Stownames

From The Anglish (Anglisc) Wiki

This is a list of settled Anglish names for stows. Kindly bring up any new listings with the fellowship on the Reddit or Discord before eking to this list.

See the Anglish Wordbook for a full list of settled Anglish words and proper nouns.

Stows[edit]

Names of man-made stows (lands, riches, steads) and their folknames and ekerly shapes.

WORD ANG. SPEL. MEANING KIND FOREBEAR WHENCE NOTES
Affer ᛫ an African ᛫ N(P) affer ME
Africk ᛫ Africa ᛫ N(P) Affrīk&Affrica ME&OE‹I
Albania ᛫ Albania ᛫ N(P) ~ NE or: Albany
Albanish Albanisc ᛫ Albanian language ᛬ Albanian ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) ~ NE
Alexandry ᛫ the city of Alexandria ᛫ N(P) Alexandria ME‹I
Algeria ᛫ Algeria ᛫ N(P) ~ NE G as in GOAT not as in GEORGE ᛫ or: Algery
Algerish Algerisc ᛫ Algerian ᛫ AJ(P) ~ NE G as in GOAT not as in GEORGE
Almannish Almannisc ᛫ Alemannic speech ᛬ Alemannic ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) all+man+ish NEx3 calque: Alemannisch
America ᛫ America ᛫ N(P) ~ NE‹O or: Americk
Americkish Americkisc ᛫ American ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) America+ish NE‹O+NE
Amsterdam ᛫ the city of Amsterdam ᛫ N(P) Amsterdam NL or: Ampsterdam
Arabish Arabisc ᛫ Arabia ᛫ N(P) Arabish[Arabisċ] ME‹OE‹O
Araby ᛫ Arabia ᛫ N(P) Arabī[Arabia] ME‹OE‹O
Armeny ᛫ Armenia ᛫ N(P) armenīe/armany/armonye ME or: Hayastan ᛫ should rhyme with ‘harmony’?
Asey ᛫ Asia ᛫ N(P) Assye [Asia] ME‹O rhyme: crazy
Assyrish Assyrisc ᛫ Assyrian ᛫ AJ(P) assyrisc OE
Assyry ᛫ Assyria ᛫ N(P) assyria OE
Attle Attel ᛫ Lazio ? ᛫ Italy ? ᛫ N(P) Eatol OE kin: Italy
Attler Atteler ᛫ a Latin ? ᛫ an Italian ? ᛫ N(P) Eatolƿare OE
Australish Australisc ᛫ Australian ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) Australia+ish NE‹I+NE or: New Hollander; New Hollish
Australy ᛫ Australia ᛫ N(P) ~ NE‹I or: New Holland
Babilon ᛫ Babylon ᛫ N(P) Babilōn OE
Babilony ᛫ Babylonia ᛫ N(P) Babilony ME or: Babylony (from variant)
Balt ᛫ a speaker of a Baltic language ᛫ a Lithuanian ᛫ a Latvian ᛫ N(P) ~ NE‹O
Baltland ᛫ the Baltic states ᛫ the Baltic land region ᛫ N(P) Balt+land NE‹O+NE
Baskon ᛫ a Basque person ᛫ N(P) Baskọ̄n ME‹I Basque is a reborrowing?
Baskonland ᛫ Basque Country ᛫ N(P) Baskọ̄n+land ME+NE calque: Baskenland
Bayer Bager ᛫ a Bavarian ᛫ N(P) Bægerum OE
Bayerland Bagerland ᛫ Bavaria ᛫ N(P) Bægerum+land OE+NE
Beheem ᛫ a Bohemian ᛫ N(P) behēmas{bēme} OE
Beheemland ᛫ Bohemia ᛫ N(P) behēmas+land OE+NE
Belgia ᛫ Belgium ᛫ N(P) België NL G as in GOAT not as in GEORGE ᛫ or: Belgy
Bernick ᛫ the Bernicians ᛫ N(P) Beornice OE‹C?
Bernickrich Bernickric ᛫ the Kingdom of Bernicia ᛫ N(P) Beornice Rīce OE‹C?+OE‹C
Black Sheep Turkmen Sceep ᛫ Qara Qoyunlu ᛬ Kara Koyunlu ᛫ N(P) Black Sheep Turkomans NE
Boleyn ᛫ the city of Bologna ᛫ N(P) Boleyn ME or: Bolain; Baloney
Breslaw Breslaƿ ᛫ Wrocław ( city in Poland ) ᛫ N(P) Breslau ANE‹HG‹O
Britten ᛫ Britain ᛫ Britannia ᛫ N(P) bryten OE‹C
Britteny ᛫ Brittany ᛫ N(P) bryten+y OE‹C+NE
Brittish Brittisc ᛫ British ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) brettisċ OE
Britwales Britƿales ᛫ Britons ( pre-Anglo-Saxon ) ᛫ Celtic Brits ( as opposed to Anglo-Brits ) ᛫ N(P) bretƿalas/brytƿalas OE
Britwelsh Britƿelsc ᛫ Brythonic language ᛬ Brythonic ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) bretƿilisc OE
Bronding ᛫ one of the Brondings ᛫ someone from Brännö in Sweden ᛫ N(P) Brondingum&Brondingas OE
