwright scipƿrigt ᛫ a builder of ships ᛫ N ~ NE
shire scire ᛫ a county ᛫ a prefecture ᛫ a region ᛫ a district ( of a country ) ᛫ a province ᛫ N shire&shīre[scir] NE&ME
shire scire ᛫ bright ᛫ sparkly ᛫ shiny ᛫ clear ᛫ pure ᛫ unadulterated ᛫ unmitigated ᛫ free from blemishes ᛫ AJ shīr[scīr/scȳr] ME
shirttail scirttagl ᛫ a part of a shirt that extends below the waist ᛭ to append or add something to a discussion or text ᛭ distantly related ᛫ young and immature in behaviour ᛫ N᛭V᛭AJ ~ NE [CED]
shit scit ᛫ excrement ᛫ faeces ᛫ poop ᛫ crap ᛭ to excrete ᛫ to defecate ᛫ to poop ᛫ to crap ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE or: shite
Shith Scið ᛫ a Scythian ᛫ an Ossetian ᛫ N(P) Sciþþeas OE
Shithish Sciðisc ᛫ Scythian language ( Ossetian language by extention ) ᛭ Scythian ( Ossetian by extention ) ᛫ N(P)᛭AJ(P) Sciþþisc OE
shitter scitter ᛫ a toilet ( slang / vulgar ) ᛫ N ~ NE
shive scife ᛫ a slice ᛫ a disk [ᚹ] ᛫ N ~ NE kin: schijf
shivel scifel ᛫ a woman's headscarf ᛫ N scyfel OE
shiver scifer ᛫ to tremble ( esp from cold ) ᛫ V ~ NE
shoal scoal ᛫ an area of shallow water ᛭ shallow ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
shoal scoal ᛫ a sandbar ᛫ a large group ᛭ to shallow ᛫ to school (as in fish) ᛭ shallow ᛫ N᛭V᛭AJ ~[scolu] NE kin: school
shock scock ᛫ a jolt ᛭ to jolt ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE‹I‹?
shoe-leather scoeleaðer ᛫ old-fashioned ᛫ old-school [ᚹ] ᛫ AJ NE ~ [MW]
shoemaker scoemaker ᛫ a cobbler ᛫ N ~ NE
shoestring scoestring ᛫ a shoelace ᛫ N ~ NE
Shooter Scooter ᛫ Sagittarius ᛫ N(P) shēter[scytta] ME
shootingstar scootingstar ᛫ a meteor ᛫ N shooting star NE
shootout scootute ᛫ a gun fight ᛫ an exchange of gunfire ᛫ N shoot-out NE [OED]
shop scop ᛫ a poet ᛫ a bard ᛫ a minstrel ᛫ N scop ME
shopmark scopmark ᛫ a trademark ᛫ N shop mark NE [OED]
shoppy scoppie ᛫ poetic ᛫ figurative [ᚹ] ᛫ AJ scoplic OE
shopsteward scopsteƿard ᛫ a union representative ᛫ N shop steward NE
shore score ᛫ coast ᛫ N ~ NE
shorelark scorelark ᛫ the Eremophila alpestris bird ᛫ N ~ NE or: hornedlark
short scort ᛫ brief ᛫ AJ ~ NE
short stop scort stop ᛫ comma ᛫ N short+stop NE×2 by analogy with: full stop
shortcoming scortcumming ᛫ a failing ᛫ a deficiency ( a flaw not a lack ) ᛫ a defect ᛫ N ~ NE
shorthand scorthand ᛫ stenography ᛭ compendious ᛫ N᛭AJ ~ NE
shorthander scorthander ᛫ a stenographer ᛫ N ~ NE also: shorthandman
shortlong scortlong ᛫ an iamb ᛭ iambic ᛫ N᛭AJ short-long ANE [OED]
shortsweetening scortsƿeetening ᛫ sugar ᛫ N ~ NE South & Midland US
shotgun scotgun ᛫ a smooth-bore close-range gun ᛫ N ~ NE
shoulderblade scoulderblade ᛫ a scapula ᛫ N ~ NE or: shoulderbone, bladebone
shove scuf ᛫ a push ᛭ to push ᛫ to impel ᛫ to propel ᛫ V ~[shǒuven][scūfan] NE
show up scoƿ ᛫ to appear ( often when not expected or when in doubt ) ᛫ V ~ NE
shower scoƿer ᛫ one who shows ᛫ a revealer ᛫ a guide ᛫ mirror ᛫ N sheuer[scēawere] ME rhyme: blower