Bulger ᛫ a Bulgarian ᛫ N(P) Bulgarisc OE or: Pulger (from OE Pulgare)
Bulgery ᛫ Bulgaria ᛫ N(P) Bulgaria ME or: Pulgery
Bytown Bytune ᛫ the city of Ottawa ᛫ N(P) ~ NE ceased to be official name in 1854, remains a popular nickname
Callice Callis ᛫ Calais ( city in France ) ᛫ N(P) ANE ME
Cartain ᛫ Carthage ᛫ N(P) Cartaina OE‹O
Chuanaland Ceuanaland ᛫ Lesotho ᛫ N(P) Bechuanaland ANE‹O old colonial name
Chinish Cinisc ᛫ Chinese ᛫ N(P) Chinish ANE [LEX]
Coleyn ᛫ the city of Cologne ᛫ N(P) Coleyn ME or: Colain
Cornish Cornisc ᛫ Cornish language ᛬ Cornish ᛫ Cornubian ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) ~ NE or: Cornwelsh; Westwelsh (from OE Ƿestƿealas)
Cornwales Cornƿales ᛫ Cornishmen ᛫ N(P) cornƿealas OE or: Cornishman; Westƿale (from OE Ƿestƿealas)
Cornwall Cornƿall ᛫ Cornubia ᛫ N(P) cornƿealas OE or: Westwales; Cornwales
Corsick ᛫ Corsica ᛫ N(P) Corsicam OE‹I or: Corsica
Cossack ᛫ a Cossack ᛫ Kazakh language [ᚹ] ᛬ Kazakh [ᚹ] ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) ~ NE kin: Kazakh
Cossackstan ᛫ Kazakhstan [ᚹ] ᛫ N(P) Cossack+stan NEx2 kin: Kazakhstan
Crackow Crackue ᛫ the city of Kraków ᛫ N(P) cracow ME‹O
Crete ᛫ Crete ᛫ Cretan wine ᛫ N(P) Crete&Crēte NE&ME or: Creet
Croatish Croatisc ᛫ Croatian ᛫ AJ(P) Croat+ish NE+NE
Cumberland ᛫ Cumbria ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
Dantwich Dantƿic ᛫ Gdańsk ( city in Poland ) ᛫ Danzig ᛫ N(P) Danzig ANE‹HG‹O or: Danskin
Damask ᛫ Damascus ᛫ a kind of cloth from Damascus ᛫ N(P) damask ME‹I?‹O
Den ᛫ a Dane ᛫ N(P) Dene OE or: Deen?
Denlaw Denlaƿ ᛫ the region in Britain which was governed by Danish law ᛫ the Danelaw ᛫ N(P) denelage OE
Denmark ᛫ Denmark ᛫ N(P) ~ NE or: Denmarch
Dennish Dennisc ᛫ Danish language ᛬ Danish ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) Dennish[Denisc] OE or: Dench (from variant)
Deprobane ᛫ Sri Lanka ᛫ Ceylon ᛫ Taprobana ᛫ N(P) Dēprobane OE
Der ᛫ a Deirian ᛫ N(P) Dere OE‹C
Derrich Derric ᛫ the Kingdom of Deria ᛫ N(P) Dera rīce OE‹(C+C)
Dominica ᛫ Dominica ᛫ N(P) ~ NE‹O+NE or: Dominick
Dutch Duc ᛫ the Dutch language ᛫ mainland West Germanic language ᛬ of the Netherlands ᛫ of mainland West Germanic ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) Dū̆che ME‹LG‹NL
Dutchland Ducland ᛫ the part of Europe where continental West Germanic languages are spoken ᛫ N(P) Dū̆chelōnd ME‹LG‹NL
Ealand ᛫ Åland ᛫ N(P) ea+land ME+NE calque: Åland
East, the þe ᛫ the Orient ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
East Englerich Engelric ᛫ the Kingdom of East Anglia ᛫ N(P) ēast Engla Rīce OE or: East Engles
East Timor ᛫ East Timor ᛫ Timor-Leste ᛫ N(P) ~ NE‹(E+O)
Easterling ᛫ a native of the Hanseatic region of the Netherlands , Northern Germany , and the Baltic coast ᛫ N(P) ēsterling ME
Easterner ᛫ an Oriental ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
Eastrich Eastric ᛫ Austria ᛫ N(P) estrich ME
Egypt ᛫ Egypt ᛫ N(P) egipte[egypt] ME G as in GOAT not as in GEORGE
Egyptish Egyptisc ᛫ Egyptian ᛫ AJ(P) egiptish ME G as in GOAT not as in GEORGE
Elpsbone Shore Score ᛫ Côte d'Ivoire ᛫ Ivory Coast ᛫ N(P) elpes bon+shore ME+NE calque: Ivory Coast
Elsinore ᛫ Helsingør ( city in Denmark ) ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
England ᛫ England ᛫ N(P) Engla land OE
Engledom Engeldom ᛫ the Anglosphere ᛫ the domain of Englishness ᛫ N(P) Engle+dom ME+NE
Englekin Engelkin ᛫ the English people ᛫ N(P) Angelcynn OE
Engles Engels ᛫ Anglos ᛫ Englishmen ᛫ N(P) Engles ME singular form not attested?
Englesax Engelsax ᛫ an Anglo-Saxon ᛫ Anglo-Saxon ᛫ N(P):AJ(P) Engle + Sax NE Calque: Anglo-Saxon
Englesex Engelsex ᛫ the land of the Anglo-Saxons ᛫ N(P) Engle + Sax NE Compare places like Sussex
Engley Engely ᛫ Anglic ᛫ AJ(P) englelīc OE
Estish Estisc ᛫ Estonian language ᛬ Estonian ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) Est+ish OE+NE
Estland ᛫ Estonia ᛫ N(P) Estland{ēstland} NL
Ethiopy Eþiopy ᛫ Ethiopia ᛫ N(P) ethiopy/Ethiopie ME
Europe ᛫ Europe ᛫ N(P) ~ NE‹I
Europish Europisc ᛫ European ᛫ AJ(P) Europe+ish NE‹I+NE
Everwich Eferƿic ᛫ York ᛫ N(P) everwich ME‹OE‹C less Norse variant of ‘York’
Everwichshire Eferƿicscire ᛫ Yorkshire ᛫ N(P) everwich shire ME‹OE‹C or: Everwicher (shortened); Everwisher
Faroe Islands, the Ilands, þe ᛫ the Faroe Islands ᛫ N(P) Faroe Islands NE‹N
Faroish Faroisc ᛫ the Faroese language ᛬ Faroese ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) ~ NE‹N
Feenish Feenisc ᛫ Phoenician language ᛬ Phoenician ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) Syrofēnisc{φοῖνιξ} OE
Feenishman Feeniscman ᛫ a Phoenician ᛫ N(P) Syrofēnisc+man OE+NE
Feenland Feenland ᛫ Phoenicia ᛫ N(P) Syrofēnisc+land OE+NE
Finn ᛫ a Finn ᛫ N(P) Finn OE
Finnish Finnisc ᛫ the Finnish language ᛬ Finnish ᛫ N(P):AJ(P) ~ NE
Finnland ᛫ Lapland ᛫ Finland ᛫ N(P) Finna land OE
Finnsheddeny Finnceddeny ᛫ Fennoscania ᛫ N(P) Finn+Sċedeniġ OEx2 calque: Fennoscandia
Frank ᛫ a Frenchman ᛫ a Frank ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
Frankdom ᛫ the Francosphere ᛫ the domain of Frenchness ᛫ N(P) Frank+dom NEx2
Frankford ᛫ the city of Frankfurt ᛫ N(P) frank+fort NE calque
Frankland ᛫ France ᛫ N(P) francland OE
Frankrich Frankric ᛫ France ( the state not the land ) ᛫ N(P) francrice OE
Frily ᛫ Venusian ᛫ Venutian ᛫ AJ(P) fry+ly ME+NE
Frise ᛫ a Frisian ᛫ N(P) frīse{Frysa/Fresna} ME or: Freese; Fris
Friseland ᛫ Frisia ᛫ N(P) Frī̆slō̆nd{Freslond} ME or: Freeseland; Frisland
Frish Frisc ᛫ the Frisian language ᛬ Frisian ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) Frysisc OE or: Freesh ᛫ the ‹i› should likely be /ɪ/ (analogy: ƿýscan › wish)
Fry ᛫ an English goddess equivalent to Norse Frigg ᛫ the planet Venus [ᚹ] ᛫ N(P) Frie/Frye ME or: Frie
Gaelish Gaelisc ᛫ Gaelic language ( Irish Scottish and Manx ) ᛫ Goidelic language ᛬ Gaelic ᛫ Goidelic ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) Gael+ish NE‹C+NE
Gallish Gallisc ᛫ Gaulish language ᛬ Gaulish ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) gallisc OE or: Gallwelsh
Gallwales Gallƿales ᛫ the Celts of Gaul ᛫ Gaul ᛫ Gallia ᛫ N(P) galƿalas OE or: Galland
Gascon ᛫ a native of Gascony ᛫ wine from Gascony ᛬ of Gascony ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) ~[gascoine][gascon] NE
Gilbert Islands, The Ilands, Þe ᛫ Kiribati ᛫ N(P) ~ ANE‹O old colonial name ᛫ or: Yiselbert Islands (English cognate)
Glom ᛫ one of the Lemovii people ᛫ N(P) Glommum OE
Got ᛫ a Goth ᛫ N(P) Gota OE
Gotland ᛫ the land of the Goths ᛫ N(P) Gotland OE
Gottish Gottisc ᛫ the Gothic tongue ᛬ Gothic ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) Gotisc OE
Great Britten ᛫ Great Britain ᛫ N(P) great+bryten NE+OE‹C
Greek ᛫ a Greek ᛫ N(P) ~[Grēcas] NE or: Creek (from Crēacas)
Greekland ᛫ Greece ᛫ N(P) Grēcland OE or: Creekland
Greenland ᛫ Greenland ᛫ AJ(P) ~ NE
Greenlandish Greenlandisc ᛫ Greenlandic language ᛬ Greenlandic ᛫ N(P):AJ(P) Greenland+ish NE+NE
Halsing ᛫ one of the Hälsings ᛫ N(P) Hælsingum OE
Hatwere Hatƿere ᛫ one of the Chattuarii ( a sub-group of the Franks ? ) ᛫ N(P) Hætƿerum OE
Hebreish Hebreisc ᛫ Hebrew speech ᛬ Hebrew ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) hebrēisc OE or: Ebresh (from varient)
Holmrye ᛫ one of the Rugii ᛫ N(P) Holmrygum OE
Hounding Hunding ᛫ one of the Hundings ᛫ N(P) Hūndings OE
Hown Hune ᛫ a Hun ᛫ N(P) Hūnas OE
Hungery ᛫ Hungaria ᛫ Hungary ᛫ N(P) Hungerie OE or: Ungerland (OE alternative)
Iceland Iseland ᛫ Iceland ᛫ N(P) Iceland NE
Icelandish Iselandisc ᛫ Icelandic language ᛬ Icelandic ᛫ N(P):AJ(P) Iceland+ish NEx2
Imber ᛫ one of the Ambrones ᛫ N(P) Ymbrum OE
Indish Indisc ᛫ Indian speech ᛬ Indian ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) Ī̆ndish ME‹O
Indonesia ᛫ Indonesia ᛫ N(P) ~ NE or: Indonesy
Indy ᛫ India ᛫ N(P) Ī̆nde/Yndee ME‹O
Iraq Irack ᛫ Iraq ᛫ N(P) Iraq NE‹O
Ires ᛫ Irishmen ᛫ N(P) irās OE singular form not attested?