showglass scoƿglass ᛫ a display case ᛫ a display cabinet ᛫ a showcase ᛫ N ~ NE
showman scoƿman ᛫ a performer ᛫ N ~ NE
showmanship scoƿmanscip ᛫ skill of performing ᛫ N ~ NE
shraff scraff ᛫ a cave ᛫ a cavern ᛫ a den ᛫ N shraf&scræf ME&OE plural: shraves/shrafes
shrafflifelore scrafflifelore ᛫ biospeleology ᛫ N shraff+life+lore ME+NE+NE
shrafflore scrafflore ᛫ speleology ᛫ N shraff+lore ME+NE
shrape scrape ᛫ to scrape ᛫ V shrāpen[scrapian] ME "scrape" might be Norse
shred scred ᛫ a scrap ᛫ a twig ᛭ to tatter ᛫ to lacerate ᛫ to rive ᛫ N shrad[scrēade] ME
shree scree ᛫ to cry out ᛫ to shriek ᛫ V scrēon OE
shreemark screemark ᛫ an exclamation point ( ! ) ᛫ N shriek-mark NE
shrench screnc ᛫ to make shrivel ᛫ to make shrink ᛫ V shrenchen[gescrencan] ME causative of "shrink"
shrench screnc ᛫ to deceive ᛫ to ensnare ᛫ V shrenchen[screncan] ME
shrew screƿ ᛫ a Soricidae mammal ᛫ N ~ NE
shrewd screƿd ᛫ astute ᛫ AJ ~ NE
shrewish screƿisc ᛫ ( of a woman ) bad-tempered or aggressively assertive ᛫ AJ ~ NE
shride scride ᛫ to clothe ᛫ to dress ᛫ V shrīden ME or: shridefinn?; shrithefinn?; shrithfinn?
Shridfinn Scridfinn ᛫ a Laplander ᛫ a Sami person ᛫ a Lapp ᛫ N(P) Scridefinnas OE
shrift scrift ᛫ confession ( esp to a priest ) ᛫ absolution by a priest ᛫ N ~ NE‹Þ‹I
shriftfather scriftfaðer ᛫ a confessor ᛫ a priest who hears confessions ᛫ N ~ NE
shrike scrike ᛫ a Laniidae bird ᛫ a shriek ᛫ N ~{scriccettan} NE
shrink scrink ᛫ a psychiatrist ᛫ a therapist ᛫ N ~ NE
shrink one's shoulders scrink ones scolders ᛫ to shrug ᛫ V ~ ANE [OED]
shrithe scrið ᛫ to move ( oneself ) ᛫ V scrīþan OE borrowed into New English by Kevin Crossley-Holland
shrive scrife ᛫ to hear or give a confession ᛫ V ~ NE‹I PT: shrove ᛫ PTCP: shriven
shroud scrude ᛫ a cover ( esp clothing ) ᛭ to cover ᛫ N᛭V ~ NE
Shrovetide Scrofetide ᛫ the three days before Lent ᛫ N(P) Shrovetide NE or: Forelent?
shrubland scrubland ᛫ a brushland ᛫ a stretch of shrub-filled land ᛫ N ~ NE
shrutten scrutten ᛫ to scrutinize ᛫ V scrutnian/scrudnian OE
shruttening scruttening ᛫ a scrutinizing ᛫ an investigation ᛫ an examination ᛫ N scrutnung OE
shuck scuck ᛫ a demon ᛫ a devil ᛫ Satan ᛫ N shucke[scucca] ME
shun scun ᛫ to avoid ᛫ to evade ᛫ to eschew ᛫ to reject ᛫ V ~[shǒnen][scunian] NE
shunworthy scunƿorðie ᛫ reproachable ᛫ AJ ~ NE
shurt scurt ᛫ to amuse oneself ᛫ to enjoy oneself ᛫ V shurten[scyrtan?] ME
shuttle scuttel ᛫ a bar or a bolt ᛫ a form of transport that travels regularly between two places ᛫ a bus ᛫ N shuttle&shittel NE&ME
shuttle scuttel ᛫ a shutting mechanism such as a bolt or a bar ᛫ N scyttels OE
shy scie ᛫ to urge ᛫ to prompt ᛫ V scȳan OE
shy scie ᛫ to take a sudden fright or aversion ᛫ to recoil ᛫ to boggle ᛫ to avoid ᛭ timid ᛫ bashful ᛫ V᛭AJ ~ NE [OED]
sib ᛫ friendliness between states or rulers ᛫ familial relationship ᛫ family ᛫ a relative ᛫ relatives ᛭ related by blood or marriage ᛫ N᛭ADJ sib&sibbe<