Island of Man, the Iland, þe ᛫ the Isle of Man ᛫ N(P) island+of+man NEx3 or: Man
Israelish Israelisc ᛫ Israeli ᛫ Israelite ᛫ AJ(P) Israēlisc OE
Ist ᛫ one of the Aesti ᛫ N(P) Istum OE
Italish Italisc ᛫ Italian language; Italian ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) Italy+ish NEx2
Italy ᛫ Italy ᛫ N(P) Italia NE‹OE‹I
Leeden ᛫ Latin speech ᛬ Latin ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) lēden[lǣden/lēden] ME
Leenridge Leenricg • the Lion Mountains • Sierra Leone [ᚹ] • N(P) lēo+en+ridge OE+NEx2 calque: Sierra Leone
Lett ᛫ a Latvian ᛫ N(P) ~ NE‹HG‹O
Lettland ᛫ Latvia ᛫ N(P) ~ NE‹HG‹O
Lettow Lettoƿ ᛫ Lithuania ? ᛫ N(P) Lettow ME‹?
Londonbury Lundonberry ᛫ the City of London ᛫ N(P) Lundenbyrig OE
Longbeard ᛫ a Lombard ᛫ N(P) langbeard OE
Mackedony ᛫ Macedonia ᛫ Macedon ᛫ N(P) mæcedonie OE
Mannish Mannisc ᛫ Manx language ᛬ Manx ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) Man+ish NE‹C+NE calque: Manx ᛫ or: Mennish (from variant)
Marklaw Marklaƿ ᛫ the region in Britain which was governed by Mercian law ᛫ N(P) merchinelaga OE
Markrich Markric ᛫ Mercia ᛫ N(P) Merkyneriche[Miercna Rīce] ME or: Mark (ME Merce); March (ME Merce)
Merchish Mercisc ᛫ the Mercian tongue ᛬ Mercian ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) Marchisce ME or: Merch
Merchishman Merciscman ᛫ a Mercian ᛫ N(P) Merces ME plural: Marks; Markishmen ᛫ or: Merchman
Midyard Midgeard ᛫ Earth ᛫ Midgard ᛫ Middle Earth ᛫ N(P) middangeard OE ‘Middle Earth’ is a corruption of a corruption of Middangeard
Moldova ᛫ Moldova ᛫ N(P) Moldova I or: Moldovy; Moldove
Mongolia ᛫ Mongolia ᛫ N(P) Mongolia NE or: Mongoly
Moorland ᛫ Mauritania ᛫ N(P) Moor+land NE‹O+NE or: Mauritany
Morningland ᛫ the Orient ᛫ the Far East ᛫ N(P) ~ NE poetic?
Morningstar, the þe ᛫ planet Venus ᛫ N ~ NE
Munich Munic ᛫ the city of München ᛫ N(P) München NE‹HG or: Minchen (English cognate)
Netherfrankish Neþerfrankisc ᛫ Low Franconian ᛫ N(P) nether+Frank+ish NEx3 calque: Niederfränkisch
Netherlander Neþerlander ᛫ one from the Netherlands ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
Netherlandish Neþerlandisc ᛫ the Dutch language ᛫ of the Dutch ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) ~ NE
Netherlands, the Neþerlands, þe ᛫ the Netherlands ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
New England Neƿ ᛫ New England ᛫ N(P) Nīƿe Englaland OE
New Everwich Neƿ Eferƿic ᛫ New York City ᛫ New York state ᛫ N(P) new+everwich NE+ME calque: New York
New Sealand Neƿ ᛫ New Zealand ᛫ N(P) new+sea+land NEx3 calque: Nieuw-Zeeland
New Scotland Neƿ Skotland ᛫ Nova Scotia ᛫ New Caledonia ᛫ N(P) new+Scotland NEx2 calque: Nova Scotia
Newyard Neƿgeard ᛫ Novgorod ᛫ N(P) new+yard NEx2 calque: Но́вгород
Norman ᛫ Norman ᛫ AJ(P) Norman OE‹OF from Old French Normant
Normandy ᛫ Normandy ᛫ N(P) Normandiġ OE‹OF from Old French Normendie
Nornish Nornisc ᛫ the Norwegian language ᛬ Norwegian ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) Norenish/Nornisce{Noreine} ME
Nornishman Norniscman ᛫ a Norwegian ᛫ N(P) Noreinisce men ME or: Norn (from backformation)
North Mackedony Norþ ᛫ North Macedonia ᛫ N(P) north+mæcedonie NE+OE
Northish Norþisc ᛫ Nordic ᛫ AJ(P) ~ NE
Northman Norþman ᛫ a Norseman ( a Dane , a Swede , a Norwegian , an Icelander , et cetera ) ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
Northmannish Norþmannisc ᛫ Norse language ᛬ Norse ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) ~ NE
Northumber Norþumber ᛫ Northumbria ᛫ the Northumbrians ᛫ N(P) Norþhymbre OE‹(E+C)
Northumberrich Norþumberric ᛫ the Kingdom of Northumbria ᛫ N(P) Norþanhymbra rīce OE‹(E+C+C)
Northumbrish Norþumbrisc ᛫ the Northumbrian tongue ᛬ Northumbrian ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) Norþhymbrisc OE‹(E+C+E)
Norwales Norƿales ᛫ Wales ᛫ Cambria ᛫ Welshmen ᛫ N(P) norþƿalas OE or: Cymru; Camberland (calque of Cambria)
Norway Norƿay ᛫ Norway ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
Norwelsh Norwelsc ᛫ Welsh language ᛬ Welsh ᛫ Cambrian ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) norþƿalas+ish OE+NE see: Welsh ᛫ or: Cymraeg
Oned Kingdom, the þe ᛫ the United Kingdom ᛫ N(P) oned+kingdom NE
Oned States, the þe ᛫ the United States ᛫ N(P) oned+states NE+NE‹I
Perse ᛫ a Persian ᛫ N(P) Perse{Persēas} OE
Perseland ᛫ Iran ᛫ Persia ᛫ N(P) Perselone ME
Persish Persisc ᛫ Persian ᛫ AJ(P) Persisc OE or: Persh (shortened)
Pight Pigt ᛫ a Pict ᛫ N(P) peohtas OE
Pommerland ᛫ the region of Pomerania ᛫ N(P) pommerland ME‹HG
Portingale ᛫ Portugal ᛫ N(P) Portingāle ME‹I
Portingalish Portingalisc ᛫ Portugese language ᛬ Portugese ᛫ N(P):AJ(P) Portingāle+ish ME‹I+NE
Porto Rico ᛫ Puerto Rico ᛫ N(P) ~ ANE or: Richport (calque)
Posen Posen ᛫ Poznań ( city in Poland ) ᛫ N(P) Poznan ANE‹HG‹O
Pounick Punick ᛫ a Carthaginian ᛫ N(P) Pūnice{φοῖνιξ} OE
Pruce Preƿs ᛫ Prussia ᛫ N(P) Prūssia ME‹I or: Spruce (from variant); Pruss
Rainsbury Rainsberry ᛫ the city of Regensburg ᛫ N(P) Regnesburh OE
Red Russland ᛫ Red Ruthenia ᛫ N(P) red+russland NEx2‹O calque: Red Russia
Rich Shore Ric Score ᛫ Costa Rica ᛫ N(P) rich+shore NE+NE calque: Costa Rica
Rinish Rinisc ᛫ Rhenish ᛫ AJ(P) Rīnish ME
Romany ᛫ Romania ᛫ Rumania ᛫ N(P) România I
Ronding ᛫ one of the Reudigni ᛫ N(P) Rondingum OE
Rone ᛫ Rouen ( city in Normandy ) ᛫ N(P) Rọ̄ne ME
Room ᛫ the city of Rome ᛫ N(P) Rōme/Room[Rōme] ME
Roomanish Roomanisc ᛫ Roman ᛫ AJ(P) Rōmānisc OE
Roomany ᛫ the Roman Empire ᛫ N(P) Rōmā̆nīe ME
Roomer ᛫ a Roman ( one who lives in the city of Rome ) ᛫ N(P) Rōmƿaran OE
Rothem Roþem ᛫ Rouen ( city in Normandy ) ᛫ N(P) Roþem OE From the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, alternative to Rone
Russish ᛫ Russian ᛫ N(P) ~ AJ(P) or: Rush (shortened)
Russland ᛫ Russia ᛫ N(P) ~ NE‹O or: Russy; Muscovy
Sandwich Islands, The Sandƿic Ilands, Þe ᛫ The Hawai‘ian Islands ᛬ Hawaii ᛫ N(P) ~ ANE old colonial name
Saraken ᛫ a Muslim ᛫ N(P) saracene OE‹I‹H‹? kin: Saracen
Sarakennish Sarakennisc ᛫ Muslim ᛫ AJ(P) saracenisc OE‹I‹H‹?
Sardin ᛫ Sardinian language ᛬ Sardinian ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) Sardinie OE‹I
Sardinny ᛫ Sardinia ᛫ N(P) Sardinia OE‹I
Sarmondish Sarmundisc ᛫ Sarmatian language ᛬ Sarmatian ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) Sarmondisc OE or: Sarmonsh (shortened)
Sarmondland Sarmundland ᛫ Sarmatia ᛫ N(P) Sarmondisc+land OE+NE
Saudi Araby ᛫ Saudi Arabia ᛫ N(P) Saudi+Arabī NE‹O+ME‹O
Sax ᛫ a Saxon ᛫ N(P) Seaxe OE PL: Saxes; Saxen (older form)
Saxish Saxisc ᛫ Saxon language ᛬ of the Saxons ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) ~[Seaxisc] ME
Sclave Sclafe ᛫ a Slav ᛫ N(P) Sclā̆ve ME‹I ‘Slav’ was a reborrowing?
Scotland Skotland ᛫ Scotland ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
Sealand ᛫ Zeeland ( province in the Netherlands) ᛫ Zealand ( island in Denmark known natively as “Sjælland” ) ᛫ N(P) sea+land NEx2
Serbish Serbisc ᛫ Serbian ᛫ AJ(P) Serb+ish NE+NE
Serick ᛫ China ? ᛫ N(P) Serica OE‹I‹H
Sering ᛫ a Chinese person ? ᛫ N(P) Seringum OE‹I‹H of note: Σῆρες; Serica
Sevenburies Sefenberries ᛫ Transylvania ᛫ N(P) seven+bury NE calque: Zevenburgen; Siebenbürgen
Sheddeny Sceddeny ᛫ Scandinavia ᛫ Scandia ᛫ N(P) Sċedeniġ OE kin: Scandinavia
Shedland Scedland ᛫ Scania ᛫ Scandinavia [ᚹ] ᛫ N(P) Scedeland OE
Shith Sciþ ᛫ a Scythian ᛫ an Ossetian ᛫ N(P) Sciþþeas OE
Shithish Sciþisc ᛫ Scythian language ( Ossetian language by extention ) ᛬ Scythian ( Ossetian by extention ) ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) Sciþþisc OE
Shridfinn Scridfinn ᛫ a Laplander ᛫ a Sami person ᛫ a Lapp ᛫ N(P) Scridefinnas OE
Sickilish Sickilisc ᛫ Sicilian ᛫ AJ(P) Sicilisc OE‹I
Sickily ᛫ Sicily ᛫ N(P) Sicilia OE‹I
Sile ᛫ the Sun ᛫ Sol ᛫ N(P) sigel OE
Siler ᛫ a Nubian ᛫ an Ethiopian ᛫ a Cushite ᛫ N(P) sigelƿara OE
Silerland ᛫ Nubia ᛫ Ethiopia ᛫ Cush ᛫ N(P) sigelƿara+land OE+NE
Skittish Skittisc ᛫ Scots language ᛬ Scottish ᛫ Scotch ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) scyttisc OE or: Skitch ᛫ see: Scotland
South Africk Suþe Africk ᛫ South Africa ᛫ N(P) south+Affrica NE+OE‹I
South Africkish Suþe Africkisc ᛫ South African ᛫ Afrikaans [ᚹ] ᛫ N(P):AJ(P) south+Affrica NE+OE‹I
Southumber Suþumber ᛫ Southumbria ᛫ the Southumbrians ᛫ N(P) Sūþanhymbre OE‹(E+C)
Southumberrich Suþumberric ᛫ the Kingdom of Southumbria ( Mercia ? ) ᛫ N(P) Sūþanhymbre rīce OE‹(E+C+C)
Spanish Spanisc ᛫ Spanish language ᛬ Spanish ᛫ Hispanic ᛫ N(P):AJ(P) ispānisc OE‹(I+E) see: Spany
Spanishman Spaniscman ᛫ a Spaniard ᛫ N(P) ispānisc+man OE‹(I+E)+NE
Spany ᛫ Spain ᛫ N(P) ispania OE‹I
Statin Statin ᛫ Szczecin ( city in Poland ) ᛫ N(P) Stettin ANE‹HG‹O
Strackledwales Strackelledƿales ᛫ the Celts of Strathclyde ᛫ Strathclyde ᛫ N(P) stræcledƿalas OE
Strathclot Straþclot ᛫ the Kingdom of Strathclyde ᛫ N(P) Straþ-Clota OE‹C
Sunfield Sunfeeld ᛫ Elysium ᛫ N(P) sunnfeld OE
Surry Sirry ᛫ Syria ᛫ N(P) Surry/Sirie ME‹O
Sutoland ᛫ Lesotho ᛫ N(P) Basutoland ANE‹O old colonial name
Swaziland Sƿasiland ᛫ Eswatini ᛫ N(P) ~ ANE‹O old colonial name
Sweave Sƿeaf ᛫ a Swabian ᛫ an Alamanni ᛫ N(P) Sƿǣfas OE
Sweaveland Sƿeafland ᛫ Swabia ᛫ Alamannia ᛫ Alemannia ᛫ N(P) Sƿǣfas+land OE+NE
Sweeland Sƿeeland ᛫ Sweden ᛫ N(P) Sƿeoland OE
Sweerich Sƿeeric ᛫ Sweden ( the state not the land ) ᛫ N(P) Sƿeorice OE
Switsish Sƿitsisc ᛫ Swiss ᛫ AJ(P) Switzer+ish NE×2
Sypress ᛫ Cyprus ᛫ N(P) Sypresse ME‹H
Tarse ᛫ Tharsia ( roughly Turkestan , Transoxiana ) ᛫ N(P) Tarse ME‹I?
Thile Þile ᛫ mythical land of Thule ᛫ N(P) þȳle OE
Thrace Þrase ᛫ Thrace ᛫ N(P) ~[Thrācia] NE‹O
Throwend Þroƿend ᛫ one of the Tronds ( a Norse people-group ) ? ᛫ N(P) þroƿende OE kin: Trondheim?
Thunder Þunder ᛫ ( an English god equivalent to Thor and equated with Jupiter ) ᛫ the planet Jupiter [ᚹ] ᛫ N(P) þunor[þuner] OE kin: "thunder"
Thunderly Þunderly ᛫ Jovian ᛫ AJ(P) þunor+ly OE+NE
Thuring Þiring ᛫ one of the Thuringii ᛫ N(P) Þyringum OE
Thuringland Þiringland ᛫ Thuringia ᛫ N(P) Þyringum+land OE+NE
Tunisia ᛫ Tunisia ᛫ N(P):AJ(P) ~ NE or: Tunisy
Turkland ᛫ Turkey ᛫ Türkiye ᛫ N(P) turk+land NE ‘Turkey’ is Norman
Tye ᛫ an English god equivalent to Norse Tyr ᛫ the planet Mars [ᚹ] ᛫ N(P) tī{tig/tiig?} OE or: Tew (Cotton MS Cleopatra A III f.64r) ᛫ kin: Tuesday
Tyeling ᛫ a Martian ᛫ an inhabitant of Mars ᛫ N(P) tī+ling{earthling} OE+NE analogy: Earthling ᛫ or: Tyeman (analogy: Earthman)
Tyely ᛫ Martian ᛫ AJ(P) tī+ly OE+NE
Ukraine Ucraine ᛫ Ukraine ᛫ N(P) ~ NE‹O or: Ocraine ᛫ IPA: /ʊkɹeɪn/ or /ukɹeɪn/
Ungerland ᛫ Hungaria ᛫ Hungary ᛫ N(P) Ungerland OE
Wale Ƿale ᛫ a Celt ᛫ N(P) ƿāle&ƿealh ME&OE shows up as wal- and -wall as an affix ᛫ or: Wallow
Walekin Ƿalekin ᛫ the Celtic people ᛫ N(P) ƿealhcyn OE
Warsaw Ƿarsaƿ ᛫ the city of Warszawa ᛫ N(P) NE ME‹O
Washington Ƿascingtun ᛫ the city of Washington, DC ᛫ Washington state ᛫ N(P) Hƿæssingatūn OE
Welsh Ƿelsc ᛫ Celtic language ᛬ Celtic ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) ƿelsh+ƿelisc ME+OE see: Norwelsh
Wendland Ƿendland ᛫ the country of the Wends ᛫ N(P) Ƿeonodland OE
Wendle Ƿendel ᛫ a Vandal ᛫ N(P) Wendel Sea NE
Wendle Sea Ƿendel ᛫ Mediterranean Sea ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
Went Ƿent ᛫ the people of Gwent ᛫ N(P) ƿente{ƿentsǣte} OE
Wern Ƿern ᛫ one of the Varini or Varinnae ᛫ N(P) Ƿernum OE
Wessexlaw Ƿessexlaƿ ᛫ the region in Britain which was governed by West Saxon law ᛫ N(P) ƿestesaxene-lega OE
West, the Ƿest, þe ᛫ the Occident ᛫ N(P) ~
Western Ƿestern ᛫ Occidental ᛫ AJ(P) ~ NE
Westerner Ƿesterner ᛫ an Occidental ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
Wetherland Ƿeþerland ᛫ Italy ᛫ N(P) wether+land NE calque: Italy
White Russland Hƿite ᛫ Belarus ᛫ N(P) white+Russ+land NEx2‹+NE calque: Беларусь ᛫ commonly calqued in Germanic languages
White Sheep Turkmen Hƿite Sceep ᛫ Aq Qoyunlu / Ak Koyunlu ᛫ N(P) White Sheep Turkomans NE
Whitches Hƿicces ᛫ the Anglo-Saxon people of Hwicce , a small state which extended over Gloucestershire , Worcestershire , and part of Warwickshire ᛫ N(P) Hƿiccas OE
Whitstow Hƿitstoƿ ᛫ Mount Lebanon ᛫ Lebanon (poetic) [ᚹ] ᛫ N(P) hƿītstōƿ OE
Wien Ƿien ᛫ Vienna ᛫ N(P) ~ HG or: Ween
Wight Island Ƿigt Iland ᛫ the Isle of Wight ᛫ N(P) Wight+island NEx2
Wind Ƿind ᛫ a Wend ᛫ a Sorb ᛫ N(P) Ƿinedas OE
Windland Ƿindland ᛫ the land of the Wends and Sorbs ᛫ Lusatia ᛫ N(P) Ƿeonodland OE
Wisland Ƿisland ᛫ a region in Poland around the Vistula ᛫ N(P) Ƿīsleland OE
Woing Ƿoing ᛫ one of the Vangiones ᛫ N(P) Ƿoingum OE
Wolfing Ƿulfing ᛫ one of the Wulfings ᛫ N(P) Ƿulfingum OE
Wooden Ƿooden ᛫ ( an English god equivalent to Norse Odin ) ᛫ the planet Mercury [ᚹ] ᛫ N(P) Wōden[wōden] ME found in: Woodnesborough ᛫ or: Weeden
Woodenly Ƿoodenly ᛫ Mercurian ᛫ AJ(P) wooden+ly ME+NE
Yeat Geat ᛫ a Geat ᛫ N(P) gēat NE
Yeatish Geatisc ᛫ the Geatish language ᛬ of Geats ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) gēat+ish NEx2
Yeatland Geatland ᛫ Geatland ᛫ N(P) gēat+land NEx2
Yermanish Germanisc ᛫ Germanic speech ᛬ Germanic ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) Germania+ish OE+NE
Yermany Germany ᛫ Germania ᛫ N(P) Germania OE
Yew Geƿ ᛫ one of the Aviones ᛫ someone from Öland in Sweden ᛫ N(P) Eoƿum OE
Yewland Geƿland ᛫ Öland ᛫ N(P) Eowland OE
Yot Got ᛫ a Jute ᛫ N(P) Iotas OE
Yotland Gotland ᛫ Jutland ᛫ N(P) Eota land OE
Yottish Gottisc ᛫ the Jutish language ᛬ Jutish ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) iota+ish OE+NE
Youdish Geuƿdisc ᛫ Jewish speech ᛬ Jewish ᛫ Judean ᛫ N(P)᛬AJ(P) Jūdēish[Iūdēisc] ME‹I‹H‹O
Youdishman Geudiscman ᛫ a Jew ᛫ a Judean ᛫ N(P) Jūdēish+man ME+NE

Landlore[edit]

Landlorely names, of kindly stows, such as hills, streams, and seas.

WORD ANG. SPEL. MEANING KIND FOREBEAR WHENCE NOTES
Albert Mere ᛫ Lake Albert ᛫ N(P) Albert+mere NEx2 or: Elbert Mere (English cognate of name)
Alve Alfe ᛫ the Elbe river ᛫ N(P) ælfe OE
Athabasca Mere ᛫ Lake Athabasca ᛫ N(P) Athabasca+mere NE‹O+NE
Baikal Mere ᛫ Lake Baikal ᛫ N(P) Baikal+mere NE‹O+NE
Baker Mere ᛫ Baker Lake ᛫ N(P) baker+mere NEx2
Balaton Mere ᛫ Balaton Lake ᛫ N(P) Balaton+mere NE‹O+NE
Balkash Mere Balkasc ᛫ Lake Balkhash ᛫ N(P) Balkhash+mere NE‹O+NE
Black Sea, the þe ᛫ the sea known to the Romans as Pontus ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
Brittish Sea, the Brittisc, þe ᛫ the English Channel ᛫ N(P) Brittish se ME
Caspish Mere Caspisc ᛫ the Caspian Sea ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
Clot ᛫ the river Clyde ᛫ N(P) Clota OE‹C
Donnow Donnue ᛫ the river Danube ᛫ N(P) Donua OE
Dubawnt Mere ᛫ Dubawnt Lake ᛫ N(P) Dubawnt+mere NE‹O+NE
East Sea, the þe ᛫ the Baltic ᛫ N(P) ōstsæ[ēst mere] OE kin: Oostzee (Dutch)
Erie Mere ᛫ Lake Erie ᛫ N(P) Erie+mere NE‹O+NE
Eufrate ᛫ the Euphrates ᛫ N(P) eufrate OE
Fiveldore Fifeldore ᛫ the Eider river ᛫ N(P) fīfeldōr OE
Gandes ᛫ the Ganges ᛫ N(P) gandis/gandes OE
Great Bear Mere ᛫ Great Bear Lake ᛫ N(P) great+bear+mere NEx3
Great Eastern Sea, the þe ᛫ the Pacific Ocean ᛫ N(P) great+eastern+sea NEx3 or: the Great Frithful Sea; the Great Frith Sea
Great Indish Sea, the Indisc, þe ᛫ the Indian Ocean ᛫ N(P) great+Ī̆ndish+sea NEx3
Great Meres, the þe ᛫ the Great Lakes ᛫ N(P) great+meres NEx2
Great Northern Sea, the Norþern, þe ᛫ the Arctic Ocean ᛫ N(P) great+northern+sea NEx3
Great Salt Mere ᛫ Great Salt Lake ᛫ N(P) great+salt+mere NEx3
Great Southern Sea, the Suþern, þe ᛫ the Antarctic Ocean ᛫ N(P) great+southern+sea NEx3
Great Thew Mere Þeƿ ᛫ Great Slave Lake ᛫ N(P) great+thew+mere NEx3
Great Western Sea, the Ƿestern, þe ᛫ the Atlantic Ocean ᛫ N(P) great+western+sea NEx3 calque: Great Western Ocean ᛫ or: the Great Atlantish Sea
Hallow Jean Mere Halloƿ ᛫ Lac Saint-Jean ᛫ N(P) hallow+Jean+mere NEx2‹I+NE
Hellmere ᛫ the river Styx ᛫ N(P) hellemere OE
Huron Mere ᛫ Lake Huron ᛫ N(P) Huron+mere NE‹O+NE
Iliamna Mere ᛫ Iliamna Lake ᛫ N(P) Iliamna+mere NE‹O+NE
Ladoga Mere ᛫ Lake Ladoga ᛫ N(P) Ladoga+mere NE‹O+NE
Lyer ᛫ Loire ( river in France ) ᛫ N(P) ligore OE
Malawi Mere ᛫ Lake Malawi ᛫ N(P) Malawi+mere NE‹O+NE
Manitoba Mere ᛫ Lake Manitoba ᛫ N(P) Manitoba+mere NE‹O+NE
Michigan Mere ᛫ Lake Michigan ᛫ N(P) Michigan+mere NE‹O+NE
Mistassini Mere ᛫ Lac Mistassini ᛫ N(P) Mistassini+mere NE‹O+NE
Nettilling Mere ᛫ Nettilling Lake ᛫ N(P) Nettilling+mere NE‹O+NE
Nicaragua Mere ᛫ Lake Nicaragua ᛫ N(P) Nicaragua+mere NE‹O+NE
Nipigon Mere ᛫ Lake Nipigon ᛫ N(P) Nipigon+mere NE‹O+NE
Nornish Sea, the Nornisc, þe ᛫ the Norwegian Sea ᛫ N(P) norenish+sea ME+NE calque: Norwegian Sea
Onega Mere ᛫ Lake Onega ᛫ N(P) Onega+mere NE‹O+NE
Ontario Mere ᛫ Lake Ontario ᛫ N(P) Ontario+mere NE‹O+NE
Red Sea, the þe ᛫ the sea between Arabia and Africa ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
Rine ᛫ the Rhine river ᛫ N(P) Rīne ME
Roan Mere ᛫ Reindeer Lake ᛫ N(P) reindeer+mere NE‹N+NE
Sevan Mere ᛫ Sevan Lake ᛫ N(P) Sevan+mere NE‹O+NE
Sine ᛫ Seine ( river in France ) ᛫ N(P) Sigen OE from the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle
South Sea, the Suþe, þe ᛫ the English Channel ᛫ N(P) sǒuth sē [suþsæ] OE
Stony Barrows, the Barroƿs, þe ᛫ the Rocky Mountains ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
Tahoe Mere ᛫ Lake Tahoe ᛫ N(P) Tahoe+mere NE‹O+NE
Tanganyika Mere ᛫ Lake Tanganyika ᛫ N(P) Tanganyika+mere NE‹O+NE
Tems, the þe ᛫ the Thames ᛫ N(P) Temese/Temze ME
Titicaca Mere ᛫ Lake Titicaca ᛫ N(P) Titicaca+mere NE‹O+NE
Toba Mere ᛫ Lake Toba ᛫ N(P) Toba+mere NE‹O+NE
Turkana Mere ᛫ Lake Turkana ᛫ N(P) Turkana+mere NE‹O+NE
Welsh Sea, the þe Ƿelsc, þe ᛫ the Celtic Sea ᛫ N(P) Welsh+sea NEx2 calque: Celtic Sea
White Sea, the Hƿite, þe ᛫ the sea between the Kola Peninsula and the rest of Russia ᛫ N(P) ~ NE
Winnipeg Mere ᛫ Lake Winnipeg ᛫ N(P) Winnipeg+mere NE‹O+NE
Wisle Ƿisel ᛫ the Vistula river ᛫ N(P) Ƿīsle OE
Yellow Sea, the Gelloƿ, þe ᛫ the sea between Korea and China ᛫ N(P) ~ NE